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In 1963, Route 11 was defined to run from San Pedro to Route 248 (Colorado Blvd) in Pasadena.
In 1976, Chapter 1354 changed "Route 248" to "Colorado Blvd".
In 1981, Chapter 292 renumbered the entire routing as Route 110 for continuity of numbering purposes, with the portion S of Route 10 using an interstate shield, and the portion N of Route 10 using a state highway shield.
Route 11 was the first route to have "Call Boxes". The system included 80 boxes spaced at quarter-mile intervals. The telephones were connected to the police switchboard. They were first proposed in 1959 by Los Angeles County director of communications Maurice E. Kennedy. In 1962, the Federal Communications Commission approved the $92,000 cost. On July 10, 1965, highway officials inaugurated the emergency call box system on the Harbor Freeway between the interchange of the Santa Monica and Harbor freeways and El Segundo Boulevard.
The current routing was defined in 1994 by Chapter 409. No specific routing was identified at that time. This will connect up with a new Mexican freeway called Tijuana 2000, which will be a bypass connecting the new port of entry with Rosarito. According to the Caltrans Photolog, Route 11 is not planned to begin at the 905/125 junction, but rather at Route 125 north of the current intersection of Lone Star and Harvest Roads east of Brown Field.
In 1934, Route 11 was signed from San Pedro to Jct. Route 118 near La Cañada. This was a surface street routing along Gaffey, Figueroa St, Ave 22, and Linda Vista to Route 118. It appears to have had a connection with the pre-Foothill freeway freeway segment of Route 118.
The original routing was LRN 165, and was defined as part of the state highway system in 1933.
In 1935, a new route was defined for the planned Arroyo Seco Parkway. This route was LRN 205, and corresponds to the present routing. When LRN 205 was defined, the roughly parallel LRN 165 portion was signed as Route 11 and Alt US-66.
At one point after the completion of the Pasadena Freeway, US 66 was the freeway, whereas Route 11 ran along Figueroa from San Fernando Road N. This reflected Figueroa's status as Alternate US 66. Circa 1940, the route was co-signed with federal routes: Route 66 (US 66) between Pasadena and Downtown Los Angeles, and Route 6 (US 6) between downtown and San Pedro. On July 1, 1964, the routings for US 6 and US 66 were truncated, and the route was signed only as Route 11. Figueroa Street was named for Jose Figueroa, a governor of California under Mexico.
Around 1957, the freeway had been constructed only as far as Santa Barbara Ave. From this point S, Route 11/US 6 ran along Figueroa.
Prior to the completion of Figueroa street in Gardena, the route from Gardena to Wilmington involved 190th Street, Main Street, and Wilmington Boulevard, with Route 11 continuing south on Wilmington and B to reconnect with the Figueroa routing.
The Arroyo Seco Parkway was California's first freeway. The innermost
part was originally called North Figueroa, as it was an extension of that
street. The first "phase" involved the four tunnels, with their art deco
facades and bracketed streetlight sconces. If you look at the bridges over
the river you can see the earlier bridge style too. The Arroyo Seco
parkway ended northeast of the four Figueroa tunnels across the Los
Angeles river. Then both directions of travel fed into the tunnels which
contained Figueroa St. From there the route followed Figueroa into
downtown. On the first day, speeds reached an unprecedented 35 mph,
without a single stop from Pasadena all the way into Los Angeles. When the
Four Level interchange with US 101 was built, in the late 1940s, new lanes
were built for southbound traffic, and the original became northbound
only. Both sets of lanes then were connected to the Hollywood Fwy via the
Four Level. The sharp jog in the southbound lanes of the freeway east of
the Los Angeles river is where the new southbound lanes begin.
(Historical Information on the Arroyo Seco routing is from postings on m.t.r by Tom Cockle, Harry Marnell and James Stewart)
In March 1954, a 1.1-mile section of the Harbor Freeway between 3rd Street and Olympic Boulevard opened to traffic. The Los Angeles Times described it as "a modern maze of 'on' and 'off' ramps for almost all of the east-west streets feeding into — or out of — the downtown district" and said it was "expected to do much to alleviate traffic congestion in the business district." The elaborate ribbon-cutting ceremony included an appearance by model Ann Bradford as Miss Freeway Link.
Tolling Arrangements for the Port of Entry
This is planned to connect with the Mexican Tijuana Loop Road at the East Otay Mesa border crossing. This will be a toll road.
In September 2022, SB 985 passed. The original The Otay Mesa East Toll Facility Act authorized the San Diego Association of Governments (SANDAG) to carry out a construction project for the Route 11 corridor, including, among other things, highway improvements and international border crossing facilities, to be operated as a toll facility. The act, among other things, authorized SANDAG to fix and revise from time to time and charge and collect tolls and other charges. The act required toll revenues to be used to pay for costs in categories with specified priority given to certain categories. SB 985 authorized SANDAG to instead only impose tolls for entrance to or the use of the corridor, except as specified. The bill placed various requirements on SANDAG’s authorized toll authority, including, among other things, requiring SANDAG to review the adequacy of the toll rates established to cover the aggregate costs of all projects within 2 years following the opening of an initial project to be supported by toll revenue and at least biennially after the initial review for so long as SANDAG imposes tolls. The bill eliminated the priority given to certain categories and would authorize other specified costs to be paid by toll revenues. The bill additionally revised various references from “project revenues” to “toll revenues.” This bill also authorized SANDAG to enter into an agreement in order to impose and collect tolls, acquire, operate, and maintain tolling facilities, and exercise related powers jointly with the tolling powers of one or more of the federal government of Mexico or a governmental agency or unit thereof. The bill authorized SANDAG to contract with one or more of the federal government of Mexico or a governmental agency or unit thereof to receive from or provide to the other contracting parties toll collection and remittance functions and services. The bill required an agreement entered into for these purposes by SANDAG to contain specified provisions. The bill authorized SANDAG’s toll structure to include discounts and premiums to encourage efficient use of any “project,” defined as property and related facilities acquired or constructed to facilitate the movement of goods and people along the corridor or at the Otay Mesa East Port of Entry, not just tolled projects. Existing law also required highway projects constructed pursuant to the act, at all times following construction, to be owned by the department and requires that international port of entry facilities constructed pursuant to the act, at all times following construction, be owned by a federal agency, with all other property and facilities constructed pursuant to the act to be owned by SANDAG, unless transferred to a state or federal agency upon agreement between SANDAG and the relevant agency. SB 985 required international port of entry facilities constructed pursuant to the act, or the land on which those facilities are constructed, to be owned by either the federal government or by SANDAG, at SANDAG’s option, and required SANDAG, if it chooses to own the land or facilities, to lease the land or facilities to a federal agency. If Department of Transportation property is conveyed to either SANDAG or the federal government under these provisions, the bill required that it be conveyed free of charge and and only upon a finding by the California Transportation Commission that the conveyance is in the state’s interest.
In October 2022, it was reported that the United States
and Mexico have signed a historic agreement to share toll revenue at the
new Otay Mesa East port of entry. The agreement calls for a single toll
collection point on the U.S. side of Route 11, a toll rate set by SANDAG,
and designates the North American Development Bank as custodian and
distributor of the toll funds. The agreement comes just weeks after SANDAG
received a $150 million grant from the U.S. Department of Transportation
for construction of the new border crossing facility and related
transportation infrastructure. The new port and associated highway
infrastructure are expected to open in 2024.
(Source: Times of San Diego, 10/25/2022)
Otay Mesa Point of Entry/Freeway and Bypass Route (11-SD-11 1.2/2.7)
According to Don Hagstrom in October 2002, the planned Route 11 Freeway, connecting the proposed Route 905 / Route 125 interchange with a planned new third San Diego / Tijuana Port of Entry (Otay Mesa II) could be completed by 2007. It would be 4.3 miles long.
In August 2007, the CTC received notice of the preparation of an EIR for this route. The proposed project is to conduct a corridor study and construct a four-lane freeway and truck bypass road in San Diego County at the proposed Otay Mesa East Point of Entry (POE). The project is not fully funded. The project is fully funded for Project Approval/Environmental Document in the amount of $13 million in the 2006 State Transportation Improvement Program - Interregional Improvement Program funds. Total estimated project cost is $361.4 million. Construction is estimated to begin in FY 2012-13. In April 2008, the CTC received notice that the current environmental document is for Phase I and will identify the location of potential corridors. Phase II will be project level analysis and environmental approval for the Route 11 and the POE components. The overall project is not fully funded. The project is only funded for Project Approval/Environmental Document in the amount of $13,000,000 in the 2006 State Transportation Improvement Program – Interregional Improvement Program funds. The total cost of the project is estimated to be $715,220,000. Construction is estimated to begin in Fiscal Year (FY) 2012-13, depending on the availability of funds. The following alternatives are being considered, both of which would be entirely new facilities:
In October 2008, the CTC received notice of the mitigated negative declaration. There were issues with the construction permanently removing paleontological resources, sensitive upland vegetative communities, hazardous waste, growth inducement, as well as public controversy regarding the project. With the completion of the EIR, the impacts related to growth and cumulative biological resources such as impacts to native and non-native grasslands, disturbed mule fat scrub and non-wetland Waters of the United States (WUS) / streambed, sensitive plants, and sensitive animals including burrowing owl and the Quino Checkerspot Butterfly are anticipated to be significant and unmitigable for Phase II (project level). As a result, a Statement of Overriding Consideration was adopted.
In February 2009, the CTC received another notice of preparation for this route. The project would construct a new four-lane highway and port of entry (POE) at the United States-Mexico border from east of Route 905/Otay Mesa border crossing to the future Route 125/905 junction. Tier 1 (PPNO 1000) was programmed in the 2008 State Transportation Improvement Program for approximately $6.0 million in interregional improvement program shares for environmental. The Tier 1 Environmental Impact Report/Environmental Impact Statement (EIR/EIS) [see the paragraph above] was prepared to inform the public and decision-makers about the potential environmental effects of the proposed program and the preferred corridor. The Tier 1 Final EIR/EIS was presented to the Commission at its October 2008 meeting. The new NOP is for the project level environmental document, Tier II (PPNO 0999). Tier II is programmed in the Trade Corridors Improvement Fund program for approximately $709 million and includes interregional improvement program funds, federal demonstration funds, and local funds/public toll financing. The total estimated cost of both Tier I and Tier II is $715 million. Construction of the project is estimated to begin in Fiscal Year 2012-13.
The Western Corridor alignment for the Route 11 and the Otay Mesa East POE was selected as the preferred alternative during the Tier I/Program level environmental analysis. The Tier II environmental analysis will consider the following preliminary alternatives/design variations:
What's interesting about this is the CTC minutes, which put the entry for this as "construct a new segment of Route 905/Route 125, to be called Route 11", even though the routing doesn't fit the definition of either Route 905 or Route 125.
In December 2009, the CTC received notice of a proposed amendment to the project that would amend the 2008 State Transportation Improvement Program (STIP) for the Route 11 and Otay Mesa Port of Entry (POE) project (PPNO 0999) in the city of San Diego, community of San Ysidro as follows:
The SAFETEA-LU act, enacted in August 2005 as the reauthorization of TEA-21, provided the following expenditures on or near this route:
In December 2011, the CTC approved amending the TCIF baseline agreement for the TCIF Project 68-Route 11 and Otay Mesa Port of Entry (POE) (PPNO 0999) in San Diego, in the community of Otay Mesa East, to program $45,500,000 of Safe, Accountable, Flexible, Efficient Transportation Equity Act: A Legacy for Users (SAFETEA-LU) Border Infrastructure Program (BIP) funds to Design (PS&E) and Right of Way (R/W) Support in Fiscal Year (FY) 2012-13, and to split the project into three separate segments for staged construction. The original (parent) segment (PPNO 0999) was "In East Otay Mesa, from Route 905 and future Route 125/Route 905 junction to the U.S./Mexico Border. Construct new 4 lane highway and POE. Route 11 and Otay Mesa POE — Environmental Only." The three segments approved are:
In June 2012, the CTC approved the project for future consideration of funding, as the final EIR had been completed. This project will construct a new toll highway, Route 11, with connectors to Route 905 and associated modifications to Route 905; the new Otay Mesa East Port of Entry; and a Commercial Vehicle Enforcement Facility. The project is programmed in the Trade Corridor Improvement Fund (TCIF). The total estimated project cost is $704,200,000 for capital and support. Construction is estimated to begin in Fiscal Year 2013-14. The preferred alternative for the route is a refinement of the Two Interchange approach that also incorporates the Route 125 connector variation and a connection associated with the Siempre Viva Road Full Interchange Variation. Based on the FEIR, it looks like there will be a single interchage at Enrico Fermi.
In December 2012, the CTC approved a route adoption to establish a new four-lane toll freeway alignment for Route 11 that would extend from the future Route 905/Route 125 interchange approximately 2.8 miles east to the proposed Otay Mesa East Port of Entry. The adoption resolution notes that a number of alternatives were considered for this project. The rejected alternatives considered two alignments that extended further east than the proposed alternative and also considered variations on which and how many interchanges would be built. The Preferred Alternative includes two interchanges that would be constructed along Route 11 at Enrico Fermi Drive and Siempre Viva Road, as well as an undercrossing at Sanyo Avenue and an overcrossing at Alta Road. Overcrossings would also be constructed at the Enrico Fermi Drive and Siempre Viva Road interchanges. The proposed interchange at Enrico Fermi Drive, located approximately one mile east of the future Route 905/Route 125/Route 11 Interchange, would be a full interchange and have on and off ramps to and from both eastbound and westbound Route 11. The proposed interchanges at Enrico Fermi Drive and Siempre Viva Road would be located approximately one mile apart. The Siempre Viva Road interchange would be a half interchange providing eastbound off-ramp and westbound on-ramp access for both commercial and non-commercial vehicles. No access is provided between Siempre Viva Road and the POE for non-commercial vehicles, and only northbound commercial vehicles exiting the CVEF will have access to Siempre Viva Road.
In May 2015, the CTC received a notice of a future STIP amendment realted to the Route 11 and Otay Mesa East POE project. The project will construct a new 4-lane highway to the Mexico border, freeway-to-freeway connectors and a POE. The project will increase capacity to the regional border-crossing infrastructure and create a link between the United States regional highway system and the Mexico free-and-toll road system. In 2008, the Commission approved $75 million of Proposition 1B Trade Corridor Investment Funds (TCIF) for construction of the Route 11 and Otay Mesa East POE project. In January 2012, the Commission approved segmenting the project into three distinct project segments to facilitate delivery: (•) Segment 1 (PPNO 0999A) - Construct the Route 905/Route 11 freeway-to-freeway connectors up to Enrico Fermi Drive; (•)Segment 2 (PPNO 0999B) - Construct Route 11 from Enrico Fermi to the POE and the Commercial Vehicle Enforcement Facility; and (•) Segment 3 (PPNO 0999C) - Construct the POE. The $75 million of Proposition 1B TCIF funds were programmed on the construction phase of Segment 1, and then reduced upon award of the construction contract to $71.625 million. The overall project includes $70.6 million in SAFETEA-LU BIP funding. The SAFETEA-LU, enacted in August 2005, authorizes funding through the BIP to improve transportation at international borders and ports of entry, and within trade corridors. The notice pointed out that currently, local funds programmed on Segments 2 and 3 include funds from innovative financing methods, such as the sale of bonds backed by future toll revenues, loans, grants, and private sector sources. The Right of Way (R/W) components for Segments 2 and 3 are currently programmed with these future local sources. However, the local funding has been unavailable due to significant delays in completing an Investment Grade Traffic and Revenue (T&R) Study. It pointed out that Caltrans had the opportunity to begin early acquisition of a significant portion of the right of way needed for Segments 2 and 3. In order to move forward with early R/Wacquisition on Segment 2, it proposed that locally generated toll revenues (backed by bonds) would be replaced with BIP funds.
In December 2015, it was noted that Caltrans plans to
open a 1½-mile stretch of Route 11 in January 2016 that connects to
Route 905, which connects Otay Mesa to I-5 and I-805 interstates. A second
stretch of Route 11, connecting to the future Otay East port of entry,
would not be built without knowing that the port of entry is coming.
(Source: LA Times, 12/29/2015)
In March 2016, it was reported that Segment 1 of Route 11 – a new four-lane highway in Otay Mesa – will open to
traffic Saturday, March 19, 2016 in the afternoon helping to facilitate
crossborder commerce and ease congestion along the San Diego-Tijuana
border. The 1.7 mile segment, including connectors to Route 905, extends
east from Route 905 to Enrico Fermi Drive. This new facility provides
trucks departing the Otay Mesa Port of Entry direct access to the state
highway system. The Route 11 segment also connects cross border trucking
and industrial facilities on the eastern end of Otay Mesa directly to the
highway system. To date, trucks have relied heavily on local roads, such
as La Media Road and Airway Road, to get around. Segment 1 of Route 11 is
part of a larger project to build a new port of entry (POE) connecting San
Diego and Tijuana. Future phases will extend the highway about one mile to
the border and create a new state-of-the-art POE that will provide fast,
predictable, and secure crossings. The goal is to operate the future Otay
Mesa East/Mesa de Otay II POE with a 20-minute border wait time. Caltrans
and SANDAG are spearheading the development of both the Otay Mesa East
project and the border roadway network. In addition to Route 11, the two
agencies are working to build three freeway-to-freeway connectors linking
Route 905 and Route 11 with northbound Route 125. Construction on the
connectors started in November 2015 and is expected to be complete by the
end of 2016.
(Source: District 11 News, 3/18/2016, via Rschen7754@ AAroads)
In July 2016, it was reported that SANDAG and Caltrans
were expecting to receive money from the Department of Transportation to
build a one-mile portion of Route 11 in Otay Mesa. The funding will also
go toward building southbound connectors for Route 905, Route 125 and
Route 11 (see below). A 1.7-mile portion of Route 11 from Route 905 east
to Enrico Fermi Drive opened in March 2016, and the new one-mile span that
just received funding will continue the four-lane toll highway to the
border. A third round of funding will pay for the port of entry. SANDAG
said the crossing will change the cost of the toll based on demand as a
way to manage the number of vehicles attempting to cross at any given
time. Caltrans and SANDAG received the federal funds through a competitive
grant program for projects that improve freight shipping and highways.
Trade between California and Mexico has expanded since 1993’s North
American Free Trade Agreement.
(Source: San Diego U-T, 7/7/2016. Fullsize image.)
In December 2017, the CTC reviewed a STIP amendment to
amend the Route 11 Highway and Commercial Vehicle Enforcement Facility
(CVEF) project – Segment 2 (PPNO 0999B) in San Diego County to:
replace a portion of the programmed local funds with a federal grant from
the Fixing America’s Surface Transportation Act (FAST Act); split
the project into Segment 2 (PPNO 0999B) and Segment 2A (PPNO 0999D); and
deliver Segment 2A in Fiscal Year (FY) 2017-18. The Department also
proposes to program $3,350,000 of Federal Safe, Accountable, Flexible,
Efficient Transportation Equity Act: A Legacy for Users (SAFETEA-LU)
Border Infrastructure Program (BIP) funds to the new Segment 2A project.
The San Diego Association of Governments (SANDAG) concurs with this
request. The Route 11 CVEF project – Segment 2 scope consists of
constructing a four-lane highway, including the Siempre Viva Interchange,
the CVEF and the tolling and border wait time systems. When completed
(along with the new Otay Mesa Port of Entry), the project will increase
capacity to the regional border-crossing infrastructure and also create a
link between the United States regional highway system and the Mexico
free-and-toll road system. The total construction need for Segment 2 is
close to $167 million. Currently, the local funds programmed for
construction on Segment 2 include funds from innovative financing methods,
such as the sale of bonds backed by future toll revenues, loans, grants,
and private sector sources. This is allowed through Senate Bill 1486,
which established San Diego Association of Governments (SANDAG) as the
Toll Authority for Route 11, authorizing SANDAG to, among other things,
solicit and accept grants of funds and to enter into contracts and
agreements for the purpose of establishing highway toll projects to
facilitate the movement of goods and people along the Route 11 corridor in
the County of San Diego or at the Otay Mesa East Port of Entry. The bill
also authorizes SANDAG to issue bonds for the acquisition, construction,
and completion of transportation facilities and to impose tolls and user
fees for the use of the corridor. Until solutions are developed to finance
the entire project, the Department proposes to expedite delivery of a
portion of the Segment 2 project (Segment 2A) with funding from a FAST Act
grant, as well as program savings from the SAFETEA-LU BIP and Proposition
1B Trade Corridors Improvement Fund (TCIF) funding. Segment 2A includes
the four-lane highway portion of Segment 2 at a construction cost estimate
of $60,453,000. The Plans, Specifications and Estimate phase is currently
being developed with previously programmed and allocated BIP funding under
Segment 2. Location Finder: 011 SD 1.2 - 011 SD 2.7, Route 11 - Enrico
Fermi Drive to Otay Mesa Port of Entry.
(Source: December 2017 CTC Agenda Item 2.1b.(3))
In January 2018, the CTC proposed to amend the Route 11
Highway and Commercial Vehicle Enforcement Facility (CVEF) project –
Segment 2 (PPNO 0999B) in San Diego County to: replace a portion of the
programmed local funds with a federal grant from the Fixing
America’s Surface Transportation Act (FAST Act); split the project
into Segment 2 (PPNO 0999B) and Segment 2A (PPNO 0999D); and deliver
Segment 2A in Fiscal Year (FY) 2018-19. The Department also proposes to
program $3,350,000 of Federal Safe, Accountable, Flexible, Efficient
Transportation Equity Act: A Legacy for Users (SAFETEA-LU) Border
Infrastructure Program (BIP) funds to the new Segment 2A project. The
Route 11 CVEF project – Segment 2 scope consists of constructing a
four-lane highway, including the Siempre Viva Interchange, the CVEF and
the tolling and border wait time systems. When completed (along with the
new Otay Mesa Port of Entry), the project will increase capacity to the
regional border-crossing infrastructure and also create a link between the
United States regional highway system and the Mexico free-and-toll road
system. The total construction need for Segment 2 is close to $167
million. Currently, the local funds programmed for construction on Segment
2 include funds from innovative financing methods, such as the sale of
bonds backed by future toll revenues, loans, grants, and private sector
sources. An Investment Grade Traffic and Revenue (T&R) Study is
necessary to determine the financial leveraging power of this border
project for the sale of bonds. The T&R Study was completed in 2015,
but revealed an overall shortfall in revenue versus cost. Additional
studies to address the shortfall are currently being conducted and should
be completed by May 2018. Until solutions are developed to finance the
entire project, the Department proposes to expedite delivery of a portion
of the Segment 2 project (Segment 2A) with funding from a FAST Act grant,
as well as program savings from the SAFETEA-LU BIP and Proposition 1B
Trade Corridors Improvement Fund (TCIF) funding. Segment 2A includes the
four-lane highway portion of Segment 2 at a construction cost estimate of
$60,453,000. The Plans, Specifications and Estimate phase is currently
being developed with previously programmed and allocated BIP funding under
(Source: CTC Agenda, January 2018, Agenda Item 2.1a.(3))
In August 2018, it was reported that the CTC approved a
$4.8 million budget (entirely funded by SB 1) for the Route 11 design for
new Otay Mesa East Port of Entry: , which will design the last southbound
interchange for the new Otay Mesa Port of Entry and the first northbound
interchange for vehicles entering the U.S. from Mexico.
(Source: Times of San Diego, 8/21/2018)
In December 2018, it was reported that the CTC allocated $60.4 million for the Segment 2A
project at 1.9 miles east of Sanyo Avenue Undercrossing to construct the
new Siempre Viva Road Interchange and begin site preparation design for
California Highway Patrol Commercial Vehicle Enforcement Facility, which
includes drainage and utilities. Note that none of this has postmiles yet
in the postmile system. This shows up in the CTC minutes as follows:
Request of $60,453,000 for the multi-funded Route 11 – Enrico Fermi
Drive to Otay Mesa East Port of Entry Proposition 1B TCIF/BIP/FASTLANE
project, on the State Highway System, in San Diego County. (PPNO 11-0999D)
San Diego 11-SD-11 1.2/2.7. Route 11 - Enrico Fermi Drive to Otay Mesa
East Port of Entry. On Route 11 from 0.1 mile west of Enrico Fermi Drive
to 1.2 mile east of Enrico Fermi Drive. Construct 4-lane highway. (This is
a Design Sequencing Project.) Outcome/Output: The project will
construct 6 lane-miles of a 4-lane highway, including a new interchange
and a new bridge.
(Source: Times of San Diego, 12/7/2018; December 2018 CTC Minutes Agenda Item 2.5g.(5a))
In June 2019, it was reported that Skanska has won the
construction contract for Route 905 in San Diego, California. The $101
Million contract with California Department of Transportation (Caltrans)
is for a four-lane highway with freeway connectors on Route 905, located
at Otay Mesa, one of three ports of entry in the San Diego-Tijuana Mexico
metropolitan region. Construction work includes two freeway-to-freeway
flyover bridges that will connect three highways (Route 125, Route 11 and
Route 905), as well as a 1.25-mile greenfield extension of Route 11 to the
east toward a future port-of-entry. The project will involve more than
15,000m3 of structural concrete, 30,000m3 of
concrete paving, 35,000 tons of asphalt, and about 840,000 m3
of earthworks. Construction is scheduled for completion in September 2021.
(Source: Construction Index, 6/10/2019)
In August 2019, it was reported that officials had
broken ground on the final segment of Route 11, which will connect the San
Diego region’s highway system to the future Otay Mesa East Port of
Entry. Sections of Route 11 have been completed since 2016, but as of
August 2019 the highway ended at Enrico Fermi Drive in Otay Mesa. This
final leg of construction, which includes several highway interchanges,
would complete the connection of Route 905 and Route 125 to the envisioned
port of entry. The highway project, a joint venture between Caltrans and
the San Diego Assn. of Governments, is slated for completion by 2021.
Construction of the new Otay Mesa crossing is planned to begin that same
year and completed by 2023. The $100-million highway project includes a
four-lane toll road connecting to the site of the future U.S. Customs and
Border Protection crossing as well as a California Highway Patrol
commercial vehicle enforcement facility.
(Source: Los Angeles Times, 7/31/2019)
In June 2020, the CTC approved the following allocation
amendment for a State-Administered TCEP project: $32,285,000. 11-SD-11
0.6/2.7. PPNO 11-0999E ProjID 1117000087 EA 05637. Siempre Viva
Interchange and Site Preparation Design for Commercial Vehicle
Enforcement Facility - Segment 2B. Route 11 near San Diego at 1.9
miles east of Sanyo Avenue Undercrossing. Construct new interchange and
begin site preparation design for Commercial Vehicle Enforcement Facility,
which includes drainage and utilities. CON ENG $5,096,000 CONST
$27,189,000. The decrease in cost is due to updated cost
estimates that incorporate fluctuations in contract item prices. The
reduction is a cost savings and will be returned for redistribution in the
(Source: June 2020 CTC Agenda, Agenda Item 2.5s.(6) #3)
In October 2020, it was reported that the long-awaited
second port of entry in Otay Mesa could begin operations by the end of
2024. While the project has been under way on the U.S. side for seven
years, with the construction of Route 11 connecting to the new port of
entry, news came last week from south of the border of a move that could
speed up development. Mexican President Andres Manuel López Obrador
announced an infrastructure plan that includes 39 projects to revive the
economy damaged by the pandemic. The effort includes a budget of 2.8
billion pesos ($132 million) for the construction of a second border
crossing at Otay Mesa. This investment will include 2 billion pesos ($94.5
million) for the construction of an access road to the border crossing and
800 million pesos ($38 million) for land acquisition. On the U.S. side,
paving has begun on the last 1.2-mile stretch that will connect Route 11
to the new border crossing. So far, about $528 million has been invested,
according to Caltrans. The intention is to finish the roadway by the end
of 2021, and to begin the construction of the port of entry in 2022, with
a possible opening at the end of 2024. It will be built on a 100-acre
piece of property a few miles east of the current Otay Mesa border
crossing point. Unlike other ports of entry between California and Mexico,
this one will require a toll fee that will guarantee a specific waiting
time to cross the border. This rate will vary depending on demand. Once
vehicle crosses, an electronic electronic payment will be required at one
of the toll booths on the U.S. side. The collected amount, however, will
be distributed between the two countries.
(Source: San Diego Union Tribune, 10/13/2020)
In June 2021, it was reported that Lt. Gov. Eleni Kounalakis, California Secretary of Transportation David S. Kim and
members of the San Diego Association of Governments (SANDAG) joined
Mexican Federal Government officials have signed an agreement that will
ensure a new port of entry and accompanying transportation infrastructure
to improve cross border commerce, improve mobility and reduce air
pollution. The Route 11/Otay Mesa East Port of Entry Project (OME POE) is
a joint venture between SANDAG and Caltrans, in collaboration with state
and federal partners in the U.S. and Mexico, to create a 21st-century
border crossing for the San Diego-Baja California mega-region, intended to
enhance regional mobility and fuel economic growth and binational trade.
The proposed border improvements are aimed at providing fast, predictable
and secure border crossings by constructing a four-lane tolled road
connecting directly to a state-of-the-art Customs & Border Protection
Land Port of Entry and a California Highway Patrol Commercial Vehicle
Enforcement Facility. More than $500 million has been invested into the
project as of June 2021, with a total of around $1 billion estimated for
the facility on both sides of the border.
(Source: Coast News Group, 6/28/2021; ABC10/City News Service, 6/28/2021)
In October 2021, the CTC received notice of an upcoming
STIP amendement for PPNO 11-0999F; EA 05639; 11-SD-11 2.7. This amendment
proposes to program $24,900,000 of Fixing America’s Surface
Transportation Act (FAST Act) Surface Transportation Block Grant Program
(STBGP) - Coordinated Border Infrastructure Program (CBI) funds to the
Route 11/Otay Mesa East Port of Entry - Segment 3A project (PPNO
0999F) in San Diego County. The change in funding supports two phases:
Right of Way Phase - Advanced Utility Relocation to include two gas line
re-locations (24" and 30"), ancillary work to facilitate utility placement
and utility connections for the future OME/POE. Construction Capital phase
- Site preparation to include earthwork and drainage. This amendment was
approved at the December meeting, although the description was updated to
note that the Otay Mesa POE project is being constructed in multiple
segments and this Segment 3A project would address the critical work (Site
Preparation to include earthwork and drainage) required prior to
constructing the future Otay Mesa East POE along the US - Mexico border.
Additionally the description was updated to strike out
Right of Way
Phase - Advanced Utility Relocation to include two gas line re-locations
(24" and 30"), ancillary work to facilitate utility placement and
utility connections for the future OME/POE.
(Source: October 2021 CTC Minutes, Agenda Item 2.1b.(1); December 2021 CTC Agenda, Agenda Item 2.1a.(2))
In January 2022, the CTC approved the following
financial allocation for a STIP project: $24,900,000. 11-SD-11 2.7/2.7.
PPNO 11-0999F; ProjID 1117000151; EA 05639. Otay Mesa East Port of
entry-Segment 3A. Near San Diego, on Route 11 at 1.9 miles east of
Sanyo Avenue Undercrossing. Site preparation for the OME/POE which
includes earthwork and drainage.
(Source: January 2022 CTC Agenda, Agenda Item 2.5c.(1))
In June 2023, the adoption of the 2022 Trade Corridor
Enhancement Program included the following description of a program: The
Otay Mesa East Port of Entry (Route 11) will construct a new border
crossing at the California and Mexico border for personal and commercial
vehicles. Recommended Trade Corridor Enhancement Program funds are for the
construction of the commercial vehicle portion of the port of entry and
conduit to support future commercial vehicle chargers. Recommended Trade
Corridor Enhancement Program funds are also to construct the Commercial
Vehicle Enforcement Facility used by California Highway Patrol and the
Federal Motor Carrier Safety Association. This facility includes chargers
for commercial vehicles, conduit, and solar panels for on-site power
(Source: June 2023 CTC Agenda, Agenda Item 4.5)
In July 2023, it was reported that the anticipated
second Otay Mesa border crossing project, also known as Otay II, could
take longer than originally announced. It is estimated that the newest
port of entry could open in 2026 instead of late 2024. However, the
project manager on the U.S. side said they were working around the clock
in hopes of opening it before then. In June 2023, the San Diego Assn. of
Governments, known as SANDAG, and the California Department of
Transportation — agencies in charge of the Otay Mesa East project
— were granted $140-million from the California Transportation
Committee for the project. This completed the funding strategy for the
$1.2-billion project, said Mario Orso, project manager with Caltrans. The
new crossing will feature five vehicle lanes and five more for commercial
trucks, with the option for these to be interchangeable depending on time
and demand. Unlike the other ports of entry, such as San Ysidro, a toll
fee will be required when exiting the inspection booth on the U.S. side.
The money collected will be divided between Mexico and the United States.
According to authorities, the toll fee will guarantee an average waiting
time of 20 minutes. The delay is due to discussions with federal agencies
regarding roles and responsibilities for the maintenance and operation of
the port of entry.
(Source:＄Los Angeles Times, 7/6/2023)
In September 2023, AB 427 (Alvarez) Otay Mesa East Toll Facility Act: alternative project delivery method was passed. The
Otay Mesa East Toll Facility Act authorizes the San Diego Association of
Governments (SANDAG) to carry out a construction project for the Route 11
corridor, including, among other things, highway improvements and
international border crossing facilities, to be operated as a toll
facility. Existing law authorizes the use of alternative bidding and
building procedures for a project or components of a project after SANDAG
commences a comparison of the traditional design-bid-build process of
construction with the proposed alternative project delivery method in a
public meeting and if the governing board of SANDAG makes written findings
that use of an alternative project delivery method on the specific project
or project component under consideration will accomplish at least one of 3
specified objectives. Existing law requires the design-bid-build method of
project construction for the project or project components if these
conditions are not met. This bill provided that SANDAG was no longer
required to use the design-bid-build delivery method for construction of a
project if specified conditions for utilizing an alternative delivery
method are not met. This bill authorized SANDAG to use the Construction
Manager/General Contractor method (CMGC), as defined, as an additional
alternative project delivery method. The bill also imposed specified
requirements on SANDAG and a construction manager, as defined, if they
enter into a CMGC contract for alternative project delivery.
Chaptered by Secretary of State - Chapter 163, Statutes of 2023 (09/08/23).
In December 2023, it was reported that state and local
officials met on the Siempre Viva Road Interchange to commemorate the
completion of the roadway network connecting to the future Otay Mesa East
Port of Entry. This is considered a critical investment in border region
improvements to facilitate the movement of people and goods. The
completion of the roadway network supporting the future port of entry
represents the culmination of two decades of work across all levels of
government to create an innovative new border crossing that will transform
the movement of people and goods throughout the San Diego-Baja California
region. Other infrastructure improvements as part of the project include
the construction of three freeway-to-freeway connectors, seven bridges,
and 2.4 miles of new highway, along with the creation of 181 acres of
environmental protection sites, installation of seven air quality monitors
and 17 miles of fiber optic cables, and the relocation of international
water and gas lines. The Siempre Viva Road Interchange, the last major
infrastructure component of the newly completed roadway network, will
serve as a transition between Route 11 and the future 15-lane toll plaza
connecting to the Otay Mesa East Port of Entry. Once the new port of entry
begins operations, Route 11 will operate as a variable-tolled highway,
providing travelers the ability to get to the border more quickly by
paying a fee. The goal is to operate Otay Mesa East with an average
20-minute wait time between arriving and reaching primary inspection,
which will also help lower wait times at nearby border crossings. Caltrans
and SANDAG are currently designing the new port of entry facility with the
U.S. Customs and Border Protection and General Services Administration.
With final agreements from the federal government, the region can begin
construction of the port of entry and be open by late 2026.
(Source: Times of San Diego, 12/10/2023)
In September 2021, it was reported that the Enrico Fermi Drive
interchange is a Diverging Diamond Interchange. The crossing was completed
in Summer 2021.
(Source: PDERocco on AARoads, “Another DDI open”, 9/25/2021)
Route 11/Route 905 Connectors Project (11-SD-905 PM 9.8/9.8)
In December 2012, the CTC updated the description of
the Route 905/Route 11 connectors project to be: "In San Diego County near
San Diego on
Route 905 from 0.1 mile west of Britannia Boulevard
overcrossing to 1.6 miles east of La Media Road undercrossing. Route 11
from Route 11/Route 905 Separation to Enrico Fermi Drive and on Route 905 from 0.1 mile East of La Media Road Undercrossing to 0.2 mile West
of Airway Road Undercrossing.
In May 2013, the CTC amended the TCIF Baseline Agreement for Segment 1 of Project 68 – Route 11/Route 905 Freeway to Freeway Connectors project (PPNO 0999A) in San Diego County to update the project funding plan. The CTC also approved $79,700,000 to fund construction.
In July 2013, Caltrans put out a bid for construction of a freeway connection to Route 905: In San Diego County In And Near San Diego On Route 11 From Route 11/Route 905 Separation To Enrico Fermi Drive And On Route 905 From 0.1 Mile East Of La Media Road Undercrossing To 0.2 Mile West Of Airway Road Undercrossing. Groundbreaking occured in December 2013.
In October 2015, it was reported that work had begun on construction of the
connectors between Route 125, Route 905, and Route 11. Officials said over
the past two decades, trade between the U.S. and Mexico has grown by an
average of 10 percent a year — an increase that exceeds that of U.S.
trade with the rest of the world. Last year, more than 800,000 northbound
trucks and $39 billion in goods passed through the Otay Mesa Port of
Entry. The $21.5 million project is expected to be completed in late 2016.
Funding sources include a $15.9 million chunk from Proposition 1B Trade
Corridors Improvement Fund and $2.7 million from the TransNet half-cent
sales tax for transportation uses approved by San Diego County voters,
among other funding sources. Caltrans officials said the project is
designed to remedy one of the last missing links in the overall border
road network. Currently, truckers congest city streets and local roads to
access Route 125. The new connectors will create a seamless highway
system, greatly reducing wait times at the border, according to Caltrans.
(Source: KPBS, 10/26/2015)
In November 2016, it was reported that construction
crews just wrapped up a year-long project that will help reduce congestion
at the Otay Mesa Port of Entry. Three freeway connectors that link Route 905 and Route 11 to the northbound South Bay Expressway (Route 125) opened
to traffic. More than 7,000 trucks travel across the Otay Mesa Border
Crossing every day. The heavy traffic here during rush hour has caused
major headaches for anyone trying to get to toll road Route 125 from Route 905 and Route 11. Before the connectors, vehicles exiting the Otay Mesa
Port of Entry had no direct access to northbound 125 and drivers were
forced to use local streets just to get there. Now, the new access will
provide another option of travel for people living in southern San Diego
and eastern Chula Vista. Drivers can avoid congestion on I-805 and I-5 by
going east on Route 905 and north on Route 125. Now that the northbound
connectors are complete, officials with SANDAG say they are hard at work
finishing up designs on the southbound connectors. That project expected
to begin construction in 2018.
(Source: CW 6, 11/30/2016)
In December 2017, the CTC also approved the following
financial allocation: San Diego 11-SD-905 9.6/11.4 In and near San Diego,
at the Route 11/Route 125/Route 905 Separation. Outcome/Output: Construct
southbound freeway to freeway connectors from Route 125 to eastbound Route 905 and Route 11. $49,747,000.With respect to the Southbound Connectors:
In June 2019, it was reported that Skanska has won the construction
contract for Route 905 in San Diego, California. The $101 Million contract
with California Department of Transportation (Caltrans) is for a four-lane
highway with freeway connectors on Route 905, located at Otay Mesa, one of
three ports of entry in the San Diego-Tijuana Mexico metropolitan region.
Construction work includes two freeway-to-freeway flyover bridges that
will connect three highways (Route 125, Route 11 and Route 905), as well
as a 1.25-mile greenfield extension of Route 11 to the east toward a
future port-of-entry. The project will involve more than 15,000m3
of structural concrete, 30,000m3 of concrete paving, 35,000
tons of asphalt, and about 840,000 m3 of earthworks.
Construction is scheduled for completion in September 2021.
(Source: Construction Index, 6/10/2019)
In June 2019, the CTC amended the TCEP Project
Baseline Agreement and established it as the basis for project delivery
and monitoring. The amendment programmed $1,708,000 in savings from the
TCIF program for construction on the Route 125/Route 905 Connector project
(PPNO 1036) in San Diego County. This project is one of six projects
included in the Baseline Agreement for the California-Mexico Border System
Network Improvements. The Route 125/Route 905 Connector project will
construct a freeway to freeway South-West connector, thereby completing
the remaining connector needed to integrate three major state roads
serving the border region just north of the Otay Mesa Port of Entry at the
United States/Mexico border. In May 2018, the project received $21,980,000
in TCEP funding. In August 2018, the California-Mexico Border System
Network Improvements Baseline Agreement was approved, including this Route 125/905 Connector project. In February 2019, bid results from an adjacent
project along the same corridor reflected a 10 percent increase in project
costs. Upon review of those bid results, the project development team
prepared a revised cost estimate for the Route 125/905 Connector project
using the updated unit prices from the adjacent project. The revised
estimate indicated a cost increase of approximately $1,708,000. Therefore,
the Department and SANDAG propose to program $1,708,000 in TCIF savings
from other projects to this connector project. A construction allocation
of the programmed TCEP and TCIF funds is expected to be requested in Fall
(Source: June 2019 CTC Minutes, Agenda Item 2.1s.(1))
In June 2019, the CTC amended the Trade
Corridors Improvement Fund Program to add the Route 125/Route 905
Connector Project in San Diego County as Project 133, at a cost of
$1,708,000. The Route 125/Route 905 Connector Project will construct a
southbound Route 125 freeway connector to the westbound Route 905 freeway
to integrate three major state roads serving the border region just north
of the Otay Mesa Port of Entry. This project will contribute to a safer
and more efficient border highway network that will alleviate congestion
while providing more reliability for cross border international freight
movements. The Trade Corridors Enhancement Program Baseline Agreement,
approved in August 2018 will be amended to include the Trade Corridors
Improvement Fund, thereby eliminating the need to adopt a stand-alone
Trade Corridors Improvement Fund Baseline Agreement. The recently refined
engineer’s estimate identified a cost increase of $1,708,000 in
construction to bring the total estimated construction cost to
$33,108,000. The need for the additional funds is due to updated unit
pricing based on recently opened bids on nearby projects. The funding for
this amendment is made available through savings generated from other
projects programmed in the Trade Corridor Improvement Fund and is
consistent with the Trade Corridors Improvement Fund Program Close-Out
Policy approved at the May 2019 Commission.
(Source: June 2019 CTC Minutes, Agenda Item 4.27)
In March 2020, the CTC approved an allocation of
$23,636,000 for the State-Administered Multi-Funded TCEP/TCIF Route 125/Route 905 Connector (PPNO 1036) project, on the State Highway System,
in San Diego County. Specifically, the resolution was that $18,636,000 be
allocated from the Budget Act of 2017 and 2019, Budget Act Items
2660-301-3291 and 2660-304-6056 for construction and $5,000,000 for
construction engineering for the State-Administered Multi-Funded TCEP/TCIF
project: 11-SD-905 PM 9.8/9.8: Route 125/Route 905 Connector. In and near
San Diego at Route 125/Route 905 separation. Construct freeway to freeway
(Source: March 2020 CTC Minutes, Agenda Item 2.5s.(6))
In April 2020, it was reported that crews from
Skanska US Civil were constructing the final segment of the future Toll
Route 11 and the southbound connector ramps, linking southbound Route 125
to eastbound Route 11 and eastbound state Route 905. Construction began on
Skanska's contract ($103M) began in July 2019 and will be completed August
2021. Roadway and connector ramp construction currently underway will
ultimately provide a direct connection to the new Otay Mesa East Port of
Entry and a California Highway Patrol Commercial Vehicle Enforcement
Facility, helping to enable fast, predictable, and secure border
crossings. Since construction began last summer, crews have focused their
efforts on building 1.2 new mi. of Route 11 and setting up falsework for
the construction of the two connector bridges at the Route 11/Route 905/Route 125 interchange. This work includes roadway and connector ramp
construction, earth work, site preparation, and drainage infrastructure
installation. Six bridges (cast-in-place box tube girder types) are being
constructed for the interchange — two connector and four smaller
underpass ones and the paving of Route 11 (east-west) that will connect
with the new POE, three lanes in direction, will start in October and be
finished in March 2021. One unique aspect of this project is the inclusion
of a divergent diamond interchange, one of the first to be built in
California. There are two connector bridges at the interchange, one that
will connect southbound Route 125 to eastbound Route 11 and the other will
connect southbound Route 125 to eastbound Route 905.
(Source: Construction Equipment Guide, 4/7/2020)
In September 2021, it was reported that Caltrans had
opened the new diverging diamond interchange at the intersection of Enrico
Fermi Drive and Route 11. The diverging diamond interchange is the
first of its kind in the San Diego region and the first in California to
cater to freight. The interchange allows travelers turning left onto
westbound Route 11 to continue without stopping at a signal light. This
helps reduce congestion and improves overall traffic flow, particularly
for freight transporting goods along this corridor.
(Source: SANDAG Email, September 2021)
In December 2021, it was reported that the new
southbound Route 125 to eastbound Route 905 and eastbound Route 11 freeway
connectors in Otay Mesa were completed. The connectors will provide a
direct highway connection from East County and Chula Vista to the Otay
Mesa area and the existing Otay Mesa Port of Entry. These connectors also
will enhance existing transit connections and create a connection for the
future planned Otay Mesa East Port of Entry.
(Source: District 11 on FB, 12/16/2021)
In July 2022, it was reported that Local and state
officials from the U.S. and Mexico celebrated the completion of Route 11,
which will connect to the future Otay Mesa East Port of Entry.
Representatives from the California Department of Transportation
(Caltrans) and the San Diego Association of Governments (SANDAG) were
joined by area politicians in applauding the project‘s completion.
The new highway will connect East San Diego County to the Otay Mesa area.
Route 11 connects southbound Route 125 to westbound Route 905. The new
connector completes the Route 125/Route 905/Route 11 interchanges that
will improve the border region mobility. The $28.9 million infrastructure
project was made possible by more than $16 million in funding from Senate
Bill (SB) 1, the Road Repair and Accountability Act of 2017.
(Source: NBC San Diego, 7/28/2022)
See Route 110 for pre-1994 trails information.
The current routing of Route 11 is not in the Interstate system. The number I-11 was proposed in November 1957 for current I-5, but was rejected.
[SHC 253.1] Entire route. Defined in 1999 by Chapter 724.
Overall statistics for post-1994 Route 11:
Current Route 11:
Historic Route 11 (now Route 110):
The current routing is unconstructed.
This is one of the oldest routes in the state highway system, having been first defined as a route in 1895 with a law that provided "[authorization to secure the title and right of way of] that certain wagon road situated and being in the county of El Dorado ... commencing at the junction of the Lake Tahoe Wagon Road with the wagon road leading from Placerville to the town of Newtown, a short distance E-ly from the village of Smith's Flat ... and running thence from the junction of said roads to Lake Tahoe." In 1897, Chapter 176 stated "A public highway or wagon road shall be built from a point on the E limits of the city of Sacramento, to Folsom in Sacramento Cty as near as practicable along the route of the present most direct line of county roads between these two points...". The 1909 First Bond Act included funding for a road from Sacramento to Placerville as part of this route. In the 1915 statutes, Chapter 32 adopted "the wagon road extending from the W end of the Lake Tahoe State Wagon Road to the E limits of the city of Placerville" as a state highway. The 1919 Third Bond Issue provided funding to extend the route from "Placerville to Sportsman's Hall". The 1933 statutes extended the route on the other end, adding mileage from "Walnut Creek-Stockton Road near Antioch to Sacramento".
When the 1935 law codified the definition of the route in the highway code, the definition was:
From [LRN 75] near Antioch to the Nevada State Line near Lake Tahoe, via Sacramento, Folsom, Placerville, and Sportsman's Hall
The portion from Sacramento to Placerville was a primary route.
In 1947, Chapter 1233 relaxed the description of the route to be “from [LRN 75] near Antioch to the Nevada line near Lake Tahoe via Sacramento and Placerville.”
This routing started near Antioch at signed Route 4 (LRN 75), and ran to 16th in Sacramento signed as Route 24. This is present-day Route 160. The portion from Freeport Blvd to 16th St along Broadway, and along 15th/16th Street to N Street appears to also have been part of LRN 4.
LRN 11 then ran along Capitol Ave to 30th Street, where it intersected signed US 50/US 99. This latter segment is present-day Business Loop 80 (real Route 50), and was once planned to be part of the first incarnation of I-305.
LRN 11 then continued E out of Sacramento along Folsom Blvd as US 50, and remained signed as US 50 to the Nevada state line. In 1963, there was an alternate routing for LRN 11 from Sacramento that approximated the future freeway routing.
Acronyms and Explanations:
Route 10 Route 12
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