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State Route 168

Click here for a key to the symbols used. An explanation of acronyms may be found at the bottom of the page.


Routing Routing

  1. Rte 168 Seg 1From Fresno to Huntington Lake.

    Post 1964 Signage History Post 1964 Signage History

    In 1963, this segment was defined as "(a) Route 41 near Fresno to Huntington Lake.

    In 1965, Chapter 1371 changed the origin of this segment to simply "Fresno"

    It appears that, before the freeway version, this route started at Route 41 and ran along Shaw Ave to Clovis Road, as Clovis Road to Toll House Road, and as Toll House Road to Huntington Lake.

    It looks like the highway went from Shaver Lake to Big Creek and Huntington Lake, and not around the south side of the lake, which is the current alignment of the highway. This is supported by the September/October 1956 issue of California Highways, which notes an improvement on this route near Shaver Lake and Huntington Lake. Thus, it is likely that movement to the S side of the lake occured around then.

    Route 168 originally was aligned on Tollhouse Road and bypassed Prather. Route 168 was realigned off Tollhouse Road into Prather and by proxy partially Auburry Road at some point between 1970 and 1975. The alignment of Route 168 through Prather was meant to be an interim routing to the recently completed expressway segment. The expressway was planned to continue all the way westward towards Clovis. The planned rerouting of CA 168 along with the realignment into Prather can seen on the 1975 Caltrans State Highway Map. Auberry Road splits away from Route 168 at a recently constructed roundabout in Prather. Auberry Road continues another approximately 19 miles to Copper Avenue on the outskirts of Fresno. Auberry Road west of Prather continues to carry the Wildflower Trail designation all the way to Copper Avenue.
    (Source: Gribblenation Blog "Auberry Road and the Wildflower Trail")

    The road into and out of Big Creek is especially mountainous and narrow, with grades nearing 20% and many one-lane sections clinging precipitously to mountainsides. Route 168 also had some major alignment changes between Clovis and Pine Ridge between 1955 and 1974. A four-lane segment of about 9 miles was built to gain the approximately 2700 feet around Tollhouse, and the old routing through Humphreys and Tollhouse was replaced with existing Morgan Canyon (to Prather) and Auberry roads up to the beginning of what's locally called just "the four-lane." The old climb still exists as Tollhouse road and is a favorite of local bicyclists, a key part of the annual Climb to Kaiser ride.

    Pre 1964 Signage History Pre 1964 Signage History

    In 1934, Route 168 was signed along the route from Jct. Route 41 near Fresno to the California-Nevada State Line, via Huntington Lake and Bishop. This segment was originally LRN 76 for its entire route. LRN 76 was defined in 1931.

    Status Status

    Fresno and Clovis

    As part of this routing, some of the original routing has been relinquished. In particular, the original routings from PM R0.0 to R.08, from 0.4 to 2.0, and from R58.4 to R61.0 in Fresno County were under consideration for relinquishment in December 2000 by the CTC. The original routing from KP R14.8 to KP R19.6 in Fresno County was up for relinquishment in April 2002. The old segment from KP R6.4 to R14.8 was up for relinquishment in August 2002.

    Route 168 Freeway - Route 180 to Shepard Road (~ FRE R0.435 to FRE R11.856)

    A freeway version of this route is planned/under construction. It will be parallel to and east of Route 41, and will have its southern terminus at a point perpendicular to Route 180. The freeway is now open from the junction with the freeway version of Route 180 to Shepard Ave (~ FRE R0.435R to FRE R11.85). The expressway will end in a remote and unurbanized portion NE of Clovis and will greatly save time for those headed into the Sierra Natl Forest.

    According to Joe Rouse in May 2001:

    The Route 168 freeway is open between Route 180 and Herndon Ave (~ FRE R6.845). Between Route 180 and Shaw the signs are button copy, nonreflective. North of Shaw they are reflective. The portion from Herndon to where it will meet Shepard Ave/Toll House Rd. (~ FRE R11.856) is nearing completion (I saw signs and lighting were up) and I saw something later that says it will open in August. Because the freeway is incomplete, there is a small sign at Shaw Ave. directing motorists who want to stay on Route 168 to exit there. The controls for Route 168 on the Route 180 freeway are Clovis and Huntington Lake. On surface street approaches to the Route 41, Route 180, and Route 168 freeways, there are no controls, only cardinal directions.

    Much to my surprise, there are no signs on Route 41 that direct motorists to use Route 180 to get to Route 168. Route 168 shields have been removed from the signs on Route 41 at Shaw. SB on Route 168 there are no signs indicating a junction with Route 180; the advanced exit signage just lists Route 41 north and south. This makes sense since SB traffic joins WB Route 180. The connectors to EB Route 180 and from WB Route 180 are not in yet, although there are large fill sections in place for the future connectors.

    According to Gary Araki in January 2002, Route 168 is now completed from the intersection of Route 180 to the confluence of Toll House Road above Clovis.

    In November 2010, the CTC approved for future consideration of funding a project in Fresno County that will construct new braided ramps between Route 41 and Route 168 in the city of Fresno. The project is programmed in the 2010 State Highway Operation and Protection Program. Construction is estimated to begin in Fiscal Year 2010-11. Total estimated project cost is $55,000,000 for capital and support. The project will mitigate potential impacts to noise to a less than significant level by building soundwalls at four locations.

    The SAFETEA-LU act, enacted in August 2005 as the reauthorization of TEA-21, provided the following expenditures for or near this route:

    • High Priority Project #122: Traffic flow improvements to Willow Avenue and Herndon Avenue in the City of Clovis. These are both feeder local streets to Route 168. This was noted in the Porterville Recorder. $240,000. (~ FRE R4.797 to FRE R6.88)

    [Public Road Connection - Clovis]In May 2008, the CTC considered a public road connection at Nees Ave. near Clovis (~ FRE R10.335). The City of Clovis (City) prepared a FEIR for the approval and construction of a 410 acre mixed use development and the eventual annexation of all of the unincorporated lands within the City’s sphere of influence situated northwest of Route 168, south of Shepherd Avenue and east of Temperance Avenue within the unincorporated area of Fresno County, adjacent to the northeast city limits of Clovis. As part of the Harlan Ranch Project, the City of Clovis is constructing an extension of DeWolf Avenue to Route 168. The extension will provide access from Harlan Ranch to Route 168 at an at-grade intersection. The existing intersection is fully developed with traffic signals, and striping for through and turn lanes in all four directions, and is ultimately planned for a future interchange. The project is fully funded by the City of Clovis and no state or federal funds will be used. Construction is estimated to begin within 2 years of authorization of the public road connection at an estimated cost of $731,000. This section of Route 168 is a four-lane expressway with 10-foot outside and 5-foot inside shoulders and an unpaved 85-foot median. Currently, Nees Avenue connects to Route168 from the south only, via Tollhouse Frontage Road. The proposed project includes an extension of Nees Avenue from its intersection with Route 168 northward until it intersects with a small southward extension of DeWolf Avenue. The new connection to Route 168 will convert this intersection to a full four-way intersection. A triangular area of approximately 350 acres, bounded by Shepherd Avenue on the north, Route 168 on the southeast, and DeWolf Avenue on the west is being developed for residential and commercial mixed uses. Most employment centers and shopping centers for this region are located south and west of this new area of development. Use of Route 168 to access these centers is limited to the Temperance Avenue interchange and the Shepherd Avenue intersection. These two access points are separated by over two and a half miles. Circuitous and lengthy routes must be used for those destinations which are not located in close proximity to these connections. This new connection will relieve local traffic congestion and provide an important transportation link between the expressway and the local road system, thus providing improved emergency and service vehicle access to surrounding residential and commercial areas north of Route 168.

    In December 2018, the CTC received an information report about $1,287,000 in funding for: Fresno 06-Fre-168 11.7/R30.0. PPNO 06-6866. Route 168 Near Prather, from 0.2 mile east of Shepherd Avenue to Lookwood Lane; also from 1.6 miles east of Aubrrey Road to Tollhouse Road (L27.4/36.2). Outcome/Output: Improve safety by constructing centerline rumble strip. This project will reduce the number and severity of collisions.
    (Source: December 2018 CTC Minutes, Agenda Item 2.5f(3) Item 1)

    In September 2010, the CTC approved for future consideration of funding a project in Fresno County that will realign the Shepherd Curve (~ FRE R11.856) along Route 168 near the city of Fresno. The project is programmed in the 2010 State Highway Operation and Protection Program. Construction is estimated to begin in Fiscal Year 2011-12. Total estimated project cost is $5,108,000 for capital and support. The scope as described for the preferred alternative is consistent with the project scope programmed by the Commission in the 2010 State Highway Operation and Protection Program. The project will require construction activities in the habitat of the California tiger salamander and the San Joaquin kit fox, both of which are federally listed endangered and state listed threatened species.

    Tollhouse Road to near Alder Springs

    Prather Roundabout (~ FRE T30.215)

    Caltrans is exploring creating a roundabout on this route at the intersection of Route 168/Auberry Road in Prather. Other potential/planned roundabout locations in the San Joaquin Valley include Route 145/Jensen near Kerman, Route 216/Route 245 in Woodlake, Route 43/Route 137 in Corcoran, Route 190/Road 152 east of Tipton, Route 190/Road 284 east of Porterville, and Route 155/Browning Road in Delano. A 2007 study of 55 roundabouts in the U.S. found a 35% reduction in accidents and a 90% reduction in fatal accidents when intersections with stop signs or signals were converted to roundabouts. It costs about the same to build a roundabout as to put up traffic signals, and they need significantly less maintenance than traffic signal intersections -- about 60% to 90% less, depending on how much landscaping work is required.

    In August 2014, the CTC approved for future consideration of funding the project to construct a roundabout at the intersection of Route 168 and Auberry Road near Prather. The total estimated cost was $3,899,000 for capital and project support, and construction was expected to commence in FY15-16.

    In March 2016, the CTC approved the following SHOPP project: In Prather, on Route 168 at Auberry Road. Outcome/Output: Construct single-lane roundabout to reduce the number and severity of collisions. Future Consideration of Funding approved under Resolution E-14-36; August 2014. $2,928,000

    Alder Springs to Huntington Lake

    No status to report.

    Naming Naming

    Sierra FreewayThe segment in Fresno County from Route 180 to Armstrong Avenue (~ FRE R0.435 to FRE R8.529) is named the "Sierra Freeway". Named by Senate Concurrent Resolution 25, Chapter 85, in 1997.
    (Image source: AARoads)

    The Rout 168/Shaw Avenue interchange (~ FRE R4.282) is named the "Robert L. Binger Interchange". Robert Binger was a graduate of California State University, Fresno (Fresno State). He began his career with the Department of Transportation as a Junior Civil Engineer in 1953 by 1992, after working his way through the ranks in the department, became the District Director for District 6. He retired from the department in 1997, he left behind a legacy of transportation improvements, including more than $250,000,000 worth of construction projects in the Fresno metropolitan area. Bob Binger's focus on the future of transportation made him a national expert on a variety of transportation issues. Additionally, Bob Binger served his alma mater, Fresno State, by working on the annual fund drive of The Bulldog Foundation, raising funds to allow thousands of young men and women to earn a college education and compete in intercollegiate athletics; he also served as President of The Bulldog Foundation in 1987. It was named by Senate Concurrent Resolution 102, Chapter 170 in 1998.

    Peter Hillman Memorial InterchangeThe Bullard Avenue Interchange in the City of Clovis (~ FRE R5.595) is named the "Peter Hillman Memorial Interchange". Peter Hillman was a Deputy United States Marshal serving in the federal Eastern District of California (Fresno) when he was killed in the line of duty. He was a 14-year veteran of the United States Marshal's Service, having entered that service in the federal Northern District of California in 1986 and serving in the Fresno office since 1988. He was known as the "Hillmanator" because of his relentless pursuit of narcotics fugitives throughout Merced and Stanislaus Counties. A native of Montana, he received a bachelor's degree in criminal justice and sociology from Fresno State University in 1976, and served eight years with the United States Forest Service as a firefighter prior to joining the U.S. Marshal's service. He also took many out-of-district special assignments, including, but not limited to, Operation Sunrise, assisting in the Virgin Islands after Hurricane Marilyn, and assisting at the 1996 Olympic Games in Atlanta, Georgia. Named by Assembly Concurrent Resolution 28; Resolution Chapter 59; filed on June 4, 2001.
    (Image source: US Marshall's Service; Officer Down Memorial Page)

    William H. (Harry) ArmstrongThe Herndon Avenue Interchange in the City of Clovis(~ FRE R6.868) is named the "William H. "Harry" Armstrong Interchange". William H. "Harry" Armstrong was a Council Member of the City of Clovis between 1970 and 2002, and served as Mayor of Clovis for four terms: 1982-84, 1990-92, 1994-97, and 1999-01. He was born in Merced, California, and lived in Clovis since 1962. He is a Korean War Veteran, Member of American Legion Post 147, and Life Member of VFW Post 3223. He served the League of California Cities as President, First Vice President, Second Vice President, Board Member, Executive Committee, Transportation, Communication, and Public Works Policy Committee, and has served the South San Joaquin Division of the League of California Cities as President, Environmental Quality Committee, Human Resources Development Committee, Chairman of the Legislative Committee, First Vice President, Labor Relations Committee, and Revenue and Taxation Committee. He is also the Chairman of the Association of Metropolitan Water Agencies, the Chairman of the Fresno County Democratic Central Committee. More significantly with respect to Route 168, he was the Chairman of the Fresno County Transportation Authority, and worked diligently to bring the Route 168 freeway project to fruition. Named by Senate Concurrent Resolution 45, Chapter 46, on August 15, 2002.
    (Image source: Fresno Bee)

    Deputy Sheriff Erik Jon TelenThe segment within the City of Clovis, from the Herndon Avenue Interchange to the Temperance Avenue Interchange (~ FRE R6.868 to FRE R9.175) is officially named the "Deputy Sheriff Erik Jon Telen Memorial Highway". Deputy Erik Jon Telen was born in Clovis, California, to Don and Sharon Telen. He attended the Fresno City Police Academy, where he excelled, receiving top of the class honors in 1997. Upon graduating from the Fresno City Police Academy, Deputy Telen joined the Ontario, California, Police Department in August of 1997. In the fall of 2000, he returned home to his family in the Clovis area, where he joined the Fresno County Sheriff's Department. Deputy Telen was mortally wounded when he was gunned down while protecting the public on August 21, 2001. He was survived by his wife, Shelley, his daughters, Bethany and Brooke, his son, Erik Jon Telen, Jr., his mother, Sharon Telen, and his brother Danny Telen. Named by Senate Concurrent Resolution 43, Chapter 70, May 31, 2002.
    (Image source: Fresno Sheriff Wall of Honor)

    Dep. Sheriff Dennis Earl PhelpsThe portion from the Temperance Avenue interchange to Shepherd Avenue (~ FRE R9.175 to FRE R11.835) in the City of Clovis is officially named the "Deputy Sheriff Dennis E. Phelps Memorial Highway". It was named in honor of Deputy Sheriff Dennis E. Phelps of the Fresno County Sheriff's Department, who was killed on May 19, 2002 while in the performance of his duty to the citizens he was sworn to protect. Deputy Sheriff Phelps had served with the Fresno County Sheriff's Department in the early 1980's as a sheriff's bailiff assigned to the Fresno County Superior Court, and after later working as a locomotive engineer with the Burlington Northern Santa Fe Railway, he returned to the Fresno County Sheriff's Department as a Level I Reserve Deputy Sheriff. In order to spend more time with his family and to fulfill a lifelong dream, Deputy Phelps was sworn in as a deputy sheriff on October 30, 2000 and after completing a tour serving in the courts, Deputy Phelps was assigned to the Field Training Program where he successfully completed his training. During his second week of patrol, Deputy Sheriff Phelps stopped a suspicious vehicle and was gunned down by the driver, a 21 year-old Clovis man who had been involved in a shooting incident in the City of Clovis a short time before. Deputy Sheriff Phelps was transported to Clovis District Hospital for treatment but his wounds proved fatal. The shooter escaped with Deputy Sheriff Phelps' sidearm and patrol vehicle. After a six day search and pursuit involving hundreds of officers from numerous agencies, the gunman was shot and killed. Named by Senate Concurrent Resolution 17, Chapter 106, 7/24/2003.
    (Image source: Officer Down Memorial Page)

    Deputy Sheriff Joel B. Wahlenmaier Memorial HighwayThe portion of Route 168 from the intersection of Dragonfly Lane and Tollhouse Road to Ockenden Ranch Road in Fresno County (~ FRE R36.178 to FRE 44.099) is officially named the "Deputy Sheriff Joel B. Wahlenmaier Memorial Highway" This segment was named in honor of Deputy Sheriff Joel B. Wahlenmaier of the Fresno County Sheriff's Office, who was killed on February 25, 2010, while in performance of his duties to the citizens he was sworn to protect. Wahlenmaier was born in Bakersfield and raised in Fresno, attending local schools and Reedley College. Upon joining the Fresno County Sheriff's Office in 1998, Wahlenmaier worked in the Patrol Division and as a detective assigned to the Robbery/Property Crimes and Homicide units. He was also a long-time member of the Sheriff's Search & Rescue Team. Deputy Sheriff Wahlenmaier was a dedicated officer who served his community and loved his profession. On February 25, 2010, Deputy Sheriff Wahlenmaier was investigating a felony assault case in the town of Minkler, California, in eastern Fresno County. While Deputy Sheriff Wahlenmaier was serving a search warrant, the suspect ambushed the law enforcement officers with gunfire. Wahlenmaier suffered gunshot wounds that resulted in his death upon his arrival at Community Regional Medical Center. The subsequent investigation found that the suspect, a 51-year-old Minkler man, was angry with other residents of the town and had planned to ambush law enforcement officers if they attempted to contact him. The suspect committed suicide during the incident. Reedley Police Officer Javier Bejar was also killed in the gun battle. Named by Assembly Concurrant Resolution (ACR) 164, 9/14/2010, Resolution Chapter 152.
    (Image source: KMPH, Find a Grave)

    Freeway Freeway

    [SHC 253.7] Entire portion.

    Scenic Route Scenic Route

    [SHC 263.7] From Route 65 near Clovis to Huntington Lake.


  2. Rte 168 Seg 2From Camp Sabrina to Route 395.

    Post 1964 Signage History Post 1964 Signage History

    This segment remains as defined in 1963

    "(c) Big Pine to the Nevada state line via Oasis."

    Pre 1964 Signage History Pre 1964 Signage History

    In 1934, Route 168 was signed along the route from Jct. Route 41 near Fresno to the California-Nevada State Line, via Huntington Lake and Bishop. This route was originally LRN 76 for its entire route. LRN 76 was defined in 1931.

    Status Status

    The state documents state "Note that the traversable road from Huntington Lake to Camp Sabrina is not part of the legislative route." However, there is no traversable road connecting Huntington Lake to Camp Sabrina. Sabrina (and North Lake just north of Sabrina, and South Lake just southeast) is the end of the road on the east side of the Sierra.

    It appears that there once was a plan to connect the two sides of Route 168: the unbuilt Piute Pass Highway, which was essentially an extension of Kaiser Pass Road over the summit (11,423 feet) and down to Bishop. This is covered in a 2015 six-page report from the U.S. Forest Service (pdf) that gives a detailed history of the highway and the various attempts to get it built over the years. This report notes: "Early California motor enthusiasts and business interests had plans to continue the road, up the South Fork of the San Joaquin River, along Piute Creek, and over 11,423’ Piute Pass to the east slope of the Sierras and to the town of Bishop. This would be the High Sierra Piute Highway, a trans-Sierran road that would allow travelers to easily cross the Sierras, experience some country that was compared to the Swiss Alps, and boost the economies of Fresno and Inyo Counties. The highway was an idea that flourished briefly, and then withered, leaving the Sierran wilderness between Yosemite and Sequoia-Kings Canyon National Parks unmarred by concrete, asphalt, and motorized vehicles." However, a pass at 11,400 ft.+ would be by far the highest-elevation cross-Sierra facility on the state network, rivaling the many 11K+ passes in Colorado -- and would probably also have the longest winter closure as well! It is not surprising it was considered and then discarded; the maintenance costs would be prohibitive -- particularly for a road likely open barely 5-6 months per year.
    (Source: AARoads Discussion, September 2017)

    In May 2019, the CTC approved the following SHOPP Support Phase allocation: 09-Iny-168 16.0/17.7. Route 168 In and near Bishop, from west of Meadow Lane to east of Pioneer Lane. Construct a two-way left turn lane. PPNO 2617. ProjID 0914000030. PS&E $545,000. R/W Sup $8,000.
    (Source: May 2019 CTC Minutes, Agenda Item 2.5b.(2a) Item 22)

    Naming Naming

    Richard “Dick” NolesRoute 168 from 4090 West Line Street to the junction of US 395 (~ INY 15.084 to INY 18.281), in the County of Inyo, California, is named the "Richard “Dick” Noles Memorial Highway". It was named in memory of Richard “Dick” Noles, who was born in Palo Alto, California, in June 1933, grew up in the Bakersfield area, and graduated from Bakersfield High School in 1951. Dick went to work for Southern California Edison in Kernville before transferring to Oxnard, Torrance, and later to Bishop, where he worked for many years before retiring in 1990. Dick also enjoyed nearly 50 years of volunteer work in the Owens Valley, an area he dearly loved. Dick made many contributions as an active volunteer on projects involving the expansion of parks, the improvement of water quality for wildlife in the local mountains, and the establishment of the Eastern Sierra All Terrain Vehicle Adventure Trail System in Inyo County. Dick also helped to establish platforms for handicapped individuals at local ponds, and gathered volunteers to monitor radio collars on Buttermilk deer herd winter range areas so that the deer could be monitored to determine mortality rates and the cause of fatalities in those deer populations. Named by Assembly Concurrent Resolution (ACR) 115, Res. Chapter 118, Statutes of 2016, August 16, 2016.
    (Image source: Sierra Wave Media)

    Scenic Route Scenic Route

    [SHC 263.7] Entire portion.

    Interregional Route Interregional Route

    [SHC 164.18] Between the east urban limits of Fresno and Route 168 at Florence Lake Road, and between Route 168 near Lake Sabrina and Route 395.


  3. Rte 168 Seg 3From Route 395 at Big Pine to Route 266 at Oasis.

    Post 1964 Signage History Post 1964 Signage History

    In 1963, this segment was defined as "(c) Big Pine to the Nevada state line via Oasis."

    In 1986, Chapter 928 clarified (c): "Route 395 at Big Pine to Nevada State Line via Route 266 at Oasis." The portion from Oasis to the Nevada State Line was transferred to Route 266.

    Pre 1964 Signage History Pre 1964 Signage History

    US Highway Shield In 1934, Route 168 was signed along the route from Jct. Route 41 near Fresno to the California-Nevada State Line, via Huntington Lake and Bishop. This means that originally (i.e., as part of the original signage of Route 168 in 1934), the portion from US 395 east (this segment) was not designated as Route 168; instead, the current Route 168 followed what is now Route 6 (US 6) between Bishop and the Nevada State Line. This route was originally LRN 76 for its entire route. LRN 76 was defined in 1931.

    The new routing between Big Pine and Oasis (originally the Nevada state line) was LRN 63, defined in 1919. It appears to have not been signed before 1964.

    Scenic Route Scenic Route

    [SHC 263.7] From Route 395 at Big Pine to Route 266 at Oasis.

    National Trails National Trails

    Midland Trail Sign The portion of this segment over Westgard pass was part of the "Midland Trail.


Classified Landcaped Freeway Classified Landcaped Freeway

The following segments are designated as Classified Landscaped Freeway:

County Route Starting PM Ending PM
Fresno 168 0.00 9.43

Exit Information Exit Information

Other WWW Links Other WWW Links

Statistics Statistics

Overall statistics for Route 168:

Pre-1964 Legislative Route Pre-1964 Legislative Route

This route was defined in 1933 as part of a route running from “[LRN 60] near Long Beach to [LRN 9] near Lamanda Park”. In 1935, it was assigned the number LRN 168, with those same words. In 1961, Chapter 1146 clarified the terminus of the route to “[LRN 9] near Lamanda Park Pasadena”, and by 1963 and the "great renumbering", the definition was “[LRN 60] near Long Beach to [LRN 9] near Pasadena”.

This was Route 19 between Long Beach and Route 164 in Pico Rivera, and then Route 164 into Pasadena. The Route 164 portion, however, has always been signed as Route 19.


Acronyms and Explanations:


Back Arrow Route 167 Forward Arrow Route 169

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