Routes 9 through 16
Click here for a key to the symbols used. "LRN" refers to the Pre-1964 Legislative Route Number. "US" refers to a US Shield signed route. "I" refers to an Eisenhower Interstate signed route. "Route" usually indicates a state shield signed route, but said route may be signed as US or I. Previous Federal Aid (pre-1992) categories: Federal Aid Interstate (FAI); Federal Aid Primary (FAP); Federal Aid Urban (FAU); and Federal Aid Secondary (FAS). Current Functional Classifications (used for aid purposes): Principal Arterial (PA); Minor Arterial (MA); Collector (Col); Rural Minor Collector/Local Road (RMC/LR). Note that ISTEA repealed the previous Federal-Aid System, effective in 1992, and established the functional classification system for all public roads.
9 · 10 · 11 · 12 · 13 · 14 · 15 · 16
In 1963, this was defined to run "from Route 17 near Santa Cruz to Route 17 near Los Gatos via Waterman Gap and Saratoga Gap and along the ridge between the San Lorenzo and Pescadero Creeks." In 1981, Chapter 292 changed the western origin to Route 1 near Santa Cruz.
This route consisted of two segments:
In 1934, Route 9 was signed along the route from Santa Cruz to Milpitas via Redwood Park.
In Saratoga, the original signage of Route 9 diverged from the present signage. The signed Route 9, as LRN 114, proceeded North on Saratoga-Sunnyvale Road into Sunnyvale via Mathilda Ave, thence to a jct with Alviso-Milpitas Road (currently signed as Route 237), and a junction with Bypass US-101 (LRN 68). It appears this segment was defined in 1933. On October 18, 1956, the Highway Commission adopted the routing for a future freeway location for Route 9 from Bayshore Freeway north of Moffett Field, generally following Stevens Creek to an existing Route 9 location north of Azule near Saratoga. For a while, this was signed as part of Route 85.
The route signed as Route 9 then proceeded on the current Route 237 alignment into Milpitas. This was LRN 113. It ran east as Route 237 to Route 17 (LRN 69; now I-880). Before the current bridge over the Guadalupe River was constructed, it took a route into Alviso via Gold Street north and 1st Street southwest back to current Route 237.
Between Milpitas and Warm Springs, Route 9 ran N along a LRN 69 (Route 17, now I-880) to present-day Route 262 near Warm Springs. This segment, as LRN 69, was added to the state highway system in 1933.
Between the present-day Route 262/I-680 junction near Warm Springs and Irvington, Route 9 ran cosigned with Route 21 to Irvington, near Mission San Jose. This segment was LRN 5, and was added to the state highway system in 1909.
Santa Cruz (Route 1) to Boulder Creek
In August 2019, it was reported that new signs and crosswalk improvements,
designed to keep pedestrians and cyclists safer and off Route 9 in Felton, have
been installed. The signs provide direction for pedestrians and cyclists
— including students at San Lorenzo Valley School District campus —
through residential neighborhoods and into downtown Felton while avoiding Route
9. The issue has been an ongoing community concern due to heavy traffic and
lack of infrastructure on Route 9. The new signage directs pedestrians and
cyclists away from the busy roadway and over to Felton Empire Road, connecting
them with Gushee Street (~ SCR 5.986 to SCR 6.448). The route is a
lower-trafficked alternative to Route 9, which does not have bike lanes or
(Source: Scotts Valley Patch, 8/23/2019)
The following project was included in the final adopted 2018 SHOPP in March 2018: PPNO 2655. 05-Santa Cruz-9 13.6/15.5. Route 9 Near Boulder Creek, at San Lorenzo River Bridge No. 36-0052 (PM SCR 13.61) and Kings Creek Bridge No. 36-0054 (PM SCR 15.49). Replace bridges to maintain standards of safety and reliability. Begin Con: 3/4/2022. Total Project Cost: $23,210.
Boulder Creek to Route 35
No items of interest.
In March 2017, the CTC amended the SHOPP to include almost $12M in funding on Route 9 near Saratoga, from Santa Cruz County line to Sanborn Road (4-SCl-9 0.0/4.8). Remove slide debris, repair roadway, and establish safe working conditions of failed slope to initiate geotechnical investigations.
Saratoga Creek Bridge (SCL 4.9)
The following project was included in the final adopted 2018 SHOPP in March 2018: PPNO 0386F. 04-Santa Clara-9 4.9. Route 9 Near Saratoga, at Saratoga Creek Bridge No. 37-0074. Replace bridge. Begin Con: 10/19/2020. Total Project Cost: $24,569K.
In May 2019, the CTC approved the following SHOPP
Amendment: 04-SCl-9 4.9 PPNO 0386F. ProjID 0412000409. Route 9 Near Saratoga,
at Saratoga Creek Bridge No. 37-0074. Replace bridge. Delay construction
completion to FY21-22. Note: The delivery of the project is delayed by two
years due to complex right of way acquisition of multiple properties. Also, due
to the historical aspect of the bridge, additional outreach was required,
resulting in the need to develop a range of design options.
(May 2019 Agenda Item 2.1a.(1) Amend Item 26)
In December 2018, the CTC amended the SHOPP to include 05-SCr-9. PM 10.8.
PPNO 2847. Project ID 0518000115. Route 9 Near Brookdale, south of Western
Avenue. Construct side hill viaduct extension with cutoff retaining wall,
restore roadway and facilities, and install permanent erosion control.
Construction start: 10/27/2021. Total est. cost: $6,910,000.
(Source: December 2018 CTC Minutes, Agenda Item 2.1a(1) Item 9)
In August 2011, the CTC approved $479,000 in SHOPP funding to stabilize and repair slope at four locations in Saratoga, from Skyline Boulevard (~ 009 SCL 0.026) to Toll Gate Road (~ 009 SCL 6.678), damaged by heavy rainfall.
In June 2011, the CTC approved for future consideration of funding a project that will make safety upgrades on Route 9 from 2.5 miles north of Route 35 (~ 009 SCL 2.5) to 6th Street, near Saratoga (~ 006 SCL 7.099). The project is not fully funded. The project is programmed in the 2010 State Highway Operation and Protection Program. Total estimated project cost is $13,427,000 for capital and support. The scope as described for the preferred alternative is consistent with the project scope programmed by the Commission in the 2010 State Highway Operation and Protection Program.
In May 2016, the CTC approved additional SHOPP funding on Route 9 near Saratoga, PM 4.9, at Saratoga Creek Bridge No. 37-0074. Replace bridge. The age of the existing bridge at this location makes it eligible for the National and California historic registers. The two alternatives in the Project Initiation Document (PID) have been expanded to six alternatives during the PA&ED phase and has led to an increase in support for that phase. A change in the project schedule is necessary due to the expanded alternatives in the environmental document, public input and right-of-way acquisition efforts for multiple properties, including a private picnic and campground resort adjacent to the existing bridge. These changes add $1,600,000 to the cost of the project.
In July 2005, the CTC considered relinquishment of right of way in the City of Saratoga, between Saratoga-Los Gatos Road and 0.13 kilometer west of Sixth Street ( 4-SCl-9-KP 11.3/11.9, PM 7.02/7.39), consisting of nonmotorized transportation facilities, namely sidewalks.
In February 2017, it was reported that the first three phases of the Highway
9 Pedestrian/Bicycle Improvement Project are complete and the fourth phase was
set to begin. Phase four of the Route 9 project involves pedestrian
improvements from Fruitvale Avenue (~ 009 SCL 8.853) to El Camino Grande (~ 009
SCL 9.266) in Saratoga, and from Daves Avenue (~ 009 SCL 10.002) to Greenwood
Road (~ 009 SCL 10.238) in Monte Sereno. Phase four is expected to be completed
by the end of 2017.
(Source: Mercury News, 2/23/2017)
In August 2018, it was reported that plans recently approved unanimously by
the Los Gatos Town Council call for a $112,000 LED flashing beacon to be
installed at the intersection of Route 9 and Massol Ave (SCL 10.884). The
crosswalk currently has a round beacon that can be triggered by pedestrians or
bicyclists, but the flashing beacon is rectangular, resembling the emergency
flashers on police cars. The intersection will also be getting green bike
lanes. Sixteen accidents were reported at the Route 9/Massol intersection
between 2013 and 2017, half of which resulted in injuries, a recently-completed
Route 9 safety and traffic study shows. The traffic study looked at
alternatives to the flashing beacon, including a stop light and a HAWK system.
HAWKs use double red signals and one yellow signal to grab drivers’
attention. A HAWK installation could cost about $476,000, but would likely need
a federal grant to pay for it. With no guarantee the grant would be approved,
that idea was shelved. A stoplight could cost approximately $722,000 and would
likely cause unacceptable traffic delays. The Los Gatos Town Council also
considered adding a raised crosswalk to the intersection that would ramp the
crosswalk up to sidewalk level. But there was concern that bicyclists going as
fast as 30 mph could be “launched” into the air when they hit the
elevated section, so that option was tabled and will be considered later.
Funding for the flashing beacon has not been approved, but the Town Council
will likely do that in February during its mid-year budget review. Design and
construction of the new crosswalk will take another six months.
(Source: Mercury News, 8/29/2018)
[SHC 263.3] From Route 1 near Santa Cruz to Route 236 near Boulder Creek; and from Route 236 near Boulder Creek to Route 236 near Waterman Gap; and from Route 236 near Waterman Gap to Route 35; and from Saratoga to Route 17 near Los Gatos; and from Blaney Plaza in Saratoga to Route 35.
[SHC 164.10] Between the north urban limits of Santa Cruz and the south urban limits of San Jose.
In November 1957, the California Department of Highways proposed the designation I-9 for what is now I-405.
Overall statistics for Route 9:
The route that would become LRN 9 was defined in the first set of highway bonds in 1909, with a rough routing of "San Fernando to San Bernardino". It was extended in 1933 to run to [LRN 2] (US 101) near Montalvo. By 1935, it was codified in the highway code as:
Only the first segment was a primary route.
In 1957, Chapter 1911 changed the west end of the first segment from [LRN 2] (US 101) near Montalvo to [LRN 79] (Route 126) near Saticoy, and replaced San Fernando with "near San Fernando" in the second segment.
The signage for LRN 9 was as follows:
This segment was signed as Route 118.
From near San Fernando to San Bernardino.
This routing was signed as Route 118. At some point, the signage as Route 118 terminated, and the remainder of the route between Pasadena and San Bernardino was signed as US 66. The routing of LRN 9 (US 66) through Pasadena was: right on Shamrock Ave. in Monrovia, left on Foothill Blvd. through Arcadia into Pasadena, left on Santa Anita Ave. right on Colorado Street and left on Fair Oaks Ave.
From Route 1 in Santa
Monica to Route 5 near Seventh Street in Los Angeles.
In 1968, Chapter 385 changed the definitions of Route 105 ("from Route 5 to
the junction of Route 110 (now part of Route 10) and US-101") and Route 110
("from Route 105 to the junction of Routes 5 and 10") from their former stub
routes in downtown, creating the present day I-105 routing. At this point, the
definition of Route 10 was changed to "Route 1 in Santa Monica to Route 5 near
Seventh Street in Los Angeles", and US 101 was changed to start at "Route 5
near Seventh Street in Los Angeles".
The segment was LRN 173, and was defined as part of the state highway system since 1933; however, it was signed as Route 26 prior to the freeway designation. Route 26 ran along Olympic Blvd. For information on the route that was signed as Route 10, see below.
The McClure Tunnel opened on February 1, 1936, and originally connected the Roosevelt Highway (later, Pacific Coast Highway) with Lincoln Boulevard as part of US 101A. At one point, this was part of signed Route 6. Note that technically the McClure tunnel (actually, the portion to the west of Lincoln Blvd) is part of Route 1, not Route 10.
The various state highway routes around this time (signed Route 2 along Santa Monica, signed Route 26 along Olympic, signed Route 42 along Manchester) demonstrate that state was unsure what was the best route for the freeway. In a 1953 article on the Los Angeles freeway system, CHPW addressed this:
"One of the glaring defects indicated by the construction progress map is that it shows no activity upon a freeway extending westerly from the central business area of Los Angeles. We have long recognized the need for such freeway, but the overloaded condition of the Hollywood Freeway during its brief life of service has made it necessary that we reappraise the situation to determine whether a Santa Monica Freeway extending to the west, or a Venice-Olympic Freeway farther to the south, should be given priority, or whether it would be possible to determine upon some compromise route giving equal or better service. We have recently completed the initial phases of a traffic study for the entire western area, and are at the present time supplementing this by a vehicle use survey which will give us origin and destination data having a direct bearing upon the problem. Additional finances, if provided by the Legislature, should permit us to crystallize our thinking into action in providing the best facility possible for this very important area in this metropolitan district."
As history bore out, the choice was closer to the Venice-Olympic routing (but even a little S of that).
The first portion of I-10 (signed pre-1964 Route 26, LRN 175) to be adopted as freeway was a 9.6 mi segment between US 101 (Santa Ana Freeway) and La Cienega Blvd. This occured on 5/21/1954. The remainder of the route, from LaCienega to Lincoln Blvd (Route 1, LRN 60), was adopted as a freeway on November 15, 1956. The route recognized that one east-west freeway would have to serve West Los Angeles for many years, and the route chosen was one that provided the maximum traffic service. Work on the route was expected to start in 1957.
The KCET website has a nice article on the construction of I-10, with lots of nice pictures (including a larger version of the one to the right, which shows the I-10 under construction in West Los Angeles. The article notes how the original routes were planned along Santa Monica Blvd or Olympic (and later Venice, with a onetime proposal for a raised freeway along the median of Venice). It noted the current route was developed to avoid protesting neighborhoods. The articles notes that construction crews broke ground on the first segment of the newly renamed Santa Monica Freeway over the Los Angeles River on June 17, 1957. Land acquisition for the freeway's right-of-way began in 1958, and by 1961 families -- living in houses the state had purchased and then rented back to their occupants -- received orders to move. On December 4, 1961, Governor Edmund "Pat" Brown dedicated the first, easternmost segment of the freeway as crews began work on the route's West Los Angeles and Santa Monica portions. At its western extreme, the freeway required a 7,000-foot-long, 20-foot-deep cut before reaching the Pacific Coast Highway's McClure Tunnel. By October 1964,it had been extended west to La Cienega Boulevard, and on January 29, 1965--several years after residents in the freeway's path were displaced--the 4.5-mile segment between La Cienega and Bundy Drive opened. The final segment through Santa Monica opened on January 5, 1965. The article does not, alas, explain the design decision to build the freeway as a raised structure as opposed to a depressed freeway (which might have been less expensive).
The I-405/I-10 interchange was designed by Marilyn Jorgenson Reece, who was the first woman in California to be registered as a civil engineer, and the first woman to serve as an associate highway engineer for the state. She died in May 2004. A South Dakota native who earned a bachelor's degree in civil engineering from the University of Minnesota in 1948, Reece moved to Los Angeles with her parents shortly after graduation. The same year, she went to work for the State Division of Highways, which later became Caltrans, as a junior civil engineer in Los Angeles. In 1954, after six years of required experience to sit for the Professional Engineer's Exam, Reece became the state's first fully licensed female civil engineer. In 1962, she received the Governor's Design Excellence Award from Gov. Pat Brown for the San Diego-Santa Monica freeway interchange. Shortly after, Reece became the Division of Highway's first woman resident engineer for construction projects. The three-level San Diego-Santa Monica freeway interchange, which opened in 1964, was the first interchange designed in California by a woman engineer. With the aid of an early computer program, Reece plotted the curves of its ramps and soaring, 75-foot-tall bridges to allow automobiles to transition between freeways at 55 miles per hour -- a significant speed increase over the tolerance of earlier interchanges, like downtown's Four Level, which required cars to slow to 35 miles per hour. Reece told The Los Angeles Times in 1995 that she put her "heart and soul into it" and that she designed the interchange with aesthetics in mind. "It is very airy. It isn't a cluttered, loopy thing," she said, adding that specifications to keep traffic moving at high speeds necessitated the long, sweeping curves. The image to the right, excerpted from One Hundred Years of Progress, shows Reece and Thomas McKinley. However, the book referred to Reece as an Associate Engineer, with McKinley as a Resident Engineer, but did indicate that Reece supervised the I-405/I-10 interchange project. The view in the photo is looking N from what is roughly the National offramp on the I-405; you can see a sign for the Route 26 Olympic Blvd NB offramp that was removed as part of the project (likewise, the SB National offramp was removed)
Construction on the Santa Monica Freeway portion of I-10 was completed in January 1966.
Technically Route 1 Portion (W of 7th Street)
In January 2017, it was reported that the City of Santa Monica was
considering the Gateway Master Plan, which will address planning in the area
“adjacent to the I-10 Freeway that links Downtown to the Civic
Center” and to Santa Monica High School, and it could include covering
the freeway with decking that could create new space for a park (this appears
to include the portion of the freeway that, although considered I-10, is really
Route 1). Previous reports on capping the park had explored extending the
McClure Tunnel and covering the 10 freeway from Fourth Street (001 LA 35.037)
to Ocean Avenue (001 LA 35.11). The new staff report says the Gateway Master
Plan offers “a unique opportunity for strengthening connections over the
freeway right of way.” It also says the cap park would be a way to offer
“an enlarged green space for outdoor enjoyment” where there
previously was none. By removing the visual and physical barrier between the
city’s downtown and its civic center area, the park could create a new
link between the two sections of the city. The report also notes that by
providing access to “peripheral parking opportunities,” the park
might be able to reduce car congestion in the city’s downtown.
(Source: CurbedLA, 1/8/2018)
A (temporary) installation of a statue of Mario of the Mario Brothers has
been installed atop a column on I-10 freeway (actually, Route 1, as the visible
location is ~ 001 LA R34.812) in Santa Monica. The character is visible from
the corner of Olympic and 5th Street and to vehicles entering the freeway at
that intersection. It is the work of Bohemia Incorporated and the arts duo said
the location had been on their radar for years but it took some time to figure
out what to put there. The Styrofoam sculpture is about 32 inches tall and is
painted to match the concrete it sits atop.
(Source: Santa Monica Daily Press, 7/22/17)
I-10 Portion (E of 7th Street, Santa Monica)
In June 2017, there was a report on the artists that have installed a lone
mermaid, casually swimming along a retaining wall on WB I-10 in the vicinity of
Cheviot Hills (approximately 010 LA R6.612). The mermaid (she has no official
title) turns out to be the work of a street art collective known as Bohemia Incorporated.
For a couple of years, the group has been illicitly installing
three-dimensional sculptures around Los Angeles — in the dead public
spaces at freeway intersections and on freeway retaining walls. Some last for
hours (such as one that featured a paint brush and the phrase
“Don’t worry I pay taxes”), others run for months (such as
the sculpture of a woman taking a selfie on the 5 Freeway in Silver Lake). But
the mermaid has been in place for more than two years. One of the artists for
Bohemia Incorporated, also known as #binc, says the group’s sculptures
are generally made from Styrofoam, then painted to resemble concrete.
(Source: LA Times, 6/20/2017)
The SAFETEA-LU act, enacted in August 2005 as the reauthorization of TEA-21, provided the following expenditures on or near this route:
High Priority Project #3805: Planning, design, and preliminary engineering of on/off ramp system at intersection of I-10 and Roberston/National Blvds. (~ 010 LA R7.96) in Culver City. $2,000,000.
In March 2018, it was reported that LADOT is
partering with the City of Culver City and Caltrans to improve the confusing
on-ramps and off-ramps near Robertson and National Blvds. The goal will be to
hopefully make commuting easier for people choosing to take the train to avoid
it. According to an LADOT release, the I-10/Robertson/National Area Circulation
Improvement Project will upgrade the Robertson and National onramps and
offramps in a way that will improve the experience for drivers and transit
users. The goal is to “simplify traffic movements, and minimize traffic
impacts from the Culver City Expo Station and other new developments in the
area.” In addition, the crossings will make streets much safer for
pedestrians and cyclists, who are using these same poorly designed connections
to walk to the Culver City Expo line stop and access the Expo bike path. The
project team has been conducting outreach since the fall of 2016, according to
posted by LADOT. The project site shows four
potential design alternatives that reconfigure the offramps to smooth
congestion and redesign streets to give people who live north of I-10 more
pleasant walks to the train.
(Source: Curbed LA, 3/7/2018)
In June 2017, there was an interesting article on the "Crenshaw Cowboy of
the Wild West", an itinerant artist living on the WB onramp of I-10 at Crenshaw
(approx. 010 LA R11.371). The artist, Kenneth Lovell Moore, or just Lovell,
constructs sculptures from discarded script. When Moore isn’t creating
these galactic sculptures or asking drivers for donations so he can buy art
supplies, he’s dancing like his favorite performer: Michael Jackson.
(Source: KPCC, 6/9/2017)
This portion is named the "Santa Monica Freeway"; the first
segment opened in 1961 and the freeway was completed in 1966. It was named by
the State Highway Commission on April 25, 1957. The name derives from the
western terminus of the segment in the City of Santa Monica. The name Santa
Monica may have been applied by the second Portolá expedition on May 4,
1770, the day of holy Monica, mother of Saint Augustine. It appears in 1839 in
the land grant San Vicente y Santa Monica, on which the modern city was founded
in the early 1870s. Sierra de Santa Monica was recorded in 1822.
(Image source: Quora)
The route was originally to have been named the "Olympic Freeway"; that name was changed during planning in 1958. That probably came from the original Route 26 routing along Olympic Blvd, which itself was renamed from 10th Street in honor of the 1932 Olympics.
In additional to the other designations noted, Route 10 (in its
entirety) has been officially designated the "Christopher Columbus
Transcontinental Highway", although on the east coast, the corresponding
sign is not on I-10 (it is on I-40). It acquired this name in Assembly
Concurrent Resolution No. 106, Chapter 71, in 1976. According to reports in
2003, the sign on I-10 has disappeared.
(Image source: Wikipedia)
The portion of I-10
within the city limits of Santa Monica (~ 010 LA 0.0/R4.334) is named the
"Ricardo A. Crocker Memorial Highway". This segment was named in memory
of Santa Monica Police Officer Ricardo A. Crocker, a Major in the United States
Marine Corps, who was killed by a rocket propelled grenade explosion on May 26,
2005 while conducting combat operations against enemy forces in Iraq. Ricardo
A. Crocker was assigned to Detachment D, Third Civil Affairs Group, attached to
the Fifth Provisional Civil Affairs Group II MEF and had previously served in
Operation Iraqi Freedom II with the Third Civil Affairs Group from February
through September 2004, and was redeployed to Iraq with the Fifth Provisional
Civil Affairs Group in February 2005. At the time of his death, Ricardo A.
Crocker, known as "Rick," was 39 years of age and a 10-year veteran of the
Santa Monica Police Department. Ricardo A. Crocker held the rank of Captain in
the United States Marine Corps when he was hired by the Santa Monica Police
Department on July 21, 1995, subsequently being promoted to the rank of Major
in the Marine Corps. As an Officer for the Santa Monica Police Department,
Ricardo A. Crocker served in uniform patrol and was a member of the Crime
Impact Team and Special Entry Team, serving as the primary emergency medical
technician for the Special Entry Team, and was a rifle team member and rifle
instructor. While in his final assignment to the Police Activities League,
Officer Crocker made an indelible impression on the youth of Santa Monica by
teaching preparatory courses for the Scholastic Aptitude Test, leading the book
club, and implementing hiking and camping programs that exposed these youth to
his two passions: education and nature. Ricardo A. Crocker was an excellent
officer and ambassador for the Santa Monica Police Department as well as an
excellent protector of the community; was a consummate caring professional who
represented the highest standards and traditions of law enforcement and the
Santa Monica Police Department. Named by Senate Concurrent Resolution (SCR) 20,
Resolution Chapter 94, on 7/12/2007.
(Image source: SMPD on Twitter)
The segment between I-405
and Route 110 (~ 010 LA R5.455/LA 14.82) is named the "Rosa Parks
Freeway". Rosa Parks (born February 4, 1913, in Tuskegee, Alabama) is
considered the "Mother of the Modern Day Civil Rights Movement". This fame
started when she was arrested on December 1, 1955, in Montgomery, Alabama, for
refusing to give up her seat on a bus to a white man. Her arrest was the
impetus for a boycott of Montgomery buses, led by Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr.,
and joined by approximately 42,000 African Americans for 381 days. On November
13, 1956, the United States Supreme Court ruled that Montgomery's segregation
law was unconstitutional, and on December 20, 1956, Montgomery officials were
ordered to desegregate buses. Rosa Parks refusal to surrender her seat in
compliance with Montgomery's segregation law inspired the civil rights
movement, which has resulted in the breakdown of numerous legal barriers and
the lessening of profound discrimination against African Americans in this
country. Her courage and conviction laid the foundation for equal rights for
all Americans and for the Civil Rights Act of 1964. Rosa Parks was the first
woman to join the Montgomery chapter of the NAACP, and was an active volunteer
for the Montgomery Voters League. She cofounded the Rosa and Raymond Parks
Institute for Self Development in 1987 with Elaine Easton Steele to motivate
and direct youth to achieve their highest potential through the "Pathways to
Freedom" program. She is the recipient of many awards including the
Presidential Medal of Freedom, the nation's highest civilian honor, the
Congressional Gold Medal of Honor, the highest honor Congress can bestow upon a
civilian, and the first International Freedom Conductor Award from the National
Underground Railroad Freedom Center. The naming was on the occation of Rosa
Park's 89th birthday. Named by Assembly Concurrent Resolution 134, Chapter 2,
28 January 2002.
(Image source: Councilman Nate Holden; The Negro Woman in History Blog)
In September 2019, it was
noted that signs have been installed near Vermont Avenue (~ LA R13.82) to
direct drivers to the El
Salvador Community Corridor. This comes six years after the 2013
designation of the 12 blocks of Vermont Avenue from 11th Street to Adams Street
as the corridor. Even though the Salvadoran community has largely settled in
Pico-Union and Westlake, around 30 years ago Vermont Avenue became attractive
to Salvadorans for one reason alone: banks. Banks like Banco Agricola, Banco
Cuscatlan, and Banco American Central were crucial for Salvadorans who wanted
to send funds back to family in El Salvador. Over the decades, parts of Vermont
Avenue became a center for the Salvadoran community when street vendors, meat
markets, and restaurants followed the crowds of expats. Oscar Dominguez,
founder and president of El Salvador Community Corridor believes that the
corridor has given Salvadorans a place in the city and that the new signage
will motivate Angelenos to visit the artery and support one (or more) of the
150 Salvadoran businesses located there.
(Source: LA Magazine, 9/17/2019; Image source: El Salvador Community Corridor Facebook Page)
Interchange (~ 010 LA R5.455) is named the "Marilyn Jorgenson Reece Memorial
Interchange". It was named in honor of Marilyn Jorgenson Reece, who was
born and raised in North Dakota and earned a bachelor's degree in civil
engineering from the University of Minnesota in 1948. Ms. Reece moved to Los
Angeles with her parents shortly after graduation in 1948, and went to work for
the State Division of Highways, which later became the Department of
Transportation, as a junior civil engineer in Los Angeles. After six years of
experience required to sit for the Professional Engineers Exam, Marilyn
Jorgenson Reece became the state's first fully licensed female civil engineer
in 1954. In 1962, Marilyn Jorgenson Reece received the Governor's Design
Excellence Award from Governor Pat Brown for designing the I-10/I-405
interchange. Ms. Reece became the Division of Highway's first woman resident
engineer for construction projects shortly after receiving that award. The
three-level I-10/I-405 interchange designed by Marilyn Jorgenson Reece opened
in 1964 and was the first interchange designed in California by a woman
engineer. Urban critic Reyner Banham, author of Los Angeles: The
Architecture of Four Ecologies, admired the wide-swinging curved ramps
connecting the two freeways, and wrote that the I-10/I-405 interchange "is a
work of art, both as a pattern on the map, as a monument against the sky, and
as a kinetic experience as one sweeps through it". During her 35-year career,
Marilyn Jorgenson Reece's projects included serving as senior engineer for the
completion of Route 210 through Sunland in 1975—at the time, the largest
construction project the Department of Transportation had ever awarded—at
$40 million. After retiring in 1983, Marilyn Jorgenson Reece taught engineering
classes at Cal State Long Beach; and during Women's History Month in 1983, the
Los Angeles City Council honored Marilyn Jorgenson Reece for making significant
contributions to the city. In 1991, Marilyn Jorgenson Reece received life
membership in the American Society of Civil Engineers. Named by Senate
Concurrent Resolution (SCR) 72, Resolution Chapter 96, on 8/15/2006.
(Image source: PBWorks)
The eastbound portion of
the National Boulevard overpass (~ 010 LA R006.40, although it coule be
R007.21) is named the "Culver City Police Lieutenant Curtis Massey Memorial
Overpass". This segment was named in honor of Lieutenant Curtis Massey of
the Culver City Police Department, who died on January 28, 2009 when his
unmarked vehicle was struck head-on by a vehicle driven the wrong way on I-10
near National Boulevard in the City of Los Angeles. Massey was born on June 1,
1967, the son of Stephen Massey and Padric Davis of Pacific Palisades. Massey
attended Saint Matthews School and Palisades High School, graduating as part of
the class of 1985. In those early years, Massey was a role model to many and
was instrumental in the lives of young children through his job as a summer
camp counselor at St. Matthews Day Camp. Massey furthered his education at
Northern Arizona University where he received his bachelor's degree. In
addition to his collegiate work, Massey devoted himself, again, to helping
others as part of the Flagstaff EMT unit. That devotion to helping others led
Massey to a career in law enforcement. Accordingly, Massey graduated from the
Los Angeles County Sheriff's Academy in 1992. Massey devoted his life to his
family and the public, particularly at-risk youths. Beginning as a patrol
officer, Lieutenant Massey served with distinction during his 17-year career in
a variety of assignments within the Culver City Police Department; most notably
with the juvenile section of the detective bureau, specifically the juvenile
diversion program. During that time, Massey's admirable drive to protect and
serve the public, and his dedication to duty, led Massey to be honored as
"Officer of the Year" three times within the Culver City Police Department.
Massey was also a recipient of the "Medal of Valor," the department's highest
honor. Lieutenant Massey had recently been assigned as the supervisor of the
juvenile detective section, and spent a lot of his own free time working with
at-risk children. Named by Assembly Concurrant Resolution (ACR) 124, 8/30/2010,
Resolution Chapter 109.
(Image source: Culver City Observer)
The Western Avenue
overcrossing at I-10 (~ 010 LA R12.825), in the City of Los Angeles, is
officially named the Reverend Cecil "Chip" Murray Overcrossing. It was
named in honor of the Reverend Cecil "Chip" Murray, who has generously and
successfully served the community and congregation of the First African
Methodist Episcopal Church in Los Angeles since 1977, when the congregation
counted 300 active members and those members received his vision to ignite a
fire in their hearts to be a church that extends beyond its walls. As of 2004,
the congregation numbered over 17,300 members, and works through more than 40
task forces, including task forces related to health, substance abuse,
homelessness, emergency food and clothing, general and specialized housing,
tutoring, entrepreneurial training, and employment services. These task forces
and programs provide notable assistance and services that include assistance
and services for the physically handicapped, dwelling assistance for low-income
individuals and those with HIV/AIDS, transportation for the elderly and
handicapped, education, health care and AIDS/tobacco ministries, tutoring,
legal aid, computer training, job training and placement, economic development
and loan programs, a business incubator for multimedia production, a prison
ministry, environmental programs, food programs, youth programs, choir and
music programs, and other activities. Reverend Murray served 10 years on active
duty in the United States Air Force as a jet radar intercept officer in the Air
Defense Command and as a navigator in the Air Transport Command, was decorated
in 1958 with the Soldier's Medal of Valor following an explosion in his
two-seated fighter, and retired as a reserve major in the United States Air
Force. He is a native of Florida and has received an undergraduate degree from
Florida A&M University, has received a doctorate in religion from the
School of Theology at Claremont, and has lectured and been an adjunct professor
at Iliff University, Seattle University, the School of Theology at Claremont,
Fuller Seminary, and Northwest Theological Seminary. Reverend Murray retired as
Senior Pastor of the First African Methodist Episcopal Church on September 25,
2004. Named by Assembly Concurrent Resolution 152, chaptered September 1, 2004.
Resolution Chapter 175.
(Image source: LA Sentinal, 10/26/2011)
interchange (~ 010 LA 14.83) is officially named the "Dosan Ahn Chang Ho
Memorial Interchange". Dosan Ahn Chang Ho was born in a small village in
Korea in 1878. He arrived in America in 1902 with his newlywed wife, Lee Hae
Ryon (Helen Ahn). As the steamship approached Hawaii, Ahn Chang Ho resolved to
stand tall above the sea of turmoil existing at that time in Korea, and
resolved to call himself "Dosan," which means Island Mountain. While living in
San Francisco, Dosan organized the San Francisco Social Meeting on September
23, 1903, and initiated a social reform movement that was in desperate need in
the Korean American society. As an accomplished orator and leader at the age of
24, Dosan guided his countrymen to form a respectable community for Koreans in
the United States. He and his family settled in Riverside, California, in March
1904 and worked tirelessly to unite Korean Americans and to revive the
patriotic spirit of the Korean people. He moved to Los Angeles in 1913, where
the Dorothy Chandler Pavilion now stands, and played a significant role in the
growth of the Korean American community in the City of Los Angeles. Together
with his friends, he formed the Gonglip-Hyuphoe, or Cooperative Association,
which would become the basis for the Korean National Association, which Dosan
later led as president. This association maintained structure within the Korean
American community, both to build character of individuals and to enhance the
image of Koreans within the mainstream community. Dosan also established one of
the first English schools for Koreans so that his fellow Korean Americans could
learn English and the Bible. He helped to relieve blighted living conditions
for his fellow Korean Americans in the Greater Los Angeles area, and became the
spiritual leader of the Korean Independence Movement. Following Japan's
annexation of Korea in 1910, Dosan formulated the basis for the Provisional
Government of Korea, and conceived Hung Sa Dahn (Young Korean Academy), an
organization to develop leaders for the independence movement, in 1913. In
1915, Dosan promoted the development of the Korean language program for second
generation Korean Americans as an opportunity to pass on Korean traditions,
values, and identity to younger generations. Through his work, Dosan Ahn Chang
Ho had an enormously beneficial impact and significance on the history of
modern Korea and Korean Americans. Dosan's philosophy and teachings serve as a
model for Korean American youths. The interchange was named in honor of the
100th Year Centennial Immigration for Korean Americans to the United States.
Named by Senate Concurrent Resolution 104, Chapter 160, September 11, 2002.
(Image source: Dosan Ahn Chang Ho Official Site)
From Route 101 near Mission Road in Los
Angeles to the Arizona state line at the Colorado River via the vicinity of
Monterey Park, Pomona, Colton, Indio, and Chiriaco Summit, and via Blythe.
In 1963, this routing was defined as "Route 110 in Los Angeles to the Arizona state line at the Colorado River via the vicinity of Monterey Park, Pomona, Colton, Indio, and Shaver's Summit, and via Blythe, and includes that portion of the Colorado River highway bridge (near Ehrenburg, Arizona) which is within the State of California. The department may contract with the State of Arizona, for and on behalf of the State of California, for the maintenance of such bridge." Route 110 referred to a stub route downtown (in particular, the portion between the two segments of Route 10).
Some history of the East LA interchange, including the connection between the two segments of I-10, may be found in the discussion of US 101.
Until the widening of the San Bernardino Freeway/I-10 east of the I-5 (Golden State) interchange, the signage on WB I-10 originally only referenced West I-10 on the ramp to the SB Golden State Freeway -- no mention of SB I-5; traffic to SB I-5 (essentially a "backwards" movement regarding the trajectory of the Santa Ana Freeway) was expected to remain on the western "stub" of the San Bernardino Freeway (original I-110 and briefly BGS-signed as such from WB I-10) to the "San Bernardino Split", where it would take the single-lane flyover to the SB Santa Ana Freeway (originally I-105 but never signed -- although prominently featured on Gousha L.A. maps in the early '60's), aka US 101 at that point. That ramp, signed for SB I-5 after signage was applied to that freeway in 1961-62 and featuring substandard clearance beneath it, was dismantled at the same time of the San Bernardino Freeway upgrades; at which point the ramp carrying WB I-10 was signed as access to both I-10 and SB I-5 as it is today.
In 1968, the stub Route 105 and Route 110 were eliminated, and the portion from Route 101 to Route 5 was transferred from former Route 110. This changed the routing to "(b) Route 101 near Mission Road in Los Angeles to Route 5. (c) Route 5 in Los Angeles to the Arizona state line at the Colorado River...", reflecting the slight discontinuity at Route 5.
In 1984, the two segments were combined, and the text about Arizona was removed, giving the definition of "(b) Route 101 near Mission Road in Los Angeles to the Arizona state line at the Colorado River via the vicinity of Monterey Park, Pomona, Colton, Indio, and Chiriaco Summit and via Blythe."
Note that the El Monte Busway, a special transit (and at times, HOV+3) lane, running from Union Station in Downtown Los Angeles to just E of Route 710, is in the postmile system as Route 10S.
Near the intersection of I-10 and former Route 31, Ontario had a racetrack. Between 1971 and 1980, this track hosted Indycar/CART, NHRA, and NASCAR events; this racetrack was designed in a similar shape to the more famous Indianapolis Motor Speedway and was intended to bring a second venue of major auto racing into the Los Angeles area (the first was the now-defunct Riverside International Raceway, which is located at the I-215/Route 60 junction). This track also hosted the "Questor Grand Prix", an allstar event attempting to prove whether American formula racers were superior to those from Europe. After Ontario Motor Speedway went bankrupt in 1980, the track was demolished and the land is now owned by ChevronTexaco. It was near where Ontario Mills now stands, and might explain the car-named streets between Haven Avenue and old Route 31: Dusenberg Drive, Ferrari, Mercedes Lane, Porsche Way, and Concours, and the car named streets west of Haven Avenue: Triumph Lane, Shelby Street, Shelby Lane, Lotus Avenue, Jaguar Way.
This segment was made up of four distinct parts:
In Blythe, this was Hobsonway, and used a different bridge to cross the Colorado. The current bridge was built in 1960, with improvements in 1974. No remnants of the original bridge remain.
The Ramona Expressway portion of I-10 started its development shortly after
the US Highway system was adopted in 1926. At this time, California began
development of US 99. In Monterey Park, Garvey Avenue was designated as part of
the link of US 99. However, westerly of Atlantic Boulevard, the roadway ended.
The six-mile gap would be filled by a new roadway that would connect Garvey
Avenue near Atlantic Boulevard with Aliso Street at Mission Road to be named
Ramona Boulevard. Ramona Boulevard was along terrain that was suitable for
grade separations, with the Pacific Electric Railroad tracks to the north and a
hillside to the south. In order to accommodate the new highway, six bridges
that already spanned the tracks were extended or reconstructed and two new
grade separations were constructed near Monterey Pass Road. Near the west end
of the project, the Macy Street (now Cesar E. Chavez Avenue) bridge, which had
been built in 1910, provided another grade separation over the tracks and could
accommodate a roadway without reconstruction. Thus, there were nine bridges in
all with no at-grade crossings and virtually no local property access. It was
opened to traffic on April 20, 1935 and was called an “airline”
route by the State because motorists could “fly” without
intersectional conflict at 50 miles per hour. In 1944, Aliso Street, the
westerly extension of Ramona Boulevard was widened and reconstructed. This
project, which was undertaken by the City, included a grade separation at
Mission Road. In coordination with this project, the State widened Ramona
Boulevard easterly to the East City Limit and constructed a four-foot wide
median. Upon the completion of these projects, Ramona Boulevard was renamed
Ramona Parkway. In 1954, shortly after Ramona Parkway was extended easterly of
the City, it was renamed the San Bernardino Freeway. In 1970, most of the 1935
and 1944 improvements were demolished to make way for the San Bernardino
Freeway and Express Busway.
[The historical information above on the Ramona Expressway was derived from "Transportation Topics and Tales: Milestones in Transportation History in Southern California" by John E. Fisher, P.E. PTOE, available at http://ladot.lacity.org/pdf/PDF100.pdf]
In October 2019, more information was published on the Ramona Expressway.
Leaving downtown LA in City Terrace, it was called Ramona Boulevard before it
merged with Garvey Avenue. East of Monterey Park, the route was a straight line
— sometimes called an “air line” — to the San Jose
Hills and Pomona’s Holt Avenue. A good share of it today lies under I-10.
The main remnant of the route is on Garvey between I-710 and where it merges
into I-10 on the east end of El Monte. A few links of frontage road along I-10
in Covina and West Covina are still called Garvey Avenue. A small portion of
Holt Avenue exists in Covina, though a connection with Pomona’s Holt has
since been sliced and diced by freeway expansion over Kellogg Hill. The route
itself was adopted by the state in 1931. The first stretch of the new highway
construction for the project was from Pomona through W.J. Kellogg’s ranch
(the future Cal Poly Pomona) and over the San Jose Hills to Barranca Street in
West Covina. News accounts said the entire paved route would finally be ready
for travel on April 4, 1935, though some portions of it had opened earlier.
However, the Pomona Progress-Bulletin said on April 8 that heavy rains delayed
completing the work, and the full route didn’t open for another few days.
The article also said that the state had approved a $12,000 contract to plant
25,000 ground-cover plants as well as two dozen types of trees and shrubs along
the highway. The new Pomona-LA road helped spawn additional construction in the
Inland Empire. Improvement programs were begun on segments of Holt in Pomona
and A Street in Ontario and farther east when the route became Valley Boulevard
(Source: Daily Bulletin, 10/7/2019)
On July 15, 1952, the California Highway Commission adopted I-10 as a freeway. I-10 became part of the Freeway & Expressway System in 1959 and is also part of the Interstate Highway System. I-10 is included in the State Interregional Road Systems and is further classified as a “High Emphasis” and “Gateway” route. The entire length of I-10 is included in the National Highway System, the Department of Defense Priority Network, and the Strategic Highway Corridor Network. The 1990 Federal Surface Transportation Assistance Act (STAA) identifies I-10 as a “National Network” route for STAA trucks. The Federal Functional Classifications for I-10 are Rural Principal Arterial and extension of a Rural Principal Arterial into an urban area.
According to the Inland Valley Daily Bulletin, the first segment of the "Ramona Freeway" opened on Nov. 16, 1954, with a segment running 13.4 miles from Kellogg Hill in Pomona to Archibald Avenue in Ontario. The freeway to the west between El Monte and Covina was still being built, and work hadn't even started east of Ontario. The routing was contentious. Pomona fought the route for five years, wanting it to go north around the San Jose Hills in the vicinity of Arrow Highway. Ontario and Upland also battled over their part of the highway, finally agreeing on a route that tight-roped their joint boundary. Farther west, El Monte was involved in a bitter dispute over the route that cut the city in half. As for the naming, "San Bernardino Freeway" was bestowed on November 24, 1954, just eight days after the opening ceremonies. Originally called the Ramona Freeway, Pomona interests had pushed for the route to be named for their city, which it bisected. Instead, the State Highway Commission announced the route would be known as the San Bernardino Freeway, even though the completed freeway wouldn't even go to downtown San Bernardino, unless you made a left turn on US 395 (now Route 15) just east of Colton. They suggested that the future "foothills" route (I-210 Freeway) would be better named for San Bernardino.
The 1934 State Highway Map shows a fully graded LRN 64 carrying US 60. The
1935 California Division of Highways Map of Riverside County shows the entire
routing of LRN 64 in far more detail. LRN 64/US 60/US 70 originally diverged
significantly from I-10 using alignments on Chuckwalla Valley Road and Box
Canyon Road. By late 1935 the modern grade used by I-10 descending westward
from Chiriaco Summit into Coachella Valley in proximity to Coachella was
completed. US 60/US 70 were moved to the new grade by 1936. By 1940 US 95 was
routed into California via what was Route 195. After US 95 was extended to
California a second Route 195 was created along LRN 64 on Box Canyon Road. LRN
64 was actually a split route carrying US 60/US 70 on the north segment and
Route 195 on Box Canyon Road, according to the 1940 State Highway Map. By the
1966 State Highway Map edition the planned bypass of Chuckwalla Valley Road
appears. By the 1967 State Highway Map I-10 appears co-signed with US 60 from
Coachella to Chiriaco Summit. By 1969 I-10 bypassed Chuckwalla Valley and was
nearly completed through the Sonoran Desert. West of Chuckwalla Valley Road the
former routing of US 60/US 70 in Desert Center was on Ragsdale Road just north
(Source: Gribblenation Blog Old US Route 60/70 through Hell (Chuckwall Valley Road and Ragsdale Road))
In Blythe, the first bridge to cross the Colorado replaced an existing cable ferry, established in 1870 between Ehrenberg AZ and Blythe CA. The new bridge, opened in 1928, was a toll bridge constructed by Riverside County, and was not part of the state highway system (although it was an extension of LRN 64). It had five steel truss spans each 190' long, for a total length of 950'. The roadbed was 20' wide, and it was 30' above the water. In 1931, the state purchased the toll bridge.
The SAFETEA-LU act, enacted in August 2005 as the reauthorization of TEA-21, provided the following expenditures on or near this route:
According to an article in the San Gabriel Tribune, the I-10/I-605 interchange (~ 010 LA 31.078) was designed in 1964 and was supposed to accommodate traffic until 1984. No major changes have been undertaken there since it was built. An average of 438,000 cars use the interchange each day, making the intersection the 19th busiest in the state. According to a 1999 study by the South Coast Air Quality Management District, the area directly around the interchange has one of the highest air-pollution- related cancer risk factors in the San Gabriel Valley. One of the main problems with the intersection is what engineers call "the weave,", where vehicles transferring from the I-10 west to the I-605 south have to weave across cars getting on the I-605 south from the I-10 east. Cars from both directions have only about 150 feet to change places with each other. Additionally, drivers who want to transfer from the southbound I-605 to the eastbound I-10 east have to take a left turn when leaving the I-605. According to Caltrans, the prospects for improvements are bleak. Caltrans is considering building a flyover from the I-605 south to the I-10 east, which would eliminate the weaving-in section. The current budget crisis rules out state funding for the immediate future, and it was not appoved for funding in the 2007 CMIA allocations.
2007 CMIA. A number of projects on I-10 in Los Angeles County were submitted to the Corridor Mobility Improvement Account for funding. These projects included the I-10/I-605 transition connector ($70.5 million) (~ 010 LA 31.078). None were recommended for funding.
In March 2016, the Los Angeles MTA presented its
full proposal for what transit lines could be built -- and when -- if Los
Angeles County voters approve a half-cent sales tax increase in November 2016.
This proposal included funding for the I-605/I-10 Interchange project that will
improve interchanges from Eastbound I-10 to Southbound I-605, Westbound I-10 to
Southbound I-605, Northbound I-605 to Eastbound I-10, and Northbound I-605 to
(Source: Los Angeles Times 3/18/2016; Metro Board Report 3/24/2016)
In August 2016, it was
reported that the new soundwalls in West Covina weren't making everyone happy.
For almost 60 years, the stretch of freeway between the border with Baldwin
Park and Route 57 atop Kellogg Hill has shaped the history of the largest city
in the east San Gabriel Valley. It’s not just the automobiles that travel
the freeway,but the swatch of retail stores lining both sides of the freeway.
With an addition of 18 miles of carpool lanes and more importantly, stone
soundwalls towering 12 feet to 16 feet above the small, ranch-style homes
nearby, the freeway’s look is changing, along with the city of 111,000
people. In particular, although the walls keep the car noise in, they also keep
views of kitschy landmarks and the San Gabriel Mountains hidden. The view of
restaurant signs, rolling hills, even mid-century modern apartment buildings
painted baby blue or aqua are at times shrouded by the soundwalls. Some say the
familiar sites of hillside graves along the south side of the freeway, part of
Forest Lawn Cemetery, will be a lost sight from the vantage point of eastbound
freeway riders. The walls block the resident's view of the mountains, and most
importantly, the freeway. Many who drive down Lark Ellen or Hollenbeck would
eye the traffic on the 10 Freeway and if it was heavy, detour to the Route 60
Freeway or surface streets. The soundwalls block their view. Caltrans is
required to reduce traffic noise by 5 decibels, a change that is considered
readily noticeable. Although the walls reduce the noise near the freeway, some
residents who live farther away from the freeway said the noise has traveled
higher, into the hillside communities. Stores, restaurants and auto dealerships
also fought not to have high soundwalls blocking views from the freeway.
Eastland Center, home to Walmart, Target, Ross, Dick’s Sporting Goods and
other stores and restaurants worked a deal with Caltrans, as did Plaza West
Covina, the indoor shopping mall on the south side of the 10, formerly called
Westfield West Covina until it was sold to Starwood Capital Group in 2013.
These centers have only 6-foot high walls with 2-feet of strong, mesh fencing
on top, as do the car dealerships, making them and their signage easily visible
from freeway level. Essentially, the soundwalls, besides giving motorists a
claustrophobic, underground feel, may hurt the economics of Baldwin Park and
West Covina, cities reliant on sales tax dollars. Combined with an emphasis on
residential, the post-2021 freeway may actually lower tax revenues. The current
walls are part of the second phase of the project. The project is divided into
three segments: from I-605 to Puente Avenue in Baldwin Park; from Puente Avenue
to Citrus Street in West Covina; from Citrus Street to Route 57. Caltrans has
completed the first segment and is working on segments two and three. The
second segment will be completed in 2019 and the third and final segment may be
finished in summer of 2021. Once done, the gap in the carpool lanes will be
closed, creating 40 miles of High Occupancy Vehicle (carpool) lanes in each
direction from downtown Los Angeles to I-15 Freeway in San Bernardino County.
The added carpool lane in each direction is supposed to ease traffic. Gridlock
on this stretch of the 10 is what Caltrans calls “exceeding
capacity,” and runs every weekday from 6 a.m. to 9 a.m. westbound and
from 3 p.m. to 7 p.m. eastbound.
(Source: SGV Tribune 8/14/2016)
In August 2016, the CTC authorized relinquishment of right of way in the city of Baldwin Park (City) along Route 10 on Francisquito Avenue and Garvey Avenue (07-LA-10-PM 32.7), consisting of collateral facilities. The City, by freeway agreement dated April 10, 1958, agreed to accept title upon relinquishment by the State, and by letter dated June 5, 2016, agreed to waive the 90-day notice requirement and accept the relinquishment.
The SAFETEA-LU act, enacted in August 2005 as the reauthorization of TEA-21, provided the following expenditures on or near this route:
Cherry / Citrus / Cedar Improvements in Fontana
In 2007, the CTC recommended using the Corridor Mobility Improvement Account (CMIA) to fund widening of the ramps and addition of aux. lanes at Cherry (~ SBD 13.175), Citrus (SBD 15.221) & Cedar (SBD R18.486) ($30,325K requested, $19,233 recommended) and a WB mixed flow lane from Live Oak Cyn to Ford St ($38,186K requested; $26,500K recommended).
In March 2009, the CTC approved for future consideration of funding a project in San Bernardino County is to reconstruct the Cherry Avenue Interchange (~ SBD 13.175), widen the overcrossing, and construct roadway improvements in the city of Fontana. The project is programmed in the Trade Corridors Improvement Fund (TCIF) and the 2008 State Transportation Improvement Program, and includes local funds. Total estimated cost is $76,900,000. Construction is estimated to begin in Fiscal Year 2011-12.
In March 2009, the CTC approved for future consideration of funding a project in San Bernardino County is to reconstruct the Citrus Avenue Interchange (SBD 15.221), widen the overcrossing, and construct roadway improvements in the city of Fontana. The project is programmed in the Trade Corridors Improvement Fund (TCIF) and the 2008 State Transportation Improvement Program, and includes local funds. Total estimated cost is $54,458,000. Construction is estimated to begin in Fiscal Year 2010-11.
In October 2013, the CTC considered for future approval of funding a project in San Bernardino County that will widen and improve the existing Cedar Avenue interchange on I-10 at Cedar Avenue (~ SBD R18.428) in the community of Bloomington. The project is fully funded with federal and local dollars. The total estimated cost is $62,730,000 for capital and support. Construction is estimated to begin in Fiscal Year 2014-15.
Riverside Avenue Interchange
In April 2009, the CTC approved for future consideration of funding a project to reconstruct the existing Riverside Avenue interchange (~010 SBD 19.977) at Route 10 to improve interchange and mainline operation and safety. The project is programmed in the Trade Corridors Improvement Fund (TCIF) and the 2008 State Transportation Improvement Program, and includes federal and local funds. Total estimated project cost is $34,000,000, capital and support. Construction is estimated to begin in Fiscal Year 2008-09. The scope as described for the preferred alternative is consistent with the project scope set forth in the approved project baseline agreement.
In March 2011, it was reported that crews are
scheduled to demolish the Riverside Avenue bridge in early May 2011. Once the
five-lane bridge comes down, the contractor has a deadline to replace it with a
nine-lane overpass, part of a plan to increase traffic flow in the area. The
construction agreement includes a requirement that the contractor reopen the
new bridge seven months after it closes the old one. A penalty will be assessed
for opening late, and a bonus will be paid if the overpass opens earlier than
expected. The larger bridge will give drivers two turn lanes in each direction
from which to turn onto I-10. There will be three northbound lanes and two
southbound lanes for through traffic. Entrance and exit ramps at Riverside
Avenue and I-10 are also being widened, to accommodate more vehicles. Most of
the money for the $32 million project is coming from the city's redevelopment
agency and California's Prop. 1B transportation bond program.
(Source: Press Enterprise, 3/20/11)
In May 2015, the CTC approved a request to amend the TCIF Program by including the I-10 Pepper Avenue Interchange Project (~ 010 SBD 20.971) as Project 109 in the Los Angeles/Inland Corridor element of the TCIF Program and program $1.158 million of TCIF funds to the project. The proposed project would widen Pepper Avenue from three lanes to five lanes, lengthen turn lanes and improve intersection geometric design, replace the existing I-10 Pepper Avenue Bridge, correct features to meet Americans with Disabilities Act standards, provide sidewalks, shoulders and other pedestrian features. The proposed improvements will address increases in vehicular and truck traffic as a result of growth and development in the area. Since award savings in TCIF funds were realized in the Los Angeles/Inland Corridor, the SCCG and SANBAG propose to place TCIF savings on this project (see attached letters). The total cost of the project is estimated at $10.111 million.
In May 2016, the CTC approved $1,000,000 for a minor SHOPP project in Colton, at the Rancho Avenue Overcrossing on I-10 (~ 010 SBD R21.962), widen ramp from one lane to two lanes at the eastbound on-ramp. Outcome/Output: Widen ramp to improve the State Highway System (SHS).
Tippecanoe Avenue Interchange Improvements
In May 2011, the CTC approved for future consideration of funding a project that will reconstruct the I-10/Tippecanoe Avenue Interchange (~ 010 SBD 26.295), construct auxiliary lanes on Route 10, and improve local traffic operations. The project is programmed in the 2010 State Transportation Improvement Program and includes federal demonstration and local funds. The total estimated cost is $80,021,000 for capital and support. Construction is estimated to begin in Fiscal Year 2011-12. The scope as described for the preferred alternative is consistent with the project scope programmed by the Commission in the 2010 State Transportation Improvement Program. A copy of the MND has been provided to Commission staff. The project will mitigate potential impacts to paleontological resources and community character and cohesion to a less than significant level. Potential impacts to paleontological resources in the project area will be mitigated by preparing and implementing a Paleontological Mitigation Plan.
In April 2012, the CTC amended the CMIA funding: On I-10, $10,000,000 to the San Bernardino Association of Governments for 08-SBd-10 25.3/26.3 I-10/Tippecanoe Interchange Improvements-Phase 1. In the cities of Loma Linda and San Bernardino, from 1 mile west of Tippecanoe Avenue to Tippecanoe Avenue. Construct eastbound auxiliary lane, eastbound off ramp, retaining walls, reinforced concrete box culvert, and widen San Timoteo Bridge.
In December 2012, the CTC amended the CMIA baseline agreement for the I-10 Tippecanoe Avenue Interchange Improvements (Phase 1) project (PPNO 0154F) to update the project funding plan to include additional local funds. The construction contract was advertised in June 2012. When bids were opened, the lowest bid came slightly over the Engineer’s Estimate. The contract was awarded in July 2012 with a total project allotment of $13,787,000, an increase of $787,000 over the approved budget. This shortfall was covered with a combination of local and federal funds. The revised funding plan reflects the addition of these funds.
In April 2012, it was reported that construction is
planned for I-10 at Tippecanoe Avenue and Anderson Street to improve traffic
flow to Loma Linda. Specifically, the interchange is being reworked to improve
access to key destinations, including Loma Linda University Medical Center, the
San Bernardino International Airport and the Jerry Pettis Memorial Veterans
Hospital. The Loma Linda Academy and retail centers on Harriman Place and
Hospitality Lane would also be easier to reach. The actual construction would
entail (a) widening the freeway eastbound off-ramp to a two-lane exit,
expanding to four lanes at the intersection; (b) building new westbound ramps
that enter and exit at Harriman Place; (c) eliminating the current traffic
signal at the Tippecanoe westbound ramps; (d) widening the Anderson/Redlands
Boulevard intersection to include two through-lanes, two left-turn lanes and
one right-turn lane in each direction; and (e) creating an auxiliary lane on
eastbound I-10 between Waterman and Tippecanoe to improve merging traffic. The
environmental studies have been completed and the project is currently (as of
April 2012) in the right-of-way acquisition phase. The work be completed by
Spring 2014 and will mean traffic detours, closures and slowdowns. Funding for
the work will come from federal, state and local governments, including Loma
Linda. There will be $47.8 million in federal funds; $2.5 million in state
funds and $26 million in local funds.
(Source: Redlands Patch, April 1, 2012)
In May 2016, it was reported that Officials with
San Bernardino Associated Governments and other transportation agencies
celebrated the completion of the multiyear project that will allow traffic to
flow more smoothly through the interchange. All that remains is plants and
landscaping on Tippecanoe Avenue and Anderson Street, which should be finished
in 2017. SanBAG, in partnership with Caltrans, began the project in August 2012
with an estimated budget of $70.5 million. The five-year project was funded in
part by federal, state and local sources. The first phase of the project
improved the eastbound off-ramp from the 10 Freeway. The second phase
incorporated a new westbound 10 loop on-ramp and a westbound off-ramp. Crews
widened Tippecanoe Avenue between Redlands Boulevard and Harriman Place and
integrated dedicated turn lanes, improved signage and a better drainage system.
(Source: San Bernardino Sun, 5/17/2016)
In January 2018, the CTC authorized relinquishment
of right of way in the city of Loma Linda along Route 10 on Anderson Street and
Redlands Boulevard (08-SBd-10-PM 26.22/26.36), consisting of collateral
facilities. The City, by freeway agreement dated August 16, 2010, agreed to
accept title upon relinquishment by the State. The 90-day notice period expired
December 4, 2017.
(Source: CTC Agenda, January 2018, Agenda Item 2.3c)
In January 2018, the CTC authorized relinquishment
of right of way in the city of San Bernardino along Route 10 on Tippecanoe
Avenue and Laurelwood Drive (08-SBd-10-PM 26.33/26.46), consisting of
collateral facilities. The City, by freeway agreement dated August 16, 2010,
agreed to accept title upon relinquishment by the State. The 90-day notice
period expired December 4, 2017.
(Source: CTC Agenda, January 2018, Agenda Item 2.3c)
In February 2016, it was reported that, following up on the realignment of
the Redlands Boulevard and Alabama Street intersection (~ 010 SBD 29.293), the
city of Redlands was looking to improve the I-10 Freeway interchange at
Alabama. The city indicated that it will enter into an agreement with San
Bernardino Associated Governments, or SanBAG, to proceed with the design and
funding arrangement for the project, which has been refined to cut costs. The
project includes widening and expanding Alabama Street to the I-10 bridge as
well as the on- and off-ramps to and from the freeway. Construction is
estimated to cost $10.9 million, down from $36.1 million. The original plan
called for the replacement of the Alabama Street bridge over the freeway. The
new plan does not.
(Source: Redlands Daily Facts, 2/18/2016)
There are plans to widen this route from Route 210 (~ 010 SBD 29.794) to Ford Street (~ 010 SBD 33.166) in Redlands (TCRP #58) [September 2002 Agenda Item 2.1c.(2)]. The overall project will add one mixed flow lane in the median in each direction on I-10 from Orange Street to Ford Street in the City of Redlands. The proposed widening will upgrade I-10 within the limits of the project from three lanes to four lanes in each direction. This is now scheduled for completion in August 2007. However, as of June 2008, PS&E for the project had been completed with $277,000 TCRP savings. SANBAG then requested to redistribute these funds to Construction in order to cover material and labor cost increases. Differing site conditions also contributed to an increase in construction costs. The project schedule and funding plan were updated.
In December 2010, it was reported that there are plans to add an additional lane between Yucaipa and Redlands. San Bernardino Associated Governments officials approved an $18.7 million contract with Beador Construction Co. for the new eastbound lane, stretching from Live Oak Canyon Road in Yucaipa (~ 010 SBD R36.966) to Ford Street in Redlands (~ 010 SBD 33.166). When completed in 2013, I-10 in the county will have at least four lanes in both directions. The contract means construction of the new lane could start sometime in early 2011 and take about two years to finish. Engineers predicted the construction would cost around $33.5 million, but costs have dropped in recent years because of the economic recession, and like others, the I-10 project's bids came in lower than expected.
A project has been approved for future consideration of funding to construct the Live Oak Canyon Interchange in the City of Yucaipa (TCRP #59). [April 2002 Agenda Item 2.2c.(3)]. The overall project is to reconstruct the Live Oak Canyon Road Interchange on Route 10 (~ 010 SBD R36.966) and construct the 14th Street Bridge over Wilson Creek (~ 010 SBD R37.252). Construction of the 14th Street Bridge was completed in December 2003. In 2007, the CTC considered a request for modification of funding on this project, which would place the completion date in FY 2008/09
The 2018 STIP, approved at the CTC March 2018 meeting, appears to allocate Advance Project Development Element (APDE) funds of $2.890M for PS&E for PPNO 3009Q Rt 10 Eastbound Truck Climbing Lane. Per the San Bernardino County Transportation Authority MAJOR PROJECTS PROJECT STATUS REPORT, April – June 2017, this project will add a truck climbing lane from west of the 16th Street Bridge in the City of Yucaipa (SBD 036.44) to east of the County Line Road Bridge at the San Bernardino County and Riverside County line (RIV 0.0). Funding for the project is presently programmed only through the Project Approval and Environmental Document (PA/ED) phase. The amount is equal to the final design cost. Construction is expected in 2020.
In December 2016, it was reported that the CTC
approved a project on I-10 in Beaumont from Pennsylvania Avenue (~ 010 RIV
8.211) to the I-10/Route 111 separation to replace lanes 3 and 4 and outside
shoulders with JPCP, overlay inside shoulder, concrete slab replacement Lane
and upgrade curb ramps lanes 1 and 2. The cost will be $162,231,000, starting
fall 2018 and completion winter 2019.
(Source: Valley News, 12/2/2016)
Apache Trail Interchange
TCRP Project #61 will reconstruct the Apache Trail Interchange E of Banning in Riverside County (~ 010 RIV R17.678). As of September 2005, this project is inactive.
In June 2017, the CTC was informed RCTC will be unable to utilize $2,678,000 of TCRP funding on TCRP Project 61 (Apache Trail Interchange) by the June 30, 2017 deadline. RCTC would like to transfer the unused savings in TCRP funding to Kern COG for TCRP Project 113 – Route 46 Expressway, Segment 4A.
Cabazon Movable Barrier Project / Banning-Cabazon Bypass Road
In May 2011, Caltrans replaced standard median near Cabazon with removable K-rails. The new barriers were installed 1.2 miles east of Main Street (~ 010 RIV R20.605) in Cabazon and 1.7 miles west of Haugen-Lehmann Way (~ 010 RIV R22.847), in Whitewater. The new medians allow CHP officers to redirect traffic to opposite lanes or onto side streets where they can re-enter the freeway at a point past a crash. Riverside County and state officials are also planning two bypass roads through Cabazon and Banning that could serve as alternate routes. Caltrans is also planning addition median breaks in 2012 with more K-rail barriers.
Additional information was provided in October
2012. The plan is for a series of street improvements and additions would form
the backbone of an I-10 bypass system in the San Gorgonio Pass that could ease
crippling traffic jams when the freeway has to be shut down. Caltrans will
install gates in the freeway medians in case crews need to shift east- and
westbound traffic to one side of the freeway. Also, Caltrans and CHP will
partner with the county on message signs and other improvements that will help
police redirect traffic and give drivers accurate knowledge of traffic jams
when they happen. The County agreed to work on four separate road connections
in the Pass and contribute other resources during traffic jams. South of I-10,
the county would oversee the most critical link — connecting Hathaway
Street in Banning (~ 010 RIV 14.388) to Apache Trail near Cabazon (~ 010 RIV
R17.678) via a two-lane road. The project, commonly called the Westward Avenue
extension because one option would bring Westward eastward to Apache, will cost
about $20 million because of the terrain. South of the freeway, the county will
work to find the money to extend Garnet Road (~ 010 RIV 29.061) to Whitewater
Cutoff Road. North of the freeway, the county will look for the money to extend
Tamarack Road from Mesquite Road (~ 010 RIV R24.797) to Whitewater Cutoff Road
northeast of Route 111 (~ 010 RIV 27.4). Lastly, it will partner with Morongo
tribe officials to extend Seminole Road eastward to Rushmore Avenue. Combined,
the road extensions, freeway median improvements and adding changeable message
signs, video cameras and other systems to the freeway are estimated to cost $40
(Source: Press-Enterprise, 10/15/12)
In June 2014, it was reported that construction was
scheduled to start near the end of 2014 on the extension of a road that runs
parallel to I-10 in Cabazon. Once Seminole Drive (near ~ 010 RIV R19.324) is
connected to Rushmore Avenue (~ 010 RIV R22.761) — a process expected to
finish in March 2015 — drivers will have an alternate route in case of
emergency lane closures on westbound I-10. Construction costs about $800,000
and funding will come from a portion of tax revenue from the Desert Hills
Premium Outlets’ expansion. Officials also plan to build a bypass between
Cabazon and Banning, but that portion of the project is in its early stages. In
May 2014, workers finished installing five gates in I-10’s center median.
The gates — two west and three east of Cabazon — serve as access
points to opposite lanes along I-10 between Banning and Palm Springs. It will
be up to California Highway Patrol officers to open the gates and direct
traffic onto the opposite lanes whenever necessary.
(Source: The Desert Sun, 6/21/14)
In August 2014, it was reported that five median gates have been completed. The gates are located along a 19-mile stretch that has experienced several incidents in the past that have caused lengthy traffic delays, stranding motorists because there is no alternate route if the freeway is closed. Gates are located near the Hargrave Street under-crossing in Banning; west of Malki Road in Cabazon; east of Main Street in Cabazon; west of Haugen-Lehmann Way in Whitewater and west of the I-10/Route 62 separation near Palm Springs. These gates will only be used for major incidents (over an hour). The decision on when to open the gates will be made jointly by the California Highway Patrol, Caltrans and, if necessary, other public safety agencies. The 60-foot steel median gate barriers are the first of their kind in the state.
In January 2018, it was reported that an
environmental report on the project to construct a bypass road between Banning
and Cabazon has been created and will be discussed at a meeting in late January
2018. The Riverside County Transportation Department wants to build a road
between Banning and Cabazon that will link the communities and offer an
alternate route in case of a freeway closure. The proposal is to build a
two-lane road extending approximately 3.3 miles from the intersection of
Hathaway Street and Westward Avenue in Banning east to the intersection of
Bonita Avenue and Apache Trail in Cabazon. The project includes bridges over
Smith Creek and the San Gorgonio River, paving of two lanes, a median, paved
shoulders, drainages, a shared use path and sidewalks. Talks of an alternate
route have been underway for at least a decade and 14 alternatives were
considered before the final two were chosen. The public has until Feb. 13 to
comment on the project before a preferred alternative is selected and the
document is finalized. The final environmental document is expected to be
approved by the end of 2018. Then, the design and other phases of the project
(Source: Press Enterprise, 1/23/2018)
In August 2011, the CTC approved $1,826,000 in SHOPP funding for repairs near Cabazon at East Channel Stubby Wash Bridge (#56- 0168L) (010 RIV R024.24) that will widen and rehabilitate two bridges to extend the service life of the structures.
In August 2018, the CTC
approved for future consideration of funding the following project for which a
Negative Declaration (ND) has been completed: I-10 in Riverside County
(08-Riv-10, PM 27.69). Rehabilitate two existing bridges on I-10 near the city
of Palm Springs. (PPNO 3002F) This project is located on I-10, west of the city
of Palm Springs in Riverside County. The project proposes to rehabilitate the
Whitewater River Bridges (No. 56-004L and No. 56-004R). The project proposes to
strengthen existing bridge footings with additional piles, pile caps and
permanent grouted Rock Slope Protection. The proposed project is currently
estimated to cost $11.1 million in capital and right of way. The project is
fully funded and is currently programmed in the 2016 SHOPP for approximately
$17.3 million which includes Construction (capital and support) and
Right-of-Way (capital and support). The project is estimated to begin
construction in 2020. The scope, as described for the preferred alternative, is
consistent with the project scope programmed by the Commission in the 2016
(Source: August 2018 CTC Agenda Item 2.2c(1))
Indian Canyon Drive Interchange
In April 2009, the CTC approved for future consideration of funding a project in Riverside County will reconstruct the Indian Canyon Drive/I-10 interchange (~ 010 RIV 33.123) and construct roadway improvements, including a sidewalk on the west side, a bike lane in each direction, realignment of the eastbound and westbound direct on- and off-ramps, and widening of 20th Avenue and Garnet Avenue. The project is programmed in the 2008 State Transportation Improvement Program, and includes local and federal funds. Total estimated cost is $35,098,000, capital and support. Construction is estimated to begin in Fiscal Year 2009-10.
In August 2015, the CTC authorized relinquishment of right of way in the city of Palm Springs at Indian Canyon Drive and 20th Avenue, consisting of reconstructed city streets (08-Riv-10-PM 33.1).
In June 2016, the CTC authorized relinquishment of right of way in the city of Desert Hot Springs along Route 10 at Indian Canyon Drive and 20th Avenue (08-Riv-10-PM 33.1), consisting of a collateral facility. The City, by freeway agreement dated December 9, 2015, agreed to accept title upon relinquishment by the State. The 90-day notice period expired May 8, 2016.
Date Palm Drive Interchanges
In April 2009, the CTC approved for future consideration of funding a project in Riverside County will reconstruct the Date Palm Drive/Gene Autry Trail interchange (~ 010 RIV 36.153) and construct roadway improvements, including a sidewalk and bike lane in each direction. The project is programmed in the 2008 State Transportation Improvement Program and includes local and federal funds. Total estimated cost is $38,603,000 capital and support. Construction is estimated to begin in Fiscal Year 2009-10. In July 2009, the CTC approved an amendment regarding reconstruction of the interchange. The project will modify the existing Route 10/Palm Drive Interchange from diamond configuration to a partial cloverleaf configuration with east and westbound loop entrance ramps and will construct a bridge structure over Route 10 to accommodate additional lanes. This is TCRP Project #146.
In February 2010, the CTC approved for future consideration of funding a project to reconstruct an existing interchange at I-10 and Date Palm Drive in Cathedral City. Additional improvements will include widening the existing overcrossing from two to six lanes and the addition of bike lanes and sidewalks. The project is programmed in the 2008 State Transportation Improvement Program. The total estimated project cost is $31,721,000 for capital and support. Construction is estimated to begin in Fiscal Year 2009-10. A Mitigated Negative Declaration (MND) has been completed; the project will involve construction activities resulting in visual effects that will be addressed by aesthetic treatments. Construction activities will also occur in an area containing the Coachella Valley milk-vetch, a federally listed plant species of concern.
In June 2017, the CTC was informed that Riverside County Transportation Commission (RCTC) will be unable to utilize $1,648,000 of TCRP funding on TCRP Project 146 (Palm Drive Interchange) by the June 30, 2017 deadline. RCTC would like to transfer the unused savings in TCRP funding to Kern COG for TCRP Project 113 – Route 46 Expressway, Segment 4A.
In November 2006, the CTC considered a route adoption to construct a roadway extension and a new eight lane overcrossing over I-10, near Bob Hope Drive (~ 010 RIV 42.979). In the vicinity of the proposed Bob Hope Drive interchange, I-10 is an eight-lane divided freeway. The existing Ramon Road interchange was constructed in 1961. The proposed project will construct a new spread diamond interchange with Bob Hope Drive. The interchange will be located approximately 0.4 miles west of the existing Ramon Road interchange and will be a new six-lane overhead structure over the Union Pacific Railroad and an eight-lane overcrossing structure over I-10. The existing Ramon Road eastbound on-ramp will remain operational while the other four ramps at Ramon Road will be removed. Keeping the eastbound on-ramp at Ramon Road will improve the operating conditions at the local street intersections. The proposed improvements will increase the capacity of the existing interchange and improve interchange operations. This project is fully funded in the 2006 State Transportation Improvement Program. The total estimated project cost is $53,700,000. This project requires full oversight by the Federal Highway Administration (FHWA) since it is a federally-funded project on the interstate system that involves the reconstruction of an interchange and is greater than $1.0 million. A FHWA field operations engineer reviewed the project on April 12, 2006. A Modified Access Report was approved by FHWA on February 15, 2002. This project is consistent with the Regional Transportation Plan and the Riverside County General Western Coachella Circulation Plan. As a “Gateway Interchange” to Rancho Mirage, all improvements, including aesthetic treatment, landscaping, and restoration of natural areas will be based on the conceptual plans provided by the Agua Caliente Band of Cahuilla Indians. A public information meeting was held in November 2001 to solicit public input. It is estimated to begin construction in Fiscal Year 2007-2008.
In March 2015, the CTC authorized relinquishment of right of way in the county of Riverside at Bob Hope Drive, consisting of a reconstructed county road (08-Riv-10-PM 43.0). They also authorized relinqishment of right of way in the city of Rancho Mirage at Bob Hope Drive, Varner Road, and Rio del Sol Road, consisting of a reconstructed city street (08-Riv-10-PM 43.0). The County of Riverside, by freeway agreement dated August 29, 2006, agreed to accept title upon relinquishment by the State to roads which on that date were within an unincorporated area of the county and have since been annexed by the City.
In June 2015, the CTC authorized relinquishment of right of way in the city of Cathedral City on Bob Hope Drive, Varner Road, and Rio Del Sol Road, consisting of reconstructed city streets. The county of Riverside, by freeway agreement dated August 29, 2006, agreed to accept title to highway right of way that now lies within Cathedral City, upon relinquishment by the State.
In March 2013, the CTC approved for future consideration of funding a project that will reconstruct the westbound ramps at the I-10/Monterey Avenue Interchange (~ 010 RIV 44.496) in the community of Thousand Palms. The project is programmed in the Proposition 1B State-Local Partnership Program. The total estimated cost is $12,699,000 for capital and support. Construction is estimated to begin in Fiscal Year 2012-13. In May 2013, the CTC allocated $2,800,000 for this project.
In October 2018, the CTC
approved for future consideration of funding the following project for which a
Negative Declaration (ND) has been completed: I-10 in Riverside County
(08-Riv-10, PM 44.8/46.6). Construct a new interchange on I-10 at Portola Rd in
the city of Palm Desert. (EA 08-0F1200) This project is located on I-10 in the
city of Palm Desert. The project proposes a new interchange at Portola Rd. The
proposed project will include a new structure crossing the I-10 and the Union
Pacific Railroad, on and off ramps, and realignment of the adjacent frontage
road, Varner Road. In addition, the proposed project will construct auxiliary
lanes in each direction on I-10 between the new Portola Rd ramps and adjacent
Cook Street/Monterey Avenue Interchanges. The proposed project is needed to
address increased forecasted travel demand and growing congestion on I-10. The
proposed project is fully funded from Local and city funds and estimated to
cost approximately $79.8 million. Construction is estimated to begin in Fiscal
(Source: October 2018 CTC Agenda Item 2.2c.(1))
In August 2014, the CTC authorized $33,310,000 for the Jefferson Street Interchange (~ 010 RIV R52.492) in the city of Indio. This project includes construction of a new partial cloverleaf interchange with standard diamond ramps, hook entrance ramps, and a new eight-lane overcrossing over the I-10.
Indio (Route 86) (~ 010 RIV R57.397) to the Arizona Border
In October 2017, the CTC added the following into the SHOPP: 08-Riv-10 R60.9/R74.0: On I-10 in Riverside County: In and near Coachella, from 0.5 mile east of Coachella Canal to Hazy Gulch Bridge. Cold plane pavement and overlay with Portland Cement Concrete (PCC). Construct eastbound truck climbing lane. A one-lane temporary detour will be constructed in the median for traffic handling.
In January 2018, the CTC approved for future consideration of funding the
following project for which a Mitigated Negative Declaration (MND) has been
completed: I-10 (08-Riv-10, PM R62.3/R63.7) in Riverside County: Construct a
new interchange on I-10 at Avenue 50 in the city of Coachella. (EA 08-45210).
The project is located in the city of Coachella in Riverside County. The
project proposes t o construct a new interchange at I-10 and Avenue 50. The new
intersection will include a new bridge overcrossing with six standard lanes.
This project will provide connection to a future extension of Avenue 50 and
regional access to I-10. This project is currently programmed in the Federal
Transportation Improvement Program and is fully funded from local funds for $60
million. Construction is estimated to begin in Fiscal Year 2019-20.
(Source: CTC Agenda, January 2018, Agenda Item 2.2c(1))
Desert Center Bridge Collapse
2015, unexpectedly heavy rains caused a bridge collapse near the town of Desert
Center, California (010 RIV R105.045). The bridge collapse shut down all
traffic for hours on I-10 freeway between Los Angeles and Phoenix. The EB
bridge collapsed, and the WB roadway was intact but extremely undermined by
flooding and could need just-as-extensive rebuilding. A few days later a
temporary solution was developed to avoid the circuitous hundred-mile detour:
running both directions over the undermined bridge. However, the structure was
insuffient to support the trucking traffic, and trucks were still subject to
(Source: Boing Boing, 7/20/2015)
In April 2016, it was reported that a study by UC
Berkeley of the I-10 bridge collapse near Desert Center has won a “best
paper” award from an international engineering conference, lending
credence to the claim that the bridge was felled by poor design, not an
unstoppable flood. The study by engineers at UC Berkeley argues that the Tex
Wash Bridge could have survived last summer's flood if the structure had not
compressed and twisted the flow of the water, magnifying the pressure against
the bridge foundation. The study was the basis for a special Desert Sun project
– Doomed to Fail: The fatal flaws of the Tex Wash Bridge –
published in January. Caltrans had no comment on the study. Although the
flooding was epic, the paper argues that the Tex Wash Bridge could have
survived if it had been built differently. It says that construction crews
reshaped the wash when the bridge was built in 1967, squeezing a wide river
delta into a narrow channel and forcing the flood path into a curve, which
eroded the eastern base of the bridge.
(Source: Desert Sun, 4/22/2016)
In October 2015, the CTC approved the following SHOPP funding to repair the Desert Center bridge:
Granite Construction Co., based in Watsonville, was
hired as lead contractor the day after the collapse under time-saving emergency
contracting procedures. Granite was paid for time and materials without added
bonuses. Getting the westbound bridge open and demolishing the eastbound
bridge, cost $5 million. An additional $6 million was needed to rebuild the
eastbound bridge. The new bridge has a much deeper foundation than the 1967
original. Engineers included piles 48 inches in diameter extending 52 feet
below ground for the footing. The existing westbound bridge received two
48-inch supports extending 23 feet deep. Engineers also redesigned the
eastbound bridge to current standards, using one span. Using Accelerated Bridge
Construction methods — meaning building many portions offsite to reduce
time and minimize road closures and traffic disruptions -- 10 girders, each
weighing 55 tons, were built offsite by Oldcastle Precast, 130 miles away in
Perris, south of Riverside. Likewise, the abutments, made up of 240 cubic yards
of concrete, were also made in Perris. Less than two months after the collapse,
I-10 was fully back in business.
(Source: Caltrans Mile Marker, 3Q16)
In March 2019, it was reported that Granate Construction Co earned a 2018
Quality in Construction (QIC) Award for excellence in construction of an
asphalt pavement along a 31.4-mile stretch of I-10 in Riverside County near the
underpopulated Desert Center region (~ 010 RIV R105.045) back in May 2016 from
the National Asphalt Pavement Association (NAPA). The I-10 pavement
rehabilitation project was a collaborative effort between Granite Construction
and Caltrans District 8. The rehabbed section of I-10 covered approximately 63
lane-miles traveling both eastbound and westbound along the two-lane highway.
In the end, the contractor laid down a grand total of 698,348 tons of asphalt
along the corridor. After the team worked to widen some of the existing slopes,
paving work began in early July 2016 on the I-10 rehab. The corridor is a major
thoroughfare for trucks and goods moving between Los Angeles and Phoenix, and
approximately 13,000 vehicles traverse the roadway daily, 36% of which is truck
traffic. As such, a majority of the paving work was carried out during
nighttime hours in order to significantly decrease the traffic impacts to the
traveling public. One reason for the I-10 pavement rehabilitation project
receiving the NAPA QIC award was for its implementation of green/sustainable
practices and materials in asphalt paving. This included using an asphalt mix
composed of 15% reclaimed asphalt pavement (RAP), as called for by Caltrans
specs, plus 20% recycled tire rubber. The large-scale project involved 1.6
million sq yd of asphalt cold planing. The lift specs for the new pavement
included 521,000 tons of 25-mm Superpave dense-graded hot-mix asphalt for the
base at a 0.2 ft to 0.8 ft thickness, plus 177,000 tons of 19-mm Superpave
rubber gap-graded rubberized hot-mix asphalt at 0.2 ft thickness. The paving
team averaged around 3,500 tons per day on the base mix, while the rubberized
surface mix averaged closer to 2,500 tons per day. The western end of the
project on I-10 was the closest side to the asphalt plant, roughly 35 to 40
minutes away for trucks to circle around with new batches. On that side of the
corridor, about five to six loads of asphalt were delivered each night. On the
farther end, trucks took closer to an hour to reach the paving crews with new
asphalt, bringing in around three or four loads per night. As paving work made
its way further from the plant, the contractor would add to the number of
trucks making deliveries. Paving on I-10 was finished in September 2017. After
paving was completed, final striping and guardrail throughout the 31 miles had
to be replaced and upgraded, which occurred between September and December.
After making some requested changes from Caltrans, all work on the I-10 rehab
was completed by March 2018, two months ahead of schedule. Granite Construction
was recognized with the NAPA QIC award in January 2019 for the completion of
the I-10 pavement. “NAPA is proud to recognize I-10 in Riverside County,
constructed by Granite, with a Quality in Construction Award,” Dr. Audrey
Copeland, NAPA president & CEO, said. “After the rating of the
project’s gradation, density, AC content and air voids by an independent
engineer, this project had a very impressive overall score given its large
scope of almost 700,000 tons of asphalt paved. Further, this project utilized
sustainable practices such as reuse/recycling by reusing 78,000 tons of RAP and
35,000 tons of recycled tire rubber.”
(Source: Roads and Bridges, 3/4/2019)
In January 2013, it was reported that Caltrans completed installation of
Changable Message Signs over I-10 just east of Blythe (~ 010 RIV R153.164) and
just east of Desert Center. Crews have also installed 61 vehicle detection
systems covering the entire roughly 133-mile stretch of freeway between Banning
and Blythe. The detection systems monitor speed and traffic volume, processing
the data and posting it on the the freeway message signs to give motorists'
real- time estimates on how long it will take to travel a route. The total cost
of the systems and signs was just over $2.1 million. The freeway additions were
made as part of the state's obligations under the "Interstate 10 Lifeline
Emergency Action Plan," which Riverside County is directing. The Board of
Supervisors unanimously agreed in October to partner with the state and tribal
governments on implementing the plan, inspired by a series of massive traffic
jams on I-10 that left motorists' stranded in the last several years, most
recently on Feb. 12, 2012.
(Source: Palm Desert Patch, 1/25/13)
HOV lanes were planned/are constructed as follows:
HOT Lanes: Los Angeles to I-710 / El Monte Busway
HOV lanes have been constructed from Hewitt Street in downtown Los Angeles to I-710 in El Monte (10S LA 17.083 to 10S LA 21.635). This is called the "El Monte Busway". It opened in January 1973, and originally for buses only, with very limited ingress and egress.
Groundbreaking for the busway occurred on January 21, 1972. The first 8 of
11 total miles were anticipated to be open by Fall 1972. The busway ran from
Mission Blvd to a terminal at Santa Anita Avenue in El Monte. The lanes took
over former Southern Pacific Right of Way. After leaving El Monte, buses
stopped only at California State College, Los Angeles (now CSULA) and Los
Angeles County-USC Medical Center before arriving in downtown Los Angeles. The
project, made possible through federal, state and SCRTD funding, aimed to
determine the feasibility of new concepts of joint highway-bus operations and
to increase the overall people-carrying capacity of freeway corridors with the
least possible adverse impact on communities and the environment.The busway was
first conceived in 1969 and was California’s first example of a
multi-modal transportation system at a cost of $53 million. At the El Monte end
of the line, a new $945,000 terminal was planned. The station’s opening
was scheduled to coincide with that of the busway, but was not dedicated until
July, 1973. In 1976, the busway was opened up to three-person carpools to
further reduce congestion on the freeway. However, a brief experiment with
two-person carpools in 2000 was soon cancelled after speeds on the busway
plunged from 65 mph to 20mph and travel times increased by 20-30 minutes.
(Source: Metro Primary Resources, 1/23/2012)
The carpool lanes of the El Monte Busway can only be entered and exited at a
few points. The segment from El Monte to I-710 is demarcated not only with two
'double yellow' lines which are typical of Southern California HOV lanes, but
also an approximately 12-foot-wide (3.7 m) asphalt median. The segment west of
I-710 into Downtown Los Angeles is on an alignment separate from the regular
lanes of the I-10 As part of the ExpressLanes project, this buffer zone was
restriped into a travel lane. Westbound entrances are at I-605, Baldwin Ave. in
El Monte, El Monte Bus Station (for buses only), Del Mar Ave. (where motorists
take a ramp from street level), and I-710 (for buses only). Westbound exits are
at Baldwin Ave., Fremont Ave., I-710, I-5, Vignes St., and Alameda St.
Eastbound entrances are at Alameda St., Patsaouras Transit Plaza at Union
Station, I-710, and Baldwin Ave. Eastbound exits are at Patsaouras Transit
Plaza, I-710 (for buses only), Del Mar Ave. (where motorists take a ramp to
street level), Baldwin Ave., and I-605.
The busway is in operation 24 hours a day. In April 2008, the federal government offered Los Angeles County $213 million to convert these lanes to special, congestion-pricing toll lanes. In the proposed deal, the federal money would go toward the purchase of about 60 high-volume buses that would use the new toll lanes. That would free up MTA funds for creating the toll lanes. CTC approval would be required. The busway was upgraded from high-occupancy vehicle (HOV) lanes to high-occupancy toll (HOT) lanes as part of the Metro ExpressLanes project in February 2013 (see below).
Due to its history and grade separation, as well as the fact that it continues W beyond the end of this segment of I-10 along US 101 to Union Station, the Busway is technically I-10S.
In June 2009, it was reported that Los Angeles County transportation officials were considering charging solo motorists 25 cents to $1.40 a mile to use the high occupancy toll lanes proposed for the Harbor and San Bernardino freeways. Officials plan to use congestion-based pricing, which means that tolls will rise and fall in direct relation with the flow of traffic — a formula designed to keep individual motorists, carpools, van pools and buses in the high occupancy lanes at a minimum of 45 mph, even during rush hour. Under the proposed pricing schedule, 25 cents a mile would be charged when demand is lowest for the lanes, while the maximum, $1.40 a mile, would be the toll during the busiest part of the day. Before the toll schedule is finalized in late July 2009, the public will be allowed to comment on the prices at five community hearings this month in Los Angeles, Torrance, Carson, El Monte and West Covina. The yearlong demonstration project has received $210.6 million in federal funds to help reduce traffic and improve bus service along the two freeways -- the largest congestion-easing grant awarded to any city to date, according to the U.S. Department of Transportation. Caltrans and the MTA will use the money to convert existing carpool lanes to high-occupancy toll lanes on 14 miles of the San Bernardino Freeway from Alameda Street to the 605 Freeway interchange and on 11 miles of the Harbor Freeway from Adams Boulevard to the Artesia Transit Center at 182nd Street. A second high-occupancy toll lane will be added in both directions to the San Bernardino Freeway. The project also calls for automated toll plazas, road improvements and additional transit services, including 57 clean-fuel buses for both freeway corridors. The entire project is expected to be completed by December 2010.
In September 2010, the CTC approved for future consideration of funding a project in Los Angeles County will convert High Occupancy Vehicle lanes to High Occupancy Toll lanes. The project was covered environmentally with two separate environmental documents, one document for the Route 110 and Route 105 portion of the project and one document for the Route 10 and Route 10S portion of the project (Route 10S is the El Monte Busway). The project is programmed in the State-Local Partnership Program and includes federal and local funds. Construction is estimated to begin in Fiscal Year 2010-11. Total estimated project cost is $69,300,000 for capital and support. The project will not involve a substantial amount of construction activities but due to public interest and controversy associated with toll lanes and the large amount of public outreach and education involved with the project it was decided to prepare a higher level of environmental document.
The specific plan is to convert the HOV lanes on the 14-mile stretch of the I-10 between Alameda Street and the I-605 for a one-year pilot project. In March 2011, it was reported that the HOT lanes are expected to be complete in 2012. They will allow solitary drivers to enjoy the perks of car-pool lanes by paying a minimum of 25 cents per mile and a maximum $1.40 per mile. Tolls will be adjusted according to traffic conditions to maintain a free-flowing level of traffic. Buses, motorcycles, vanpools and carpools that currently use the car-pool lanes will not be charged a toll. General purpose lanes will continue to remain toll-free. Construction for the project, which is funded with a $210 million grant from the U.S. Department of Transportation, will begin in summer 2011.
In July 2011, ground was officially broken on the ExpressLanes project that will convert existing carpool (HOV) lanes along the Harbor Freeway (I-110) and the San Bernardino Freeway (I-10) to High-Occupancy Toll (HOT) lanes. The one-year demonstration program will covert 11 miles of existing carpool lanes on the I-110 (Harbor Freeway Transitway) between the Artesia Transit Center/182nd Street and Adams Boulevard near downtown Los Angeles and 14 miles on the I-10 (El Monte Busway) between Union Station/Alameda Street and the I-605 to toll lanes. During the construction phase of the program, workers will be installing a host of power and utility support units needed for the operation of 27 dynamic message signs (DMS) along the two freeway corridors as well as the installation of 22 toll transponder readers and approximately 145 signs to provide commuters information on the ExpressLanes and the tolls being charged to use the lanes. In addition, along the I-10 (San Bernardino Freeway) an additional toll lane will be constructed in each direction between the I-605 and the I-710 freeways to add capacity along that heavily traveled corridor. Currently, there is only one carpool lane operating in each direction along the El Monte Busway. None of the general purpose lanes will be taken away to covert the lanes and make the improvements. Construction crews also will widen Adams Boulevard off-ramp, add a right turn lane on Adams Boulevard, construct a pedestrian bridge, and re-stripe Figueroa Way in Los Angeles in support of the ExpressLanes project.
Portions of I-10 are being converted to have HOT (High Occupancy/Toll) lanes--specifically, the I-10 El Monte Busway HOV lanes (I-605 to Alameda St). In June 2012, it was reported that drivers (even HOV drivers) will require a transponder for those routes. The so-called “suggestion pricing” ranges between a minimum toll per mile of $0.25 and a maximum of $1.40 and will debut first in on I-110 in November, followed by I-10 early in 2013. Caltrans said the toll prices will fluctuate according to traffic levels in the carpool lane. Information on the project and the transponders can be found at the Metro ExpressLanes website.
The HOT lanes on I-10 opened for traffic on 2/23/13. Fastrak transponders are required. Fees for noncarpoolers will be assessed between 25 cents and $1.40 a mile, depending on the volume of traffic, according to Metro. The average toll is expected to be around $6, Metro said. Motorists riding the regular lanes are not charged.
In June 2014, LA Metro voted to make the HOT lanes permanent (they had previously been a demonstration project). The agency expected to distribute 100,000 of the transponders required to use the lanes, but ended up handing out more than 260,000.
In September 2016, the legislature passed a bill requiring LACMTA to take additional steps, beyond the previous implementation of a low-income assistance program, to increase enrollment and participation in the low-income assistance program, as specified, through advertising and work with community organizations and social service agencies. The bill would also require LACMTA and the Department of Transportation to report to the Legislature by December 31, 2018, on efforts to improve the HOT lane program, including efforts to increase participation in the low-income assistance program. (AB 620, Chapter 738, Statutes of 2016, 9/28/2016)
2007 CMIA. A number of projects on I-10 in Los Angeles County were submitted to the Corridor Mobility Improvement Account for funding. These projects included HOV lanes, Puente Ave. (~ 010LA 33.342) to Citrus St. ($173 million) (~ 010 LA 37.492); HOV lanes, Citrus St. (~ 010 LA 37.492) to Route 57 ($191.5 million) (~ 010 LA 42.368) ; and the I-10/I-605 transition connector ($70.5 million) (~ 010 LA 31.078). In San Bernardino County, a request for bridge widenings in preparation for HOV lanes ($107,931K) was also non-recommended. None were recommended for funding. This has been a point of contention in the inland empire as there is significant congestion on the I-10.
In April 2006, it was noted that Segments (3) [I-605 to Puente Avenue], (4) [Puente Ave to Citrus Ave], and (5) [Citrus Ave to Route 57 (nee Route 210)] above are the subject of District 7 TCRP Project #40, which plans to add HOV lanes to this segment, for a total cost of $210 million. The estimated completion date is 1Q2008 for the segment from I-605 to Puente Ave, 1Q2010 for the segment from Puente to Citrus, and 1Q2012 for the segment from Citrus to Route 57. A negative EIR (a good thing) came back in February 2004. However, due to funding, the schedule has been pushed back. In April 2006, the CTC considered requests approval of a TCRP project application amendment for $56,900,000 in new TCRP funding that would program $56,900,000 in TCRP funds to Construction; redistribute $4,194,000 from Plans, Specifications, and Estimates (PS&E) to Construction; redistribute $757,000 from Right of Way to Construction; and update the project funding plan. The project will provide for approximately 11.2 miles of HOV lanes that will effectively double the people carrying capacity of a mixed flow lane thus alleviating some of the congestion by encouraging and supporting the use of shared ride modes. The project will be delivered in three segments, with Segment 1 (Route 605 to Puente Avenue) fully funded with TCRP, STIP-RIP, and Proposition C funds. The current schedule is: Phase 1: FY 2002/2003; Phase 2: FY 2010/2011; Phase 3: FY 2010/2011; Phase 4: FY 2013/2014. Some of these were submitted for funding from the 2007 CMIA allocations, but none were recommended for approval. In April 2008, CalTrans and LACMTA requested amending TCRP Project #40 to designate LACMTA as a co-applicant agency, to update the project schedule and funding plan, as well as approval of an Assembly Bill (AB) 1335 LONP to use $61,851,000 in Congestion Mitigation and Air Quality (CMAQ) funds in lieu of TCRP funds for the Construction phase of this project. The amended schedule shows completion of phases 3 and 4 in FY 2011/2012.
As of late 2007, there were some proposals to convert some future lanes E of I-605 into High-Occupancy Toll (HOT) lanes.
In January 2011, it was reported that land was being acquired in West Covina for the widening of the route for these lanes. This included some property at the West Covina Mall.
In June 2011, it was reported that Caltrans completed the reconstruction of the Baldwin Park Boulevard Bridge in order to accommodate new carpool lanes that are being built on I-10. This is part of a project that is adding two miles of carpool lanes, east and west, on a portion of the I-10 freeway from the San Gabriel Valley Freeway (I-605) to Puente Avenue. Metro programmed $6.3 million to fund the reconstruction of the bridge, a component of the $169 million HOV lane project.
In August 2012, the CTC accepted the environmental document, and Findings of Fact, and approved for future consideration of funding, a project that will add one High Occupancy Vehicle (HOV) lane in each direction on I-10 from Puente Avenue to Route 57 in Los Angeles County. The overall project is being constructed as two smaller projects on adjoining segments of I-10. The I-10 HOV Lanes from Puente Avenue to Citrus Street project (PPNO 0309N) will construct HOV lanes from Post Mile (PM) 33.2 to PM 37.2. The total estimated cost is $137,657,000 for capital and support. Construction is estimated to begin in Fiscal Year (FY) 2012-13. The I-10 HOV Lanes from Citrus Street to SR-57 project (PPNO 0310B) will construct HOV lanes from PM 37.5 to PM 42.4. The total estimated cost is $234,861,000 for capital and support. Construction is estimated to begin in FY 2013-14. Both projects are programmed in the 2012 State Transportation Improvement Program (STIP). The scope of the overall I-10 HOV Lane Project, as described for the preferred alternative, is consistent with the project scope programmed in the 2012 STIP. Note: This is roughly Segments 2 and 3 in the map above.
In August 2012, the CTC approved $10.3 million to fund the ongoing extension of a carpool lane on I-10 from I-605 to Route 57 through Baldwin Park, West Covina and Pomona. The extra allocation will help pay for the project's second phase, a $184 million extension of the carpool lanes from Puente Avenue in Baldwin Park to Citrus Avenue in West Covina. Construction on the second phase of the project should begin in the spring of 2013. The first phase of the carpool lane project is being constructed from the El Monte busway to about Puente Avenue in Baldwin Park. A third phase will take the carpool lane over Kellogg Hill, from Citrus Avenue to Route 57. That will cost about $192 million.
In December 2013, Caltrans officially dedicated 2.2 miles of HOV lanes in both directions on I-10 between I-605 and Puente Avenue in Baldwin Park.
In April 2015, it was reported that Caltrans officials broke ground on a
construction project that will add 5.2 miles of carpool lanes in each direction
of the San Bernardino (10) Freeway between West Covina (Citrus St.) and Pomona
(Route 57). The project will also include the construction of soundwalls to
reduce freeway noise in adjacent neighborhoods. Construction is expected to be
completed by summer 2021.
(Source: Baldwin Park Patch, 4/29/2016)
In May 2015, the CTC allocated $17,715,000 towards the Route 10 HOV Lanes from Citrus Street to Route 57. This is on top of $154,720,000 from other sources.
In June 2017, the CTC was informed that the authorized amount for TCRP Project 40 is $90 million, of which $28,149,000 was previously programmed and allocated. In April 2008, the Commission approved a Letter of No Prejudice for the remaining amount of $61,851,000, allowing the Department to spend Metro’s Congestion Mitigation and Air Quality Improvement Program funding for construction, with reimbursement of TCRP funds to Metro in the future. In September 2008, the Commission approved the TCRP Allocation Plan, placing this project on the Tier 1 list with a future payback to Metro in the amount of $61,851,000. Due to substantial savings at award of the contract, project expenditures amounted to approximately $41,233,000, leaving $20,618,000 in TCRP Tier 1 savings. The project is now substantially complete. The Department and Metro propose to amend Project 40 to de-program the $20,618,000 in TCRP project savings and update the project funding plan, and to transfer those funds to fund TCRP Project 38.2, Los Angeles -San Fernando Valley Transit Extension and TCRP 50, Route 71.
In November 2017, it was reported that construction is ongoing for the
second and third segments of the original three segments (I-605 to Puente was
completed in 2013). Work on the second segment, which is from Puente Avenue in
Baldwin Park to Citrus Street in West Covina, started in summer 2014, and is
expected to be completed by Dec. 2018, months ahead of schedule. The final
segment is from Citrus Street in Covina/West Covina to State Route 57, and once
completed in summer 2021, will provide one continuous HOV lane in both
directions of I-10 from Interstate 15 in San Bernardino County to downtown Los
(Source: District 7 Blog, 11/28/2017)
In July 2019, the LA Metro board approved reallocation of $10,910,051 in
Congestion Mitigation and Air Quality Improvement Program (CMAQ) Funds savings
in the I-10 High Occupancy Vehicle (HOV) Lanes Project from I-605 to Puente
Avenue (Segment 1) to be programmed to pay for the cost increase in the I-10
HOV Lanes Project from Puente Avenue to Citrus Avenue (Segment 2); and also
approved an additional $836,000 in CMAQ Funds for the cost increase in Segment
(Source: Metro Board Recap, 7/25/2019)
In April 2012, the CTC authorized $1,000,000 for the locally administered State Transportation Improvement Program (STIP) I-10 HOV Lane Extension (PPNO 0134K) project, plus $10,560,000 from other sources. The funding is to complete planning and engineering activities. The project will add an HOV lane from Haven Avenue to Ford Street in Ontario and Redlands.
In March 2013, the CTC received notice of the preparation of an EIR for a project that would improve and widen a 24-mile segment of I-10 from two miles west of the Los Angeles/San Bernardino County Line in the city of Pomona to Ford Street in the city of Redlands. The project is programmed in the 2012 State Transportation Improvement Program. The total estimated cost is $539,817,000. Construction is estimated to begin in Fiscal Year 2019-20. Three alternatives are being considered: (1) No-build; (2) One High Occupancy Vehicle Lane in each direction; (3) Two Express Lanes in each direction.
In April 2017, it was reported that after years of
study, the San Bernardino planning agency is getting ready to complete plans
for 33 miles of toll lanes. The $1.4 billion project would add two toll lanes
and one general lane from the Los Angeles County line in Upland east to
Redlands. It will be the first use of tolls in San Bernardino County. The route
is one of the region’s most widely used, with about 263,000 vehicles and
more than 20,000 commercial trucks a day, the agency reports. By 2045, the
number of vehicles is expected to grow to 350,000 a day. The agency –
formerly called the San Bernardino Associated Governments – is completing
an environmental study for the project and hopes to get approval from Caltrans
in summer. The agency expects to hire a firm by mid-2018 that will handle
design and construction of the project, said Paula Beauchamp, project delivery
director for the authority. It also hopes to have an agreement with a toll
service company to oversee the lanes by then. Construction would be split into
two stages, the first beginning in late 2018 that would cover a 10-mile section
from the Los Angeles County line to I-15 and be completed in 2022, Beauchamp
said. Crews would then move to the remaining section, from I-15 to Redlands.
Construction on this stretch would continue through 2026. Officials are
considering three options: no improvements, adding a carpool lane or adding
toll lanes. The carpool lane option would extend an existing one that now ends
at Haven Avenue in Ontario and take it to Ford Street in eastern Redlands
– about 25 miles. A toll lanes project would feature two toll lanes plus
one general purpose lane over 33 miles and across 13 cities. The board still
must vote on its choice, but agency officials suggest the toll lanes. That
choice would increase freeway lanes by 50 percent and free up traffic on
general lanes as well.
(Source: Press-Enterprise, 4/19/2017)
In July 2017, it was reported that San Bernardino
County will make its first foray into toll lanes. A 33-mile corridor will be
built on I-10 and span much of the county, transportation officials decided
Wednesday, July 12. The $1.8-billion project would add two toll lanes from the
Los Angeles County line near Montclair east to Redlands. An auxiliary lane for
traffic to weave in and out at ramps also will be added at various points along
the general-purpose lanes. Construction, which would be split into two stages,
is expected to start in late 2018. The first segment, from the county line to
I-15, is expected to be finished by 2022. The rest would begin in 2021 and take
three years to complete. Transportation officials say the project will bring a
faster alternative for commuters who choose to pay the new tolls. And, by
diverting that traffic onto two new lanes, it would also ease congestion on the
general lanes, said Ontario Councilman Alan Wapner, president of the
transportation board. The agency’s next steps will be to begin buying
property along the freeway needed for its widening and to choose a contractor
to handle final design and construction. The agency expects to rebuild or
modify several ramps, bridges and interchanges along the route. The project
encompasses I-10 from the Monte Vista Avenue exit in Montclair to Ford Street
in Redlands. A small portion — from California Street to Ford Street in
Redlands — would only have one toll lane in each direction, though the
majority of the project would have two.
(Source: Press Enterprise, 7/12/2017)
In October 2017, the CTC approved for future
consideration of funding the following project for which a Final Environmental
Impact Report (FEIR) has been completed: I-10 in San Bernardino and Los Angeles
Counties. Construct roadway improvements including additional lanes on a
portion of I-10 in and near the city of Redlands. (07-LA-10, 44.9/48.3,
08-SBd-10, PM 0.0/R37.0) (PPNO 0134K). This project in San Bernardino and Los
Angeles Counties will construct one to two express lanes along I-10 from the
Los Angeles/San Bernardino County line to Ford Street in the city of Redlands.
The project is not fully funded. The estimated project cost is $1.7 to $1.9
billion. Funding is anticipated from local measure funds, the Congestion
Mitigation and Air Quality program, and State and Federal funds. The project is
programmed in the 2017 Federal Transportation Improvement Plan and 2016 State
Transportation Improvement Plan (STIP). Construction is estimated to begin in
2018. The scope, as described for the preferred alternative, is consistent with
the project scope programmed by the Commission in the 2016 STIP.
(Source: CTC October 2017 Agenda Item 2.2c.(2))
The 2018 STIP, approved at the CTC March 2018 meeting, appears to close out PPNO 0134K, transferring the remaining $39.745M to PPNO 3009P Rt 10 Express Lanes, San Antonio Av-Rt 15 (~ SBD 2.917 to SBD 9.828), Contract 1 (D/B). It also allocated $112.019M for PPNO 3010N Rt 10 Express Lanes, Rt 15-Ford St (~ SBD 9.828 to SBD 33.139), Contract 2 (D/B)
In June 2018, the CTC approved amending the Trade
Corridors Improvement Fund Program to add the I-10 Corridor Express Lanes
Contract 1 Project, from the White Avenue overcrossing to the Los Angeles/San
Bernardino County line in Los Angeles County, and from the Los Angeles/San
Bernardino County line to the I-15 interchange in San Bernardino County, as
Trade Corridors Improvement Fund Project 128 at a cost of $4,973,000 to the
Trade Corridors Improvement Fund. The proposed multi-funded project will widen
the I-10 freeway to allow the construction of two express lanes in each
direction. Auxiliary lanes will also be added at strategic locations. The
express lanes would be managed through congestion pricing to maintain free flow
conditions in the lanes during peak travel times. The complete I-10 Corridor
Project extends 33 miles and entails construction of two tolled express lanes
in each direction, plus auxiliary lanes where warranted, between the Los
Angeles County line and Route 210, including a transition to a single tolled
express lane in each direction from Route 210 to Ford Street in the City of
Redlands. The complete I-10 Corridor Project, including both Contract 1 and 2,
is estimated at $1.8 billion.
(Source: CTC Agenda, June 2018 Agenda Item 4.9 and Agenda Item 4.10)
The portion of I-10 located in California is designated the "Pearl Harbor Memorial Highway". This segment was named in remembrance of approximately 2000 brave and patriotic survivors of the attack on Pearl Harbor. On December 7, 1941, just before 8 a.m. on a Sunday morning, the first wave of bombers began the attack on Pearl Harbor that led the United States into World War II. It was an unforgettable day for those who lived through it and one that called America forth to defend itself. In so doing, it inspired a generation of Americans to rise and lead the defense of freedom around the world. Overall, on December 7th, 1941, 2,335 people were killed in action and 1,178 were wounded; the majority of the Pacific Fleet that was damaged and sunk in the attack was at one time home ported in California. Named by Senate Concurrent Resolution (SCR) 8, Resolution Chapter 72, on 7/12/2005.
The portion of this
freeway from US 101 to Route 215 (~ LA S0.094 to SBD R24.146) is named the
"San Bernardino Freeway"; the first segment opened in 1943 and the last
segment in 1957. It was named by the State Highway Commission, based on its
primary destination of San Bernardino. San Bernardino was first recorded as a
place name in 1810, and derives from the name of the Italian saint of the 15th
century. In 1842 it was applied to a land grant, on a part of which Mormons in
1851 started a settlement, the nucleus for the present city. The mountains are
mentioned before 1850, the county was named in 1853, and the national forest in
(Image source: AARoads)
Originally, the segment
that opened in 1943 (from US 101 to Route 215, originally signed as US 60 / US
70 / US 99) was named the "Ramona Freeway". Ramona was the central
character in the Helen Hunt Jackson
which was a seminal novel in the early 20th century in creating the romance of
(Image source: Forgotten Highway)
The portion of
I-10 between I-5 and I-710 in the County of Los Angeles (~ LA 18.48 to LA
21.308) is officially designated the "Joe Gatto Memorial Highway". It
was named in memory of Joseph “Joe” Gatto, born in 1934 in Pueblo,
Colorado. Gatto served in the United States Army, and became the first in his
family to attend college, graduating with a bachelor’s degree from
California State University, Los Angeles; a master’s in education from
Pepperdine University; and a master’s in design from California State
University, Los Angeles. Gatto began traveling the world in the 1960s, visiting
western Europe, Russia, Egypt, and Japan. He married in 1968 and subsequently
chose to return to California, the place of his education, with his wife and
three children. Gatto settled his family in the Silver Lake neighborhood of Los
Angeles in 1978. Mr. Gatto exhibited an extraordinary commitment to hard work
and a dedication to his family by working three jobs at times, teaching on
Saturdays, and working night shifts at Dodger Stadium. Mr. Gatto, a beloved
teacher full of life and with so much talent to share, retired after over 47
years in the classroom as an art and design teacher at the primary, secondary,
and postsecondary levels. He helped found the Los Angeles County High School
for the Arts, where he served as Dean of the Visual Arts Department. He also
taught at other educational institutions, including Granada Hills High School;
Pierce College; California State University, Northridge; California State
University, Los Angeles; the Otis Art Institute; and the Art Center in
Pasadena. Mr. Gatto’s work ethic and commitment to his pupils and
students were represented by his 100 percent attendance record at school and
work since he was in the fourth grade. Mr. Gatto inspired thousands of pupils
and students with a unique philosophy on teaching. He was awarded the Bravo
Award as the California Arts Teacher of the Year in 1986; was a recipient of
the National Distinguished Teacher Award; was honored at the White House in
1988, 1989, and 1998; received the California and Pacific Region Art Educator
of the Year award in 1990; and received a distinguished teacher award from the
City of Los Angeles in 2003. Mr. Gatto exhibited his love for the earth and
passion for art through his hand-crafted jewelry line, Wear Art Now. He
traveled to exhibit Wear Art Now at shows and in museums, including the Los
Angeles Museum of Art, the Craft and Folk Art Museum, and the Museum of Science
and Industry. Gatto, a retired teacher and jewelry maker who was well-known in
his community, was found inside his Bright Lane home on the night of Nov. 13,
2013. He was slumped over a desk with a gunshot wound to the abdomen. His death
rattled the quiet Silver Lake neighborhood he had long called home, marking the
neighborhood's first homicide in more than a year. As of November 2014, the
case was still unsolved. At that time, Deputy Chief Kirk Albanese told
reporters that detectives had recovered physical evidence connected with the
unsolved case, but declined to say what the evidence was. He said investigators
had not identified any suspects but believed whoever was responsible for the
killing had fled the Los Angeles area. The city was urging anyone with
information, no matter how small, to contact police at (213) 486-6890 or
anonymously at (800) 222-TIPS. The city has also offered a $50,000 reward for
information in Gatto's death. Gatto's son, Assemblyman Mike Gatto (D-Los
Angeles), said his father's death "rocked my family" and that "This is one of
the rare times where the public's help in solving a murder is crucial. In fact,
it might be the only thing that can solve this case at this point. Please,
please come forward. Help my family." The dedication ceremony for the
designated freeway section was held in front of a mural of Gatto at the Los
Angeles County High School for the Arts, which he helped found, in November
2014 (the picture, which is from the LA Times, shows Assemblymen Ian Calderon,
left, and Mike Gatto, who is joined by his wife, Danielle). It was named by
Assembly Concurrent Resolution 173, Resolution Chapter 184, 9/11/2014.
(Source: ACR 173, LA Times 11/12/14; Image Source: KTLA; LA Times Homicide Report)
The portion of I-10 from
eastbound PM LA 22.31 to westbound PM LA 22.33 (basically, the two pieces of
South Fremont Avenue) in the City of Alhambra is officially named the "CHP
Officer Johnny R. Martinez Memorial Highway". This segment was named in
honor of Officer Johnny Ramirez Martinez, who was born June 14, 1948, to Bill
and Vera Martinez, in Fayette, North Carolina. Officer Martinez graduated from
Chaffey High School in 1966, and joined the United States Marine Corps shortly
after graduation. He proudly served the Marine Corps for four years and
achieved the rank of sergeant as a Vietnam veteran. Prior to becoming a patrol
officer for the Department of the California Highway Patrol (CHP), Officer
Martinez was employed by Alcoa Aluminum of Corona as an X-ray technician.
Officer Martinez graduated from the California Highway Patrol Academy on
December 1, 1977, and upon graduation, was assigned to the East Los Angeles
area, where he proudly served for four years. Officer Martinez, badge number
8813, was killed in the line of duty on October 2, 1981. While clearing debris
from the San Bernardino Freeway, he and his partner were gunned down by two
paranoid robbery suspects. Although he was rushed to the hospital, Officer
Martinez succumbed to his injuries and died at Alhambra Community Hospital.
Officer Martinez was known for being a man of principle and integrity. He was a
loyal family man, a wonderful father and husband , and a dedicated officer. His
greatest joys were his wife, his children, and riding motorcycles. Named by
Assembly Concurrant Resolution (ACR) 159, 8/23/2010, Resolution Chapter 104.
(Image Source: California Assn of Highway Patrolmen)
The portion of I-10
between South Marguerita Avenue and South Almansor Street (LA 23.12 to LA
24.31), in the City of Alhambra, is named the "Officer Ryan Stringer
Memorial Highway". It was named in memory of Officer Ryan Stringer, who
was born in the City of Los Angeles and grew up in the City of Whittier,
graduating from Whittier Christian High School. Officer Stringer attended
Fullerton College and Rio Hondo Community College after working for his
father's construction business for several years. Officer Stringer entered the
Police Academy at Rio Hondo and graduated in February of 2009 and was sworn in
as an Alhambra Police Officer on February 26, 2009. During his two-year tenure
with the Alhambra Police Department, Officer Stringer worked in the Field
Services Division, Patrol Section. Officer Stringer showed his friendship,
camaraderie, teamwork, and competitive drive as a member of the Alhambra Police
Department's Baker-to-Vegas Challenge Cup Relay Team. Officer Stringer
displayed his determination and will to succeed during his recovery from a
life-threatening motorcycle accident that occurred in July 2010. After spending
several weeks in a coma and being temporarily disabled, Officer Stringer made a
full recovery within six months and returned to active duty as a police officer
in January 2011. Unfortunately, on July 10, 2011, at approximately 2:30 a.m.,
Officer Ryan Stringer was killed in a tragic accident at the age of 26 while
responding to a possible robbery in the rear parking lot of 100 North First
Street in the City of Alhambra. Coworkers, friends, and family recall Officer
Stringer's good-natured disposition, healthy sense of humor, strong sense of
adventure, and desire to excel at whatever he set out to do. Named by Assembly
Concurrent Resolution 100, Resolution Chapter 109, on September 4, 2012.
(Image source: Alhambra PD Facebook Page)
The portion of this
freeway between the intersection with Route 19 in the City of Rosemead and the
intersection with I-605 in the City of Baldwin Park (~ LA 26.908 to LA 31.048)
is officially named the "El Monte Police Officer Donald Ralph Johnston
Memorial Highway". It was named in honor of El Monte Police Officer Donald
Ralph Johnston. Officer Donald Ralph Johnston was born in Wichita, Kansas, on
November 11, 1954. When he was four, his parents moved the family to La Puente,
California where his father Corky joined ranks of the El Monte Police
Department. Officer Johnston graduated from La Puente High School in 1972, and
became the proud father of a son Eric who later continued the Johnston legacy
with the El Monte Police Department (3rd generation). In 1985, Officer Johnston
became a reserve officer for the City of El Monte until he became a full-time
officer in 1988. Officer Johnston volunteered in the Adopt-a-Cop program at
Wilkerson School. On January 9, 1990, Officer Johnston responded to a call of a
person trying to pass a bad check at a bank, and was shot and paralyzed by the
suspect after selflessly pushing a bystander out of harm's way. He was awarded
the City of El Monte Medals of Valor, Distinguished Service, and Purple Heart,
received commendations and awards from the United States Congress, Governor
Deukmejian, Governor Wilson, the California State Legislature, the Office of
Attorney General, the County of Los Angeles, the American Police Hall of Fame,
and numerous other local and national organizations. On January 29, 1991,
Officer Johnston returned to work at the El Monte Police Department in a
wheelchair, and was assigned to the Community Relations Unit as a detective
handling missing persons investigations, all the while continuing his community
involvement by mentoring disabled students. In 1993, Officer Johnston secured a
position as the first regular police helicopter observer, and was able to
experience the excitement of street patrol once again. Officer Johnston's work
was so exceptional that he received many accolades for his service; and in
1997, Officer Johnston developed the S.T.R.I.V.E (Success Through Recognizing
Individual Volition and Excellence) program, and visited schools to tell his
story and inspire students to overcome their own obstacles. After retiring from
active duty on September 1, 2001, Officer Johnston refused to quit, and with
his letter of retirement, submitted a request to stay with the El Monte Police
Department as a reserve officer, despite his declining health and chronic pain.
Officer Johnston passed away on November 22, 2002. Named by Assembly Concurrent
Resolution 71, Resolution Chapter 115, 8/25/2003.
(Image source: The Friday Flyer; Officer Down Memorial Page)
The portion of I-10 from
the Baldwin Park Blvd Overcrossing to the Sunset Avenue Undercrossing in the
County of Los Angeles (~ LA 32.186 to LA 34.856) is officially named the
CHP Officers Harold E. Horine and Bill Leiphardt Memorial Highway. It
was named in memory of California Highway Patrol Officers Harold Horine and
Bill Leiphardt, who made the ultimate sacrifice while performing their sworn
duty. Specifically, on May 13, 1978, California Highway Patrol Officers Harold
Horine and Bill Leiphardt were struck by a drunk driver while investigating a
roadside crash involving an abandoned vehicle. Officer Harold Eugene Horine was
born in 1939 in El Monte, California. Officer Horine, badge number 6686,
graduated from the California Highway Patrol Academy in 1968 and, upon
graduation, was assigned to the Baldwin Park Area Office, where he proudly
served for approximately 10 years. Officer William Ferris Leiphardt, Jr. was
born in 1939 in La Junta, Colorado. Officer Leiphardt served in the United
States Air Force from 1958 to 1964 before deciding to join the Department of
the California Highway Patrol. Officer Leiphardt, badge number 4911, was
assigned to the Baldwin Park Area Office, where he proudly served for
approximately 12 years. Named by Senate Concurrent Resolution 57, Resolution
Chapter 5, 2/3/2014.
(Image source: California Assn of Highway Patrolmen - Horine - Leipthardt)
The portion of I-10
between Vincent Avenue and Grand Avenue in the City of West Covina (~ LA 35.398
to LA 38.522) is officially named the "West Covina Police Officer Kenneth
Wrede Memorial Highway". It was named in memory of Officer Kenneth Wrede of
the City of West Covina Police Department, who was killed in the line of duty
on August 31, 1983, in the City of West Covina while responding to a call
regarding a suspicious person. Officer Wrede was a longtime resident of
Southern California and a 1975 graduate of Katella High School in Anaheim. He
received his associates degree in criminal justice from Fullerton College and
was pursuing a bachelor's degree at the time of his death. Named by Assembly
Concurrent Resolution (ACR) 104, Resolution Chapter 102, on 8/16/2006.
(Image source: LA County Police Officers Memorial FB Page; Kenneth Scott Wrede Memorial FB Page)
The portion of Route 10
from the Route 57 Interchange near Pomona to the North Towne Avenue exit near
Pomona in the County of Los Angeles (~ LA 42.506 to LA 46.43) is officially
named the "Pomona Police Officer Shaun Diamond Memorial Highway." It
was named in memory of Officer Shaun Richard Diamond of the Pomona Police
Department. On October 29, 2014, Officer Diamond, age 45, succumbed to a
gunshot wound he sustained the previous day while performing his sworn duty
with the department’s SWAT unit. A 16-year veteran of the law enforcement
community, having worked for police departments in Los Angeles and Montebello
prior to joining the Pomona Police Department (PPD) in 2006, Officer Diamond
had a passion for working SWAT, and as a member of the PPD’s SWAT unit
for the past six years, he had served on dozens of SWAT operations and shared
his expertise as a field training officer, in which capacity he was responsible
for training new recruits. In his most recent assignment to the Pomona Downtown
District Enforcement Team, Officer Diamond worked as a law enforcement liaison
with the business community and the community at large, giving generously of
his time to such local events and organizations as the Special Olympics and
Tip-A-Cop. His community outreach efforts also included K-9 and SWAT
demonstrations for local schoolchildren. Named by Assembly
Concurrent Resolution 104, Resolution Chapter 53, on 6/1/2016.
(Image Source: Daily Bulletin, 5/27/2016; Twitter)
The portion of I-10
between the North San Antonio Avenue undercrossing (LA 46.718) in the County of
Los Angeles, to the Mountain Avenue undercrossing (SBD 2.37) in the County of
San Bernardino, is named the "Pomona Police Officer Greggory Casillas
Memorial Highway". It was named in memory of Officer Greggory Jonathan
Casillas of the Pomona Police Department, who on March 9, 2018 died while
serving in the line of duty; his untimely death in the pursuit of the highest
ideals of public safety has brought immense sorrow and loss to the people of
the local community and throughout the state and the countless individuals
whose lives he touched. Born in April 1987, in Glendale, Officer Greggory
Casillas began his career in public safety in March 2015, serving as a Pomona
Police Records Specialist until November of that year, at which time he became
a Pomona Police Jailer and served in that capacity for one year, later entering
the police academy on March 19, 2017, and being sworn as a Pomona Police
Officer on September 7, 2017. Officer Casillas was a true gentleman in every
sense of the word, and will be remembered by his coworkers for his dedication
to details and his honesty and by his siblings as a calm and collected
individual who always thought ahead and was committed to accomplishing his
goals. Throughout his tenure with the Pomona Police Department, Officer
Casillas, a mature, stable, and responsible man, exemplified the true character
of the brave men and women who devote their time and energy to the perilous
duties of law enforcement, and he was renowned among his fellow officers for
loving, honoring, and being dedicated to his family, the uniform, and the law
enforcement community, all of which were indelible and inseparable in his life.
Named by Assembly Concurrent Resolution (ACR) 236, Res. Chapter 157,
(Image Source: Twitter, Officer Down Memorial Page)
The portion of this freeway in San Bernardino and Riverside counties is named the "Redlands Freeway". This is because the route traverses the City of Redlands.
The portion of I-10 in
the City of Ontario between the intersection of Euclid Avenue and the
6th Street overcrossing (~ SBD 3.532 to SBD 4.329) as the
"Officer Richard Hyche Memorial Freeway". It was named in honor of
Officer Richard Hyche, a four-year veteran of the Ontario Police Department.
Officer Hyche was fatally wounded on October 15, 1975, and at the time was the
first Ontario police officer killed in the line of duty since 1957. Officer
Hyche was born on April 27, 1944, in Long Beach; served in the United States
Marine Corps; attended the San Bernardino County Sheriff's Academy; worked at
the Glenn Helen Maximum and Minimum County Jail Facility for two years; and was
hired as a police officer by the Ontario Police Department on July 23, 1971.
Officer Hyche was killed by a single gunshot by a suspect being sought in
connection with a murder that had occurred the previous day at the Pepper Tree
Motel. The suspect was later convicted and sentenced to life in state prison,
and subsequently escaped from prison, fled to Montana, and was eventually
killed after a deadly crime spree. Officer Hyche is still remembered today by
former supervisors and colleagues as an excellent officer who was always
outgoing and friendly, who enjoyed his work as a police officer, and who had a
strong commitment to his fellow officers. Named by Senate Concurrent Resolution
(SCR) 95, Resolution Chapter 93, on 8/11/2006.
(Image source: Ontario Police Museum - Lest We Forget)
The portion of Route 10
from ~ Mulberry Ave, E of Commerce Drive to ~ Citrus Ave (SBD 12.25 to SBD
15.25) in the City of Fontana is named the “Deputy Frank M. Pribble
Memorial Highway”. This segment was named in memory of San Bernardino
County Sheriff Deputy Frank Marion Pribble. Deputy Pribble joined the San
Bernardino County Sheriff's Department in March 1965 and was assigned to the
Fontana Station. Deputy Pribble was very well respected and well known
throughout the department in this large county, particularly in Fontana where
he worked for 10 years and served as a deputy sheriff. Deputy Pribble was a
mentor to the new deputies assigned to the Fontana Station and many deputies
would wait after their shifts for a chance to ride with Pribble, who would take
the new officers around the perimeter of the Fontana beat and carefully
instruct them on the hazards of the area. On July 6, 1975, Deputy Pribble was
on patrol in a rest area on Route 10 for a suspect wanted in a drive-by
shooting when he was fatally shot in the line of duty. Even during the last
moments of his life, Deputy Pribble exhibited selfless regard for life when he
told a woman who was trying to assist the wounded officer to "Get out of the
way; I don't want you people to get hurt." Named by Assembly Concurrent
Resolution (ACR) 96, Resolution Chapter 72, on 7/3/2008.
(Image source: SBD County Frank Bland Memorial)
The portion of I-10
between Cedar Avenue and Pepper Avenue in the City of Rialto (~ SBD R18.453 to
SBD 20.96) is named the "Sergeant Darrell Keith Lee, Sergeant Gary Wayne
Wolfley, and Officer Sergio Carrera Jr. Memorial Highway". It was named in
memory of Sergeant Darrell Keith Lee, Sergeant Gary Wayne Wolfley, and Officer
Sergio Carrera Jr., the only three officers lost in the line of duty between
the founding of the Rialto Police Department in 1911 and 2012. All three police
officers died from injuries sustained during violent confrontations while
performing their respective duties as California police officers. Sergeant
Darrell Keith Lee, of the City of Rialto, passed away on July 24, 1970, when he
suffered a heart attack as a result of an injury sustained in the line of duty.
Sergeant Lee was born to Minnie Price (Lee) of Texas and Glenn Lee of Oklahoma
on February 7, 1932, in Southard, Oklahoma. Sergeant Lee attended Rialto Junior
High and San Bernardino High School in the cities of Rialto and San Bernardino,
respectively. Sergeant Lee served in the United States Marine Corps in Japan
and Korea. He joined the Rialto Police Department in 1958, and was promoted to
sergeant in 1963. Sergeant Lee was a lifelong resident of Rialto, California,
and was a great public speaker who enjoyed speaking with all the local groups.
Sergeant Gary Wayne Wolfley, of the City of Rialto, passed away on March 3,
1986, when he was shot while handling a call for service in the City of Rialto.
Sergeant Wolfley was born to William and Patricia Wolfley on September 22,
1955, in the Black Hills of South Dakota. Sergeant Wolfley attended Eisenhower
High School in the City of Rialto. During his teenage years, he was a Rialto
Police Cadet and a member of the Civil Air Patrol. Sergeant Wolfley worked for
the City of Rialto as a police dispatcher until he realized his dream of
becoming a police officer in 1977. In March 1985, he was promoted to the rank
of Sergeant. Sergeant Wolfley was well-known in the community and was always
there to help his friends and family. Sergio Carrera Jr., of the City of
Rialto, passed away on October 18, 2007, when he was shot and killed during a
raid for illegal drugs. Officer Carrera was born to Sergio Carrera Sr. and
Aurora Lopez on March 5, 1978, in Lynwood, California. Officer Carrera attended
Valley View High School in Moreno Valley, California, and San Bernardino Valley
College, where he completed his police academy training in 2003. Officer
Carrera was a four-year veteran of the Rialto Police Department and a member of
the SWAT team. Officer Carrera was a loving husband and wonderful father, was
well-known for his contagious sense of humor and laughter, and was
uncomplicated and straightforward in his relationships, which allowed him to
accept people for who they were. Named by Assembly Concurrent Resolution 100,
Resolution Chapter 109, on September 4, 2012.
(Image source: Find a Grave; Officer Down Memorial Page; Officer Down Memorial Page; Find a Grave)
The portion of I-10 in
San Bernardino County between S. Waterman Ave and Tennessee St in Redlands (SBD
25.26 to SBD 29.82) is named the "Officer James M. Goodman Memorial
Highway". This segment was named in memory of CHP Officer James M. Goodman,
who was killed in the line of duty on June 3, 2004. He was traveling west on
his department motorcycle in the City of Redlands, attempting to overtake a
vehicle he believed to be involved in a hit and run accident, when a van,
traveling north on Nevada Street, entered the intersection from the south
directly in the path of Officer Goodman. Officer Goodman was unable to avoid a
collision and broadsided the van, and thereafter succumbed to the injuries he
received from the traffic collision. He was born on September 11, 1955, in
Martinez, California, was raised in the Bay Area, and graduated in 1973 from
Pinole High School. He honorably served in the United States Army for nearly
eight years and dedicated four years to reserve duty, ultimately achieving the
rank of sergeant. Officer Goodman joined the California Highway Patrol on
January 9, 1984. After successfully completing his training at the California
Highway Patrol Academy, he reported to the Redwood City area on May 24, 1984.
On August 20, 1985, Officer Goodman was awarded a California Commission on
Peace Officer Standards and Training Basic Certificate; and on April 1, 1987,
Officer Goodman transferred to the San Jose area. On May 2, 1989, he was
assigned to the Oakland area; on October 1, 1993, he was assigned to the Golden
Gate Division; on June 26, 2000, he was assigned to the Oakland area; and on
March 1, 2001, he was assigned to the San Bernardino area. Over the years,
Officer Goodman earned numerous certificates of achievement in the field of law
enforcement. While stationed in the Oakland area, Officer Goodman was the first
officer to arrive on scene after the Loma Prieta Earthquake occurred on October
17, 1989; and on the day of the earthquake, Officer Goodman helped to release a
driver trapped under a collapsed portion of I-880 by crawling through a small
space only accessible by removing several pieces of his safety equipment. For
three hours, while the highway continued to settle from aftershocks, he and his
colleagues worked to free the driver. In honor of this heroic act, he and two
other officers were awarded the Medal of Valor by Former Governor Pete Wilson.
Additionally, on November 25, 1989, Officer Goodman received a Meritorious
Award from the office of the Mayor of the City of Oakland for his valor,
gallantry, and courage during the 1989 earthquake. Officer Goodman made
significant contributions to traffic safety and to the motoring public while
serving at each assigned area and served for 20 years as a sworn peace officer
for the California Highway Patrol. He was known by his fellow officers for his
outstanding dedication to the department and to the protection of the citizens
of our state. Named by Assembly Concurrent Resolution (ACR) 41, Resolution
Chapter 72, on 7/3/2007.
(Image source: California Assn of Highway Patrolmen)
The portion of Route 10 in
the vicinity of Texas Street to South Wabash Avenue (SBD 30.377 to SBD 34.288),
in the County of San Bernardino, is named the "CHP Officer Thomas P. Coleman
Memorial Highway". It was named in memory of CHP Officer Thomas Philip
Coleman, who was born October 6, 1976, in West Covina, California, to Robert
and Janice Coleman. He was one of five children that included two boys, Thomas
and Joseph, and three girls, Jennifer, Kathleen and Mary. He graduated from
Damien High School in 1994 and joined the United States Marine Corps in
September of 1996. Prior to joining the California Highway Patrol (CHP), Thomas
P. Coleman served as a Marine Security Guard for the United States Marine
Corps. In 2003, CHP Officer Thomas P. Coleman, badge number 17338, graduated
from the CHP Academy and was assigned to the Altadena Area Office. After 60
months of service in the Altadena area, Officer Thomas P. Coleman was
transferred to the San Bernardino area and was assigned to motorcycle duty on
June 12, 2008. On June 11, 2010, Officer Thomas P. Coleman was in pursuit of a
traffic violator when his motorcycle collided with a semitrailer truck. Shortly
after the accident, Officer Thomas P. Coleman succumbed to his injuries and was
pronounced dead at the scene. Officer Coleman was a hard-working, dedicated
officer who loved his job and enjoyed the people he worked with. He was known
for being a loyal family man and a wonderful father and husband. His greatest
joys were playing with his children, riding his motorcycle, hiking, and
watching football and movies. Officer Thomas P. Coleman was admired for his
passion for his career, his "smirk," his sense of humor, and his hugs. Named by
Senate Concurrent Resolution 25, Resolution Chapter 89, on September 15,
(Image source: Officer Tom Coleman Memorial FB Page)
The portion of this
freeway from the Beaumont Avenue/Route 79 exit to the Sunset Avenue Exit, in
the County of Riverside (~ RIV 7.608 to RIV 11.353) is named the "CDF
Firefighter Chris Kanton Memorial Highway". This segment was named in
memory of California Department of Forestry and Fire Protection (CDF)
Firefighter Chris Kanton, at 23 years of age, who died in the line of duty on
Saturday, August 6, 2005, in the County of Riverside. While responding to
storm-related accidents, CDF Firefighter Chris Kanton was traveling in a CDF
fire engine on I-10 east of Route 60 when the engine left the highway and
traveled down a steep embankment, struck several trees, and came to rest on the
roadway below. CDF Firefighter Chris Kanton, graduated from high school in 2000
in Paso Robles, California; attended and graduated from the Allan Hancock Fire
Academy in Santa Maria, California; and subsequently completed HAZMAT training
and served on the HAZMAT team at Station 81 in Bermuda Dunes and other
locations as a full-time firefighter. He later transferred to Station 58 in
Moreno Valley, where he served as a Firefighter II. Named by Assembly
Concurrent Resolution (ACR) 10, Resolution Chapter 64, on 7/3/2007.
(Image source: National Fallen Firefighters Foundation)
The five-mile portion of
I-10 from the 22nd Street undercrossing to the Malki Road undercrossing in
Banning, California, County of Riverside (~ RIV R11.984 to RIV R16.407), is
named the "CAL FIRE Firefighter Christopher Lee Douglas Memorial
Highway". It was named in memory of California Department of Forestry and
Fire Protection (CAL FIRE) Firefighter Christopher Lee Douglas, who passed away
in the line of duty on July 5, 2013, at 41 years of age, while responding to a
traffic accident in Riverside County. Firefighter Douglas was born in Colorado
Springs, Colorado, and attended Widefield High School. He later attended
Palomar College in Vista, California, graduating at the top of his class and
earning his paramedic license. Firefighter Douglas was an 11-year veteran of
the United States Air Force, enlisting in 1992. While stationed at Vandenberg
Air Force Base, he earned the rank of Staff Sergeant, attended Airman
Leadership School, and was a Missile and Space Systems Maintenance Apprentice.
During his Air Force career, he earned the Air Force Achievement Medal, the Air
Force Commendation Medal, the Air Force Longevity Service Award with 1 device,
the Air Force Training Ribbon, and the National Defense Service Medal.
Firefighter Douglas had a passion for firefighting, beginning his career as a
volunteer firefighter paramedic in 1999. At his graduation ceremony from the
Company Officer’s Academy, he received the Carpe Diem Award for
leadership. In 2004, Firefighter Douglas began his career with CAL FIRE at La
Quinta Fire Station #32 as a Firefighter II/Paramedic and was promoted to Fire
Apparatus Engineer/Paramedic on June 4, 2013. In his spare time, Firefighter
Douglas enjoyed surfing, playing the guitar, cooking, working on cars,
traveling, and spending time with his friends. Above all else, he valued
spending time with his family. On July 5, 2013, Firefighter Douglas was leaving
the scene of a medical emergency when his fire engine was dispatched to another
call, a traffic accident. While preparing to respond to the traffic accident,
Firefighter Douglas was struck by a pickup truck while he was along the side of
his fire engine, and succumbed to his injuries a few hours later. Named by
Senate Concurrent Resolution (SCR) 22, Res. Chapter 107, Statutes of 2015, on
July 16, 2015.
(Image source: Find a Grave)
The portion of I-10
between Main Street and Verbenia Avenue (renamed
Haugen-Lehmann Way in April 2018) in Cabazon (~ RIV R19.379 to RIV
R24.534), in the unincorporated area of the County of Riverside as the "CHP
Officer Ambers O. “Sonny” Shewmaker Memorial Highway". It was
named in memory of Officer Ambers O’Neal “Sonny” Shewmaker,
who was born October 10, 1941, to Earl and Eva Shewmaker in Santa Maria,
California. California Highway Patrol Cadet A.O. “Sonny” Shewmaker
entered the Department of the California Highway Patrol Academy on March 3,
1969, and upon graduation was assigned to the Riverside area office and was
later transferred to the Banning area office where he spent the remainder of
his career. On November 23, 1969, Officer “Sonny” Shewmaker,
stopped a vehicle for speeding. Unbeknownst to him, the car was stolen and the
driver was wanted for an earlier robbery in Riverside, California. As Officer
Shewmaker was using his radio, the suspect shot him point blank in the head.
Officer Shewmaker was taken to a hospital, but succumbed to his injuries on the
morning of November 24, 1969. In 1970, the Yucaipa Valley Little League created
the “Sonny Shewmaker Award for Best Sportsmanship” in honor of
Officer Shewmaker’s dedication to helping the youth of Yucaipa Valley.
Oddly enough, in 1973, the recipient of this award was a 12-year-old Brian
Rezendes, who many years later married Officer Shewmaker’s sister-in-law,
Kim. It was named in recognition of Officer Shewmaker’s contributions and
sacrifice in serving and protecting the citizens of California. Named by
Assembly Concurrent Resolution 100, Resolution Chapter 109, on September 4,
(Image source: Press Enterprise 11/20/2013; Redlands Patch 11/13/2013)
The portion of this
freeway from a point just west of the Route 111 cutoff in the Palm Springs area
to a point at the bottom of the grade east of the City of Coachella (~ RIV
R23.937 to RIV R60.368) is named the "Sonny Bono Memorial Freeway". As
if you didn't know the story, Sonny Bono left his boyhood home in Detroit,
Michigan for Hollywood, California at a young age to become a star in show
business. His quest led him to a laborer's job as a meat truck driver and
deliveryman and then in promotions for a record company. Sonny Bono parlayed
those jobs into an opportunity to showcase his ability as a showman and
entertainer. Those talents eventually led to a career of fame as a recording
and television star as part of the duo Sonny and Cher. Later, Sonny Bono
pursued another dream as a restaurant owner in Palm Springs. His concern on
behalf of his community as a businessman led him to public service eventually
leading to his election as Mayor of Palm Springs in 1988. Sonny Bono's public
service career eventually led him to the halls of the Congress of the United
States in 1994 as the Representative from the Coachella Valley and Western
Riverside County areas of southern California. Sonny Bono's achievements as a
Congressman brought needed national attention to the environmental needs of the
Salton Sea; he also worked on behalf of bringing the needed federal funding for
transportation and infrastructure projects for the Coachella Valley, leading to
funding for significant highway improvements throughout the Coachella Valley
and Riverside County. Named by Assembly Concurrent Resolution 25, Resolution
Chapter 58, June 4, 2001.
(Image sources: Flikr; Wikipedia)
The portion of this freeway
near Indio in Riverside County between the Jefferson Street and Indio Boulevard
interchange and the junction with Route 86 (~RIV R52.423 to RIV R57.73) is
officially named the "Doctor June McCarroll Memorial Freeway." Doctor
June McCarroll arrived in California in 1904, when she moved to Indio in order
to place her ailing husband in a health camp for persons infected with
tuberculosis. In Indio, she traveled, at first by horse and buggy and later by
horseback, to practice medicine on five Indian reservations. She later became
the doctor retained by the Southern Pacific Railroad to treat its employees in
the Coachella Valley. In later life, she expressed regrets that younger doctors
were seemingly unable to function without modern hospitals and other
conveniences when she had sometimes operated on kitchen tables, explaining "I
would clear off the table, tie the patient down, and administer the
anesthetic". She is also credited with starting the first library in the
Coachella Valley. She is also known for her role in initiating the painting of
centerlines upon streets and highways. The Riverside County physician, who was
known as Dr. June, was driving home one day in 1917 when a truck forced her car
off the road. Convinced that lines would help drivers stay safely on the
correct sides of the road, McCarroll took her idea to Riverside County's Board
of Supervisors and Chamber of Commerce. When they didn't do anything, she set
an example by painting a mile-long, 4-inch-wide white stripe down the center of
Indio Boulevard, near her home. In 1924, after she and the Indio Women's Club
and the California Federation of Women's Clubs proposed it, the idea of
painting a centerline on state highways was adopted by the California Highway
Commission. The credit for painting white traffic arrows on pavement,
incidentally, apparently belongs to George S. Hinckley, a traffic engineer who
first used them in the plaza in front of Redlands City Hall in 1910. Named by
Senate Concurrent Resolution 58, Chapter 105, August 17, 2000.
(Image source: Waymarking)
The portion of this freeway extending five miles to the east and five miles to the west of mile marker number 84 (~ RIV 79.000 to 89.000, near Bee Canyon Road at RIV 81.557) in Riverside County, located east of the Chiriaco Summit, is officially designated the "Veterans' Memorial Freeway". This is in honor of the veterans that have served the United States from the state of California. Named by Assembly Concurrent Resolution No. 137, Chapter 104, in 1994.
In additional to the other designations noted, Route 10 (in its entirety) has been officially designated the "Christopher Columbus Transcontinental Highway", although on the east coast, the corresponding sign is not on I-10 (it is on I-40). It acquired this name in Assembly Concurrent Resolution No. 106, Chapter 71, in 1976. Christopher Columbus was... oh well, just read Wikipedia. According to reports in 2003, the sign on I-10 has disappeared.
The I-5/I-10/Route 60/US 101
interchange (~ 10 LA S0.15), commonly referred to as the East Los Angeles
Interchange, is named the “Medal of Honor Recipient , Eugene A.
Obregon, USMC, Memorial Interchange” (it was originally named the
“Marine Private First Class Eugene A. Obregon Interchange”).
This interchange was named in memory of Medal of Honor Recipient Eugene A.
Obregon, USMC. While serving as an ammunition carrier with Golf Company, Third
Battalion, Fifth Marine Regiment, First Marine Division (Reinforced), during
the Korean War, PFC Obregon was killed in action on September 26, 1950. The
machine-gun squad of Private Obregon was temporarily pinned down by hostile
fire; and during this time, he observed a fellow marine fall wounded in the
line of fire. Armed only with a pistol, Private Obregon unhesitantly dashed
from his cover position to the side of the fallen marine. Firing his pistol
with one hand as he ran, Private Obregon grasped his comrade by the arm, and
despite the great peril to himself, dragged the marine to the side of the road.
Still under enemy fire, Private Obregon was bandaging the marine's wounds when
hostile troops began approaching their position. Quickly seizing the wounded
marine's rifle, Private Obregon placed his own body as a shield in front of the
wounded marine and lay there firing accurately and effectively into the
approaching enemy troops until he, himself, was fatally wounded by enemy
machine-gun fire. By his courageous fighting spirit, and loyal devotion to
duty, Private Obregon enabled his fellow marines to rescue the wounded marine.
By fate and courage, Private Obregon is one of the valiant Mexican Americans to
receive the Congressional Medal of Honor, the nation's highest military honor
for bravery. Named by Senate Concurrent Resolution (SCR) 109, Resolution
Chapter 66, on 6/26/2008.
(Image source: Flikr; Alchetron)
The interchange of I-10
and I-710 in the County of Los Angeles (~ LA 21.319) is named the "Los
Angeles County Deputy Sheriff Thomas H. Pohlman Memorial Interchange". It
was named in memory of Thomas H. Pohlman,a sheriff’s deputy with the Los
Angeles County Sheriff’s Department. Deputy Sheriff Pohlman was born in
July 1950, and was appointed as a sheriff’s deputy on May 29, 1973. On
April 19, 1978, Deputy Sheriff Pohlman was on patrol when he smelled ether,
used in the manufacture of the drug PCP, coming from a nearby house. As Deputy
Sheriff Pohlman and his partner approached the house, a man bolted from the
home. Deputy Sheriff Pohlman pursued the suspect on foot, while his partner
went back to the squad car to radio for assistance. Deputy Sheriff Pohlman
caught the suspect, and, while the suspect was being handcuffed, the suspect
gained control of Deputy Sheriff Pohlman’s revolver and shot him. Deputy
Sheriff Pohlman died at the scene. Named by Assembly Concurrent Resolution 121,
Res. Chapter 192, Statutes of 2016, 9/9/2016
(Image source: Twitter; Find a Grave)
The I-10 interchange with
I-605 at LA 31.151 in the County of Los Angeles is named the "CHP Officer
William B. Wolff III Memorial Interchange". It was named in memory of CHP
Officer William B. Wolff III, who was born in January 1946, in Akron, Ohio.
Officer Wolff graduated from Upper Darby High School in Philadelphia,
Pennsylvania, in 1964, and attended Cal Poly Pomona shortly thereafter, where
he received a degree in kinesiology. Officer Wolff was a licensed vocational
nurse and also served our country as a member of the United States Navy prior
to becoming a California Highway Patrol officer. Officer Wolff is remembered as
a proud father and grandfather. Officer Wolff, badge number 8342, entered the
California Highway Patrol Academy on August 13, 1973, and, upon graduation, was
assigned to the Baldwin Park area, where he served for approximately five
years. Officer Wolff was killed in the line of duty on December 30, 1977, while
making a traffic stop along the I-10 freeway in Baldwin Park, when he was
struck by a drunk driver. The motorist who killed Officer Wolff was charged
with felony drunk driving. Officer Wolff was a hard working, dedicated officer
who loved his job and enjoyed the people he worked with. He was known for being
a loyal family man and a wonderful father. Named by Assembly Concurrent
Resolution 86, Resolution Chapter 185, on 09/21/15.
(Image sources: CBS2, California Assn of Highway Patrolmen)
Bridge 54-0909 on I-15,
the I-15/I-10 separation in San Bernardino County near Ontario (SBD 009.94), is
named the "Daniel D. Mikesell Interchange". It was built in 1975, and
was named in Senate Concurrent Resolution 64, Chapter 84, in 1980. Daniel D.
Mikesell was born on March 1910 in Shawnee, Oklahoma. He attended UCLA and
married Gabrielle Lucas, a former Miss Ontario in 1936. He joined the San
Bernardino County Board of Supervisors in 1954 and served until he was elected
Mayor of Ontario in 1960. Re-elected to the Board of Supervisors in 1962, he
remained there until his retirement in 1974. He died on November 12, 2007 in
Ontario. Known as a consummate politician, he was considered an authority on
aviation and transportation. He was instrumental in the transfer of the Ontario
Airport to the County of Los Angeles and the I-10/I-15 freeway interchange is
named in his honor for his decades-long effort to construct the link between
Ontario and Fontana. In particular, Mikesell exerted exceptional effort
beginning in 1955 to have the Devore Cutoff included in the California Freeway
and Expressway System.
(Image source: UCR California Digital Newspaper Collection, SB Sun, 5/24/1974, Page 17)
Bridge Number 54-1324 EA
08-1E030, SBD 20.96, the Pepper Avenue overcrossing on I-10 in the City of
Colton is named the "Douglas Stephen Franco Memorial Bridge".
It was named in memory of Douglas Stephen Franco, who served with the utmost
distinction as a resident engineer for projects conducted for the San
Bernardino County Transportation Authority (SBCTA) between 1995 and 2017. Mr.
Franco earned the respect of the public, elected officials, and colleagues for
his problem solving abilities, his willingness to listen and take action, his
sensible and creative approaches to construction challenges, his fair and kind
treatment of staff and coworkers, and his quick wit and pleasant disposition in
the work environment. During his accomplished tenure as a resident engineer,
Mr. Franco made tremendous contributions to the San Bernardino Valley through
major improvements to the I-215 Widening Projects, the 5th Street Overcrossing,
and the I- 10 and I-210 Freeways. Mr. Franco began his career working as an
engineer for the California Department of Transportation, Division of
Structures, launching more than 25 years of service, including 22 years with a
construction management consulting firm, dedicated to improving the quality of
life for the residents of southern California through enhancing the
transportation system. Mr. Franco earned a Bachelor of Science Degree in Civil
Engineering from the Loyola Marymount University. Mr. Franco passed away too
soon on June 12, 2017, at 48 years of age. Mr. Franco’s long-standing
service and stalwart commitment to transportation in the Inland Empire makes it
truly appropriate for the I-10 Pepper Avenue overcrossing, Bridge Number
54-1324 EA 08-1E030, Post Mile 20.96, in the City of Colton to be named in his
honor. Named by Senate Concurrent Resolution (SCR) 111, Res. Chapter 226,
(Image source: LA Funeral)
Bridge 53-1367 (now 54-0479,
at SBD R24.23, rebuilt in 1972), the I-10/I-215 separation in San Bernardino
County, is named the "James A. Guthrie Memorial Interchange". It was
built in 1960, and named by Senate Concurrent Resolution 57, Chapter 193, in
1970. James A. Guthrie was a presidential elector from California in 1956. He
served from 1943 to 1967 as a member of the California Highway Commission.
Guthrie, a Republican, was reappointed twice to the CHC by Governor "Pat" Brown
in 1961 and 1965, serving a total of three terms. He was born in San Bernardino
in 1988, and was editor and president of the San Bernardino Sun and
Telegram for many years. Through his paper, he was a leader in the Good
Roads program for San Bernadino County. He pioneered the development of the
roads later known as US 66, US 91, and US 99 (which became I-10). Guthrie was
Past President of the San Bernadino Chamber of Commerce, and a former director
of the California Chamber of Commerce. He was a member of the advisory board of
the Automobile Club of Southern California, the California Club of Los Angeles,
and the Sutter Club of Sacramento. He is in the Hall
of Fame of the California Press Foundation.
(Image source: California Highways and Public Works, Nov/Dec 1966)
Bridge 54-0592, the
I-10/Route 210 interchange in San Bernardino County (SBD 029.82), is designated
the "Chresten Knudsen Interchange". It was built in 1962, and was named
by Assembly Concurrent Resolution 21, Chapter 47, in 1991. Chresten Knudsen
served as a member of the Redlands City Council and in the 1960's was appointed
by Governor Ronald Reagan to the Santa Ana Regional Water Quality Control
Board. When he retired from the Redlands City Council after three terms, he
cited increasing responsibilities for his civil engineering business as the
major factor in his decision. A Redlands native, Knudsen said he will "continue
to be keenly interested in the politics of the city and county." As a
councilman, Knudsen has represented Redlands and the council on many boards and
commissions. Among them are the city Redevelopment Commission, Recreation
Commission. Public Works Commission and San Bernardino Associated Governments
(SANBAGl, which he served as chairman in 1978-79 and as a member of the
executive committee. He has also served on the Regional Water Quality Control
Board, Redlands Highland Yucaipa Resource Conservation District, National
Forest Recreation Association, Redlands YMCA, Barton Flats Cabin Owners'
Association. East Valley Planning Agency and East Valley Airport Land Use
(Image/biography source: UCR Center for Bibliographic Studies and Research, California Digital Newspaper Collection, SB Sun, 2/3/1980, Page 26)
The I-10 and Date Palm
Drive Memorial Overcrossing in the County of Riverside (~ RIV 39.47) is named
the "CHP Officer Mark Thomas Taylor Memorial Overcrossing." It was named
in memory of Officer Mark Thomas Taylor. who was born on May 17, 1959, to
Thomas Claude and Lola Dee, in Benton Harbor, Michigan. Officer Taylor
graduated from Benton Harbor High School in 1977 and joined the United States
Marine Corps shortly thereafter. Officer Taylor served in the United States
Marine Corps from 1977 to 1984 and achieved the rank of sergeant (E-5). After
an honorable discharge, he applied to the CHP. On March 18, 1985, Officer
Taylor graduated from the CHP Academy and was assigned to the Indio area.
Officer Taylor married in 1977, and had a daughter in 1978. Officer Taylor was
killed in the line of duty on November 26, 1987, during a routine traffic stop.
While issuing a citation, the offender's car was struck by another vehicle. The
impact propelled Officer Taylor onto the highway, where he was struck by the
same vehicle that had originally collided with the offender’s car. Officer
Taylor was a dedicated officer, family man, and a best friend to many. He was
known for his sense of humor and for making people smile. In his spare time, he
enjoyed spending time with family and friends, being outdoors, running,
traveling, and playing ping pong. Officer Taylor was admired for his honesty,
loyalty, and determination. He always accomplished what he set out to do and
never gave up. Named by Assembly Concurrent Resolution 100, Resolution Chapter
109, on September 4, 2012.
(Image source: Twitter; Officer Down Memorial Page)
The following is a list of all the named ditches, gulches, arroyos, and washes along I-10 in Riverside County. The origin of most of these names is unknown.
This route also has the following Safety Roadside Rest Areas:
Wildwood, in San Bernardino County 1 mi W of Calimesa. (~ SBD R38.191)
Brookside, in Riverside County, 3 mi. W of Beaumont. (~ RIV R4.209)
Whitewater, in Riverside County 1 mi W of Whitewater. (~ RIV 26.201)
Cactus City, in Riverside County 15 mi E of Indio. (~ RIV R71.981)
Wiley's Well, in Riverside County 15 mi W of Blythe. (~ RIV R135.159)
This route is part of the De Anza National Historic Trail.
Holt Boulevard in Ontario was part of the Pikes Peak Ocean-to-Ocean Highway, which stretched between New York and Los Angeles, running along Holt Blvd in Ontario. In 1920, Holt Blvd was the main route linking Los Angeles to Palm Springs, according to the city of Ontario. At that time Holt Blvd was a 4-lane highway, and it was long before the 10 or 60 freeways were built. Also during the time of the Ocean-to-Ocean Highway, (about 1912) paved roads were rare and driving in a car for more than 10 miles was considered to be a great adventure .
The portion of this segment between Indio (via Mecca) and Blythe was part of the "Hassayamph Trail". This portion is also named the "Sunkist Trail".
The portion of this route that is former US 99 was designated as a "North-South Blue Star Memorial Highway" by Senate Concurrent Resolution 33, Ch. 82 in 1947.
[SHC 164.10] Between the east urban limits of San Bernardino-Riverside and the Arizona state line.
The following segments are designated as Classified Landscaped Freeway:
|County||Route||Starting PM||Ending PM|
Prior to the designation of this routing as Interstate 10 on July 1, 1964, a routing similar to the current Route 10 routing had the designation of US 70. US 70 began in downtown Los Angeles, followed Valley Blvd, San Bernardino Road, Garvey-Holt Blvd, and Holt Street into Ontario, and thence to points east. Between Los Angeles and Palm Springs, the routing was cosigned with US 99. Portions were also cosigned with US 60.
In 1934, Route 10 was signed along the routing from Jct. Route 3 (US 101A, later Route 1) south of Venice to Jct. US 101 at Santa Ana, via Manchester Avenue and Santa Ana Blvd. This routing was LRN 174 from US 101A (Route 1, Lincoln Blvd) in Los Angeles along Manchester and Firestone Blvds to US 101 in Norwalk. Sometime between 1934 and 1963, the routing was resigned as Route 42. Specifics are not available, but the guess is that the resignage occurred in the late 1950s in preparation for the interstate. (1956 and 1960 maps shows it as Route 10; the 1963 state map (pre-renumbering) shows it as Route 42). Before signage as US-101, the routing (signed as Route 10, but LRN 174) continued on down to Orangethorpe, and then across Orangethorpe past Route 101 (Spadra Road, at that time) and E through Atwood, until joining the old surface route equivalent to US 101 (LRN 2). Some maps show Route 10 ending at the junction with Route 18 (later renumbered as Route 14, but cosigned with US 91; LRN 175 and LRN 178). It appears that, by 1942, Route 10 was also signed as Bypass US 101.
Approved as chargeable Interstate on 7/7/1947; the portion from Route 101 to Route 5 was originally to have been designated as I-110, with I-10 sharing a route with Route 5 between the San Bernardino and Santa Monica portions of Route 10. The I-110 designation was deleted as chargeable interstate in August 1965 and a designation of I-10 was used to the Route 101 interchange. At one time, the California Department of Highways, in response to a proposal from Arizona, proposed that current I-10 be numbered as I-12, and that the I-10 designation be used for current I-8.
[SHC 253.1] Entire route. Added to the Freeway and Expressway system in 1959.
Overall statistics for Route 10:
The route that would become LRN 10 was defined in the 1909 First Highway Bond act as running from Goshen to Hanford. In 1915, Chapter 404 extended it from Hanford to San Lucas ("an extension connecting the San Joaquin valley trunk line in Tulare County with the coast trunk line in Monterey County by the continuation of the lateral between the cities of Visalia and Hanford through Coalinga by the most direct and practical route..."). The 1919 Third Bond Issue further extended the route from Visalia (note that Goshen changed its name to Visalia) to Sequoia National Park. By 1935, the route was codified into the highway code as:
From [LRN 2] near San Lucas to the Sequoia National Park line via Coalinga, Hanford, and Visalia
The portion from Hanford to the Sequoia National Park was considered a primary highway.
In 1963, Route 11 was defined to run from San Pedro to Route 248 (Colorado Blvd) in Pasadena.
In 1976, Chapter 1354 changed "Route 248" to "Colorado Blvd".
In 1981, Chapter 292 renumbered the entire routing as Route 110 for continuity of numbering purposes, with the portion S of Route 10 using an interstate shield, and the portion N of Route 10 using a state highway shield.
Route 11 was the first route to have "Call Boxes". The system included 80 boxes spaced at quarter-mile intervals. The telephones were connected to the police switchboard. They were first proposed in 1959 by Los Angeles County director of communications Maurice E. Kennedy. In 1962, the Federal Communications Commission approved the $92,000 cost. On July 10, 1965, highway officials inaugurated the emergency call box system on the Harbor Freeway between the interchange of the Santa Monica and Harbor freeways and El Segundo Boulevard.
The current routing was defined in 1994 by Chapter 409. No specific routing was identified at that time. This will connect up with a new Mexican freeway called Tijuana 2000, which will be a bypass connecting the new port of entry with Rosarito. According to the Caltrans Photolog, Route 11 is not planned to begin at the 905/125 junction, but rather at Route 125 north of the current intersection of Lone Star and Harvest Roads east of Brown Field.
In 1934, Route 11 was signed from San Pedro to Jct. Route 118 near La Cañada. This was a surface street routing along Gaffey, Figueroa St, Ave 22, and Linda Vista to Route 118. It appears to have had a connection with the pre-Foothill freeway freeway segment of Route 118.
The original routing was LRN 165, and was defined as part of the state highway system in 1933.
In 1935, a new route was defined for the planned Arroyo Seco Parkway. This route was LRN 205, and corresponds to the present routing. When LRN 205 was defined, the roughly parallel LRN 165 portion was signed as Route 11 and Alt US-66.
At one point after the completion of the Pasadena Freeway, US 66 was the freeway, whereas Route 11 ran along Figueroa from San Fernando Road N. This reflected Figueroa's status as Alternate US 66. Circa 1940, the route was co-signed with federal routes: Route 66 (US 66) between Pasadena and Downtown Los Angeles, and Route 6 (US 6) between downtown and San Pedro. On July 1, 1964, the routings for US 6 and US 66 were truncated, and the route was signed only as Route 11. Figueroa Street was named for Jose Figueroa, a governor of California under Mexico.
Around 1957, the freeway had been constructed only as far as Santa Barbara Ave. From this point S, Route 11/US 6 ran along Figueroa.
Prior to the completion of Figueroa street in Gardena, the route from Gardena to Wilmington involved 190th Street, Main Street, and Wilmington Boulevard, with Route 11 continuing south on Wilmington and B to reconnect with the Figueroa routing.
The Arroyo Seco Parkway was California's first freeway. The innermost part was originally called North Figueroa, as it was an extension of that street. The first "phase" involved the four tunnels, with their art deco facades and bracketed streetlight sconces. If you look at the bridges over the river you can see the earlier bridge style too. The Arroyo Seco parkway ended northeast of the four Figueroa tunnels across the Los Angeles river. Then both directions of travel fed into the tunnels which contained Figueroa St. From there the route followed Figueroa into downtown. On the first day, speeds reached an unprecedented 35 mph, without a single stop from Pasadena all the way into Los Angeles. When the Four Level interchange with US 101 was built, in the late 1940s, new lanes were built for southbound traffic, and the original became northbound only. Both sets of lanes then were connected to the Hollywood Fwy via the Four Level. The sharp jog in the southbound lanes of the freeway east of the Los Angeles river is where the new southbound lanes begin. [Historical Information on the Arroyo Seco routing is from postings on m.t.r by Tom Cockle, Harry Marnell and James Stewart]
In March 1954, a 1.1-mile section of the Harbor Freeway between 3rd Street and Olympic Boulevard opened to traffic. The Los Angeles Times described it as "a modern maze of 'on' and 'off' ramps for almost all of the east-west streets feeding into — or out of — the downtown district" and said it was "expected to do much to alleviate traffic congestion in the business district." The elaborate ribbon-cutting ceremony included an appearance by model Ann Bradford as Miss Freeway Link.
This is planned to connect with the Mexican Tijuana Loop Road at the East Otay Mesa border crossing. This will be a toll road.
Route 11/Route 905 Connectors Project
In December 2012, the CTC updated the description
of the Route 905/Route 11 connectors project to be: "In San Diego County near
San Diego on
Route 905 from 0.1 mile west of Britannia Boulevard
overcrossing to 1.6 miles east of La Media Road undercrossing.
In May 2013, the CTC amended the TCIF Baseline Agreement for Segment 1 of Project 68 – Route 11/Route 905 Freeway to Freeway Connectors project (PPNO 0999A) in San Diego County to update the project funding plan. The CTC also approved $79,700,000 to fund construction.
In July 2013, Caltrans put out a bid for construction of a freeway connection to Route 905: In San Diego County In And Near San Diego On Route 11 From Route 11/Route 905 Separation To Enrico Fermi Drive And On Route 905 From 0.1 Mile East Of La Media Road Undercrossing To 0.2 Mile West Of Airway Road Undercrossing. Groundbreaking occured in December 2013.
October 2015, it was reported that work had begun on construction of the
connectors between Route 125, Route 905, and Route 11. Officials said over the
past two decades, trade between the U.S. and Mexico has grown by an average of
10 percent a year — an increase that exceeds that of U.S. trade with the
rest of the world. Last year, more than 800,000 northbound trucks and $39
billion in goods passed through the Otay Mesa Port of Entry. The $21.5 million
project is expected to be completed in late 2016. Funding sources include a
$15.9 million chunk from Proposition 1B Trade Corridors Improvement Fund and
$2.7 million from the TransNet half-cent sales tax for transportation uses
approved by San Diego County voters, among other funding sources. Caltrans
officials said the project is designed to remedy one of the last missing links
in the overall border road network. Currently, truckers congest city streets
and local roads to access Route 125. The new connectors will create a seamless
highway system, greatly reducing wait times at the border, according to
(Source: KPBS, 10/26/2015)
In November 2016, it was reported that construction
crews just wrapped up a year-long project that will help reduce congestion at
the Otay Mesa Port of Entry. Three freeway connectors that link Route 905 and
Route 11 to the northbound South Bay Expressway (Route 125) opened to traffic.
More than 7,000 trucks travel across the Otay Mesa Border Crossing every day.
The heavy traffic here during rush hour has caused major headaches for anyone
trying to get to toll road Route 125 from Route 905 and Route 11. Before the
connectors, vehicles exiting the Otay Mesa Port of Entry had no direct access
to northbound 125 and drivers were forced to use local streets just to get
there. Now, the new access will provide another option of travel for people
living in southern San Diego and eastern Chula Vista. Drivers can avoid
congestion on I-805 and I-5 by going east on Route 905 and north on Route 125.
Now that the northbound connectors are complete, officials with SANDAG say they
are hard at work finishing up designs on the southbound connectors. That
project expected to begin construction in 2018.
(Source: CW 6, 11/30/2016)
In December 2017, the CTC also approved the following financial allocation: San Diego 11-SD-905 9.6/11.4 In and near San Diego, at the Route 11/Route 125/Route 905 Separation. Outcome/Output: Construct southbound freeway to freeway connectors from Route 125 to eastbound Route 905 and Route 11. $49,747,000.
Otay Mesa Point of Entry/Freeway and Bypass Route
According to Don Hagstrom in October 2002, the planned Route 11 Freeway, connecting the proposed Route 905 / Route 125 interchange with a planned new third San Diego / Tijuana Port of Entry (Otay Mesa II) could be completed by 2007. It would be 4.3 miles long.
In August 2007, the CTC received notice of the preparation of an EIR for this route. The proposed project is to conduct a corridor study and construct a four-lane freeway and truck bypass road in San Diego County at the proposed Otay Mesa East Point of Entry (POE). The project is not fully funded. The project is fully funded for Project Approval/Environmental Document in the amount of $13 million in the 2006 State Transportation Improvement Program - Interregional Improvement Program funds. Total estimated project cost is $361.4 million. Construction is estimated to begin in FY 2012-13. In April 2008, the CTC received notice that the current environmental document is for Phase I and will identify the location of potential corridors. Phase II will be project level analysis and environmental approval for the Route 11 and the POE components. The overall project is not fully funded. The project is only funded for Project Approval/Environmental Document in the amount of $13,000,000 in the 2006 State Transportation Improvement Program – Interregional Improvement Program funds. The total cost of the project is estimated to be $715,220,000. Construction is estimated to begin in Fiscal Year (FY) 2012-13, depending on the availability of funds. The following alternatives are being considered, both of which would be entirely new facilities:
Alternative 1 - No Build.
Alternative 2 - Western Alternative Corridor — The Western Corridor Alternative includes the Route 11 and POE site. The 2.1 mile long corridor would extend eastward from Harvest Road at the future Route 125/Route 905 interchange, passing south of Otay Mesa Road and north of Airway Road, and curving southward to connect with the northern edge of the Western POE site.
Alternative 3 - Central Alternative Corridor — The Central Corridor Alternative includes the SR 11 and POE site. The 2.5 mile long corridor would extend east along the same alignment as the western alternative, but it would extend further to the east before curving southward to the northern edge of the Central POE site.
In October 2008, the CTC received notice of the mitigated negative declaration. There were issues with the construction permanently removing paleontological resources, sensitive upland vegetative communities, hazardous waste, growth inducement, as well as public controversy regarding the project. With the completion of the EIR, the impacts related to growth and cumulative biological resources such as impacts to native and non-native grasslands, disturbed mule fat scrub and non-wetland Waters of the United States (WUS) / streambed, sensitive plants, and sensitive animals including burrowing owl and the Quino Checkerspot Butterfly are anticipated to be significant and unmitigable for Phase II (project level). As a result, a Statement of Overriding Consideration was adopted.
In February 2009, the CTC received another notice of preparation for this route. The project would construct a new four-lane highway and port of entry (POE) at the United States-Mexico border from east of Route 905/Otay Mesa border crossing to the future Route 125/905 junction. Tier 1 (PPNO 1000) was programmed in the 2008 State Transportation Improvement Program for approximately $6.0 million in interregional improvement program shares for environmental. The Tier 1 Environmental Impact Report/Environmental Impact Statement (EIR/EIS) [see the paragraph above] was prepared to inform the public and decision-makers about the potential environmental effects of the proposed program and the preferred corridor. The Tier 1 Final EIR/EIS was presented to the Commission at its October 2008 meeting. The new NOP is for the project level environmental document, Tier II (PPNO 0999). Tier II is programmed in the Trade Corridors Improvement Fund program for approximately $709 million and includes interregional improvement program funds, federal demonstration funds, and local funds/public toll financing. The total estimated cost of both Tier I and Tier II is $715 million. Construction of the project is estimated to begin in Fiscal Year 2012-13.
The Western Corridor alignment for the Route 11 and the Otay Mesa East POE was selected as the preferred alternative during the Tier I/Program level environmental analysis. The Tier II environmental analysis will consider the following preliminary alternatives/design variations:
No Build/No Action Alternative.
Transportation System/Demand Alternative: Implement pedestrian, cyclist, transit, and other transportation systems/demand management measures alone, without implementation of Route 11 and the new POE No Build/No Action Alternative.
Toll Alternative: Construct Route 11 using toll implementation options.
Two Interchange Option: Building two interchanges between Route 11 and local roadways, or one interchange only, with the exact locations of the interchanges to be determined after consideration of public input.
Commercial Vehicle Enforcement Facility Alternative: Utilize the existing commercial vehicle enforcement facility (CVEF) at the existing Otay Mesa POE to also serve the proposed Otay Mesa East POE, versus accommodating the construction of a new CVEF adjacent to the new POE.
What's interesting about this is the CTC minutes, which put the entry for this as "construct a new segment of Route 905/Route 125, to be called Route 11", even though the routing doesn't fit the definition of either Route 905 or Route 125.
In December 2009, the CTC received notice of a proposed amendment to the project that would amend the 2008 State Transportation Improvement Program (STIP) for the Route 11 and Otay Mesa Port of Entry (POE) project (PPNO 0999) in the city of San Diego, community of San Ysidro as follows:
Program $4,900,000 of Federal Safe, Accountable, Flexible, Efficient Transportation Equity Act: A Legacy for Users (SAFETEA-LU) Border Infrastructure Program (BIP) funds to the Environmental phase of this project in Fiscal Year (FY) 2009-10.
Revise the project milestone schedule for Circulation of the Draft Environmental Document from September 2009 to March 2010.
Revise the project milestone schedule for End Environmental Phase (PA&ED Milestone) from March 2010 to December 2010.
Revise the project location and description as follows: In
Ysidro East Otay Mesa, at the border of Mexico
from east of Route 905 /Otay Mesa border crossing
to and future Route 125/Route 905 junction to the
Construct new four lane highway and Port of Entry.
High Priority Project #740: Design and environmental analysis for Route 11 connecting Route 905 to the new East Otay Mesa Port of Entry near San Diego. $800,000.
In December 2011, the CTC approved amending the TCIF baseline agreement for the TCIF Project 68-Route 11 and Otay Mesa Port of Entry (POE) (PPNO 0999) in San Diego, in the community of Otay Mesa East, to program $45,500,000 of Safe, Accountable, Flexible, Efficient Transportation Equity Act: A Legacy for Users (SAFETEA-LU) Border Infrastructure Program (BIP) funds to Design (PS&E) and Right of Way (R/W) Support in Fiscal Year (FY) 2012-13, and to split the project into three separate segments for staged construction. The original (parent) segment (PPNO 0999) was "In East Otay Mesa, from Route 905 and future Route 125/Route 905 junction to the U.S./Mexico Border. Construct new 4 lane highway and POE. Route 11 and Otay Mesa POE — Environmental Only." The three segments approved are:
Segment 1 (PPNO 0999A): In San Diego County near San Diego on Route 905 from 0.1 mile west of the Britannia Boulevard overcrossing to 1.6 miles east of the La Media Road undercrossing. Construct Route 905/Route 11 freeway to freeway connectors.
Segment 2 (PPNO 0999B): In San Diego County near San Diego on Route 11 from 0.1 mile east of the Sanyo Avenue undercrossing to 1.9 miles east of the Sanyo Avenue undercrossing. Construct a new 4 lane highway and commercial vehicle enforcement facility.
Segment 3 (PPNO 0999C): In San Diego County near San Diego on Route 11 from 2.4 miles east of the Sanyo Avenue undercrossing to the Mexico border. Construct land port of entry.
In June 2012, the CTC approved the project for future
consideration of funding, as the final EIR had been completed. This project
will construct a new toll highway, Route 11, with connectors to Route 905 and
associated modifications to Route 905; the new Otay Mesa East Port of Entry;
and a Commercial Vehicle Enforcement Facility. The project is programmed in the
Trade Corridor Improvement Fund (TCIF). The total estimated project cost is
$704,200,000 for capital and support. Construction is estimated to begin in
Fiscal Year 2013-14. The preferred alternative for the route is a refinement of
the Two Interchange approach that also incorporates the Route 125 connector
variation and a connection associated with the Siempre Viva Road Full
Interchange Variation. Based on the FEIR, it looks like there will be a single
interchage at Enrico Fermi.
In December 2012, the CTC approved a route adoption to establish a new four-lane toll freeway alignment for Route 11 that would extend from the future Route 905/Route 125 interchange approximately 2.8 miles east to the proposed Otay Mesa East Port of Entry. The adoption resolution notes that a number of alternatives were considered for this project. The rejected alternatives considered two alignments that extended further east than the proposed alternative and also considered variations on which and how many interchanges would be built. The Preferred Alternative includes two interchanges that would be constructed along Route 11 at Enrico Fermi Drive and Siempre Viva Road, as well as an undercrossing at Sanyo Avenue and an overcrossing at Alta Road. Overcrossings would also be constructed at the Enrico Fermi Drive and Siempre Viva Road interchanges. The proposed interchange at Enrico Fermi Drive, located approximately one mile east of the future Route 905/Route 125/Route 11 Interchange, would be a full interchange and have on and off ramps to and from both eastbound and westbound Route 11. The proposed interchanges at Enrico Fermi Drive and Siempre Viva Road would be located approximately one mile apart. The Siempre Viva Road interchange would be a half interchange providing eastbound off-ramp and westbound on-ramp access for both commercial and non-commercial vehicles. No access is provided between Siempre Viva Road and the POE for non-commercial vehicles, and only northbound commercial vehicles exiting the CVEF will have access to Siempre Viva Road.
In May 2015, the CTC received a notice of a future STIP amendment realted to the Route 11 and Otay Mesa East POE project. The project will construct a new 4-lane highway to the Mexico border, freeway-to-freeway connectors and a POE. The project will increase capacity to the regional border-crossing infrastructure and create a link between the United States regional highway system and the Mexico free-and-toll road system. In 2008, the Commission approved $75 million of Proposition 1B Trade Corridor Investment Funds (TCIF) for construction of the Route 11 and Otay Mesa East POE project. In January 2012, the Commission approved segmenting the project into three distinct project segments to facilitate delivery: (•) Segment 1 (PPNO 0999A) - Construct the Route 905/Route 11 freeway-to-freeway connectors up to Enrico Fermi Drive; (•)Segment 2 (PPNO 0999B) - Construct Route 11 from Enrico Fermi to the POE and the Commercial Vehicle Enforcement Facility; and (•) Segment 3 (PPNO 0999C) - Construct the POE. The $75 million of Proposition 1B TCIF funds were programmed on the construction phase of Segment 1, and then reduced upon award of the construction contract to $71.625 million. The overall project includes $70.6 million in SAFETEA-LU BIP funding. The SAFETEA-LU, enacted in August 2005, authorizes funding through the BIP to improve transportation at international borders and ports of entry, and within trade corridors. The notice pointed out that currently, local funds programmed on Segments 2 and 3 include funds from innovative financing methods, such as the sale of bonds backed by future toll revenues, loans, grants, and private sector sources. The Right of Way (R/W) components for Segments 2 and 3 are currently programmed with these future local sources. However, the local funding has been unavailable due to significant delays in completing an Investment Grade Traffic and Revenue (T&R) Study. It pointed out that Caltrans had the opportunity to begin early acquisition of a significant portion of the right of way needed for Segments 2 and 3. In order to move forward with early R/Wacquisition on Segment 2, it proposed that locally generated toll revenues (backed by bonds) would be replaced with BIP funds.
In December 2015, it was noted that Caltrans plans
to open a 1½-mile stretch of Route 11 in January 2016 that connects to Route
905, which connects Otay Mesa to I-5 and I-805 interstates. A second stretch of
Route 11, connecting to the future Otay East port of entry, would not be built
without knowing that the port of entry is coming.
(Source: LA Times, 12/29/2015)
In March 2016, it was reported that Segment 1 of
Route 11 – a new four-lane highway in Otay Mesa – will open to
traffic Saturday, March 19, 2016 in the afternoon helping to facilitate
crossborder commerce and ease congestion along the San Diego-Tijuana border.
The 1.7 mile segment, including connectors to Route 905, extends east from
Route 905 to Enrico Fermi Drive. This new facility provides trucks departing
the Otay Mesa Port of Entry direct access to the state highway system. The
Route 11 segment also connects cross border trucking and industrial facilities
on the eastern end of Otay Mesa directly to the highway system. To date, trucks
have relied heavily on local roads, such as La Media Road and Airway Road, to
get around. Segment 1 of Route 11 is part of a larger project to build a new
port of entry (POE) connecting San Diego and Tijuana. Future phases will extend
the highway about one mile to the border and create a new state-of-the-art POE
that will provide fast, predictable, and secure crossings. The goal is to
operate the future Otay Mesa East/Mesa de Otay II POE with a 20-minute border
wait time. Caltrans and SANDAG are spearheading the development of both the
Otay Mesa East project and the border roadway network. In addition to Route 11,
the two agencies are working to build three freeway-to-freeway connectors
linking Route 905 and Route 11 with northbound Route 125. Construction on the
connectors started in November 2015 and is expected to be complete by the end
(Source: District 11 News, 3/18/2016, via Rschen7754 @ AAroads)
In July 2016, it was
reported that SANDAG and Caltrans were expecting to receive money from the
Department of Transportation to build a one-mile portion of Route 11 in Otay
Mesa. The funding will also go toward building southbound connectors for Route
905, Route 125 and Route 11 (see below). A 1.7-mile portion of Route 11 from
Route 905 east to Enrico Fermi Drive opened in March 2016, and the new one-mile
span that just received funding will continue the four-lane toll highway to the
border. A third round of funding will pay for the port of entry. SANDAG said
the crossing will change the cost of the toll based on demand as a way to
manage the number of vehicles attempting to cross at any given time. Caltrans
and SANDAG received the federal funds through a competitive grant program for
projects that improve freight shipping and highways. Trade between California
and Mexico has expanded since 1993’s North American Free Trade
(Source: San Diego U-T, 7/7/2016. Full size image.)
In December 2017, the CTC reviewed a STIP amendment
to amend the Route 11 Highway and Commercial Vehicle Enforcement Facility
(CVEF) project – Segment 2 (PPNO 0999B) in San Diego County to: replace a
portion of the programmed local funds with a federal grant from the Fixing
America’s Surface Transportation Act (FAST Act); split the project into
Segment 2 (PPNO 0999B) and Segment 2A (PPNO 0999D); and deliver Segment 2A in
Fiscal Year (FY) 2017-18. The Department also proposes to program $3,350,000 of
Federal Safe, Accountable, Flexible, Efficient Transportation Equity Act: A
Legacy for Users (SAFETEA-LU) Border Infrastructure Program (BIP) funds to the
new Segment 2A project. The San Diego Association of Governments (SANDAG)
concurs with this request. The Route 11 CVEF project – Segment 2 scope
consists of constructing a four-lane highway, including the Siempre Viva
Interchange, the CVEF and the tolling and border wait time systems. When
completed (along with the new Otay Mesa Port of Entry), the project will
increase capacity to the regional border-crossing infrastructure and also
create a link between the United States regional highway system and the Mexico
free-and-toll road system. The total construction need for Segment 2 is close
to $167 million. Currently, the local funds programmed for construction on
Segment 2 include funds from innovative financing methods, such as the sale of
bonds backed by future toll revenues, loans, grants, and private sector
sources. This is allowed through Senate Bill 1486, which established San Diego
Association of Governments (SANDAG) as the Toll Authority for Route 11,
authorizing SANDAG to, among other things, solicit and accept grants of funds
and to enter into contracts and agreements for the purpose of establishing
highway toll projects to facilitate the movement of goods and people along the
Route 11 corridor in the County of San Diego or at the Otay Mesa East Port of
Entry. The bill also authorizes SANDAG to issue bonds for the acquisition,
construction, and completion of transportation facilities and to impose tolls
and user fees for the use of the corridor. Until solutions are developed to
finance the entire project, the Department proposes to expedite delivery of a
portion of the Segment 2 project (Segment 2A) with funding from a FAST Act
grant, as well as program savings from the SAFETEA-LU BIP and Proposition 1B
Trade Corridors Improvement Fund (TCIF) funding. Segment 2A includes the
four-lane highway portion of Segment 2 at a construction cost estimate of
$60,453,000. The Plans, Specifications and Estimate phase is currently being
developed with previously programmed and allocated BIP funding under Segment 2.
Location Finder: 011 SD 1.2 - 011 SD 2.7, Route 11 - Enrico Fermi Drive to Otay
Mesa Port of Entry.
(Source: December 2017 CTC Agenda Item 2.1b.(3))
In January 2018, the CTC proposed to amend the
Route 11 Highway and Commercial Vehicle Enforcement Facility (CVEF) project
– Segment 2 (PPNO 0999B) in San Diego County to: replace a portion of the
programmed local funds with a federal grant from the Fixing America’s
Surface Transportation Act (FAST Act); split the project into Segment 2 (PPNO
0999B) and Segment 2A (PPNO 0999D); and deliver Segment 2A in Fiscal Year (FY)
2018-19. The Department also proposes to program $3,350,000 of Federal Safe,
Accountable, Flexible, Efficient Transportation Equity Act: A Legacy for Users
(SAFETEA-LU) Border Infrastructure Program (BIP) funds to the new Segment 2A
project. The Route 11 CVEF project – Segment 2 scope consists of
constructing a four-lane highway, including the Siempre Viva Interchange, the
CVEF and the tolling and border wait time systems. When completed (along with
the new Otay Mesa Port of Entry), the project will increase capacity to the
regional border-crossing infrastructure and also create a link between the
United States regional highway system and the Mexico free-and-toll road system.
The total construction need for Segment 2 is close to $167 million. Currently,
the local funds programmed for construction on Segment 2 include funds from
innovative financing methods, such as the sale of bonds backed by future toll
revenues, loans, grants, and private sector sources. An Investment Grade
Traffic and Revenue (T&R) Study is necessary to determine the financial
leveraging power of this border project for the sale of bonds. The T&R
Study was completed in 2015, but revealed an overall shortfall in revenue
versus cost. Additional studies to address the shortfall are currently being
conducted and should be completed by May 2018. Until solutions are developed to
finance the entire project, the Department proposes to expedite delivery of a
portion of the Segment 2 project (Segment 2A) with funding from a FAST Act
grant, as well as program savings from the SAFETEA-LU BIP and Proposition 1B
Trade Corridors Improvement Fund (TCIF) funding. Segment 2A includes the
four-lane highway portion of Segment 2 at a construction cost estimate of
$60,453,000. The Plans, Specifications and Estimate phase is currently being
developed with previously programmed and allocated BIP funding under Segment 2.
(Source: CTC Agenda, January 2018, Agenda Item 2.1a.(3))
In August 2018, it was reported that the CTC
approved a $4.8 million budget (entirely funded by SB 1) for the Route 11
design for new Otay Mesa East Port of Entry: , which will design the last
southbound interchange for the new Otay Mesa Port of Entry and the first
northbound interchange for vehicles entering the U.S. from Mexico.
(Source: Times of San Diego, 8/21/2018)
In December 2018, it was
reported that the CTC allocated $60.4 million for the Segment 2A project at 1.9
miles east of Sanyo Avenue Undercrossing to construct the new Siempre Viva Road
Interchange and begin site preparation design for California Highway Patrol
Commercial Vehicle Enforcement Facility, which includes drainage and utilities.
Note that none of this has postmiles yet in the postmile system. This shows up
in the CTC minutes as follows: Request of $60,453,000 for the multi-funded
Route 11 – Enrico Fermi Drive to Otay Mesa East Port of Entry Proposition
1B TCIF/BIP/FASTLANE project, on the State Highway System, in San Diego County.
(PPNO 11-0999D) San Diego 11-SD-11 1.2/2.7. Route 11 - Enrico Fermi Drive to
Otay Mesa East Port of Entry. On Route 11 from 0.1 mile west of Enrico Fermi
Drive to 1.2 mile east of Enrico Fermi Drive. Construct 4-lane highway. (This
is a Design Sequencing Project.) Outcome/Output: The project will
construct 6 lane-miles of a 4-lane highway, including a new interchange and a
(Source: Times of San Diego, 12/7/2018; December 2018 CTC Minutes Agenda Item 2.5g.(5a))
In June 2019, it was reported that Skanska has won
the construction contract for Route 905 in San Diego, California. The $101
Million contract with California Department of Transportation (Caltrans) is for
a four-lane highway with freeway connectors on Route 905, located at Otay Mesa,
one of three ports of entry in the San Diego-Tijuana Mexico metropolitan
region. Construction work includes two freeway-to-freeway flyover bridges that
will connect three highways (Route 125, Route 11 and Route 905), as well as a
1.25-mile greenfield extension of Route 11 to the east toward a future
port-of-entry. The project will involve more than 15,000m3 of
structural concrete, 30,000m3 of concrete paving, 35,000 tons of
asphalt, and about 840,000 m3 of earthworks. Construction is
scheduled for completion in September 2021.
(Source: Construction Index, 6/10/2019)
In August 2019, it was reported that officials had
broken ground on the final segment of Route 11, which will connect the San
Diego region’s highway system to the future Otay Mesa East Port of Entry.
Sections of Route 11 have been completed since 2016, but as of August 2019 the
highway ended at Enrico Fermi Drive in Otay Mesa. This final leg of
construction, which includes several highway interchanges, would complete the
connection of Route 905 and Route 125 to the envisioned port of entry. The
highway project, a joint venture between Caltrans and the San Diego Assn. of
Governments, is slated for completion by 2021. Construction of the new Otay
Mesa crossing is planned to begin that same year and completed by 2023. The
$100-million highway project includes a four-lane toll road connecting to the
site of the future U.S. Customs and Border Protection crossing as well as a
California Highway Patrol commercial vehicle enforcement facility.
(Source: Los Angeles Times, 7/31/2019)
See Route 110 for pre-1994 trails information.
The current routing of Route 11 is not in the Interstate system. The number I-11 was proposed in November 1957 for current I-5, but was rejected.
[SHC 253.1] Entire route. Defined in 1999 by Chapter 724.
Overall statistics for post-1994 Route 11:
Current Route 11:
Historic Route 11 (now Route 110):
The current routing is unconstructed.
This is one of the oldest routes in the state highway system, having been first defined as a route in 1895 with a law that provided "[authorization to secure the title and right of way of] that certain wagon road situated and being in the county of El Dorado ... commencing at the junction of the Lake Tahoe Wagon Road with the wagon road leading from Placerville to the town of Newtown, a short distance E-ly from the village of Smith's Flat ... and running thence from the junction of said roads to Lake Tahoe." In 1897, Chapter 176 stated "A public highway or wagon road shall be built from a point on the E limits of the city of Sacramento, to Folsom in Sacramento Cty as near as practicable along the route of the present most direct line of county roads between these two points...". The 1909 First Bond Act included funding for a road from Sacramento to Placerville as part of this route. In the 1915 statutes, Chapter 32 adopted "the wagon road extending from the W end of the Lake Tahoe State Wagon Road to the E limits of the city of Placerville" as a state highway. The 1919 Third Bond Issue provided funding to extend the route from "Placerville to Sportsman's Hall". The 1933 statutes extended the route on the other end, adding milage from "Walnut Creek-Stockton Road near Antioch to Sacramento".
When the 1935 law codified the definition of the route in the highway code, the definition was:
From [LRN 75] near Antioch to the Nevada State Line near Lake Tahoe, via Sacramento, Folsom, Placerville, and Sportsman's Hall
The portion from Sacramento to Placerville was a primary route.
In 1947, Chapter 1233 relaxed the description of the route to be “from [LRN 75] near Antioch to the Nevada line near Lake Tahoe via Sacramento and Placerville.”
This routing started near Antioch at signed Route 4 (LRN 75), and ran to 16th in Sacramento signed as Route 24. This is present-day Route 160. The portion from Freeport Blvd to 16th St along Broadway, and along 15th/16th Street to N Street appears to also have been part of LRN 4.
LRN 11 then ran along Capitol Ave to 30th Street, where it intersected signed US 50/US 99. This latter segment is present-day Business Loop 80 (real Route 50), and was once planned to be part of the first incarnation of I-305.
LRN 11 then continued E out of Sacramento along Folsom Blvd as US 50, and remained signed as US 50 to the Nevada state line. In 1963, there was an alternate routing for LRN 11 from Sacramento that approximated the future freeway routing.
From Route 1 near Valley Ford to Route 121 near Sonoma via Santa Rosa.
The segment was defined in 1963 by Chapter 385.
In 1934, Route 12 was signed along the route from Jct. Route 1 near Jenner to San Andreas, via Santa Rosa, Rio Vista, and Lodi. This corresponds to what was all LRN 51 by 1959, although that was not always the case:
Between Valley Ford and Sebastopol, present-day Route 116 was signed as Route 12, and was LRN 104, defined in 1933. In the 1964 renumbering, Route 12 was realigned along an extension of LRN 51 defined in 1959 between Route 1 and Sebastopol.
On January 24, 1957, the California Highway Commission (CHC) adopted a resolution declaring LRN 51 (now Route 12) to be a freeway between the city of Sebastopol through Santa Rosa to the unincorporated community of Kenwood in Sonoma County. In general the adopted freeway alignment followed the existing Route 12 alignment from the east city limits of Sebastopol to Farmers Lane. At this location a new alignment was adopted to the east following Hoen Avenue through Spring Lake Park rejoining existing Route 12 at Melita Road. It then follows the present highway routing to south of Kenwood. Following this adoption, the Department executed freeway agreements with the city of Santa Rosa on August 20, 1958 and May 5, 1959; and with Sonoma County on September 29, 1958 and July 14, 1959. The Department acquired approximately 65 parcels for construction of the adopted Route 12 east extension along Hoen Avenue from the late 1950’s to the early 1970’s. The estimated current market value as of August 2014 was between $17.5 and $25 million. In 1977 the freeway declaration on Route 12 from east of Melita Road through Kenwood continuing to Route 121 was rescinded. From Sebastopol to US 101 and from US 101 to Farmers Lane in Santa Rosa, Route 12 has been constructed as a freeway.
One correspondant noted that the freeway from Farmers Lane to Melita Road
was deleted, after one of the overpasses over Farmers Lane was built, to
provide better access from Hoen Ave. This resulted in "To Route 12" signage for
those traveling eastbound approaching Farmers Lane.
(Source: Email from Nick Karels, 7/30/2019)
In September 2013, a report was issued suggesting the state is
willing to part with the two-mile ribbon of land that had been designated for
the extension of the freeway routing of Route 12. The draft report on the
future of the Route 12 corridor clearly states that the State Department of
Transportation has no plans to extend the freeway east of Farmers Lane over
Spring Lake and therefore doesn't need the 50 acres long set aside for the
project. The report outlines long-range planning issues facing the stretch of
highway between Sebastopol and Sonoma. But the state's formal acknowledgment
that the project is dead is crucial because it allows CalTrans to declare the
property surplus and transfer it for other uses. The 300-foot-wide strip of
open space runs from Farmer's Lane, past Montgomery High School, crosses Yulupa
Avenue and Summerfield Road before it turns northeast and climbs the hill to
the edge of Spring Lake Regional Park.
(Source: Press-Democrat, 9/3/2013)
In May 2014, the CTC proposed rescinding the freeway adoption near Santa Rosa. There is a lack of community support to construct a freeway on a new alignment by extending existing Route 12 through Spring Lake Park east of the city of Santa Rosa. This proposed freeway extension remains unconstructed. Consequently, the Department rescinded the freeway route adoption along the unconstructed portion of Route 12 from Farmers Lane to Melita Road. Once the route rescission is approved, the Department's responsibility is to dispose of the excess land. The unconstructed route segment is not needed for route continuity. Currently, Route 12 is a fourlane conventional highway north along Farmers Lane and then east towards Kenwood. The Department's Transportation Concept Report (TCR) for Route 12 was finalized and signed in January 2014. The 25-year corridor concept was developed by incorporating planning principles of Caltrans Smart Mobility Framework (SMF). SMF provides tools and strategies to meet the goals of Assembly Bill 32 and Senate Bill 375 on climate change and CO2 emissions reduction. The nominal 25-year facility concept for Route 12 remains a conventional highway. There is no local agency support for the proposed freeway extension of Route 12 east of Farmers lane in Santa Rosa. The proposed extension is not included as part of the Sonoma County General Plan and is no longer included as part of the city of Santa Rosa General Plan. During the public comment period, the Department received a total of 59 comments - 56 comments from the public and 3 comments from local agencies. Fifty-four comments were in support of the rescission, one was in support if certain contingencies were met, one did not specify support or opposition, and three were against it.
*Route* Unconstructed from Route 1 to Route 116. Constructed to freeway standards for 2 miles in Santa Rosa. The traversable local routing is Valley Ford Road and and Bodega Highway. In 2002, it was noted that 1.3 mi were widened to 40' in 1975, and the remainder is inadequate.
Laguna de Santa Rosa Bridge (SON 009.63)
In September 2010, the CTC approved for future consideration of funding a project in Sonoma County that will replace the Laguna de Santa Rosa Bridge (SON 009.63) on Route 12 in the city of Sebastopol. The project is programmed in the 2010 State Highway Operation and Protection Program. Construction is estimated to begin in Fiscal Year 2010-11. Total estimated project cost is $19,213,000 for capital and support. The scope as described for the preferred alternative is consistent with the project scope programmed by the Commission in the 2010 State Highway Operation and Protection Program. The project will require construction activities in sensitive riparian habitat including wetlands. Studies concluded that the project will not have impacts to any resources in the project area.
In June 2015 Caltrans began construction on Route
12 at the Laguna de Santa Rosa bridge. Over two construction seasons Caltrans
will replace the existing Laguna de Santa Rosa Bridge on Route 12 with a new
two-lane bridge that complies with the current Caltrans roadway standards of 12
ft. lanes and 8 ft. shoulders. In addition, there will be 7 ft. sidewalks on
both sides of the highway (on the bridge). One-half of the bridge will be
constructed in one season; traffic will be shifted to the new bridge;
demolition will take place on the old bridge; then the final portion will be
built in the second construction season. The majority of the work will take
place during the day, but residents may notice increased noise from
construction and mandatory backup alarms. Construction is expected to be
complete in 2017. The existing Laguna Bridge is being replaced because of
underwater scouring and erosion. The 220-foot bridge, which spans the Laguna de
Santa Rosa, was built in 1921 and widened in 1949. The bridge replacement is a
$9 million project. More than 23,000 vehicles cross the span on an average day.
The construction season is limited to between June 15 and Oct. 15 because of
environmental regulations related to the Laguna’s sensitive wildlife
(Source: Caltrans, Press Democrat, h/t AAroads)
Route 12/Fulton Road Interchange (~ SON R12.946)
In June 2019, it was reported that Santa Rosa City
Council voted to ask county transportation officials to reroute $9.5 million in
regional sales tax revenue toward rebuilding the Hearn Avenue (~ 101 SON
18.474) crossing over US 101 in south Santa Rosa, a $28 million project that
would double the number of lanes on the bridge and include new turn lanes, bike
lanes and sidewalks. The money, which comes from a 20-year county sales tax
voters approved in 2004, is currently set aside for converting the intersection
of Route 12 and Fulton Road (~ 012 SON R12.946) into a full highway interchange
— a $45 million project that has yet to begin. The decision to move the
money will be up to the Sonoma County Transportation Authority, which is likely
to consider the matter in September. There is no guarantee SCTA would assent to
Santa Rosa’s request — the money will return to a general funding
pool and wouldn’t be a direct transfer — but Hearn is clearly a
priority for the city of Santa Rosa, and SCTA is eager to deliver critical
Measure M projects. Santa Rosa has been unable to secure full funding for each
of its three Measure M projects: the Hearn Avenue bridge, the Fulton Road
interchange, and the $47.5 million dollar extension of Farmers Lane between
Bennett Valley Road and Petaluma Hill Road along the city’s southeastern
edge. Moving the Fulton money toward Hearn — except for $500,000 that
will be used for study — reflects the city’s desire to prioritize a
bigger Hearn highway crossing without totally abandoning the west side project.
The move also preserves several million dollars in Measure M funding for the
Farmers Lane extension. Previous efforts to secure grants for Hearn Avenue were
unsuccessful, in part because Santa Rosa didn’t put up enough local
dollars to draw down matching funds. Bolstering the city’s plans with
extra cash could improve its chances. A city spokeswoman said the two-year
construction process for Hearn Avenue could begin in January 2021 if Santa Rosa
is able to secure full funding by the middle of 2020.
(Source: Press Democrat, 6/12/2019)
State Route 12 Bridge Scour Mitigation Project (04-Son-12, PM 25.82/33.31)
In December 2018, the CTC approved for future
consideration of funding a project located in Sonoma County on Route SR 12 near
Kenwood at the Sonoma Creek Bridge (No. 20-0027) and at the Hooker Creek Bridge
(No. 20-0030) near Glen Ellen (04-Son-12, PM 25.82/33.31). The project proposes
to address the scour condition of both bridges and restore them to serviceable
conditions. The scour mitigation involves replacing both bridges to protect
their structural integrity for highway safety. The proposed project is
estimated to cost approximately $25.3 million. This project is currently funded
and programmed in the 2018 SHOPP for approximately $15.8 million. Construction
is estimated to begin in 2020. The scope, as described for the preferred
alternative, is consistent with the project scope programmed by the Commission
in the 2018 SHOPP.
(Source: December 2018 CTC Minutes, Agenda Item 2.2c(1))
In 2012, the intersection of Route 12 and Route 121 was reconfigured (~ SON 41.347). Prior to 2012, the intersection had a number of angular junctions. After reconstruction, the intersection of Route 12 and Route 121 was a traditional T-interchange, with nearby Fremont road being turned into a westbound only spur. The changes were prompted by an higher-than-average accident rate at the intersection. The cost of the project is $2.4 million.
The portion of this route constructed to freeway standards is named the "Sebastopol" Freeway. This is because the freeway replaced Sebastopol Road.
Historically, this route is close to the original "El Camino Real" (The Kings Road). A portion of this route has officially been designated as part of "El Camino Real by Assembly Bill 1707, Chapter 739, on October 11, 2001.
The portion of this route
running through Sonoma County is called the "Valley of the Moon Scenic
Route". "Valley of the Moon" was the name Jack London, resident of Glen
Ellen, coined for this area. The first such sign with this name is when the
Farmers Lane portion ends in Santa Rosa. Another name for this portion if the
(Image source: Flikr)
Route 12 from Sebastopol
(~ SON 9.243) to Santa Rosa (~ SON R15.87) is named the "Luther Burbank
Memorial Highway". Luther Burbank (1849-1926) was a famous horticulturist
who developed more than 800 strains and varieties of plants, including 113
varieties of plums and prunes, 10 varieties of berries, 50 varieties of lilies
and the Freestone peach. Born in Lancaster, Massachusetts, Burbank was brought
up on a farm and received only an elementary education. At age 21 he purchased
a 17-acre tract near Lunenberg, Massachusetts, and began a 55-year plant
breeding career. In 1871 he developed the Burbank potato, which was introduced
in Ireland to help combat the blight epidemic. He sold the rights to the
Burbank potato for $150, which he used to travel to Santa Rosa, California. In
Santa Rosa, he established a nursery garden, greenhouse, and experimental farms
that have become famous throughout the world. Burbank carried on his plant
hybridization and selection on a huge scale. At any one time he maintained as
many as 3,000 experiments involving millions of plants. In his work on plums,
he tested about 30,000 new varieties. It was named by Senate Concurrent
Resolution 4, Chapter 11 in 1940.
[Biographical information on Luther Burbank from the National Inventors Hall of Fame; Image source: Wikipedia]
The US 101 interchange at
Route 12 (~ SON R16.122) in the City of Santa Rosa is named the "Deputy
Frank Trejo Memorial Interchange". It was named in memory of Deputy Frank
Trejo of the Sonoma County Sheriff's Office. Deputy Trejo served the residents
of Sonoma County faithfully as a deputy sheriff for 15 years, until March 29,
1995, when he was shot and killed in the line of duty while investigating a
suspicious motor vehicle in his beat west of the City of Santa Rosa. Deputy
Trejo was posthumously awarded the Sonoma County Sheriff's Office highest
award, the Gold Medal of Valor, for his sacrifice. Deputy Trejo loved being a
law enforcement officer, protecting the public, and serving his community. He
was a career lawman with a career spanning 35 years, serving as a police
officer for the Cities of Lompoc and Tiburon prior to joining the Sonoma County
Sheriff's Office. Deputy Trejo was affectionately known as the "old man" in the
sheriff's office and is credited with mentoring many younger officers over the
course of his 35-year career. Named by Senate Concurrent Resolution 34,
Resolution Chapter 93, on September 15, 2011.
(Image source: Legacy.Com Obituary)
South of the town of Sonoma, Route 12 is called Broadway until it intersects Route 121 near Schellville (~ SON 41.211). Route 12/Route 121 to Napa County is called alternately "Fremont Drive" or "Carneros Highway." The latter term continues into Napa County.
In Santa Rosa is the "Parker B. Rice Memorial Bridge" (just
east of Route 101, ~ SON 16.80). It was named in memory of Parker B. Rice, a
native Californian, World War II veteran, newspaperman, prominent leader in
veteran's and service organizations, as well as devoted husband, father, and
grandfather. Following his enlistment at the age of 18, Parker Rice served as
an Army Air Corps aircraft mechanic and saw action throughout the South
Pacific, while rising to the rank of Master Sergeant. Wounded in action during
the landing of American forces in the Philippines, he was honorably discharged
in 1946; and then embarked on a 41-year career with the Santa Rosa "Press
Democrat," beginning as an apprentice stereotyper, and rising to production
manager. In 1951, Parker B. Rice joined the Disabled American Veterans (DAV)
Chapter 48, Santa Rosa, an affiliation that was to last 43 years, until his
death on February 15, 1995, at the age of 71. During his long tenure with the
Disabled American Veterans, Mr. Parker served as Commander of the California
Department from 1955-56, and for 15 years served on the prestigious Claims and
Service Commission, chairing the commission for 10 years. At the national
level, Mr. Rice served as a member of the 16th District National Executive
Committee, and held National Junior and Senior Vice Commander positions. Named
by Assembly Concurrent Resolution 68, Chapter 74 in 1996.
[SHC 253.2] From Route 1 near Valley Ford to Route 101 at Santa Rosa; from Route 101 near Santa Rosa to Melita Road near Santa Rosa. Note: the entire segment was defined as part of the F&E; system in 1959; in 1969, the portion from Melita Road to Route 29 was deleted from the F&E system by Chapter 726.
The following segments are designated as Classified Landscaped Freeway:
|County||Route||Starting PM||Ending PM|
From Route 29 in the vicinity of Napa to Route 80 near Cordelia.
This segment is as defined in 1963 by Chapter 385.
Circa 1935, the first two segments of this routing were continuous.
In 1934, Route 12 was signed along the route from Jct. Route 1 near Jenner to San Andreas, via Santa Rosa, Rio Vista, and Lodi. Route 12 was dual-signed with Route 37 (now Route 121) between Sonoma and Napa, and with Route 29 from Napa for a short distance S of Napa. The portion that was cosigned with Route 29 is present-day Route 221.
From Napa, signed Route 12 continued southerly to Cordelia in two segments: one stretch signed as Route 12/Route 37 (now Route 12/Route 121, and another stretch signed only as Route 12. This was also LRN 8; defined in 1909. In 1931, this was signed as (temporary) US 40.
SR 12/29/221 Intersection Improvements (PPNO 0376) (NAP 0.0/0.7)
The 2018 STIP, approved at the CTC March 2018 meeting, appears to change the allocation for this project from $6.3M to $12.819M (Caltrans + Napa TPA), with R/W acquisition and PS&E occuring in FY19-20. This project is at the intersection of Route 12, Route 29, and Route 221. Partial grade separation improvements
Jameson Canyon Widening (High Priority Project #1081) (~ NAP 0.086 to SOL R2.559)
An EIR has been prepared regarding conversion of the existing two-lange highway known as Jameson Canyon Road into a four-lane divided expressway. (January 2002 CTC Agenda 2.2a.(2)). This is actually TCRP Project #157, which will do congestion relief improvements from Route 29 to I-80 through Jamison Canyon. In March 2006, it was reported that environmental studies and preliminary engineering have been delayed due to inability to hire a consultant to complete the technical studies. The United States Fish and Wildlife Services (USFWS) is requiring additional surveys to determine the impacts on the Red Legged Frog and Fairy Shrimp within the project limits. The USFWS is now requiring that the survey of the Red Legged Frog be conducted over a two-year period, instead of the previous one-year requirement. For the Fairy Shrimp, a one-year survey during both wet and dry seasons must be conducted, when previously such a survey was not required. Estimated completion is now September 2010. In 2007, the CTC recommended using $73.99M from the Corridor Mobility Improvement Account (CMIA) for phase 1 of the Jameson Canyon Widening. In October 2009, recieved information the Caltrans plans to:Redistribute environmental phase programming not attributable to the CMIA Phase 1 project to a new Phase 2 project (PPNO 0367H).Make minor adjustments to the project post miles of the CMIA Phase 1 project to more accurately reflect the actual project limits. Split the CMIA Phase 1 project into two roadway contracts and one follow-up landscape contract.The rationale is that the project environmental document, approved in January 2008, environmentally cleared the construction of the ultimate 4-lane conventional highway with a 3.6 meter median. This scope was found to be too large to fund and construct at once, so plans were made to phase implementation of the overall improvement project. Phase 1, the CMIA project, will construct two new lanes adjacent to the existing roadway. However, Phase 1 does not include funding to fully update all horizontal and vertical curve deficiencies of the existing roadway. Phase 2, therefore, will upgrade the existing facility to current standards when full funding becomes available. Since the environmental studies were initiated prior to identification of a phased project, and prior to selection of Phase 1 for CMIA funding, the full programmed budget and expenditures for environmental work were attributed to what has become Phase 1. The proposed redistribution of the costs for environmental between Phase 1 and Phase 2 will serve to better align budgets and expenditures attributable to each of the two projects. The outcome is the creation of a new project to represent Phase 2 (PPNO 0367H) and a shift of $2,190,000 from Phase 1 environmental to Phase 2 environmental. The specific segments under the redivision are:Segment 1 (PPNO 0367D): On Route 12 in Napa and Solano Counties, from 0.5 mile west of Napa/Solano County Line to Red Top Road in Solano County. Construct two lanes, add a median barrier and a median opening. Segment 2 (PPNO 0367I): On Route 12 in Napa County, from Route 29 junction to 0.1 mile west of Napa/Solano Line. Construct two lanes and add a median barrier.Segment 3 (PPNO 0367J): On Route 12 in Napa and Solano Counties, from Kelly Road (Napa) to Red Top Road (Solano). Construct replacement landscaping.
In January 2007, the CTC considered a request to amend the funding plan for TCRP Project #157 on Route 12: Congestion relief improvements from Route 29 to I-80 through Jamison Canyon. The goal of the project is to widen Route 12 from a 2- lane highway to a 4- lane expressway. Estimated completion is FY 2012/2013. In July 2008, the CTC approved for future consideration of funding the Route 12 Widening and Route 29/Route 12 Interchange projects. The projects are being planned in three phases. Phase 1 consists of two new 12 foot-wide lanes for eastbound traffic on Route 12 for the entire limits of the existing facility, as well as the construction of retaining walls (PPNO 0367D). Phase 1 is programmed for $139,500,000 with corridor mobility improvement account (CMIA) funds, traffic congestion relief program (TCRP) funds, federal demonstration funds, regional surface transportation program funds, regional improvement program funds, and interregional improvement program funds. Construction is estimated to begin in Fiscal Year 2009-10. Phase 2 will upgrade Route 12 to current standards and is estimated to cost $77,300,000. Phase 2 is not fully funded. Phase 3, the Route 29/Route 12 Interchange project (PPNO 0373) (PM 4.2/5.4), is also not fully funded. The project is programmed for environmental for $1,500,000 in regional improvement program funds in the 2008 State Transportation Improvement Program. The total estimated project capital cost is $73,137,000.
In January 2011, the CTC reviewed a proposal (approved in March 2011) to amend the CMIA baseline agreement and the 2010 STIP for the Segment 1 (PPNO 0367D) and Segment 2 (PPNO 0367I) of the Route 12 Jameson Canyon Widening — Phase 1 (TCRP 157) project as follows: 1. Reprogram $4,100,000 Interregional Improvement Program (IIP) funds from Construction Capital for Segment 1 to Construction Support for Segment 1 ($2,750,000) and Segment 2 ($1,350,000). 2. Update the project delivery schedule. The three segments are (1) Segment 1 (PPNO 0367D): On Route 12 in Napa and Solano Counties, from 0.5 mile west of the Napa/Solano County line to Red Top Road in Solano County. Construct two lanes and add a median barrier and a median opening; (2) Segment 2 (PPNO 0367I): On Route 12 in Napa County, from the State Route 29 junction to 0.1 mile west of the Napa/Solano County line. Construct two lanes and add a median barrier; (3) Segment 3 (PPNO 0367J): On Route 12 in Napa and Solano Counties, from Kelly Road (Napa) to Red Top Road (Solano). Construct replacement landscaping. In an effort to avoid approximately $20 million in potential utility relocation costs, the roadway alignment at selected locations was modified during the design phase. The design work has been completed for both segments. This shift in alignment, along with refinement of contract unit prices for structures items, has resulted in a reduction of approximately $8 million in the Construction Capital estimate for the Segment 1. Out of these savings, $4,100,000 is proposed to cover a shortfall in Construction Support for Segment 1 ($2,750,000) and Segment 2 ($1,350,000). The remaining savings are proposed to remain with Segment 1 at this time. This was approved in March 2011.
In August 2011, the CTC approved $130 million in
funds left over from other highway projects to Jamieson Canyon. The project had
come to a screeching halt in March 2011 when the state put off selling highway
construction bonds because of California’s budget crisis. Caltrans is splitting
the project into two contracts. Work in Napa County, where the terrain is
mostly flat, is to take 18 months and cost $46 million. The Solano section,
requiring nine retaining walls, including one almost 100 feet tall, is to take
30 months and cost nearly $90 million.
(Source: Napa Valley Register)
In December 2011, Caltrans received a number of
lower-than-expected bids for the Jamieson Canyon widening. For the 3.1-mile
Napa County segment, the apparent low bidder was Synergy Project Management of
San Francisco, who bid $19.9 million or 23% below engineers— estimates.
For the 3.2-mile stretch in Solano County, the apparent low bidder was Ghilotti
Construction Inc. of San Rafael, bidding $35.6 million—nearly $12 million
or 24% less than the Caltrans estimate. The California Transportation
Commission is expected to award contracts for Jameson Canyon widening early
next year, allowing for construction to begin in the spring 2012. The Napa
County segment should be finished by late 2013, with the Solano half completed
(Source: Napa Valley Register)
In February 2012, the CTC adjusted the project funding.
In April 2012, it was reported that the ground-breaking for the Jamieson Canyon widening project had occurred. By 2015, the roadway will be expanded from two lanes to four and a center barrier will be installed to prevent the higher-than-average frequency of head-on collisions the roadway has seen in recent decades. The work is split into two parts. The first, on the Napa County side of the roadway, is expected to be completed by late 2013. Officials hope the Solano County work, complicated by excavation through hillsides and construction of a retaining wall, will be complete by 2015 (note that this is a year later than the December 2011 estimate).
In April 2013, it was reported that construction
was progressing well. In Jamieson Canyon, Caltrans is transforming this major
link between Solano and Napa counties from a narrow, two-lane road to a
four-lane road with wide shoulders and a median barrier. A mile-long section of
new lanes east of the Solano/Napa line should be ready for traffic by late
April 2013. Eastbound and westbound motorists will use these two new lanes
while workers start doing work on the existing two lanes of Route 12.
Meanwhile, workers continue to carve away the massive hill just west of the
truck scale lanes and I-80. They are working from the point of the future
retaining wall and moving toward the highway, with huge amounts of earth over
time just appearing to melt away. The entire four-lane version of Route 12
could be finished by mid-2014. The section in Napa County could be finished by
then end of 2013. Additionally, cars exiting I-80 for eastbound Route 12
leading to Suisun City will have a new off-ramp, an elevated route that will
ultimately let them pass over trucks leaving the new scales. These new truck
scales could open to trucks as early as late June or early July 2013. Then such
work as adding landscaping and demolishing the existing eastbound truck scales
will take place. The entire project could wrap up by October 2013.
(Source: Daily Republic, 4/14/13)
In May 2013, the CTC allocated an additional $2,000,000 in State Transportation Improvement Program (STIP) funds and amend the Proposition 1B Corridor Mobility Improvement Account (CMIA) baseline agreement to update the project funding plan for Segment 2 (Napa County contract) of the Route 12 Jameson Canyon Widening – Phase 1 project in Napa and Solano Counties. As of May 2013, construction is about 50 percent complete and is expected to be finished by December 2013. However, an additional $2,000,000 is needed to complete construction. This increase is proposed to be proportionally funded with IIP and RIP (Napa and Solano County) funds. The cost increase was due to design inconsistencies (design risk due to aerial surveys vs. ground surveys), waterline conflicts (the project plans provided to the City mistakenly omitted the waterline location on the roadway cross section plans), and construction delays and work inefficiencies.
In January 2014, it was reported that work was progressing well on the Jameson Canyon project for Route 12: the Napa County side is 90 percent finished and the Solano County side is 70 percent finished. Over 2013, workers on the Solano County side have carved away a large chunk of a hill that stood in the way of the widening. They’ve put two new lanes on a terrace along what’s left of this hill, some 20 feet above the existing two lanes at the highest point and extending for about a half-mile. Some of the new lanes were scheduled to open in January 2014. It was estimated that the final project completion could be as early as August 2014.
In August 2014, it was reported that the Jameson Canyon widening project should be complete by September 5, 2014. In mid-July, crews wrapped up paving work on the new, two-lane eastbound stretch on the Solano County side of the project. Finishing touches on sculpting for the retaining walls were completed the week of July 21. Finally, the crews in early August installed a concrete median separating the eastbound and westbound lanes in that stretch.
In September 2014, it was reported that the Jameson Canyon widening project was officially completed.
In July 2015, it was reported that Jameson Canyon
Road, a stretch of Route 12 between Route 29 and I-80 once known as
“Blood Alley,” is safer in 2015 than it was in 2014, thanks to a
barrier in the median and an expansion from two lanes to four. However, the
incidents of speeding have increased. Before the improvements, the highest
speed he recorded had been about 75 mph. Today, the CHP regularly catches
speeders going into the 80s and even 90s, which could negate the new safety
efforts. The posted speed limit on the highway has always been 55 mph. Still,
despite the increased speed of many drivers, the road is safer thanks to the
extra lanes and median barrier. Most collisions on the previous highway were
the result of someone crossing into oncoming traffic, which pretty much
can’t happen anymore.
(Source: Napa Valley Register, 7/15/2015)
The California Transportion Commission, in September 2000, considered a Traffic Congestion Relief Program proposal to reconstruct the I-80/I-680/Route 12 interchange; it would be a 12-interchange complex constructed in seven stages. The proposal was $1 million for stage 1; the total estimated cost was $13 million. As of December 2001, this was still on the agenda (TCRP 25.2/25.3). This is TCRP Project #25, requested by the Solano Transportation Authority.
In his 2006 Strategic Growth Plan, Governor Schwartzenegger proposed constructing the I-80/I-680/Route 12 Interchange Complex, including HOV Connector Lanes. He also proposed widening the route to a 4-lane expressway in Napa.
In September 2010, the CTC approved for future consideration of funding a project in Solano County that will rebuild and relocate the eastbound truck scales facility, build a four lane bridge across Suisun Creek, and construct braided ramps from the new truck scales facility to eastbound I-80 and eastbound Route 12 ramps. The project is programmed in the Trade Corridors Improvement Fund and the Traffic Congestion Relief Program and includes local funds. Construction is estimated to begin in Fiscal Year 2011-12. Total estimated project cost is $100,900,000 for capital and support. The scope as described for the preferred alternative is consistent with the project scope set forth in the proposed project baseline agreement. Resources that may be impacted by the project include; water quality, paleontology, cultural resources, visual resources hazardous waste, air quality, and noise. Potential impacts associated with the project can all be mitigated to below significance through proposed mitigation measures. Because of the sensitivity of the resources in the project area, a Final Environmental Impact Report was prepared for the project.
In January 2013, the CTC approved for future consideration of funding a project in Solano County that will improve the I-80/I-680/Route 12 Interchange, including the relocation of the westbound truck scales facility on I-80. For the preferred full-build alternative, the current total estimated cost for capital and support is $1,348,400,000. The project is not fully funded and will be developed in phases. Only Phase One of the full-build alternative is included in the financially constrained Regional Transportation Plan (RTP). Within Phase One, the first construction contract's total estimated cost for capital and support is $100,400,000, which is funded by the 2012 State Transportation Improvement Program (STIP), the Trade Corridor Improvement Funds (TCIF) and local funding. The scope of the first construction contract includes the reconstruction of the I-80/Green Valley Interchange and construction of a two lane westbound I-80 to westbound Route 12 Connector with a new bridge over the I-80 Green Valley Road onramp. Construction is estimated to begin in fiscal year 2013-2014. The scope of the preferred alternative is consistent with the scope of the first construction contract that is programmed in the 2012 STIP and the TCIF.
In May 2013, it was reported that the funding outlook for the updated I-80/I-680/Route 12 interchange was improving. The required permit from the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers was obtained, and the Solano Transportation Authority had done what it is supposed to do to get the project ready for construction. The project is designed to improve traffic flow near the I-80 / I-680 interchange. It involves renovating the nearby Green Valley interchange and building ramps to sort traffic entering westbound I-80 from the Green Valley interchange from traffic exiting I-80 for Route 12 in Jameson Canyon. Construction work is to cost $60 million. The $24 million at risk is to come from Proposition 1B, the transportation bond passed by voters in 2006. The potential obstacle stems from the Buy America provisions, which requires that projects that receive federal dollars be built with materials made in America. Revisions in the 2012 federal transportation bill extend these provisions to contracts, including utility agreements, associated with the projects.
In August 2013, it was reported that Solano County and the state Department of Transportation are once again asking the California Transportation Commission for $24 million to help rebuild the Green Valley interchange. The $24 million has been tied up for several months because of problems stemming from new, federal Buy America provisions. Pacific Gas & Electric Co. has been unable to comply with the provisions for related utility relocations and that put the money and project at risk. The long-standing Buy America provision states that transportation projects involving federal money must use materials made in America. A 2012 addition to Buy America includes utilities doing relocation work for the projects. But PG&E officials have said that, though they want to, they cannot comply with Buy America for relocations needed for the Green Valley interchange project. A gas pipeline valve needed for the project is only manufactured outside the United States.
In April 2014, it was reported that significant
overhead work was recently completed on the I-80/I-680/Route 12 interchange
project, marking a major milestone in the first phase of construction. In
particular, preliminary overhead structures were installed earlier this month
for the new Green Valley Road overcrossing over I-80. Ground was broken for the
first phase of the project in June 2014. About 75% of the work should be
complete by the end of the year, a Caltrans engineer estimated in March. The
first phase should be complete by December 2016 or a little sooner depending on
the weather, he said.
(Source: Daily Republic, 4/23/2015)
In October 2015, the CTC again approved for future consideration of funding a project that will improve the I-80/I-680/Route 12 Interchange, including relocation of the westbound truck scales facility on I-80. For the preferred fullbuild alternative, the current total estimated cost for capital and support is $2,166,000,000. The project is not fully funded and will be developed in phases. Only Phase One of the full-build alternative is included in the financially constrained Regional Transportation Plan. Within Phase One, the first construction contract’s total estimated cost for capital and support is $100,400,000, which is funded by the 2012 State Transportation Improvement Program, the Trade Corridor Improvement Fund and local funding. Contract 1 of Phase One is currently under construction. The design phase of Contract 2 of Phase One is 35% complete. The scope of the first construction contract includes the reconstruction of the Interstate 80/Green Valley Interchange and construction of a two-lane westbound I-80 to westbound Route 12 Connector with a new bridge over the I-80 Green Valley Road onramp. The scope of the preferred alternative is consistent with the scope of the first construction contract that is programmed in the 2012 State Transportation Improvement Program and the Trade Corridor Improvement Fund. It was received again because an Addendum had been completed due to changes in the project since Commission approval of the Final Environmental Impacts Report (FEIR) in 2013.
In May 2018, it was reported that the California
Transportation Commission approved $53 million for a project designed to help
eliminate the Route 12/Jameson Canyon bottleneck at I-80. Construction to
create a two-lane ramp from eastbound Route 12 to eastbound I-80 could begin in
2020, Solano Transportation Authority Executive Director Daryl Halls said. He
estimated the project will cost about $70 million, with the remaining money
coming from other sources. Caltrans in 2014 finished widening Route 12 from two
to four lanes along the six-mile Jameson Canyon segment. But the two eastbound
lanes squeeze down to one lane at the interchange ramp, causing backups that
commuters say can top a mile.
(Source: Napa Valley Register, 5/17/2018)
In May 2012, it was reported that Caltrans has started the $20.5 million Route 12 Operational Improvements Project, which will create a “Smart Corridor” using Intelligent Transportation System elements in Solano, Sacramento and San Joaquin Counties on Route 12, and on I-5 in San Joaquin County. These elements include: Changeable Message Signs, Highway Advisory Radio, Extinguishable Message Signs, Closed Circuit Televisions and Traffic Monitoring Stations. The project will improve operations by realigning Tower Park Way; add and extend existing turn lanes and acceleration lanes at various intersections between I-5 and Tower Park Way; and expand the existing Park and Ride at Thornton Road. The contractor for this project is De Silva Gates Construction and is currently in construction.
[SHC 253.2] Entire portion. Defined as part of the F&E system in 1959.
According to an article in April 2017, the portion of Route 12
through Jameson Canyon near I-80 was part of the "Lincoln Highway". The
somewhat tangled tale of how Napa County belatedly secured a section of the
Lincoln Highway has its roots a century ago with a bespectacled man in Indiana
named Carl Fisher. Fisher owned the Prest-O-Lite headlight company and helped
establish the Indianapolis Motor Speedway. In 1912, he and other auto
enthusiasts plotted a transcontinental route from New York’s Times Square
to San Francisco’s Lincoln Park. This original, Napa-less coast-to-coast
route for the most part stitched together existing roads. A 1916 Lincoln
Highway guidebook said motorists should be able to make an enjoyable
cross-country trip in 20 to 30 days, as long as rain didn’t bog them down
on the unpaved sections. The westernmost section of the original Lincoln
Highway went from Sacramento to San Francisco by way of Stockton and the
Altamont Pass to avoid water barriers (i.e., former US 50). But in 1916, the
completion of the Yolo Causeway west of Sacramento removed one of those
barriers. Napans began hoping a more direct route might pass through the city
of Napa, where tourists would stop and spend money. By 1923, efforts to create
an alternate Lincoln Highway route focused on Vallejo, taking the city of Napa
out of the picture. That alternative route became a reality after the Carquinez
Bridge was completed in 1927 to take motorists over the Carquinez Strait. This
alternative Lincoln Highway segment extends west from Sacramento using the same
route as long-gone US 40. It goes through Davis, Vacaville and Fairfield, and
then through Jameson Canyon on today’s Route 12, where it enters south
Napa County. Until a few years ago, most of this Jameson Canyon section was two
lanes and narrow and still had the ambiance of the old Lincoln Highway. Safety
and traffic congestion concerns led to the road being widened to a four lanes
in 2014. From Jameson Canyon, the Lincoln Highway heads south along what is now
Route 29 past the county industrial center and city of American Canyon. Then,
at American Canyon Road, it swings up to Broadway Street and heads past
today’s Veterans Memorial Park to enter Vallejo and Solano County. Some
in the Lincoln Highway Associate dispute that the alternate Lincoln Highway
route through Yolo, Solano and Napa counties is legitimate. But Kinst said Gail
Hoag, an official with the Lincoln Highway Association, in 1928 authorized Boy
Scouts to erect markers along it. Napa County’s moment of Lincoln Highway
sun soon faded, for all practical purposes. The state in 1933 began building a
new US 40 route that went through the hills between Fairfield and Vallejo,
creating a much more direct route than the local Lincoln Highway. That route
became today’s I-80.
(Source: Napa Valley Register, 4/1/2017)
From Route 80 near Fairfield to Route 99 near Lodi via Rio Vista.
In 1976, Chapter 1384 made sections (c) and (d) contiguous, and the definition read "Route 80 near Fairfield to Route 99 near Lodi via Rio Vista." The portion from Route 84 at Rio Vista to Route 84 [Former Route 160] near Rio Vista was transferred from Route 84.
In 1934, Route 12 was signed along the route from Jct. Route 1 near Jenner to San Andreas, via Santa Rosa, Rio Vista, and Lodi. This segment was LRN 53. The portion between I-80 near Fairfield and Rio Vista was defined in 1919; the remainder (Rio Vista to Route 99 near Lodi) was defined in 1921.
At some point, this may have been a county route -- a photo at CalTrafficSigns.com clearly shows a (temporary) County Highway 12. It could also have been an error by the Auto Club of Northern California. This picture was supposedly taken at the intersection of Route 12 and Route 24 (now Route 160) near Rio Vista.
The original (1934) alignment of Route 12 (LRN 53) east of Rio Vista took a
far different path than Route 12 does today. The original alignment of LRN 53
from the Sacramento River and Sacramento County Line eastward to Lodi was as
(Source: Gribblenation Blog on Rte 12, 11/19/2018)
By 1940 a new proposed alignment of Route 12/LRN 53 can be seen on the State
Highway Map. The new alignment of Route 12/LRN 53 carried the route east out of
(Source: Gribblenation Blog on Rte 12, 11/19/2018)
The new Route 12 bypass route south of Isleton first appears on the 1959 State Highway Map.
Tom Fearer, in the Gribblenation Blog California Ferry Routes; CA 84 over the Real McCoy II Ferry and CA 220 over the J-Mack Ferry, gives some good history of the Rio Vista Bridge:
The Rio Vista Bridge is a vertical lift span which was gradually built upon the site of an earlier bascule bridge between 1943 and 1960. The Rio Vista Bridge is 2,890 in length and has a 135 foot clearance when it's vertical span is raised. The Rio Vista Bridge is infamous for long delays due to freight shipping traffic on the Sacramento River and averages about 20,000 vehicles a day. Various studies have been conducted to research a replacement span but none have had much viability or much public support.
Route 12 General
During the period from 1997 to 2007, the collision and fatality rate on Route 12 has increased from 60% to over 100% of the statewide average for similar routes. Since 2001, there have been 802 collisions, 494 injuries, and 21 fatalities on Route 12, including three fatal accidents in 2006 and already three fatal accidents in 2007. The California Highway Patrol has prioritized Route 12 as one of its top requests for safety corridor project funding for 2007-08. Caltrans is in the process of constructing 12.7 miles of horizontal and vertical curve corrections, shoulder widening, median and shoulder rumble strips, and pavement rehabilitation along Route 12. In addition, the Solano Transportation Authority, in partnership with the Department of Transportation, is evaluating the long-term need for a concrete median barrier along that route.
Route 12 Transportation Study (~ SOL L2.005 to SOL 026.24)
In October 2001, a study was published of this section of Route 12 between I-80 and Rio Vista. The goal of the study was to identify the physical improvements and management practices necessary to appropriately serve future travel demand in the study corridor. The study corridor includes the potion of Route 12 between I-80 and the Rio Vista Bridge. Route 12 is an important east-west route connecting Sonoma, Napa, Solano, Sacramento, San Joaquin and Calaveras Counties. A two to four-lane roadway in the study area, Route 12 contains a mixture of freeway, two-lane highway, expressway and arterial sections. There were six packages of recommendations ranging from No Build (Package 1), Transportation Demand Management (Package 2), Safety Improvements (Package 3), Near-Term Traffic Improvements (Package 4), Passing Lane Installation (Package 5), and Long-Term Improvements (Package 6). The Alternatives Evaluation identified that Alternative Package 1, the No-Build Alternative, would not adequately serve near or long-term traffic levels in the study corridor, nor would the package remedy the existing identified accident problems. Alternative Package 2, the Transportation Demand Management Alternative, was also not found to adequately serve near or long-term traffic levels forecast to prevail on Route 12 from I-80 to the Sacramento River. While Alternative Package 3, Safety Improvements, would not provide the necessary additional capacity in the study corridor, it would eliminate the existing accident problems identified by the study. The implementation of Alternative Package 4, Near-Term Traffic Improvements, would result in adequate operating conditions in the study corridor to the year 2010; however, post-2010, additional capacity enhancements are expected to be required. Alternative Package 5, Passing Lane Installation, was not found to adequately serve near or long term traffic conditions in the study corridor. Finally, only Alternative Package 6, Long-Term Traffic Improvements would result in adequate operating conditions under year 2025 traffic volumes. In the near term, Transportation Demand Management (Package 2), Safety Improvements (Package 3), and Near-Term Traffic Improvements (Package 4) were recommended. These packages included:
In the long term, the study recommended adding the following to the above packages:
I-80 near Fairfield to Rio Vista
Fairfield Roundabout (04-Sol-12, PM 19.2)
In May 2017, the CTC approved for future consideration of funding a project in Solano County that proposes to improve safety for vehicles at the intersection of Route 12 and Route 113 (04-Sol-12, PM 19.2) by installing a single lane roundabout, light poles and advance warning signs. This project is programmed into the 2016 SHOPP for $7,122,000 in Construction (capital and support) and Right of Way (capital and support). Construction is estimated to begin in 2018. The scope, as described for the preferred alternative, is consistent with the project scope programmed by the Commission in the 2016 State Highway Operation and Protection Program.
In May 2018, it was reported that Caltrans expects
to hire a contractor to construct a roundabout at Route 12 and Route 113 in
September 2018, with work starting as early as December. The estimated cost for
the entire project is $7.1 million, of which $4.67 million is construction
costs, Caltrans reports. It is funded through the State Highway Operation and
(Source: Solano Daily Republic, May 2018)
In August 2018, the CTC approved approved an allocation of $7,398,000 for the SHOPP Roadside Safety Improvement project (PPNO 8060A) on Route 12 and Route 113 in Solano County. This is a safety project which will reduce the number and severity of collisions at the existing highspeed and high-truck traffic intersection of Route 12 and Route 113 near the city of Rio Vista in Solano County. Route 12 is a major east-west corridor between I-80 and I-5, and intersects with Route 113/Birds Landing Road, forming a four-legged intersection controlled by two-way stop signs. The project is within an environmentally sensitive area, with creek crossings on both Route 12 and Route 113, requiring an Incidental Take Permit (ITP) for the California Tiger Salamander (CTS) from the California Department of Fish and Wildlife (CDFW).
The California Department of Fish and Wildlife issued the Incidental Take Permit (ITP) for the project in June 2018 with the condition of a security deposit as funding assurance to ensure successful completion of mitigation and any follow-up compliance activities. The mitigation also includes 10 years of “off-site” habitat management, monitoring and reporting on the status of compensatory habitat. Caltrans is legally precluded from transferring funds “in trust” to another entity as security. On August 10, 2018, after extensive negotiations with the California Department of Fish and Wildlife, it was agreed that the ITP’s security deposit condition would be satisfied by a separate mitigation “child” project to be split from this “parent” project at the time of allocation.
Both Route 12 and Route 113 belong to the Terminal Access Network, under the Surface Transportation Act of 1982, which is a highway network that accommodates trucks longer than California standard legal length. Route 12 is also a major Department of Defense truck route that serves as a key corridor for shipments in and out of Travis Air Force Base. Route 12 has an 11 percent truck volume and an Annual Average Daily Traffic (AADT) of 15,000 vehicles, which current traffic data indicates is significantly greater than the statewide average accident rate.
This project features a single-lane roundabout with an approach to splitter islands, center truck apron, aesthetically treated center island, and advance flashing beacons. The Department conducted the Intersection Control Evaluation (ICE) and determined the single-lane roundabout alternative to be more effective operationally than the signalized intersection design. An independent consultant was hired by the Department to further review the design to ensure the safety of the high-speed traffic of the roundabout. The consultant’s recommendation was to modify the design to a larger roundabout utilizing additional safety measures.
The needed construction capital cost increase is
due to modifying the initial standard roundabout to a larger roundabout
footprint within the existing right-of-way, as recommended by the consultant,
and the additional safety traffic design measures associated with the larger
roundabout. The needed construction support cost increase is due to the
additional working days needed to accommodate construction staging and to
address environmental permit requirements.
(Source: August 2018 CTC Agenda Item 2.5d.(1))
In October 2018, the CTC amended the following
project into the 2018 SHOPP: 04-Sol-12 19.2/19.4. PPNO 8060B. Project
0419000066. EA 4G561. Route 12 Near Rio Vista, at the intersection of Route 12
and Route 113; also on Route 113 from PM 0.0/0.2. Environmental mitigation for
safety project EA 4G560. Note: Split off environmental mitigation work to
provide funding assurance to California Department of Fish and Wildlife (CDFW)
for EA 4G560/PPNO 04-8060A.
(Source: October 2018 CTC Agenda Item 2.1a.(1) Item 11)
In April 2019, it was reported that construction of the roundabout at Route 12 and Route 113, between Suisun City and Rio Vista, would begin at the end of April 2019.
In September 2019, it was reported that there are
increased concerns about the new roundabout under construction at Route 12 and
Route 113, between Suisun City and Rio Vista. The concerns relates to crashes
during construction, specifically a recent crash where, according to Solano
CHP, an 80-year-old man driving a silver Toyota Prius was traveling westbound
on Route 12 at an undetermined speed Wednesday, when he collided head-on with
the raised concrete portion of the new roundabout, killing him and his
79-year-old female passenger. The worry is that the speeds on the highway (55
mph) would lead to more accidents. According to Caltrans, roundabouts on
highways do make sense and are a proven way to cut down on traffic collisions.
Caltrans statistics show that “roundabouts reduce the number of crashes
by 37% and injury crashes by 75%”. Additionally the shape of the
roundabout also results in lower speeds, generally 15-20 mph less. This does
mean that the roundabout will likely cause a bit of a traffic backup during
peak commute times but slower moving traffic means it's doing its job. Despite
the statistics, locals also think the roundabout was made too narrow for the
big rigs and farm equipment that travel the highway, many of them now using the
curb to navigate the counterclockwise turns of the circle.
(Source: KRCA 3, 9/20/2019)
Azevedo Road to Liberty Island Road (~ SOL 22.679 to SOL R23.723)
According to the CTC minutes, another project near the town of Rio Vista approved for future funding will widen shoulders on Route 12 from Azevedo Road to Liberty Island Road, and construct left turn pockets at Currie, McCloskey and Azevedo Roads. The project is programmed in the 2010 State Highway Operation and Protection Program. Total estimated project cost is $16,821,000 for capital and support. Construction is estimated to begin in Fiscal Year 2013-14.
In March 2013, it was reported that there were concerns that a long-planned, $12 million project west of Rio Vista to widen the shoulders of the narrow highway from Azevedo Road to Summerset Road, a distance of a mile, and to add left turn lanes at Currie, McCloskey and Azevedo roads doesn’t go far enough. Caltrans needs right of way from a rural industrial park owned and operated by Robert Cattey and his brother to move forward. Cattey wants the project modified to ease what he sees as safety and flooding issues affecting his property. Specifically, Cattey wants a left-turn lane on westbound Route 12 at Cattey Lane leading into the industrial park. The park is home to a variety of tenants, ranging from a crane and rigging company to an equipment yard to a heating and air conditioning business. Large cranes turn left from westbound Route 12 into the industrial park daily. They wait for a gap in eastbound traffic and back up traffic, creating a safety hazard. The problem is that Cattey Lane is a private road. Public funds are not typically used to pay for left-turn lanes into private property. Also, a September 2012 traffic assessment showed no congestion or operational problems there. Cattey would also like a culvert enlarged or a new culvert created to ease flooding problems. Caltrans responded that the project won’t make flooding worse and is designed to address safety, not flooding issues. This project is the last of a series of Route 12 safety projects. Others included the widening the highway and smoothing out of “roller coaster” hills near the Western Railway Museum in 2009 and 2010.
Church Road Intersection Improvements (04-Sol-12, PM 24.3/25.2)
In October 2017, the CTC approved for future
consideration of funding a project located northwest of the city of Rio Vista
in Solano County (04-Sol-12, PM 24.3/25.2), proposes to construct turn lanes
and road shoulders on Route 12, a two lane highway. The project funding will
come from local sources estimated at $4.6 million, which includes Construction
(capital and support) and Right -of -Way (capital and support). The project is
not programmed. Construction is estimated to begin in Fiscal Year 2018-19.
(Source: October 2017 CTC Agenda Item 2.2c.(1))
The 2018 STIP, approved at the CTC March 2018 meeting, appears to allocate $1.939M for construction and construction support in FY19-20 for PPNO 2251A, Rt 12/Church Rd, intersection improvements. (~ SOL 24.82)
Helen Madere Memorial Bridge (Rio Vista Bridge) in Rio Vista (04-Sol-12, 026.24, Bridge 23-0024; 03-Sac-12 0.0/0.4)
The SAFETEA-LU act, enacted in August 2005 as the reauthorization of TEA-21, provided the following expenditures on or near this route: High Priority Project #1414: Rio Vista Bridge Realignment Study & Street Sign Safety Program. $560,000.
The state is currently exploring several proposals to alleviate the traffic backups that result whenever the Rio Vista Bridge is raised to allow boat traffic to pass. The long-term project would involve moving or replacing the drawbridge that spans the Sacramento River and widening Route 12. The source of funding will determine whether the approaches under consideration move forward. The problem is that because the lift bridge is so close to the surface of the water, the operator must raise its spans nearly every time a vessel needs to get to the other side, which can be as often as 10 times a day. Raising and lowering the spans takes about 10 to 25 minutes depending on the size of the craft, causing vehicles to back up in each direction: As many as 440 vehicles have been stopped when a large boat is passing through. In June, an engineering firm that Rio Vista hired to delve into the matter presented its findings in a report that also outlined alternatives to the status quo. The possibilities include widening the section of Route 12 that transects the city and replacing the Rio Vista Bridge with a taller, wider one, to bore a four-lane tunnel under the Sacramento River or build an equally broad bridge that's 50 feet above the water's surface, to divert Route 12 to Airport Road, widen that route, and construct a bridge where it currently dead ends at the river—that bridge would be 145 feet tall, providing sufficient clearance for any oceangoing tanker. Based on public comments received, the preference was a four-lane tunnel along the path of the existing Route 12—a project that estimates peg at $1.8 billion.
In June 2016, it was reported that Caltrans had
scheduled informational meetings to discuss two projects on the Helen Madere
Bridge (formerly the Rio Vista Bridge, renamed in 1998) near Rio Vista and how
that work will affect motorists and river navigation. The first phase of the
work would be cleaning and repainting the steel Route 12 bridge, which crosses
the Sacramento River. The existing coating system on (the bridge) is
deteriorating in different locations. There are rust spots along the truss,
tower and floor system members, and rusting around many of the truss gusset
plate nuts and bolts. The work is scheduled to begin in the fall of 2017 and be
completed in the spring of 2022. The cost is $37 million. The second project,
with a $19.2 million budget yet to be approved, proposes to “maintain the
operation and structural integrity of the drawbridge by replacing the
mechanical and electrical systems." Two elevators also would be replaced and a
4-inch sewer line will be installed. If the funding is approved, the second
project would begin in 2022 and be completed the next year.
(Source: Daily Republic, 6/17/2016)
In February 2018, it was reported that work was
starting on the Rio Vista Bridge project. The project will preserve the Rio
Vista Bridge over the Sacramento River by cleaning the surface, removing the
old paint and then repainting all steel surfaces. The work is expected to take
two to three years to complete. The drawbridge will remain open to traffic
throughout the project. However, one of the two lanes on the bridge will be
closed during the overnight hours on weekdays and some weekends to accommodate
crews. Bicycle and pedestrian access will remain open. Motorists can expect
delays because of the one-way traffic controls.
(Source: Caltrans District 3 Press Release, 1/30/2018)
In August 2018, the Helen Madere Memorial Bridge in
Rio Vista got stuck in the “up” position above Route 12, leaving no
way for cars to cross the Sacramento River and stalling traffic. At the time,
Caltrans said engineers were working on a “mechanical problem” that
was expected to be fixed by that evening. Later, it tweeted that its electrical
team estimates repairs would take until the next morning. They eventually got
it fixed, but then the bridge got stuck in the down position, preventing large
ships from entering and exiting the Port of West Sacramento. Caltrans officials
then expected it would take an additional 30 days for the repairs to be made as
they've had to ship out the broken gearbox to the East Coast be fixed. In
September, ongoing, intermittent repair work on the Rio Vista Bridge let to
major backups and numerous detours for drivers on Route 12, I-5, I-80 and
surrounding roads. The mechanism that raises and lowers the Rio Vista Bridge
has been damaged since Aug. 9. Repair work has forced closures of the bridge
off and on since then.
(Source: Sacramento Bee, 8/9/2018; KCRA, 8/14/2018; Sacramento Bee, 9/7/2018)
In October 2018, the CTC amended the 2018 SHOPP to
include the following project: 03-Sac-12 0.0/0.4 PPNO 5962. Project 0319000026.
EA 4H690. Route 12 Near Rio Vista, at the Sacramento River (Rio Vista) Bridge
No. 23-0024. Repair electrical, mechanical, and structural damaged components
of bridge. Total Est. Cost $3,900,000. Est. completion: FY19.
(Source: October 2018 CTC Agenda Item 2.1a.(1) Item 7)
In the Summer 2019 Mile Marker, it was reported
that two director’s orders also have been approved to repair, replace and
upgrade electromechanical components on the Rio Vista Bridge totaling about $10
million. The span that now stands, built in 1944, is getting a major overhaul.
(The original Rio Vista bridge opened in 1919, but no part of it remains.) As
part of the Rio Vista Bridge Preservation Project, a massive cleaning and
repainting job is now underway, a $20 million effort scheduled to continue
through spring 2020. Upgrades of the bridge’s core working components are
planned next, while deck and rail improvements and other roadway fixes,
including ADA upgrades, will be the focus of another project scheduled for
2022. Rio Vista is one of the few vertical lift bridges in the system (Three
Mile Slough on Route 160 and the Tower Bridge, Route 275, are the others), and
sees 24,000 daily vehicle trips.
(Source: Mile Marker, Summer 2019)
There was once a project to close a gap in this route near Kettleman Lane (near the Mokelumne River). This was removed from the STIP in early 2004.
Mokelumne River Bridge Improvements (SAC 000.01)
In September 2011, the CTC approved for future consideration of funding a project on Route 12 in San Joaquin County that will rehabilitate the existing Mokelumne River Bridge and control house near the town of Rio Vista. The project is programmed in the 2010 State Highway Operation and Protection Program. Total estimated project cost is $5,425,000 for capital and support. Construction is estimated to begin in Fiscal Year 2013-14. The scope as described for the preferred alternative is consistent with the project scope programmed by the Commission in the 2010 State Highway Operation and Protection Program (SHOPP). A copy of the MND has been provided to Commission staff. The project will mitigate potential impacts to cultural resources to a less than significant level. Potential impacts to cultural resources in the project area will be mitigated by compliance with the Secretary of the Interiors Standards for the Treatment of Historic Properties. A record of the bridge’s historic features will also be developed. As a result, a MND was completed for this project.
In November 2015, it was reported that the
Mokelumne River Bridge Project on Route 12 was complete.This $14 million
project replaced the existing concrete bridge deck, removed and replaced
existing electrical components, and increased the vertical clearance of the
control house. The bridge, constructed in 1942, is one of only 21 remaining
swing-truss bridges in California. The project, slated to take two years to
complete, was completed in only one year. Caltrans along with local residents,
business owners, Coast Guard and levee districts worked collectively to create
a construction schedule that minimized impact to local businesses, residents,
and the motoring and marine public. In addition, the hard work by the
contractor Myers & Son’s Construction allowed for six full weekend
closures of Route 12 to be reduced to only four.
(Source: ThePineTree.Net, 11/16/2015)
In the Summer 2019 Mile Marker, it was noted that
the Mokelumne River Bridge along Route 12, a busy recreational opening to the
Delta, saw the most boat traffic in 2017, with 1,399 openings and 1,829 vessels
passing through — almost 90 percent of them were personal craft.
(Source: Mile Marker, Summer 2019)
In June 2016, the CTC added the following to the SHOPP: 03-Sac-12 0.4/0.9 Route 12: Near Rio Vista, at Route 160. Intersection improvements. $6K (R/W) $2,468K (C) $2,000K (Support) PA&ED: 08/01/2018 R/W: 09/01/2019 RTL: 09/15/2019 BC: 03/15/2020
Rte 12 - Bouldin Island Project (SJ 0.1 to SJ R4.654)
In March 2013, the CTC authorized $32,589,000 to replace 8.6 lane miles of existing roadway near Terminous on Bouldin Island, from Mokelumne River Bridge to Potato Slough Bridge (SJ 0.1 to SJ R4.654) with a new structural section to the south including wider shoulders and concrete median barrier in order to reduce pavement maintenance cost and frequency, and improve traffic safety.
The Bouldin Island Project will construct a new roadway section of Route 12 in San Joaquin County on Bouldin Island from the Sacramento County line from the Mokelumne River Bridge to Potato Slough Bridge. The project will construct two 12-foot lanes with standard 8-foot outside shoulders and 5-foot inside shoulders and a concrete median barrier. This project began construction in the spring of 2014. The purpose of this project is to improve the structural section at various locations that have deteriorated due to the underlying oiled sand and to improve safety by widening shoulders and installing rumble strips. This project is needed because the existing shoulder width does not meet current standards and because the structural section contains oiled sand under the asphalt pavement, which led to settlement and cracking of the pavement at several locations within project limits. The project is funded by the State Highway Operation and Protection Program (SHOPP) and 201.120 Roadway Rehabilitation 3R Program, with a total project cost of $58,870,000.
Project completion is planned for October 2018.
In November 2018, it was reported that Caltrans
recently completed the $62.3 million Route 12 Bouldin Island Rehabilitation
Project, which made improvements to the roadway and enhanced safety elements
for motorists traveling through the San Joaquin Delta corridor. This project
improved structural sections of Route 12 between the Mokelumne River Bridge and
Potato Slough Bridge, east of the city of Lodi, due to soil instability under
the asphalt pavement that cracked the road surface. The project also improved
traffic safety as motorists traveling on this section of Route 12 will now
enjoy newly constructed 12-foot travel lanes, 8-foot outside shoulders and
5-foot inside shoulders, as well as the installation of rumble strips and a
center median barrier to help prevent cross-over traffic collisions. A new
elevated section of Route 12 was also constructed to allow for the movement of
farming vehicles and equipment to pass safely underneath the highway. Route 12
is a key piece of the transportation system within San Joaquin County as it
sees an average of more than 15,000 vehicles, including more than 2,000
commercial trucks, on the highway each day. The project was awarded to O.C.
Jones & Sons Inc., of Berkeley. Work began in spring 2014 and was completed
on October 31, 2018.
(Source: Caltrans District 10 FB Post, 11/8/2018)
Potato Slough Bridge Improvements (SJ R4.741 to SJ 10.112)
In July 2011, it
was reported that two projects were planned to improve safety in this section
of the route. One is roughly $25 million in improvements from Potato Slough
Bridge to I-5. Among other things, it would install left-turn pockets and
acceleration lanes for vehicles entering the highway. Cameras would also be
used to monitor traffic conditions and provide real-time information on new
electronic signs along Route 12. A roughly $50 million project would add
shoulders to the road and a permanent concrete barrier in the median along the
four-and-a-half mile stretch from Mokelumne River to the Potato Slough bridges
In August 2011, the CTC approved $11.5 million toward improvements of a section of Route 12 west of I-5 that has long been notorious for deadly accidents. A key improvement will reroute Tower Park Way under Potato Slough Bridge to connect with Glasscock Road. That will allow cars traveling to and from Tower Park Marina to enter and exit the highway without crossing traffic. New cameras and sensors monitor the area and will signal problems and alert motorists using signs posted in locations along Route 12, including to the east of I-5. The project also will expand a park-and-ride lot that already exists at Route 12 and the interstate.
In September 2011, the CTC approved for future consideration of funding a project to rehabilitate the Little Potato Slough Bridge on Route 12 near the city of Lodi and the Route 120 Connector Overhead at I-5 near the town of Mossdale. The project will replace bearing pads and joint seals. The project is programmed in the 2010 State Highway Operation and Protection Program. The total estimated cost is $4,585,000 for capital and support. Construction is estimated to begin in Fiscal Year 2013-14. The scope as described for the preferred alternative is consistent with the project scope programmed by the Commission in the 2010 State Highway Operation and Protection Program (SHOPP). A copy of the MND has been provided to Commission staff. The project will mitigate potential impacts to wetlands and other biological habitat to a less than significant level. Potential impacts to existing wetlands in the project area will be mitigated by restoration to pre-construction conditions. In addition 36 willow trees will be planted in the project area. Preconstruction surveys will be conducted for active nests with work windows being adjusted as necessary. As a result, an MND was completed for this project.
There is a project to construct passing lanes on Route 12 near Terminous from the Sacramento County line to Route 5 (~ SJ 0.221 to SJ 9.969). The environmental process for this project has increased in scope and complexity due to concerns that the Federal Highway Administration (FHWA) had regarding independent utility, geotechnical issues of the Delta soil and a proposed reservoir in the project vicinity that could change environmental conditions. The FHWA concerns have been addressed by a corridor analysis that was recently completed. The corridor analysis resulted in a reevaluation of scope for the project to focus on improvements to Route 12 between Bouldin Island and Route 5. The reevaluation of the scope also addressed the geotechnical issues and the changes in environmental conditions of the proposed reservoir. Therefore, the environmental phase of this project needs to be completed and a preferred alternative selected before proceeding with subsequent phases of the project. These changes place construction beyond FY 2010-11, the last year of the 2006 STIP.
In May 2015, the CTC authorized relinquishment of right of way in the county of San Joaquin along Route 12 between West Terminous Drive (~ SJ M4.98) and Guard Road (~ SJ 8.837), consisting of newly constructed county roads. This area is near Terminous and E of Bouldin Island.
Between the intersection of Walters Road in Suisun and the intersection with Lower Sacramento Road in Lodi. Authorized by Senate Bill 155, Chapter 169, on July 23, 1999.
The portion of Route 12
between Pennsylvania Avenue (~ SOL R4.073) and Marina Boulevard (~ SOL 5.16),
near the south end of Union Avenue and the north end of Main Street, in the
County of Solano (seemingly near Fairfield), is named the "Solano County
Deputy Sheriff Hale Humphrey Memorial Highway". Hale Humphrey grew up in
the New Boston area of eastern Texas prior to enlisting in the United States
Navy. After completing his naval service, Hale Humphrey settled in Fairfield,
initially working for the Fairfield Police Department before becoming a deputy
sheriff with the Solano County Sheriff’s Office. Deputy Humphrey was
active in social activities in Solano County, becoming a member of the local
Elks Lodge and eventually its exalted ruler. On March 15, 1963, following a
robbery at a service station, one of the fleeing suspects killed a California
Highway Patrol officer, and Deputy Humphrey, who was at a roadblock set up to
apprehend the suspects, was killed in the line of duty when the suspect vehicle
rammed the roadblock. Named by Assembly Concurrent Resolution (ACR) 177, Res.
Chapter 135, Statutes of 2016, on August 23, 2016.
(Image source: Officer Down Memorial Page)
In Suisun City, near Denverton Road off Route 12, there is an "Old Route 12" (somewhere near ~ SOL 12.512).
The portion of Route 12
between Olsen Road (~SOL R17.168) and Route 113 (~ SOL 19.149) is named the
"Officer David Lamoree Memorial Highway". This segment was named in
memory of Officer David Frank Lamoree, who, while driving to his Fairfield home
on October 21, 2005, was hit head-on by a car on Route 12, west of Route 113,
on a portion of Route 12 that is only two lanes and that has become
increasingly congested and dangerous. He was taken off of life support on
Octber 23, 2005 (his 26th birthday). Officer David Lamoree was born in Vallejo,
California, on October 23, 1979, and decided on a police career at 10 years of
age. He graduated from Will C. Wood High School, and earned criminal justice
degrees from Solano Community College. He attended the police academy in Contra
Costa County. A police officer for six months at Solano Community College,
Officer Lamoree served on the San Pablo Police Department for a few years
before relocating to the Rio Vista police force. Named by Assembly Concurrent
Resolution (ACR) 7, Resolution Chapter 121, on 9/12/2007.
(Image source: Find a Grave; SF Gate, 10/24/2005)
The portion of Route 12,
between Route 160 (SAC .57) and Brannan Island Road (SAC 5.84) in the County of
Sacramento is named the "CHP Officer Charles “Chuck” Sorenson
Memorial Highway". It was named in memory of Officer Charles H. Sorenson,
who was born September 6, 1930, to Earl and RoseMae, in Petaluma, California.
In 1957, Officer Sorenson, badge number 2341, graduated from the CHP Academy.
He was assigned to the El Centro area and later transferred to the Sacramento
area. Officer Sorenson was a hard-working, dedicated officer who loved his job
and enjoyed the people he worked with. He was known for his honesty, fairness,
and dedication, and for being a loyal father and family man. In his spare time,
he enjoyed spending time with his family, playing golf, and building his
18-foot inboard jet boat named “10-4”. On March 15, 1963, Officer
Sorenson was killed in the line of duty while pursuing a suspect in his
vehicle. During the chase, the suspect lost control of his vehicle, crashed,
and continued to flee on foot. When Officer Sorenson got out of his car to
continue pursuit, a second suspect, of whom he was unaware, ambushed Officer
Sorenson and fired two shots with a stolen handgun at point blank range. Named
by Assembly Concurrent Resolution 100, Resolution Chapter 109, on September 4,
(Image source: Officer Down Memorial Page)
The portion of Route 12
between Potato Slough Bridge (~ SJ R004.44) and Route 5 (~ SJ 010.17), in the
County of San Joaquin, is named the "Dana Cowell Memorial Highway".
Named in memory of Dana Cowell, who passed away on January 21, 2012. Cowell was
a distinguished California resident and devoted civic leader, whose good deeds
earned him the respect and admiration of his colleagues and the countless
individuals whose lives he touched, brought immense sorrow and loss to people
throughout the State. Dana Cowell, who brought credit and distinction to
himself as Deputy Director of the San Joaquin Council of Governments (SJCOG),
enjoyed a lifetime of remarkable success in every avenue of his endeavors,
inspiring others through his professional achievements, support of the
community, and strong devotion to family. Dana Cowell joined SJCOG in 2006
after serving in a number of key transportation posts over the course of 26
years with the California Department of Transportation (Caltrans). In 2011,
Cowell was named Transportation Manager of the Year by the California
Transportation Foundation for his dedication to overcoming obstacles to
transportation projects. Among Dana Cowell's recent notable accomplishments are
critical safety improvements and construction along Route 12 through San
Joaquin County that began construction in 2012. Dana Cowell led a partnership
with Caltrans to develop intersection upgrades between Route 5 and Potato
Slough Bridge highlighted by the complete redesign of the Route 12 Tower
Parkway Glasscock Road intersection, and the construction contract for this $20
million project was awarded in early January 2012. Projects on Route 5, Route
99, Route 205, and Arch Road in Stockton all benefitted from Dana Cowell's
commitment to transportation. Dana Cowell also worked with Sacramento and Bay
Area transportation leaders to craft the Northern California Trade Corridor
Projects, directed SJCOG's organization of the Valley Wide State Transportation
Improvement Program, and initiated SJCOG efforts to advance modeling techniques
and planning tools in response to Senate Bill No. 375 of the 2007-08 Regular
Session (Ch. 728, Stats. 2008), which requires reductions of greenhouse gas
emissions. Dana Cowell was well known and respected by transportation planners
throughout the state, and his significant knowledge and contributions,
dedication, and warm friendship will be missed in the profession. Named by
Senate Concurrent Resolution 85, Resolution Chapter 103, on August 29, 2012.
(Image source: California Transportation Foundation; Recordnet 1/25/2012)
The Rio Vista Bridge (SOL
026.24) is officially named the "Helen Madere Memorial Bridge". Ms.
Madere was a former vice-mayor of Rio Vista, who was a key force behind the
safety improvements that established a safety enhancement-double fine zone
between Lodi and Suisun City on Route 12. It was named in memory of Helen
Madere, the former Vice-Mayor of the City of Rio Vista, who is remembered for
her efforts to improve the safety of driving on Route 12. As President of the
Highway 12 Association, Ms. Madere was a key force behind the safety
improvements outlined in House Resolution 45 (by Assembly Member Hannigan) of
the 1993-94 Regular Session of the Legislature, and Assembly Bill 827 (by
Assembly Member Thomson, Ch. 709, Stats. 1997) which established a "Safety
Enhancement-Double Fine Zone" between the City of Lodi and the City of Suisun
City on Route 12. As Rio Vista's representative to the Solano County
Transportation Authority, Ms. Madere was known as an advocate for advancing
regional transportation projects. Ms. Madere, who had an accounting background
and owned a tax preparation business, was instrumental in helping Rio Vista
recover from a financial crisis during the 1980's. She was also an active
participant in many civic and community activities in Rio Vista since moving
there in 1959. She was also a member of the Rio Vista City Council. Named by
Assembly Concurrent Resolution 100, Chapter 124, in 1998.
(Image source: AAroads)
[SHC 253.2] Entire portion; constructed to freeway standards from Route 80 to Fairfield.
From Route 99 near Lodi to Route 88 near Lockford.
This segment is as defined in 1963.
In 1934, Route 12 was signed along the route from Jct. Route 1 near Jenner to San Andreas, via Santa Rosa, Rio Vista, and Lodi. This segment was LRN 24 between US 99 and Route 88. It was defined in 1909.
[SHC 253.2] Entire portion. Defined as part of the F&E system in 1959.
The portion of Route 12
from the intersection with Route 99 to a length of five miles to the east (~ SJ
18.144/23.144), in the County of San Joaquin, is named the "Donald Mark
Lichliter Memorial Highway". It was named in memory of Donald Mark
Lichliter, who was born in Minneapolis, Minnesota, and resided there until he
joined the United States Air Force at 18 years of age. The Air Force brought
Donald to the Sacramento area, and from that time forward he called California
home. Donald was a member of Chapter 263 of the American Legion Riders, and
enjoyed golfing, motorcycling, hunting, and fishing. Donald was a devoted and
hard-working public servant, who worked for Caltrans for over 27 years. Donald
met his wife, Mandy, in 1987 and they were married in 1988. Each Tuesday,
Donald and Mandy met with their church congregation where they worked to feed
the homeless. On July 23, 2009, Donald was working as a Caltrans tree
maintenance leadworker when he was struck by a truck as he worked next to his
vehicle, and was killed in the line of duty. Named by Assembly Concurrent
Resolution 100, Resolution Chapter 109, on September 4, 2012.
(Image source: Caltrans "In Remembrance" Page)
From Route 88 near Clements to Route 49 near San Andreas.
In 1965, the definition was relaxed to be "near San Andreas".
[SHC 253.2] Entire portion. Defined as part of the F&E system in 1959.
Route 12 was not submitted to the Interstate system. The designation I-12 was proposed in December 1957 for what is now I-10, based on a recommendation from Arizona, but this was rejected by AASHTO. Sometime prior to that, the designation I-12 was proposed for what is now I-210.
Overall statistics for Route 12:
[SHC 164.11] Entire route.
The routing that would become LRN 12 was first defined in the 1909 First Bond Act to run from San Diego to El Centro. It wasn't extended again until 1933, when the segment "[LRN 2], Atlantic Street, San Diego to old Spanish Lighthouse, Point Loma" was added. By 1935, the route was codified into the highway code as being from:
The portion from San Diego to El Centro was considered a primary highway.
In 1953, Chapter 1856 combined these two sections into one, making the definition “Point Loma to El Centro via San Diego.”
There were two segments:
This route is as defined in 1963.
In 1934, Route 13 was signed along the route from Santa Cruz to Jct. US 101 at San Rafael, via San Jose, Mt. Eden, and Oakland. This appears to be the route of present-day Route 17 and I-880. The renumbering as Route 17 likely occurred in the mid-to-late 1930s. Given the dates of the segments below, it is likely the Route 13 number was not reused until at least 1947, which was when LRN 227 was defined (the segment between Route 24 and former US 40, defined in 1935, was signed as Route 24).
Between Warren Blvd and US 50 (now I-580) and Ashby Ave (Route 24, LRN 206), Broadway (unsigned, LRN 75), Route 13 was partially constructed as of 1963 (it was only constructed between Route 24 and Joaquin Miller Road). The routing of present Route 13 (then unsigned) was along Warren Blvd and then an upspecified routing to US 50 (LRN 5). This was LRN 227, added to the state highway system in 1947.
Construction for this freeway occurred mostly in the late 1950s. The Park Boulevard interchange was designed and designated as a future connection to the Shephard Canyon Freeday (then LRN 235, present-day unconstructed Route 77) through the Oakland Hills toward Moraga.
Berkeley ADA Ramps
In May 2019, the CTC approved the following SHOPP
allocation: $4,373,000 (Const, Const Engr). Alameda 04-Ala-13 12.1/13.4. Route
13 In Berkeley, from Shattuck Avenue to 7th Street. Outcome/Output: Upgrade
curb ramps and sidewalks to meet the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA)
standards, install detectable warning surface, and restripe crosswalks.
(Source: May 2019 CTC Minutes, Agenda Item 2.5b.(1) Item 7)
In June 2019, the CTC approved the following SHOPP
(Source: June 2019 CTC Minutes, Agenda Item 2.1a.(1) Scope Items 40, 41)
Unconstructed for 4 miles from Route 61 to Route 580. This section would have paralelled Hegenberger Road and 73rd Avenue. However, no local roads adequately fit the definition of a traversable highway. The 4.3 miles that were in the freeway and expressway system were deleted effective 1/1/1982.
Sean Tongson notes that a short stub of concrete at the on-ramp from northbound Route 13 to eastbound Route 24 seems to suggest a possible flyover/under ramp may have been planned from southbound Route 13 to eastbound Route 24.
Route 13 from Interstate 580 to Route 24 in Oakland (~ ALA 4.262
to ALA R9.421) is named the "Warren Freeway". Earl Warren (March 19,
1891 – July 9, 1974) was an American politician and jurist who served as
the Governor of California from 1943 to 1953 and Chief Justice of the United
States from 1953 to 1969. The "Warren Court" presided over a major shift in
American constitutional jurisprudence, which has been recognized by many as a
"Constitutional Revolution" of the liberal, with Warren writing the majority
opinions in landmark cases such as Brown v. Board of Education (1954), Reynolds
v. Sims (1964), Miranda v. Arizona (1966) and Loving v. Virginia (1967). Warren
also led the Warren Commission, a presidential commission that investigated the
1963 assassination of President John F. Kennedy. He is the last Chief Justice
to have served in an elected office before entering the Supreme Court, and is
generally considered to be one of the most influential Supreme Court justices
and political leaders in the history of the United States. Warren was born in
1891 in Los Angeles and was raised in Bakersfield, California. After graduating
from the law program at the University of California, Berkeley, he began a
legal career in Oakland. He was hired as a deputy district attorney for Alameda
County in 1920 and was appointed district attorney in 1925. He emerged as a
leader of the state Republican Party and won election as the Attorney General
of California in 1938. In that position, he played a role in the forced removal
and internment of over 100,000 Japanese Americans during World War II. In the
1942 California gubernatorial election, Warren defeated incumbent Democratic
governor Culbert Olson. He would serve as Governor of California until 1953,
presiding over a period of major growth for the state. Named by Assembly
Concurrent Resolution 96, Chap. 166 in 1957.
(Biographical information source: Wikipedia; Image sources: History.Com; Corco Highways)
This is also "Tunnel" Road and "Ashby" Avenue.
[SHC 253.2] From Route 61 near the Oakland International Airport to Route 24; from Route 80 to Route 61 near Emeryville. Constructed to freeway standards from Route 580 to Route 24. The entire route was added to the Freeway and Expressway system in 1959; the portion from Route 24 to Route 80 was deleted in 1981 by Chapter 292.
The following segments are designated as Classified Landscaped Freeway:
|County||Route||Starting PM||Ending PM|
Overall statistics for Route 13:
The route that would become LRN 13 was first defined in Chapter 111 of the 1901 statutes: "That portion of the Sonora and Mono wagon road, commencing E of Sonora and at a point commonly known as Long Barn in Tuolumne Cty and running thence across the summit of the Sierra Nevada mountains to Bridgeport in Mono County is hereby declared a state highway." This route was also referenced by Chapter 150 in the 1905 statutes. It was first funded in the 1909 First Bond Act as a route "From Salida to Sonora". In May 1919, Chapter 510 re-declared this routing to be a state highway, "All that portion of the public highway commencing at the end of the Sonora and Mono state highway at Long Barn in Tuolumne county and leading therefrom to the eastern boundary of the city of Sonora and known as the Sonora and Mono Road is hereby declared to be a state highway...". Thus, in 1935, the routing was codified into the highway code as:
The portion from Salida to Sonora was considered a primary highway.
This route had the following pieces:
From Route 1 north of the intersection of Sunset Boulevard northwest of Santa Monica to Route 5 near Tunnel Station.
By 1963, this segment was LRN 290. It was defined in 1959, but was never constructed.
1934-1963 Route 14
In 1934, Route 14 was signed along the route from Hermosa Beach to Jct. Route 18 near Olive, via Artesia Ave. Specifically, this routing ran from LRN 43 (Route 18, US 91,present day Route 91 near Yorba Linda) to US 101A in Hermosa Beach, along Imperial Highway, Orangethorpe Avenue, Grand Avenue, Artesia Blvd, 174th Street, Redondo Beach Blvd, and Gould Avenue. It ended at Gould Avenue and Sepulveda Blvd, at the junction with US 101A. The routing was LRN 175, and was added to the state highway system in 1933.
Originally, the route began near Imperial Highway (Route 90), but by 1959, the start had shifted S to near Jefferson St. in preparation for the new Route 91 Freeway routing. With the completion of the Riverside Freeway between I-5/US 101 (the Santa Ana Freeway) and Cypress Street, Route 14 was cut back to begin at Cypress Street at then US 91/Route 18, 4 miles west of the Route 55/US 91 junction in Placentia. The multiplex of Route 14 with I-5 and US 101 through Buena Park was still present.
By the late 1950s, it was cosigned as Route 14/US 91 between the US 91/Route 55 junction and and the Orangethorpe/US 101 (I-5) junction (although at one point, it was pre-1964 Route 18 that was US 91). In general, US 91 ran along as much of the Riverside Freeway as was constructed, and then took the next N/S lateral down to Lincoln -- be that State College, Brookhurst St, or Byp US 101.
Route 14 was renumbered as Route 91 on July 1, 1964. This routing is longer than the 1935 routing, which only went E as far as Artesia and Firestone, where it joined what was then numbered as Route 10. The 1935 routing also had a discontinuity between Normandie Ave and Alameda St, where Artesia Blvd did not cross. Until Artesia was complete between Hawthorne and Alameda, the routing used a detour than ran N on Alameda to Compton, W on Compton, a S job at Avalon, then W across Redondo Beach Blvd to Hawthorne Blvd.
Unconstructed (22 miles). There is no documented traversable local routing between US 101 and Route 1, although you can read the plans below (and note that as of 1953, Reseda Blvd actually was shown as intersecting Sunset near Will Rogers Park along Rustic Canyon, although it didn't make it all the way over the hills). The traversable local routing between US 101 and Route 118 is Reseda Blvd. There is no traversable local routing between Route 118 and I-5. There are no plans for improvement.
The freeway and expressway system plans, both in the mid 1950's and 1960's, were that this route would be constructed to freeway standards down Reseda Blvd and across the Santa Monica Mountains to intersect with the Pacific Coast Freeway, Route 1. Currently, the only clue of this plan is that the milepost for Route 14 does not go to 0.00 at the I-5 junction.
It is interesting to note that, at one time, Reseda (at least on paper) continued to Sunset Blvd (although not continguously), meeting Sunset at what is now Sullivan Canyon Road.
The cross mountain roadway was first proposed in the early 1920s. By 1928, various San Fernando Valley Chambers of Commerce were showing a potential "Reseda to the Sea", that meandered through Temescal Canyon to Pacific Coast Highway. The road continued to be proposed through the 1930s and 1940s as a vital 25-mile roadway. By the 1950s, it was listed as a potential freeway, as evidenced by its definition as LRN 290.
It became controversial in the 1960s. San Fernando Valley leaders, in the 1960s, persuaded the Los Angeles City Council to study the feasibility of building it as a toll road, but that never happened.
It should be noted that the intersection of Temescal Canyon Road and Pacific Coast Highway was designed large enough to handle traffic at the beach end, but the construction of Palisades High School in 1961 scuttled that route. However, the planning maps make it clear that Temescal and Pacific Coast Highway was the intended terminus (creating difficulty with the "north of Sunset" in the definition).
Opposition to the route grew in the 1970s and 1980s. In 1998, Los Angeles gave up the city's easement between Winford and Mulholland drives in Tarzana. However, the route still shows up on a few city maps. The fact that this will never be constructed is reflected in the exit numbers on the Route 14 freeway segment, which go to 0 at I-5.
The unconstructed segment
left I-5 around Balboa Blvd. It crossed Route 118 just W of Balboa, and then
continued W until approximately Lassen and Wilbur, at which time it ran due S
along Wilbur, crossing Mullholland, intersecting Sunset at Temescal Canyon, and
continuing down the Canyon to Route 1. One map published in the Los Angeles
Times showed the route running a bit to the E of Temescal, meeting Sunset at
Rustic Canyon closer to Will Rodgers Park. That correlates with some maps that
show Reseda Blvd crossing over the hills into Will Rodgers Park. Such a
crossing would have intersected PCH closer to Entrada Dr. than Temescal.
(Source: Rustic Canyon info and map from a FB post by Anthony Pearson, 4/14/2019)
Michael Ballard noted that there is some grading as well as some concrete (though no longer really visible as a "stub") from the planned extension of Route 14 at the Route 14/I-5 interchange. Pre-1971 earthquake plans do show the routing of the unbuilt ramps for Route 14 South (which would have had the control city of "Beach Cities"). Michael has added information on this interchange to his site at http://socalregion.com/highways/la_highways/golden_antelope_interchange/; the following is excerpted and summarized therefrom (consult the link for interchange drawings and additional details):
In the mid-1960s, the original design was done for
the main interchange between I-5 and Route 14. This interchange not only
supported the current Route 14 "Antelope Valley" Freeway; it allowed for the
future extension of Route 14 south of I-5 (the "Reseda Freeway"). This
extension would have eventually carried Route 14 through the San Fernando
Valley to Route 1 near Temescal Canyon Road. Through the pass area, the Reseda
Freeway would have paralleled I-5 from the current Route 14 junction to about
Balboa Blvd. From there, the route was never precisely determined (but would
roughly, as the name suggests, have gone over to Reseda somehow and down).
Construction on the new interchange began in 1969. This was to be a major
project: including the south end of the Antelope Valley Freeway, the
realignment of the Golden State Freeway, and the reconstruction of the former
freeway. There was to be massive grading and extensive cuts. The support for SB
Route 14 was implemented in the design. Signage showed the somewhat unique
signage that was to be applied to the full interchange. Route 14 South was to
have the control point of “Beach Cities”, where Route 14 North had
“Palmdale”. There was to be a short connector ramp between the
Route 14 SB Truck Connector and the mainline Route 14 SB to I-5 NB Connector
ramp, as part of the southern Route 14 extension. It was not built but the
bridges were built to accommodate it. Then the 1971 Sylmar quake occurred. Some
of the tallest columns, forming the supports for the I-5 SB to Route 14 NB
connector, collapsed during the quake. Changes were made to the freeway plans
after the earthquake. Signage for Route 14 South was eliminated as well as the
short connector near the Sierra Highway Undercrossing for I-5 South and Route
14. These changes in the design plans seem to show that, should the Reseda
Freeway be built, it wouldn’t be for quite some time. Despite that, the
interchange that was finally constructed did leave room for that freeway.
Construction, or reconstruction in this case, was finally completed in 1975.
After the 1994 earthquake when the SB Route 14 to SB I-5 connector bridge
collapsed again, most of the evidence for the connection to this segment of
Route 14 disappeared. All that remains are some stub ramps, such as the I-5 SB
to Route 14 (Reseda Freeway) and the truck connector from Route 14 SB to I-5 NB
are still visible. Mike's
site has some photos showing these stubs in detail.
(Source: Southern California Regional Rocks and Roads, "Golden State Freeway / Antelope Valley Freeway Interchange")
If constructed, this segment would have been named the "Reseda Freeway". This is because the freeway would have traversed the community of Reseda in the City of Los Angeles. Reseda itself was named for mignonette (a herb).
From Route 5 at Los Angeles near Tunnel Station to Route 58.
Note: Section 314.1 also states:
(a) The commission may relinquish to the City of Santa Clarita all or any portion of Sierra Highway, also known as Route 14U, located within the city limits of that city, upon terms and conditions the commission finds to be in the best interests of the state, if the department and the city enter into an agreement providing for that relinquishment.
(b) A relinquishment under this section shall become effective immediately after the county recorder’s recordation of the relinquishment resolution containing the commission’s approval of the terms and conditions of the relinquishment.
(c) On and after the effective date of the relinquishment, both of the following shall occur:
(1) The portion of Route 14U relinquished shall cease to be a state highway.
(2) The portion of Route 14U relinquished shall be ineligible for future adoption under Section 81.
This segment is as defined in 1963.
Circa 1935, this portion of the route was numbered as Route 7. When state routes began to be shielded as US highways, this was resigned as US 6.
The segment between Route 5 near Tunnel Station (former US 99) and Route 126 near Solemint was originally LRN 4, defined in 1910. In 1935, this segment was renumbered as an extension of LRN 23. The remainder of the segment (to Route 58) was part of the 1911 definition of LRN 23.
On March 21, 1956, the Highway Comission adopted the segment of Route 14 (LRN 23) from 1/2 mi N of the junction with Angeles Forest Highway near the SP Railroad Vincent Y to Neeach Road as a freeway. This was locally called the "Palmdale-Lancaster Freeway". On June 21, 1955, the Highway Commission declared existing LRN 23 (future Route 14, US 6) between US 99 and Solemint to be a freeway. The Caltrans planning map to the right shows the route as of 1964.
Here is some history of Route 14, courtesy of a misc.transport.road posting from Mike Ballard.
The original non-freeway routing, Sierra Highway, was a four-lane divided highway its junction with US 99 at Tunnel Station to San Fernando Road. From there to Soledad Canyon Road, it was a three-lane highway (until 1968, then four lane divided). North of Solemint Junction (Soledad Canyon Road) to Palmdale it was two-lanes. Palmdale to Lancaster - Four lanes undivided. North of Lancaster to Mojave, two-lanes.
The Antelope Valley Freeway was built in stages on a new alignment. The first was from 1/2 mi E of Solemint Junction to Red Rover Mine Road in 1963. In 1965, the freeway was constructed from Red Rover Mine Road (Ward Road OC) to Pearblossom Highway; and in 1966 from Pearblossom Highway to Ave P-8 (with a temporary connection to Sierra Highway). In 1968, the route was extended from near Ave H to about 1 mile N of Rosamond. The segment from Ave P-8 to Ave H opened in 1972 or 1970.
In 1972, the freeway was constructed from North of Rosamond to Mojave, with the full freeway ending at Silver Queen Road. Also in 1972, the route was constructed from South of Solemint Junction to San Fernando Road. Between 1973 and 1975, the remaning portion from San Fernando Road to I-5 (quake delayed) was opened.
There is a portion of the route, off-freeway, that is signed as Route 14U. Route 14U is there because of a maintenance-intensive section of Sierra Highway from Placerita Canyon Road to Golden Valley Road that has been a problem since 1938. As a result, the County doesn't want the roadway, nor does the City of Santa Clarita, so it remains in State hands. Mike Ballard has posted information and photos on his Route 14U page. In September 2017, AB 1172, Chapter 351, Chaptered 9/28/2017, authorized relinquishment of the Route 14U segment to the city of Santa Clarita. This segment is identified in the bill as "the portion of Sierra Highway approximately between the intersection of Newhall Avenue and the intersection of Friendly Valley Parkway within the city limits of the city".
In August 2018, it was reported that maintenance
work had begun on Route 14U, in preparation for Caltrans to turn over the route
to the city. Talks for this transfer have been ongoing since Gov. Jerry Brown
signed AB 1172 into law in September 2017. Before the city can take over the
roadway, the city requires the portion of the roadway be brought up to city
standards, including improving the road’s grading, slope and
environmental factors. The Fall 2018 roadwork includes a $2.4 million Caltrans
road repair project that will include dig-outs, road resurfacing and striping
set for multiple locations, including on the road that the city is discussing
with Caltrans. Other areas include sections of Newhall Avenue to Dockweiler
Drive, Dockweiler Drive to Placerita Canyon Road and Golden Valley Road.
(Source: SCV Signal, 8/20/2018)
Route 14 General
Constructed to freeway standards. The first segment opened in 1963; the last segment opened in 1974.
I-5 to Palmdale (Pearblossom Highway) (~ LA R25.019 to LA R54.536)
Construction should start in winter 2008 on a $156 million project to elevate a two-lane car-pool lane to connect car-pool lanes on I-5 and Route 14. The project should be done by 2012. The project appears to have gone to bid in November 2007, with an estimate of $120M for the connectors in Los Angeles County (Santa Clarita) on I-5 from 0.2 Km South of the Balboa Boulevard overcrossing to 0.9 Km South of Weldon Canyon and on Route 14 from the I-5/Route 14 separation (~ LA R25.019) to 2.0 Km North of the Sierra Highway undercrossing (~ LA R25.419).
In March 2013, the CTC relinquished right of way in the city of Santa Clarita along Route 14 at Newhall Avenue (~ LA R27.056), consisting of collateral facilities.
In August 2011, the CTC approved $46,000,000 in SHOPP funding for repairs in and near Santa Clarita, from north of the Santa Clara River Bridge (LA R031.88) to north of Sierra Highway (~ LA R052.17), that will rehabilitate 120 lane miles of pavement to improve safety and ride quality. Project will replace damaged roadway slabs, place dowel bars between new and old slabs, replace approach and departure slabs at structures, grind and overlay auxiliary lane, place concrete termini at eight ramps, replace guardrail, grind and groove pavement, and seal joints and cracks.
Route 14U - Sierra Highway
Note that Route 14U runs along Sierra Highway. There is a portion near the 5/14 interchange (at RM T24.30, the Sierra Highway OC and the N5TRK-N14 Connector to LA 24.577), and another portion from Dockweiler Dr (T27.0) to a point W of Rainbow Glen Dr, roughly at the point of Oakspur Dr. (~ 07-LA-14U 29.848)
Another unrelinquished portion was relinquished in September 2002 (near PM T26.8); this is the segment that was related to the Route 126 and Route 14 junction.
In September 2017, AB 1172, Chapter 351, Chaptered 9/28/2017, authorized relinquishment of the Route 14U segment to the city of Santa Clarita. This segment is identified in the bill as "the portion of Sierra Highway approximately between the intersection of Newhall Avenue (~ R26.0) and the intersection of Friendly Valley Parkway within the city limits of the city" (~ LA 29.848).
It appears that a portion of the route has been vacated: PM R27.0 in the City of Santa Clarita (PM 07-LA-14U T27.0 is the intersection with Dockweiler Dr.). It is signed as Route 14U (Unrelinquished) from just north of the 14 freeway undercrossing to the on ramp at Placerita Canyon Rd (~ 07-LA-14U 27.971).
Palmdale (Pearblossom Highway) to Mojave (Route 58) (~ LA R54.536 to KER 18.983)
In August 2011, the CTC approved $13,000,000 in SHOPP funding for repairs in and near Palmdale, from north of Sierra Highway (~ LA R052.17) to Rayburn Road (~ LA R59.152), that will rehabilitate 37 lane miles of pavement to improve safety and ride quality.
In December 2011, the CTC approved $350K to install 9.3 miles of metal beam guardrail to reduce the number and severity of collisions in Palmdale and Lancaster from north of Palmdale Boulevard (~ LA R59.84) to north of Avenue I (~ LA R68.975).
In June 2013, it was reported that interchange improvements with Avenue I (~ LA R68.975) were completed in Lancaster. A collaborative effort between the Los Angeles County Metro, the City of Lancaster, and Caltrans, the $12 million project involved the widening of Avenue I to three lanes in each direction, while providing dual left turn lanes onto Route 14 from both the eastbound and westbound directions. The project also replaced the problematic stop-sign controlled southbound off ramp with a new loop ramp which now intersects with Avenue I at 23rd Street West.
In September 2016, it was reported by Gary Richards (but echoing a response
from Joe Rouse) that all the green paddle mile markers that had once been on
Route 58 and Route 14 have been removed. According to Joe, Caltrans HQ Traffic
Ops was approached by staff in District 9 about removing the milepost markets,
for the reasons that created confusion when it came to responding to roadway
incidents (for the CHP, Caltrans and local law enforcement continue to use
postmiles to locate roadway incidents). Because mileposts are not a requirement
in the California MUTCD, Caltrans concurred with their request. The green mile
markers were located on the freeway portions of Route 58 from roughly Tehachapi
to the San Bernardino County line and on the freeway portions of Route 14 in
(Source: Joe Rouse on AAroads, 9/8/2016)
Route 14 from Route 5 to
Avenue D, North of Lancaster (~ LA R25.019 to LA R74.029), is officially named
the "Antelope Valley Freeway". It was named by Assembly Concurrent
Resolution No. 57, Chapter 196, in 1957. The name comes from the fact that the
freeway traverses the Antelope Valley. Antelope Valley was named for the
graceful animal once found throughout California.
(Image source: Flikr)
The portion from
Pearblossom Highway to US 395 (~ LA R54.56 to KER 64.416) is officially
designated the "Aerospace Highway". This is because the importance of
this area to the aerospace industry, which includes the area being the home to
Edwards Air Force Base (EAFB), the home of the Air Force Flight Test Center
(AFFTC). Additionally, NASA Dryden Air Force Rocket Propulsion Laboratory
(AFRPL) at EAFB has contributed to the defense of our country since 1954
through the development of virtually all the nation's rocket propulsion
technology, including the initiation of the development and testing of several
rocket engines, including the first ATLAS Intercontinental Ballistic Missile
(ICBM) in 1956; the first full-scale Minuteman solid propellant ICBM in 1959;
the Pratt & Whitney XLR-129 Rocket Engine, which served as the precursor to
the Rocketdyne "Space Shuttle Main Engine" in 1964; and the Titan 34 Solid
Rocket Booster from the nozzle down to return Titan 34 to the nation's launch
service after the Challenger tragedy. The Edwards Rocket Site also played a
role in President John F. Kennedy's "Race to the Moon" when in 1961 Rocketdyne
performed the first test firing of the 1,500,000 pound thrust F-1 Engine for
the Manned Lunar Launch Program; subsequently, it was used as the location for
over 7,000 development and acceptance test firings of the F-1 Engine, including
every engine used to launch men to the moon. The AFRPL has continued to play a
role in developing space technology, helping to develop the nation's largest
hydrogen rocket engine for the Boeing Evolved Expendable Launch Vehicle (EELV)
and "Attitude Control Thrusters Systems" for satellite and space maneuvering
applications. The former Palmdale Airport was converted in 1953 into Air Force
Plant 42, which has supported facilities for the production, engineering, final
assembly, and flight testing of many notable high-performance aircraft from
Boeing, Lockheed-Martin, and Northrop Grumman, including the F-100 Super Sabre,
F-104 Starfighter, SR-71 Blackbird, B-1 Lancer, Space Shuttle, F-117 Nighthawk,
B-2 Spirit, and U-2S reconnaissance plane. Some of the numerous milestones in
flight have taken place at the AFFTC in its 50-year history, including the
(Image source: Waymarking)
The Aerospace Highway was designated by ACR 119, Chapter 83, 6/20/2002. Additionally, an encroachment permit authorizing a specified historical monument and plaque dedicated to commemorate the major milestones in the aerospace industry that have taken place in the Antelope Valley was authorized to be erected on the vista point overlooking Palmdale Lake on Route 14 (~ LA R56.804) by ACR 120, Chapter 84, 6/20/2002.
The portion of Route 14
in the City of Palmdale from E. Ave. S (~ LA R58.195) to E. Ave. R (~ LA
R59.157) in Los Angeles County is named the "Los Angeles County
Sheriff’s Sergeant Steven C. Owen Memorial Highway". It was named
after Sergeant Steven C. Owen of the Los Angeles County Sheriff’s
Department, who was killed in the line of duty. Sergeant Owen was shot and
killed in Lancaster, California on Wednesday, October 5, 2016, while responding
to a residential burglary call that set off a manhunt for a gunman who tried to
flee in the slain lawman’s cruiser and who held two teenagers hostage
before he was captured. Sergeant Owen was only 53 years of age at the time of
his passing, and he was a 29-year department veteran who began his career in
law enforcement with the Los Angeles County Sheriff’s Department on March
11, 1987, as part of a class of 240. Over the course of his career with the
department, Sergeant Owen had the opportunity to serve as a deputy, school
resource deputy, field training officer, and detective, providing expertise to
the Custody Division’s East Facility, Lynwood Station, and to Transit
Services in Field Ops Region II, and to the Antelope Valley and Lancaster
stations in Field Ops Region I. Sergeant Owen was first assigned to the
Lancaster Station in June 1996, where he was promoted to sergeant in 2011, and
since that time he served the residents of Lancaster. He also served with the
department’s mounted enforcement detail as both a deputy and sergeant,
assisting with crowd control, parades, lost children, and various patrol
activities from horseback. Sergeant Owen received numerous accolades for his
efforts and achievements, including professional commendations from the Federal
Bureau of Investigation of the United States Department of Justice, the Los
Angeles County Board of Supervisors, the United States Marine Corps, the
California Attorney General, and the Massachusetts State Police. In 2014,
Sergeant Owen was awarded the Medal of Valor, the department’s highest
honor. Upon his passing, he is survived by his beloved family, including his
wife, Tania, a detective assigned to the department’s Arson/Explosives
Detail. Named by Assembly Concurrent Resolution 31, 8/31/2017, Res. Chapter
135, Statutes of 2017.
(Image source: ABC7, 10/5/2017)
The portion of Route 14
in the City of Palmdale from the south junction of Route 14 and Route 138 (~ LA
R59.816) to West Avenue O8 (~ LA R62.145) is named the Lance Corporal
Javier Olvera Memorial Highway. It was named in memory of Javier Olvera,
born in 1988 in the Sylmar, California. Mr. Olvera attended R. Rex Parris High
School in the Antelope Valley, during which he participated and excelled in the
Police Explorer program. While watching military programs on the History
Channel, Mr. Olvera became interested in the United States Marine Corps. Hoping
to take his life in a positive direction, in 2006 Mr. Olvera enlisted in the
United States Marine Corps and was sent to the Marine Corps Recruit Depot in
San Diego, California. Mr. Olvera graduated from Marine Corps boot camp with
his platoon on February 23, 2007. Mr. Olvera was then sent to Camp Lejeune in
North Carolina for training as a 0311 Infantryman, where his specialty was as a
radio operator, a highly dangerous job, often targeted in battle by the enemy.
On August 1, 2007, Mr. Olvera was promoted to the rank of Lance Corporal. In
September 2007, Lance Corporal Olvera deployed to Iraq, where he stayed until
February 2008, when he returned to the United States. Lance Corporal Olvera was
again called to service in May 2009, and subsequently deployed with 2nd
Battalion, 8th Marines with a contingent of 21,000 other Marines to
Afghanistan. On August 8, 2009, Lance Corporal Olvera was killed in action by
an improvised explosive device (IED). Named by Senate Concurrent Resolution 60,
chaptered 2/3/2014, Resolution Chapter 6.
(Image source: LA Times)
The portion of Route 14
in the County of Los Angeles, between Avenue M and Avenue L (~ LA R64.681 to LA
R65.697) in the City of Lancaster is named the "Marine Corporal Christopher
D. Leon Memorial Highway". This segment was named in memory of Marine
Corporal Christopher D. Leon, born on November 5, 1985, in Thousand Oaks,
California. Corporal Leon was a 2004 graduate of Lancaster High School, and
left for boot camp in the Marine Corps in San Diego shortly after graduating.
Corporal Christopher D. Leon was described by fellow members of the Marine
Corps as having a heart of a lion and this characteristic was displayed on many
occasions, including when he broke his foot during a boot camp exercise called
"the crucible" but still managed to courageously finish 10 miles of hiking and
more miles of running with that broken foot. Leon made rank quickly and
obtained his corporal's stripes before two years in service. He was assigned to
the 5th Air Naval Gunfire Liaison Company (ANGLICO), III Marine Expeditionary
Force, in Okinawa, Japan and excelled in ANGLICO training and in the Marine
Corps Martial Arts Program. As a liaison company member, Corporal Leon was
trained to quickly pinpoint the source of enemy fire from ground troops,
helicopters, or attack plans and then to direct counter-fire. On June 20, 2006,
at 20 years of age, Corporal Leon died from injuries suffered in combat in the
western province of Al Anbar, Iraq. Named by Senate Concurrent Resolution (SCR)
5, Resolution Chapter 70, on 7/14/2009.
(Image source: LA Times)
The portion of Route 14
in the County of Los Angeles from West Avenue K to West Avenue H (~LA R66.755
to LA R69.995) in the City of Lancaster is named the "Senator Sharon Runner
Memorial Highway". Sharon Runner was born in May 1954, in the City of Los
Angeles. She was a lifelong resident of the City of Lancaster, California.
Before embarking on her political career, Ms. Runner cofounded Desert Christian
Schools, which has grown to three campuses with nearly 1,700 students. Runner
served in the California State Assembly from 2002 to 2008; and was elected to
the California State Senate in 2011. Senator Runner coauthored
California’s version of Jessica’s Law, approved by voters in 2006,
to restrict sex offenders from living near parks, schools, and other places
where children congregate. Senator Runner served on the board of California
Women Lead, a bipartisan organization that encourages and empowers women to run
for public office. In 1998, she was appointed by Governor Pete Wilson to serve
on the Antelope Valley Fair Board of Directors, where she oversaw the
operations of the 50th Agriculture District. In 2009, she was appointed by
Governor Schwarzenegger to the California Unemployment Insurance Appeals Board.
Throughout her life, Senator Runner volunteered her time on several boards and
committees, including the United Way, Antelope Valley Hospital Gift Foundation,
Antelope Valley Crime Task Force, Healthy Homes Advisory Council, and Care Net.
In 1984, at the age of 30, she was diagnosed with limited scleroderma, also
known as CREST syndrome, and received a double-lung transplant in 2012.
Following her high-profile illness and recovery, Senator Runner volunteered
with organizations committed to increasing organ donations. She was reelected
to the California State Senate in 2015. Senator Sharon Runner passed away on
July 14, 2016, after experiencing respiratory complications. Named by Assembly
Concurrent Resolution (ACR) 138, Res. Chapter 160, Statutes of 2016 on
September 1, 2016.
(Image source: SCVTV)
The portion of this route
that was cosigned with US 6 (i.e., this entire segment) was named the "Grand
Army of the Republic Highway" by Assembly Concurrent Resolution 33, Chapter
73, in 1943. The GAR is a membership organization founded in Decatur, Illinois
on April 6, 1866 by Benjamin F. Stephenson. It's membership was limited to
honorably discharged veterans of the Union Army, Navy, Marine Corps or the
Revenue Cutter Service who had served between April 12, 1861 and April 9, 1865.
The GAR is responsible for the establishment of Memorial Day, which began in
1868 when GAR Commander-in-Chief John A. Logan issued General Order No. 11
calling for all Departments and Posts to set aside the 30th of May as a day for
remembering the sacrifices of fallen comrades. The final Encampment of the
Grand Army of the Republic was held in Indianapolis, Indiana in 1949 and the
last member, Albert Woolson died in 1956 at the age of 109 years.
(Source: Information on the GAR excerpted from the pages of the Sons of Union Veterans of the Civil War; Image source: KCET).
The I-5/Route 14 interchange
(~ LA R25.019) is officially designated the "Clarence Wayne Dean Memorial
Interchange". Officer Clarence Wayne Dean was a 26-year veteran motorcycle
cop for the Los Angeles Police Department. He lived in Lancaster, north of the
city, and worked out of the Van Nuys station in the San Fernando Valley. He
joined the Los Angeles force in 1968 after four years in the Marines, leaving
the military with the rank of sergeant. He had been a motorcycle officer for
ten years. In November 1993 he hurt his back and took a desk job. A few weeks
later, he returned to work healthy enough to go back on the street. On January
17, 1994, a 6.6 earthquake struck the San Fernando Valley's Northridge area.
The Newhall Pass sections of the I-5/Route 14 freeway interchange collapsed.
Officer Dean was unaware of the collapse. While rounding a turn on a soaring
overpass, he sailed into space astride his motorcyle, unable to stop. The
interchange was renamed the "Clarence Wayne Dean Memorial Interchange" in his
honor. Named by Assembly Concurrent Resolution No. 111, Chapter 64, in 1994.
(Image Sources: Washington Times; Find A Grave)
The Golden Valley Road Bridge
over Route 14 (~ LA R29.71) in the City of Santa Clarita, County of Los
Angeles, is named the "Connie Worden-Roberts Memorial Bridge". It was
named in memory of Connie Worden-Roberts, who demonstrated extraordinary
service to the Santa Clarita Valley community and was known as the Santa
Clarita Valley’s “Road Warrior”. In particular, Connie
Worden-Roberts championed the development of the valley’s transportation
network for nearly four decades, serving as the vice-chair of the City of Santa
Clarita Formation Committee and serving on the city’s first planning
commission. Worden-Roberts also served as chairwoman of the League of Women
Voters of Los Angeles County, founder of the Valley Industry Association,
former chairwoman of the board and director of the Santa Clarita Valley Chamber
of Commerce, and as a member of many more community organizations. Lastly,
Worden-Roberts was an early visionary and tireless advocate for the Golden
Valley Road Bridge project, knowing it was necessary to meet the needs of the
growing valley. Sadly, Connie Worden-Roberts passed away on August 12, 2014.
Named by Assembly Concurrent Resolution 89, Resolution Chapter 187, on
(Image source: Santa Clarita City Briefs; SCV History/KHTS)
On February 26, 2002, Caltrans unveiled its first-ever "Don't Drink and Drive" freeway sign near Acton, in memory of Callie "Joel" Buser, a Caltrans surveyor who was killed while performing survey work by a drugged driver. Joel Buser, a 55-year-old Caltrans worker, was killed July 29, 1992, by a vehicle driven by Scott Ellis III of Palmdale while Buser was surveying a stretch of freeway near Soledad Canyon Road. Ellis was later sentenced to 10 years in prison for gross vehicular manslaughter while under the influence of drugs. Since his death, Buser has been memorialized through a scholarship fund for students studying to become surveyors as well as having Caltrans' North Los Angeles Regional Survey Office renamed in his honor. (Somewhere near LA R48.515)
The interchange on Route
14 with the Angeles Forest Highway (Los Angeles County Sign Route N3) (~ LA R54.393) in the
County of Los Angeles is officially named the "Captain Ted Hall and Engineer
Arnie Quinones Memorial Interchange". It was named in memory of Fire
Captain Ted Hall and Fire Figher Specialist Arnie Quinones. Fire Captain
Tedmund D. "Ted" Hall first joined the Los Angeles County Fire Department in
1981 as a student worker, and graduated from the fire academy in 1983, serving
as a firefighter in Lakewood, Whittier, and La Puente. In 1987, Mr. Hall joined
the department's command and control team of fire dispatchers, and was promoted
to Fire Fighter Specialist in 1988, serving as an engineer at various
locations. He was promoted to captain in 2001, with his final assignment at
Camp 16 in the Palmdale region. Fire Fighter Specialist Arnaldo "Arnie"
Quinones first joined the Los Angeles County Fire Department in 1998, as a
member of the department's call fire fighter program, and graduated from the
fire academy in 2001, serving as a firefighter in Palmdale, Covina, and La
Canada-Flintridge. In 2005, Mr. Quinones was promoted to Fire Fighter
Specialist, with his final assignment as an engineer at Camp 16 in the Palmdale
region. Captain Hall and Fire Fighter Specialist Quinones were both tragically
killed in the line of duty on Sunday, August 30, 2009, during the Station Fire,
when their emergency response vehicle went over the side and fell 800 feet into
a steep canyon during fire suppression activities. Named by Assembly Concurrent
Resolution 58, Resolution Chapter 108, on September 28, 2011.
(Image source: LA County Fire on Twitter)
The Rosamond Boulevard
Interchange of Route 14 (~ KER R3.078) in the City of Rosamond is named the
"Lance Corporal Joseph C. Lopez Memorial Interchange". Named in memory
of Joseph C. Lopez, who enlisted in the Marine Corps in March 2009, and was
assigned to the 3rd Battalion, 5th Marine Regiment, 1st Marine Division, 1st
Marine Expeditionary Force at Camp Pendleton. Lance Corporal Lopez was a strong
Marine, physically and mentally, who made a conscious decision to let his faith
in God lead him through whatever might happen. Lance Corporal Lopez was a
mentor to many younger Marines from his life experiences and helped his fellow
Marine brothers simply by being a good listener. Lance Corporal Lopez was
deployed to the Sangin district of the Helmand province of Afghanistan in late
September 2010, with his unit. On October 14th, 2010, Lance Corporal Lopez had
returned safely to his Marine camp, after successfully patrolling an area of
responsibility for more than 20 hours on foot. Lance Corporal Lopez's team was
then dispatched to a nearby location to assist a Marine unit taking heavy fire.
The then 26-year-old Lance Corporal Lopez was killed by an improvised explosive
device during that combat operation in Helmand province. In 2011, Lance
Corporal Lopez's family and church established an inaugural annual five
kilometer run in remembrance of him, in which members of his Marine unit
participated, all proceeds of which are donated to the Wounded Warriors Project
and church youth programs. Named by Senate Concurrent Resolution 80, Resolution
Chapter 89, on August 24, 2012.
(Image source: LA Times)
This segment was part of the "Midland Trail".
HOV lanes are under construction or opened as follows:
From Route 58 to Route 395 near Little Lake via the vicinity of Antelope Valley.
In the 1934 initial state signage, this portion of the route was numbered as Route 7. When state routes began to be shielded as US highways, this was resigned as US 6. This was also part of the 1911 extension of LRN 23.
Mojave / California City (Route 58) to near N edge of Red Rock Canyon (~ KER 18.983 to KER 44)
An interchange is being built at the south end of the Mojave Bypass for WB Route 58 to SB Route 14 and NB Route 14 to EB Route 58 movements (06-Ker-14 16.026). This will create a single stop light for those most common movements at the existing Route 14/Route 58 intersection. For other movements, you will travel north on Route 14 all the way to Route 58 through Mojave. There are currently insufficient traffic volumes aren't high enough for a Route 14 freeway to the Route 58 freeway. However, according to Joe Rouse at Caltrans, there were originally plans for Route 14 to bypass Mojave on the east. A new freeway spur would have connected with the east segment of Route 58. At the north end of the town, the mainline of the freeway would become Route 58 west and a new freeway spur would have connected with Route 14 north. These would have been large interchanges and faced community opposition. Additional funding for this interchange was considered in September 2005.
There were once plans to build a bypass in the Mojave area to the west of town. Now, if this ever gets built, it will be to the east of town. A four-lane expressway has been completed from Mojave through Red Rock Canyon, with a full grade-separated interchange at California City Blvd, and frontage roads extending from several miles north of that down almost to the town. The 16 miles north of Red Rock Canyon remain as two-lane road.
In January 2011, the CTC authorized relinquishment of right of way in the county of Kern along Route 14 between 4.2 miles south and 2.3 miles north of California City Boulevard (~ KER 17.084 to KER 23.584), consisting of superseded highway right of way and collateral facilities.
In August 2010, the CTC approved relinquishment of right of way in the city of California City along Route 14, on Pesche Boulevard, California City Boulevard, and Leiman Road, consisting of collateral facilities (~ KER 21.284).
Red Rock Canyon Bridge (KER PM 39.9)
In August 2012, the CTC approved for future consideration of funding a project that will remove and replace the existing Red Rock Canyon Bridge (Bridge Number 50-0178) on Route 14 within Red Rock Canyon State Park (between Mojave and Inyokern). The project is programmed in the 2012 State Highway Operation and Protection Program (SHOPP). The total estimated cost is $19,485,000 for capital and support. Construction is estimated to begin in Fiscal Year 2013-14. The scope, as described for the preferred alternative, is consistent with the project scope programmed by the Commission in the 2012 SHOPP. A copy of the MND has been provided to Commission staff. The project will mitigate potential impacts to biological and aesthetic resources to a less than significant level. Proposed mitigation measures include protective fencing and best management practices for the desert tortoise, a special status species. Color and texture features incorporated into the final design will mitigate aesthetic issues.
In March 2013, the CTC provided advance approval of $9,970,000 to replace the existing Red Rock Canyon Bridge (Bridge #50-0178) near Ridgecrest with a new longer, wider, and scour resistant bridge to reduce future bridge repair frequency and cost, and improve traffic operations and safety.
Red Rock Canyon to Jct US 395 (~ KER 44 to KER 64.416)
Freeman Gulch Four-Lane Project
2007 CMIA. One project was submitted to the Corridor Mobility Improvement Account for funding: expansion of the route to 4 lanes between Redrock Inyokern (~KER 45.061) and Route 178 (~ KER 57.733) ($129,278K requested). It was not recommended for funding.
In April 2012, the CTC approved for future consideration of funding a project in Kern County near the community of Freeman that will convert the existing two-lane conventional highway into a four-lane divided controlled-access expressway on Route 14 from 0.8 mile north of Redrock Inyokern Road to 2.2 miles south of the junction with US 395. The "Freeman Gulch Four-Lane Project," consisting of a conversion to a four-lane expressway with a wide median, has been planned with the approval of a Project Study Report in 2001. The Project Report was approved on October 29, 2007 and the Initial Study with Mitigated Negative Declaration/Environmental Assessment with Finding of No Significance Impact was approved on October 3, 2007. A Supplemental Project Report that split the project into three segments was approved on April 12, 2010. The northern segment of this project, which includes the proposed route adoption and extends from 0.5 mile north of the Route 178 West junction to 1.7 miles north of Route 178 East junction (PM 58.3 to 62.3), is the first segment proposed to be constructed and programmed for construction capital.The project will be phased into three segments. Segment 1 is programmed in the 2012 State Transportation Improvement Program (STIP) and is fully funded, at a cost of $44,888,000. Segment 2 is partially programmed in the 2012 STIP; the cost for this segment is $47,687,000, of which $10,860,000 is programmed. Segment 3 is not currently programmed nor funded; the cost for this segment is $31,544,000. The total estimated project cost for all three phases is $124,119,000 for capital and support. Construction for Segment 1 is estimated to begin in Fiscal Year 2016-17. The scope, as described for the preferred alternative, is consistent with the project scope programmed by the Commission in the STIP.
In relation to this project, in April 2012, the CTC adopted a portion of Route 14 as a controlled access highway from 0.1 mile north of Route 178 West junction, south of the unincorporated rural community of Indian Wells, to 1.4 miles north of Route 178 East junction. A Project Report was approved on October 29, 2007. A Supplemental Project Report was approved on April 12, 2010 to phase the project into three segments to fully fund each segment. An Initial Study with Mitigated Negative Declaration was prepared for California Environmental Quality Act and the document was approved on October 3, 2007. The purpose of the adoption was to designate the remaining segment of conventional highway for Route 14 as a controlled access highway (expressway). The proposed route adoption was prepared by the Department with support from Kern County and Kern Council of Governments (KernCOG). This route adoption corresponds to the northern segment of the project referred to as the Freeman Gulch Four-Lane Project (PM 45.9 to 62.3) and runs through the unincorporated rural community of Indian Wells. The ultimate facility will be a four-lane divided controlled access highway with increased capacity and will improve traffic safety and operations of Route 14. The portion of Route 14 proposed for route adoption is a two-lane conventional highway, where as the portions directly south and north of the proposed route adoption are two-lane expressways. Just south of the proposed adoption segment, Route 14 was adopted by the California Highway Commission as a freeway in 1956 and denominated as a controlled access highway on March 30, 2012. Just north of the proposed adoption segment, Route 14 was adopted by the Commission as a controlled access highway on June 28, 1989. Following the completion of this project, Route 14 will be a continuous 4-lane facility along its entire length from its beginning at I-5 in Los Angeles County to US 395 in Kern County. It should be noted that the portion of Route 14 covered by this project is the last segment of the route that has not been converted to a 4-lane facility. This project will greatly enhance the continuity of this route and provide a continuous 4-lane expressway from I-5 through Kern County and along US 395 up to near Olancha in Inyo County (a distance of 150 miles).
In May 2013, the CTC authorized public road connections in the county of Kern at approximate PM 48.9, 50.2, 53.5, 58.9 and 61.2. These new connections are located between 1.1 miles north of Redrock Inyokern Road and 1.4 miles north of the Route 178 East Junction in Kern County. This is part of the Freeman Gulch Four-Lane project, which includes construction of frontage roads and new connections to Route 14 at five locations. These new public road connections are needed to provide access to clusters of private parcels on both sides of Route 14 at each location. The ultimate facility will be a four-lane divided controlled access highway with increased capacity and improved operations and safety. Route 14 within the project limits is an undivided two-lane conventional highway, whereas the portions directly south and north are four-lane controlled access highways (expressways). The Department is proposing to convert the existing Route 14 within the project limits to a multilane expressway and provide route continuity with the existing expressway at each end of the project limits. The proposed highway improvements also include construction of frontage roads and new connections to Route 14 at five locations. These new connections are required to provide access to clusters of private parcels and Bureau of Land Management (BLM) public dirt roads. Currently, there are many private parcels connecting directly to the highway via driveways. These private parcels do not have access to any other local roads. Additionally, there are a number of BLM public dirt roads, used for recreational purposes, which also have direct access to both directions of the highway. As a result of the controlled access highway project proposal, the BLM roads will be modified to connect to the frontage roads and this way continue to have access to Route 14. The proposed reduced number of access points to the highway would improve traffic operations and enhance traffic safety along Route 14 and at the Route 178 east and west junctions.
In October 2016, the CTC approved the following STIP allocation: 06-Ker-14 58.3/62.3 | Route 14 Freeman Gulch Widening - Segment 1. Near Ridgecrest, from 0.5 mile north of Route 178 west to 1.7 miles north of Route 178 east. Convert from 2-lane conventional highway to 4-lane expressway. $31,088,000
In December 2017, it was reported that, after
nearly a decade of planning and six months of construction, a stretch of Route
14 from just before the Inyokern Road/Route 178 to just before the Indian Wells
Brewing Company and Lodge have been transformed. The Freeman Gulch project, a
multi-million dollar project, will convert the stretch of highway from two
lanes to a four-lane expressway meant to improve traffic flow and safety,
according to Caltrans District 9. The northbound portion is already done,
including a part of the new turnoff/turnon at Inyokern Road. The first stage
was to build the new northbound lane and now that is done, and traffic is on
those. The ultimate goal of the Freeman Gulch widening will close the final
2-lane ‘gap’ on Route 14 between Mojave and the junction with Route
395. Improvements include grading and drainage, which is also halfway done,
something attributed to extended shifts and working on Saturdays. For now,
however, traffic will still be considered a two-lane highway until the
southbound lanes are completed. Currently, construction crews are working on
the second phase, which goes south from the US 395 turnoff. Caltrans has
established a detour that shunts traffic onto the already-finished northbound
lanes. Caltrans Resident Engineer Sam Dhaliwal added that the lanes are a
little wider, and includes a four-foot “soft” median distinguished
by double yellow lines. The shoulders are also consistent going through the
current route. New lighting has already been installed at the Inyokern Road
intersection, which utilizes LED bulbs he described as “super
bright.” Traffic will be separated by permanent medians. The project has
been supported by Kern Council of Governments (KERNCOG) and Inyo and Mono
counties. Segment 1 has a construction cost of approximately $27.9 million.
Caltrans is currently working with the KERNCOG, Inyo and Mono counties to
program funding for the second and third segments. Segment 2 “will
upgrade approximately 6.2 miles of two-lane conventional highway to a four-lane
expressway from 4.8 miles south to 0.5 miles north of Route 178 West,”
according to segment two fact sheet. Segment 3 will “upgrade 7.1 miles of
two-lane conventional highway to four-lane expressway from north of Red Rock
State Park to 4.8 miles south of Route 178,” according to segment three
(Source: Ridgecrest Daily Independent, 12/5/2017)
The 2018 STIP, approved at the CTC March 2018 meeting, appears to close out Segment 1 of PPNO 8042A, the Freeman Gulch widening Segment 1 (PM KER 58.3/62.3): Near Ridgecrest, from 0.5 mile north of Route 178 west to 1.7 miles north of Route 178 east. Convert from 2-lane conventional highway to 4-lane expressway. It restores $1,960K in funding for PPNO 8042B, for segment 2, KER 53.0/58.3, Near Ridgecrest, from 4.8 miles south of Route 178 west to 0.5 mile north of Route 178 west. Convert from 2-lane conventional highway to 4-lane expressway.
In June 2018, it was reported that a year of
construction, four miles of moving dirt and asphalt, and decades of planning
came to fruition when transportation officials cut the ribbon on the new
four-lane expressway on Route 14. The Freedom Gulch four-lane project breaks
down into three segments in an attempt to turn Route 14 into a four-lane
expressway over 16.4 miles. The collaborative $28 million project received
funding from Caltrans, Kern Council of Governments (KernCOG), and the counties
of Inyo and Mono. Forty percent of the funding came from each KernCOG and
Caltrans, and 10 percent each from Inyo and Mono counties. The first segment
(which just opened) goes from a half mile north of the Route 178 west/Route 14
intersection to 1.7 miles north of Route 178 east/Route 14 intersection. Senate
Bill 1, the transportation package that included the state gas tax, will help
fund the next two segments. The first segment was already programmed through
construction prior to SB 1′s passage in 2017. About 600,000 cubic yards
of dirt have been moved, or about 50,000 truckloads, flattened out hills and
involved 100,000 tons of aggregate base underneath the 100,000 tons of asphalt,
all of which was transported from Lancaster. A mile and a half of pipe help
improve the water runoff during storms. Despite the wind and brutal heat, the
project was finished ahead of schedule and below budget. This was done thanks
to the help of Caltrans' partners, namely ones like KernCOG and Kern County,
Mono and Inyo counties, the Caltrans team and construction companies like
Granite Construction, who worked on the Freeman Gulch program in record time
and under budget.
(Source: Ridgecrest Daily Independent, 6/13/2018)
The Winter 2019 Mile Marker provided more
information on this project. It noted that Segment 2 will upgrade 6.2 miles of
two-lane conventional highway to four-lane expressway. This segment is
currently in design, with construction expected to begin in 2020. Segment 3
will close the final gap and upgrade the last 7.1 miles of conventional highway
to four-lane expressway, completing the long anticipated vision for an Eastern
(Source: Winter 2019 Mile Marker)
In January 2019, the CTC authorized relinquishment
of right of way in the county of Kern (County) along Route 14, from 1.4 miles
south of and 0.5 mile north of the junction with Route 178 (4 segments,
09-Ker-14-PM 59.0/61.2), consisting of collateral facilities. The County, by
controlled access highway agreement dated April 23, 2013, agreed to accept
title upon relinquishment by the State. The 90-day notice period expires
January 8, 2019.
(Source: January 2019 CTC Minutes, Agenda Item 2.3c)
The portion of this route that was cosigned with US 6 (i.e., the entire segment) was named the "Grand Army of the Republic Highway" by Assembly Concurrent Resolution 33, Chapter 73, in 1943.
Historically, this segment was part of "El Camino Sierra" (Road to the Mountains).
This segment was part of the "Midland Trail".
[SHC 263.3] Entire portion.
The following segments are designated as Classified Landscaped Freeway:
|County||Route||Starting PM||Ending PM|
In December 1957, the designation I-14 was proposed for what is now I-210. This was a side-effect of California accepting an Arizona proposal to number I-10 as I-12, and I-8 as I-10. This forced a renumbering of I-12 (the proposal for current I-210), and the number I-14 was chosen. The numbering was rejected by AASHTO.
Overall statistics for Route 14:
[SHC 253.1] Entire route. Defined as part of the Freeway and Expressway system in 1959.
[SHC 164.11] Entire route.
The route that would become LRN 14 was first defined in the 1909 First Bond Act as running from Albany to Martinez. It probably was the original routing of US 40, and included portions of I-80 and perhaps Route 4. It remained unchanged until 1935, when it was codified into the highway code as:
[LRN 14] is from Oakland to Martinez
It was considered a primary highway from Martinez to the junction of San Pablo Avenue and Thirty-eighth Street in Emeryville.
In 1953, Chapter 1787 truncated the routing from Martinez to “[LRN 7] near Crockett”. It was further truncated in 1957 by Chapter 36 to end in Richmond, leaving the definition as “from Oakland to [LRN 7] in Richmond at Cutting Blvd”.
LRN 14 is the former US 40 when it ran to Martinez, then, via ferry, to Benicia briefly before the opening of the Carquinez Bridge in 1927. That would have been (in modern street names), from W to E, San Pablo Ave, Pomona St, Carquinez Scenic Drive, running along the shore through Oleum, Vallejo Junction, Selby, Tormey, Valona, Crockett, Eckley, Port Costa and into Martinez.
LRN 14 started near LRN 5 (US 50, now I-580) near San Pablo and Peralta and ran to US 40 (LRN 7) near Cutting. Before US 40's rerouting onto Eastshore Highway, this was US 40. After the rerouting, this route was signed as Business US 40. This is present-day Route 123.
From Route 5 in San Diego to Route 8.
The segment between I-8 and I-805 (the 40th Street segment) is in the process of conversion to freeway standards. As soon as this conversion to freeway is completed, this will be resigned as I-15. Presently, it is 139(b) non-chargable interstate milage.
The segment between I-805 and I-5 is already freeway standard. Route 15 ends just south of the I-5 interchange at 32nd Street and Harbor Drive, in the community of Barrio Logan in San Diego. The portion connecting Harbor Drive is a ramp and not part of the route itself.
In 1969, Route 103 (LRN 283, defined in 1959) was renumbered as Route 15, and a former portion of US 395 was renumbered as Route 163. The Route 103 number was released for reused; it was reused in the Los Angeles are in 1983.
Route 15 cannot be currently signed as Interstate 15 because Route 15 is still not Interstate-standard between I-5 and Route 94 (~ SD R0.028L to SD 2.152), especially near Market Street. There are some on/off ramps that do not have adequate deceleration/acceleration lanes. This is currently being reconstructed. Note that Route 15/40th Street Fwy was not funded using conventional Interstate Highway funding. The primary concern is the Route 15/Route 94 interchange (~ SD 2.152). The blind ramps, left exits, and narrowing of Route 15 to two lanes each way make this a substandard interchange. Howerver, reconstruction of this interchange to Interstate standards may occur as soon as 2006, pending funding identification and acceleration of this reconstruction in the planning documents. This is also related to the Route 94 corridor study, which is likely to result in additional improvements to that freeway corridor as well.
In September 2011, the CTC approved $5,883,000 for a project in the city of San Diego, from north of Main Street to south of Landis Street pedestrian overcrossing (~ SD 0.405 to ~ SD M4.406)) to rehabilitate 23 roadway lane miles to extend pavement service life and improve ride quality.
In May 2005, the CTC considered relinquishment of right of way in the City of San Diego, along 36th Street, between Imperial Avenue and K Street, consisting of a reconstructed and relocated city street (~ SD 1.501 to SD 1.648). In July 2005, the CTC considered relinquishment of right of way in the City of San Diego, between Dwight Street and 0.05 mile north of Adams Avenue, consisting of superseded highway right of way, reconstructed and relocated city streets, frontage roads and cul-de-sacs.
Caltrans currently has a project to upgrade this segment to an eight-lane freeway basically following the 40th Street alignment through the Mid-City community of the City of San Diego. This is now open to traffic. From Landis Street (~ SD M4.406) to Adams Avenue (~ SD M5.594), the freeway will generally be located between 40th Street and Central Avenue/Terrace Drive about 25 feet below ground. All but three city streets - Polk and Monroe avenues, and Landis Street - crossing 40th Street will stay open. Bridges will be constructed at Wightman Street, University Avenue, Orange Avenue, El Cajon Boulevard and Meade Avenue. Traffic will be able to get on and off the freeway within this segment of Route 15 through interchanges at University Avenue, El Cajon Boulevard and Adams Avenue. One city block of the freeway, between Polk and Orange avenues, will be covered with a community park. Pedestrian bridges will be provided at Monroe Avenue and near Landis Street. Pedestrians along Polk Street may cross through the park on the block of freeway cover.
The small segment in San Diego at PM SD 4.1 was up for relinquishment in September 2002.
In February 2010, the CTC approved relinquishement of right of way in the city of San Diego along Route 15 on 40th Street between Madison and Adams Avenues, (~ SD M5.436 to SD M5.582) consisting of a relocated and reconstructed city street.
In March 2016, it was reported that workers constructing a raised bikeway
along I-15 connecting Kensington and Mission Valley (~ SD M5.824 to SD R6.625)
discovered a small whale bone sticking out from a sandstone bluff. Caltrans
called San Diego Natural History Museum paleontologist Rodney Hubscher to the
site. He said the small fragment is from the fin of a whale that swam through
the area 3.5 million years ago. Bands of mussel and scallop shells stripe the
hillside higher up. Hubscher said much of the region was underwater before the
earth cooled, lowering sea levels, and shifts in tectonic plates jutted
landmasses.Lauren Kemp of Caltrans works with the Nat to preserve fossils found
at job sites throughout San Diego and Imperial Counties. Some of the findings
will go in the Nat's collection. But Kemp said Caltrans intends to preserve the
hillside, making a quick bike trip a trip through history, too. The second
phase of the project will extend the bike route south to City Heights. The
first phase is expected to open in late 2017.
(Source: KPBS, 3/16/2016)
The section of this route
between the Ocean View Boulevard exit and the Home Avenue exit (~ SD R0.601 to
SD 2.118) is named the "Archie Moore Memorial Freeway". Archie Moore was
a legendary boxer whose outstanding career endured through four decades and a
record 143 knockouts and who won the light-heavyweight championship when he was
nearly 39 years old. After winning his title, he defined it nine times. He
served as a trainer in the 1976 Olympics in Montreal and was elected to the
Boxing Hall of Fame. He served in the Dept. of Housing and Urban Development
during the Reagan administration. He lived in a home on E street in San Diego
where he operated a restaurant known as Archie Moore's Chicken Shack. He also
ran the "Any Boy Can" program that taught at-risk youth how to box, and about
competition, sportsmanship, self-reliance, self-discipline, confidence, and
courage. Named by Assembly Concurrent Resolution 90, Chapter 141, on September
(Image source: Find a grave)
The segment of this route between I-805 and Route 91 is officially named the "Escondido" Freeway. The segment between I-805 (~ SD M4.039) and Route 91 (~ RIV 41.286) was named by the State Highway Commission in 1957. The segment between I-8 (~ SD R6.342) and Route 215 (~ RIV 8.334) also received this name officially from Assembly Concurrent Resolution No. 34, Chapter 67, in 1979. The name arises from the fact the route goes through the City of Escondido.
From Route 8 to the Nevada state line near Primm (formerly Stateline), Nevada via the vicinity of Temecula, Corona, Ontario, Victorville, and Barstow.
[Note: See also the more detailed maps on I-215, US 395, Route 31, and Route 194]
This route has a complicated numbering history, described below. The original (1947) plan was to have I-15 terminate at I-10, using the present-day I-215 alignment. US 395 would then continue to San Diego. In 1965, the US 395 segment was renumbered as TEMP I-15/US 395. In 1969, that corridor became I-215, and a new western alignment was created for I-15 that used existing Route 71 between US 395 and Route 91, and a new alignment (approximating former Route 31 in portions) between Route 91 and Devore. "I-215" and I-15 rejoined near Temecula. In 1974, I-215 was resigned as I-15E (with a real route number of Route 194), with the expressway portion signed as TEMP I-15E. In 1983, the I-15E signage was changed back to I-215; Route 194 was deleted, and Route 215 was created as non-chargable interstate.
Sparker on AAroads provided an even more detailed history in a post on 7/12/2016:
It all started with the I-15 extension south to San Diego, part of the 1968 1500-mile Interstate expansion legislation. Originally, the concept was to take I-15 directly south from the original I-10 junction at Colton, continue south on the ridge betwen Reche Canyon and Pigeon Pass, and then descend the mountain near the present east junction of Route 60 and I-215, and then segue onto what was then US 395 south past March AFB and on to San Diego. That concept didn't last long -- just as long as it took to do a detailed survey of the proposed route -- the mountains in that area are basically a pile of unstable compressed sandstone "rocks"; a construction nightmare. A more "flatland" approach was explored to the west, diverging from US 395 between Grand Terrace and Highgrove (both between Colton and Riverside), heading south east of Iowa Avenue, then following the Santa Fe rail line along the base of the mountains -- directly behind UC Riverside -- and merging with Route 60/US 395 (now Route 60/I-215) just north of the present route split in Moreno Valley. You can guess how that went over with the UC Riverside community -- it would have wiped out a whole nest of apartments serving as student housing -- not to mention being across the street from the Chancellor's official residence! By the end of 1969, that option was also kaput.
Early in 1970 District 8 planners came up with an alternate that solved more than a few issues -- the proposed Route 31 freeway, extending north from Corona through eastern Ontario before turning northeast along the base of the San Gabriel mountains to intersect I-15 at Devore, the point where the route started climbing Cajon Pass. Realigning I-15 over this route would cut about 23 miles off the Los Angeles-Las Vegas I-10/I-15 routing by eliminating the "backtracking" route via San Bernardino. And, lo and behold, the south end of the Route 31 freeway continued south of Corona as the Route 71 proposed freeway (actually, about 10 miles of it had been constructed circa 1967 between Corona and Lake Elsinore), which itself merged with US 395 at Murietta, just north of Temecula. While about ten miles longer than the existing I-15/US 395 route through Riverside and Perris, this reroute concept drew not only attention from the local press but also that in L.A. -- virtually all favorable to the idea. By mid-1970 the Division of Highways had decided to strongly pursue the Route 31 option. AASHTO (at that time, without the first "A") concurred, and the matter reached FHWA by the beginning of fall.
At first, FHWA raised an objection to the funding of the former Route 31 section from I-10 north to the existing I-15 at Devore because of the existence of the in-place I-15 through San Bernardino, which had been previously the receipient of chargeable Interstate funds. But a perusal of the records showed that the segment between I-10 and 5th Street in San Bernardino had commenced construction in early 1956 -- almost a year before Interstate funds were first disbursed; only the segment north of there was actually part of chargeable construction. Negotiations commenced, and an agreement was finally made near the end of 1970 whereby California would waive any rights to Interstate maintenance or reconstruction funds for the original I-15 segment between I-10 and Devore in exchange for full funding of the entire Route 31/Route 71 corridor as the realigned I-15. Once that agreement was finalized, the Division accelerated construction of the Devore freeway-to-freeway interchange, already in progress as part of the I-15 Cajon realignment, along with the first couple of miles of the new (then) Route 31 alignment, which opened by the spring of 1971 (this was pre-STIP days, when the Division could do such things without much in the way of outside interference).
Around this time (1970-71), US 395 from Moreno Valley to Perris saw some "Temporary I-15" signage -- prior to the 1971 decision to route the mainline I-15 south along the Route 31 freeway alignment through Ontario (and along Route 71 south of Corona)
However, as soon as the dust had settled on the reroute, the cities of San Bernardino and Riverside voiced concerns that this new routing, which completely bypassed their city centers, would have a negative effect on their development plans. Together, these cities had devised a plan whereby the new western route via Corona and Ontario would become I-15W, while US 395 would be renumbered I-15E, regardless of the actual non-Interstate status of the latter route -- but keeping an Interstate route through their midst. AASHTO quickly shot down the full E/W split, but reserved the notion of at least keeping US 395 through San Bernardino signed as an Interstate until the Ontario-Devore segment of the new alignment could be completed. And as this was several years prior to the decision to eliminate suffixed Interstate numbers, they approved the signage of the I-10 to Devore segment as I-15E (the Division had the entirety of US 395 from Murietta to Devore redesignated as an unsigned Route 194, a number previously decommissioned elsewhere). Initially, I-15E was intended to be a purely temporary designation -- but that it existed at all (signed as such in late 1972) placated the city of San Bernardino for the time being. As a result, the "Temporary I-15" signage was replaced by the beginning of 1973 with "Temporary I-15E" signage after the portion of I-15 from Devore south to I-10 was re-designated (and signed) as I-15E as a result of the prior I-15 rerouting decision. That signage was extended south along US 395 -- through the notorious Riverside cloverleaf interchange -- all the way to the south/east US 395/US 60 split near Moreno Valley. South from there the "temporary" signage prevailed.
However, the city of Riverside did not hesitate to voice their objections to being left out of the Interstate network. They "lucked out", however due to inadvertently good timing: the Nixonian "block grant" legislation, passed in early 1973 prior to that administration's functional crippling in the wake of the Watergate scandal, introduced the concept of "chargeable/nonchargeable" Interstate delineation. Now the 15E concept could, with AASHTO/FHWA consent, be extended south along US 395, rejoining the new I-15 at Murietta, as a nonchargeable route. With a major push from the local Congressional delegation, this was done by the spring of 1974. I-15E was signed in place of US 395 as far south as the Route 60 split at Moreno Valley; the remainder of the route south to Murietta was signed, by mid-1975, as "Temporary I-15E" and south of the Route 71 merge at Murietta as "Temporary I-15". This configuration lasted for a few years until the decision to eliminate suffixes was made.
On the I-15 side of the equation: Hamner Avenue was signed as "Temporary I-15" once I-15 was constructed south to Route 60 in 1980 (it had reached I-10 a year earlier). Prior to that Route 31 signage existed along Hamner as well as its Milliken Ave. extension in eastern Ontario north of there. Route 31 signage was largely removed (except for a few "straggler" signs in Corona and Norco) when the temporary I-15 signage was erected. That temporary signage extended south of Route 91 as well along then-Route 71 to the original 4-lane freeway section from south Corona to north of Lake Elsinore. That segment got actual I-15 signage circa 1979-80.
Renumbering of the completed and uncompleted
portions of I-15E was proposed circa 1979; Caltrans made one of their rare
appropriate renumbering decisions: to reinstate the number 215, which was an
urban surface-street connector in Pomona before it was deleted from the state
highway system in 1965. AASHTO and FHWA vetted the 15E to 215 change by 1981;
the renumbering in the field took place in 1982. Although some sections were
technically substandard, the route was by that time mostly full freeway; a
short segment between Sun City and Perris still featured a couple of at-grade
crossing roads, while the segment from Perris to Route 60 was still a divided
facility with numerous at-grade and/or signalized intersections [Ed: I remember
this segment from numerous trips to OERM in Perris]. The "temporary"
designation concept had been dropped by Caltrans at that point; the section
between the Murietta I-15 divergence and Route 60 was (IMO somewhat absurdly)
signed as "TO I-215" northbound, and as Route 215, complete with green shields,
southbound. This unwieldly situation persisted until the two sections featuring
cross traffic were upgraded to full freeway in 1995. The in-city Riverside
segment of I-215 featured one of the most underpowered Interstate "Turn Off To
Stay On" (TOTSO) interchanges (in both directions, including a 25mph loop
southbound) until 2004, when the southbound I-215 2-lane flyover was completed;
the northbound outside ramp still shrinks to a single lane before merging with
lanes continuing from the terminating Route 91. It's still a TOTSO -- but not
quite as obnoxious as before!
(Source: Sparker @ AAroads, "Re: Interstate 15E signage in San Bernardino and Riverside Counties?", 7/12/2016; Was I-15 signed along Hamner Avenue in Norco and Corona, California?, July 2018)
There were also Temporary I-15 signs from the San Diego County line south through Escondido on two-lane old US 395, until it was replaced by four-lane (then quickly expanded to eight-lane) I-15. Note that, for a time, "Temporary I-15" was the only route signage on that road. I-15 was completed through northern San Diego County around 1986.
There may have been Temporary I-15 shields in San Diego, on Murphy Canyon Road between I-8 and Route 163 (former US 395), before it was upgraded to a substandard freeway around 1985, and possibly thereafter until it was completely rebuilt.
In 1963, Route 15 was defined as "Route 15 is from Route 10 in San Bernardino to the Nevada state line near Calada via Barstow."
In 1968, Chapter 282 relaxed the definition to be "Route 15 is from Route 10 near San Bernardino to the Nevada state line near Calada via Barstow."
In December 1968, the 1968 Federal Aid Highway act provided $201.2 million for construction of a new routing for I-15 from San Diego to Colton, a distance of 102.5 miles. As a result of this, in 1969, Chapter 294 transferred the portion of former US 395 from the I-5/US 395 (present-day I-5/Route 163) junction to I-10 in San Bernardino to Route 15 as an initial routing. Section (a) of the routing was added by transfer from Route 103, and this segment was redefined to be "Route 8 to the Nevada state line near Calada via Temecula, San Bernardino, and Barstow and passing near Riverside."
In 1974, Chapter 537 redefined the route to the west as "Route 8 to the Nevada state line near Calada via the vicinity of Temecula, Corona, and Barstow." The portion of previous Route 15 from Route 71 (present-day I-15) near Temecula to Route 31 (present-day I-15) near Devore was transferred to Route 194, which was renumbered as Route 215. The portion of Route 71 from Route 15 (present-day I-215) to Route 91 and former Route 31, from Route 15 (present-day I-215) to Route 91, was transferred to Route 15.
In 1994, Chapter 1220 further tightened the definition to be "Route 8 to the Nevada state line near Stateline, Nevada via the vicinity of Temecula, Corona, Ontario, Victorville, and Barstow."
With respect to the Devore interchange, Sparker at AAroads provided the following history on 7/18/2016:
Grading for the Devore interchange began in early
1969 as the final part of the project that rerouted I-15 up the hillside north
of there away from the original US 66/US 395 route alongside the RR tracks in
the Cajon canyon; bridge construction was begun later that year, just prior to
the commencement of negotiations about rerouting I-15 onto Route 31. The
initial segment of the Route 31 freeway was an extended "stub-end", depositing
local traffic on Lytle Creek Road; that opened to traffic in late 1970. At that
time, there were Route 31 white post-miles, and the nascent freeway was signed
"To Lytle Creek Road/Local Traffic Only" from I-15. Route 31 reassurance signs
may not have been posted. The portion of the original I-15 southeast of the
Devore interchange was re-signed as I-15E at the end of 1972, along with white
mileage paddles indicating the legal definition of that route as Route 194. The
transition ramp from the Route 31 stub to north I-15 was originally only 2
lanes over the separation bridge, but dropping to a single lane before merging
with the existing I-15; this had been corrected by the time the entire facility
to Ontario (and beyond) was opened to traffic.
(Source: Sparker at AAroads, 7/18/2016)
The "Cajon Connection" was an existing 2-lane
county road parallel and just to the south of the new freeway; it is still
there, serving as an accessway to the Glen Helen amphitheater and recreation
area. Later, well after I-15 was completed through the area, this connection
was realigned across the new freeway and an interchange serving Glen Helen was
built about halfway between Lytle Creek and I-215. Because of the events held
at Glen Helen (concerts, conventions, etc.) the Connection has gradually been
upgraded over the years; the eastern portion connecting Glen Helen to I-215
just south of the I-15 interchange was always hampered by twin grade crossings
of the UP and BNSF parallel tracks (BNSF would run over 100 trains, mostly
containerized cargo, per day over Cajon Pass); just recently an overpass was
built to separate the grade there.
(Source: Sparker at AAroads, 7/18/2016)
See below for the pre-1964 routing of Route 15.
Before the 1974 renumbering (yes, 1974!), everything is all confused. The routing can be broken up into the following segments:
1969 Route 15 from a point just S of the Mirimar Naval Air Station and 2 mi N of Temecula: The route was originally signed as Route 71, it was co-signed as US 395 in 1939, and was LRN 77 (defined in 1931).
1969 Route 15 between 2 mi N of Temecula and Riverside: The route was signed as US 395 since 1931 between Perris and Riverside. The direct segment between Temecula and Perris was constructed 1952-1952; upon completion, the US 395 designation was moved to the direct route. This segment was LRN 78 (defined in 1931). This is now I-215, although for a time it was signed as I-15E. This was part of Route 194 between 1974 and 1982.
1969 Route 15 through Riverside (between jct US 60/US 91 and jct US 60/US 395): The route was cosigned as US 60/US 395, and was LRN 19 (defined in 1909). This is currently I-215, although for a time it was signed as I-15E. This was part of Route 194 between 1974 and 1982.
1969 Route 15 between Riverside and San Bernardino: The route was cosigned as US 91/US 395, and was LRN 43 (defined in 1931). This is currently I-215, although for a time it was signed as I-15E. This was part of Route 194 between 1974 and 1982.
1969 Route 15 between San Bernardino and Devore: The route was cosigned as US 91/US 66/US 395, and was LRN 31 (defined in 1915). This is currently I-215, although for a time it was signed as I-15E. This was part of Route 194 between 1974 and 1982.
1974 Route 15 between 2 mi N of Temecula and Corona: The route was signed as Route 71, and was LRN 77 (defined in 1931). Until 1952-1953, the portion between Temecula and Route 74 was signed as part of US 395.
1974 Route 15 between Route 91 near Corona and Route 60 near Ontario: The route was unsigned in 1963 but was LRN 193 (defined in 1933). It was signed as Route 31 between 1964 and 1974. Between 1974 and the construction of the I-15 freeway, it was signed as Temporary I-15.
1974 Route 15 between Route 60 near Ontario and Devore: This route was unconstructed, but was LRN 193 (defined in 1959). Note that it had been LRN 193 defined in 1993 S of Route 66 until 1935. It was also LRN 30 N of US 70 (I-10) in 1959. For a time it was numbered as Route 31.
Between Devore and 7 mi SW of Victorville: The route was cosigned as US 66/US 91/US 395, and was LRN 31 (defined in 1915). US 395 (LRN 145) diverged and headed N at this point. Note that a portion of the pre-freeway expressway version of this route over Cajon Pass proper is still partially there but has been regraded and used for SB I-15. From Cleghorn to I-215, there is a lasting and paved segment of the 1951-52 expressway. Only one side is used to reduce costs on maintenance. It isn't always the same side though as there are a couple of crossovers along the route. Between Devore and the divergence of US 395, this was originally state signed Route 95 before the definition of US 395.
A good article on the history of the Cajon Pass may be found here, as well as at MojaveDesert.net and Tom Fearer's Gribblenation post. The old Indian trail followed by later Spanish explorers crossed the San Bernardino Mountains east of the Cajon Pass on the ridge between Devil and Cable Canyon through present day Cedar Springs, and followed the Mojave River into the desert. This was the route taken by the first American to push into San Bernardino from the east. In 1861, John Brown Sr., built a toll road from Devore to the Cajon Pass Summit under a state franchise good for 20 years. Tolls ranged from 3 cents per head of sheep to $1 for a wagon and pair of animals.
Tom Fearer provides more information on this: The discovery of gold brought
a significant influx of travelers to Cajon Pass which required road
improvements to handle the increased traffic. In April of 1861 the State of
California authorized legislation to construct a wagon road through Cajon Pass.
A toll franchise was granted by the State to John Brown, Henry Willis and
George Tucker to improve the road through Cajon Pass, this was the genesis of
the Cajon Pass Toll Road. In the mid-19th Century the State of California
typically granted twenty year franchise rights to organizers who would fund and
construct wagon routes. The Cajon Pass Toll Road did not utilize Sanford's
Cutoff but instead utilized an improved route through Crowder Canyon. By 1863
John Brown had bought out the shares of his co-stake holders in the Cajon Pass
Wagon Road. The Cajon Pass Wagon Road in the early years was subject to heavy
flood damages and toll house attacks by local tribes. In 1874 the Cajon Pass
Wagon Road became stable enough for John Brown to plan improvements in the
upper parts of the road which were more direct and less steep. Part of the
improvements included a 185 foot cut which is now part of Forest Route 3N45,
this cut would be utilized into early US Route era. In 1878 John Brown sold his
rights to the Cajon Pass Toll Road to Jesse Tay and Charles Lawrence. The
franchise toll rights to the Cajon Pass Toll Road expired in October of 1882
and the it became a public facility once again.
(Source: Gribblenation Blog: Cajon Pass; Cajon Pass Toll Road, National Old Trails Road, US Route 66/91/395 and Interstate 15)
At about the time that the franchise on Brown's Turnpike expired and it became a county road, the railroads were engaged in a struggle to put tracks through the pass. The Southern Pacific ended up purchasing the right to build through the Cajon when it took over the bankrupt Los Angeles and Independence Railroad. Meanwhile, Santa Fe officials were informed of the lower pass through the East Cajon and under the name "California Southern Extension Railway," tracks were laid from San Bernardino to Barstow, causing the Southern Pacific to run its line to Los Angeles.
In Mid-December 1915, California formally took over the maintenance of the
Cajon pass boulevard, from San Bernardino city limits to Summit, relieving the
county from the expense of the upkeep of the concrete and macadam highway. This
move marked the first big step by the state in extending its operations to the
Old Trails highway. The announcement noted that the surveys have been run from
Summit to Barstow for the new portion of the road, but the definite route has
not been selected. The state and the county are to build the Summit to Barstow
section within a period of not to exceed five years. The state will first build
from the vicinity of Victorville. As of 1915, the state was now operating 130
miles of highway in this county, including the newly-aquired Cajon road. This
includes about 60 miles of the Rim of the World highway, 30 miles on the
Foothill boulevard, 15 miles on the Valley boulevard, and 25 miles on the Cajon
road. Later the state will take over a route from San Bernardino to the
Riverside county line on the Imperial valley highway. The Cajon road will
henceforth be known as a state highway.
(Source: Jim Umbach, on California Historical Highways on FB, 11/10/2018)
The 1918 State Highway Map is first California Road map to clearly show
state maintenance over Cajon Pass. Although this map below shows the National
Old Trails Road (forerunner to US 66) on the 1914 alignment it was quickly
realigned to the west over the gentler grades of Cajon Summit. Some reports
state that the NOTR/LRN 31 was realigned over Cajon Summit by late 1916
(specifically Mike Boultinghouse who is a well renown source on The National
Old Trails Road Page on Facebook) whereas others state it was complete by 1918.
For reference the California State Automobile Association shows the NOTR/LRN 31
routed through Crowder Canyon and through Cajon Pass in on their 1917 State
(Source: Gribblenation Blog: Cajon Pass; Cajon Pass Toll Road, National Old Trails Road, US Route 66/91/395 and Interstate 15)
In November of 1926 the US Route System was approved and US Route 66 was
plotted to cross over Cajon Summit. The earliest route of US 66 utilized the
improved route of the NOTR built as part of LRN 31 in 1918. Most reports cite
that US 66 (along with the other US Routes) was first signed in California by
1928 replacing the NOTR. The 1918 alignment of the NOTR/LRN 31 would later be
straightened by 1930 with final bridge work coming in 1931. It appears the path
of the NOTR and Cajon Pass Toll Road was largely abandoned after the 1918
realignment. Part of the NOTR/Cajon Pass Toll Road became part of an extension
of LRN 59 in 1933 which was numbered as California State Route 2 by 1934. State
Maintenance of LRN 59 can clearly be seen east of LRN 31 in Cajon by 1935. At
some point in late 1934 or early 1935 US Route 395 was extended into Southern
California and joined US 66 in Cajon Pass. In 1947 US 91 was extended south
from Barstow via Cajon Pass into Long Beach.
(Source: Gribblenation Blog: Cajon Pass; Cajon Pass Toll Road, National Old Trails Road, US Route 66/91/395 and Interstate 15)
See the Gribblenation Blog (excerpted here) atCajon Pass; Cajon Pass Toll Road, National Old Trails Road, US Route 66/91/395 and Interstate 15 for detailed maps of the various routings of the highways that would become both I-15 and Route 138 in the Cajon Pass.
In 1953, construction of a freeway through the pass was completed, at a cost in excess of $2,100,000 for the southerly 9.3 miles of the pass between Devore and Gish Underpass about four miles south of the summit. About half of the old two lanes built in 1932 were converted to use for one-way traffic, with two additional lanes constructed for traffic in the opposite direction. Four new lanes of pavement have been constructed for about five miles.
In his 2006 Strategic Growth Plan, Governor Schwartzenegger proposed widening this route for HOV lanes, and the addition of Managed Lanes in San Bernardino.
Integrated Corridor Management (~ SD R10.67 to ~ SD R31.392)
In April 2016, it was reported that Caltrans has
switched on electronic freeway signs intended to make the North County Inland
commute a bit easier. The signs are posted along a 20-mile stretch of I-15
between just north of Route 52 in San Diego and Route 78 in Escondido. If
there's an incident on the I-15 that will cause a significant backup, the signs
will direct drivers to alternate routes on surface streets. The system will
also control traffic signals on those surface streets to keep them from getting
too congested. Caltrans and the San Diego Association of Governments built the
system with $10.8 million in state and federal grants.
(Source: KPBS, 4/21/2016)
The "signs" referred to above are part of an
Integrated Corridor Management program from SANDAG. These signs define a series
of 40 alternate routes for use when the freeway becomes congested. The
electronic freeway signs work in conjuction with the local 511 system to direct
drivers to the particular alternative route to take. For example, if a driver
on the I-15 encounters a traffic jam, the 511 app will suggest alternative
routes to try and get around the traffic. It will speak to the driver that
there's an incident ahead and tell you which exit to exit and then to follow
the signs for a particular lettered alternative route, with the goal of
preserving a consistent drive time. In 2010, the I-15 corridor in the San Diego
region was selected as one of two pilot sites in the nation to develop,
implement, and operate an Integrated Corridor Management (ICM) system. The ICM
system allows individual transportation systems to be operated and managed as a
unified corridor network. The ICM system went live in early 2013. ICM uses
cutting-edge technology to operate and manage individual transportation systems
as a unified network. It allows freeway, surface street, and transit networks
to be managed together to improve mobility and maximize system efficiency. The
project covers a 20-mile section of I-15 from just north of Route 52 in the
City of San Diego to Route 78 in the City of Escondido, including the
state-of-the-art I-15 Express Lanes and major arterial routes on either side of
I-15 within several miles of the freeway. The project applies predictive
algorithms and real-time modeling tools to forecast traffic across multiple
networks and recommend response plans to manage anticipated congestion. For
example, the ICM system coordinates the use of freeway ramp meters and arterial
traffic signals to improve day-to-day conditions or to route traffic around
major incidents. ICM reduces delays and improves travel reliability. The system
is designed to efficiently guide drivers around incidents with the least amount
of impact to local streets. As part of the project, a coordinated detour
messaging system was activated in April, 2016 with 40
alternate route signs installed on surface streets along the I-15 corridor
in the cities of Escondido, Poway, and San Diego. Should a major freeway
incident occur, Caltrans overhead changeable message signs on I-15 will direct
motorists off the freeway to avoid delays, and alternate route signs will guide
motorists through surface streets and back onto the freeway as soon as
(Source: SANDAG ICM Page)
In August 2016, it was reported that the CTC
earmarked just over $22 million for the installation of 128 transportation
management system monitors to track traffic conditions on I-15, from a
quarter-mile north of the San Diego County line to Route 91 in Riverside.
(Source: Banning Patch, 8/23/2016)
Miramar Bicycle Path
In October 2016, it was reported that there were
once plans for a bicycle path along I-15 in the Miramar area. In 1979, a
bicycle path was constructed along what is now Kearny Villa Road from Harris
Plant Road to Carroll Canyon Road (~ SD M11.787 to SD M14.946) . Starting at
Harris Plant Road, bicyclists were directed from Kearny Villa Road, across the
freeway, to Altair Road. About 1/4 mile north on Altair Road, the Class I
bicycle path began. It followed Altair Road for a short distance, crossed under
the freeway at San Clemente Canyon, and then followed the east side of the
freeway. Once it joined with Ammo Road, it was basically a Class II bike lane.
The lane followed the shoulder of I-15 from near Miramar Way all the way to
Carroll Canyon Road, where it exited the freeway and terminated. Much of the
Class I sections of the path remain today, albeit closed off. Maps and photos
are available off the source link.
(Source: Mike Ballard at So Cal Regional Rocks and Roads, October 2016)
In the December 2017 Caltrans Mile Marker, it was noted: In August 2017, a ribbon cutting was held for the opening of the Route 15 Commuter Bikeway, a one-mile, two-way bikeway facility adjacent to Route 15 in San Diego. The bikeway is separated from the freeway using a concrete barrier, and the path will provide a direct route between two neighborhoods in San Diego. The bikeway will be lit to allow riding during evening hours.
I-15 Managed Lane Project (~ SD M11.795 to SD R31.287)
In his 2006 Strategic Growth Plan, Governor Schwartzenegger proposed construction of Managed Lanes - North/South Segments.
There are plans to add a high-tech managed lane on I-15 N of San Diego from Route 163 to Route 78 (~ SD M11.795 to SD R31.287) (see map to the right). This is TCRP Project #83. There are two subprojects: Project #83.1 — adds the transit elements to support the high-tech managed lane (i.e., acquisition of buses and construction of bus rapid transit centers along the I-15 freeway to implement a bus rapid transit system, with preferential access provided to buses and carpools via direct access ramps). This phase is scheduled to be completed in July 2008. Project #83.2 add the freeway elements for the high-tech managed lane. In April 2006, the CTC considered a proposal to amend the project application to TCRP Project application amendment to: (1) transfer $23,100,000 in TCRP funding from #83.1 to #83.2; (2) update project schedule and funding plan for both projects; (3) redistribute $3,663,000 from Right of Way on #83.2 to Construction. Project #83.1 has the following completion dates as of April 2006: Phase 1: FY 2003/2004; Phase 2: FY 2005/2006; Phase 3: FY 2005/2006; Phase 4: FY 2008/2009. Project #83.2 has the following completion dates as of April 2006: Phase 1: FY 2003/2004; Phase 2: FY 2005/2006; Phase 3: FY 2005/2006; Phase 4: FY 2008/2009.
Related to this project is the widening of I-15. As of January 2006, the middle portion of the estimated $1 billion widening of I-15 between Escondido and Route 163 in San Diego is about half done. Motorists who drive the route now see a long ribbon of concrete separating the freeway's north- and southbound lanes, concrete that will eventually be part of the "managed lanes" portion of the project. "We should have the middle segment ... lanes opened around late 2007 or early 2008," said Gustavo Dallarda, the California Department of Transportation's manager for the I-15 project. "When we finish the middle segment, we'll start on the north and south segments simultaneously." Ever since late 2003, I-15 commuters have seen constant work along the freeway between Lake Hodges and the Miramar area as workers construct what eventually will be a 14-lane freeway. The managed lanes are essentially reversible lanes that will allow the four lanes separating today's north and south lanes to absorb peak commute traffic. Monitors will use a movable concrete barrier to decide how many lanes are needed in the southbound direction in the morning and how many during the late-afternoon drive home. The extra lanes will help alleviate and possibly end the backups motorists now experience. About 300,000 vehicles use that stretch of I-15 each day with peak commute times between San Diego and Escondido taking 30 to 45 minutes, according to the latest data from the San Diego Association of Governments, the region's primary transportation planning and funding agency. The initial work involved construction of one additional lane in each direction. Much of the work now is centered at interchanges, overpasses and bridges that span the 21-mile project. [Information from the North County Times]
The 2007 Corridor Mobility Improvement Account also received a request regarding this segment. Approved for funding was $350 million for managed lanes from Route 163 to Route 56. Also submitted were managed lanes on the Mira Mesa access ramp ($50 million), but this wasn't approved for funding.
In late 2007, a request for construction bid was advertised for managed lanes SB on I-15 from Mira Mesa Boulevard (~ SD M15.94) to 0.3 Kilometers South of the Route 56/I-15 (~ SD M19.192) Separation Overcrossing.
In 2008, Chapter 421 (AB 1954, 9/27/2008) authorized a value pricing and transit program involving HOT lanes to be developed and operated on Route 15 in Riverside County by the Riverside County Transportation Commission. The bill required the Riverside County Transportation Commission and the Department of Transportation to implement the program pursuant to a cooperative agreement that addresses specified matters in connection with the program and to establish appropriate traffic flow guidelines, as specified. The bill authorized the Riverside County Transportation Commission to impose tolls and issue revenue bonds for the HOT lane project. The bill also authorized toll revenues to be used for specified purposes related to the project and to Route 15. The bill noted that the commission is not entitled to compensation for the adverse effects on toll revenues due to construction of competing facilities by the department or local agencies.
In August 2008, Caltrans released for bid the project to construct the north segment of the managed lanes in San Diego County in and near Escondido at various locations from 0.1 KM south of the Highland Road overcrossing (~ SD M25.938) to 0.2 KM North of the Ninth Avenue (~ SD R30.214) undercrossing.
As of December 2008, field reports provided more details on the project, which runs from the merge with Route 163 (Cabrillo Freeway) northward to the junction with Route 78. The report noted that, when complete, I-15 will vary between 12 and 14 overall lanes. The work is being done in two stages. Between Route 163 and Route 56 (Ted Williams Freeway) [known as "Stage South"], initial work is underway involving the expansion of the present two reversible roadways into four overall lanes that flow in both directions. Between Route 56 and West Bernardo Drive, work is further along on the building of the dual direction HOT lanes in the I-15 median; in face, the project is already finished between Route 56 and a point just north of the soon-to-be opened Rancho Bernardo Transit Station. Work further north will continue through 2009 to Centre City Parkway. The last stage is from Exit 28 northward to Route 78 at Escondido.
In February 2009, the CTC approved combining both managed lanes projects into a single project. In March 2009, the CTC amended this to delete revising the scope to include the North Segment as the Federal Highway Administration (FHWA) approval was not obtained. The funding plans for the three roadway elements (Unit 1 [PPNO 0661A], Unit 2 [PPNO 0661B] and Unit 3 [PPNO 0661C]) were replaced in their entirety to document the financial plans of the three south segment units funded from the CMIA Program.
In September 2011, it was reported that additional HOT lane entrances and exits have been opened. The new entrance and exit just south of Poway Road/Rancho Peñasquitos Boulevard will be available to southbound I-15 drivers. Drivers who enter I-15 from Carmel Mountain Road, Camino del Norte, Bernardo Center Drive and farther north can access the entrance, while motorists can exit there to access Mira Mesa Boulevard and destinations farther south. The new Express Lanes entrance north of Mira Mesa Boulevard is for I-15 northbound drivers and will be available for motorists who enter I-15 from Carroll Canyon Road, Miramar Road/Pomerado Road or farther south.
In late September 2011, it was reported that the $1.3 billion Interstate 15 Express Lanes project should be complete by mid-December 2011. Once finished, the four-lane "freeway within a freeway" will span 20 miles from Route 78 in Escondido to Route 163 near Mira Mesa. As of September 2011, all that remained was:
In September 2012, Caltrans approved signage directing motorists to the
Miramar National Cemetary. Caltrans will install signs in both the north and
south directions on both freeways near Nobel Drive and Miramar Road (~ SD
14.266). The agency also is working with the city of San Diego to place signs
on Miramar Road to steer motorists in the right direction. Caltrans had
originally rejected the signs, believing motorists could follow the exits
leading to the base. It was unaware that doing that would force motorists to
backtrack as the cemetery and base are on two different roads separated by some
distance. In approving the signs, Caltrans indicated that “Upon a more
detailed review, Caltrans misunderstood the proximity of the Miramar National
Cemetery and the Marine Corps Air Station Miramar” base.
(Source: UT San Diego, 9/24/2012)
In August 2007, the CTC received notice of the preparation of an EIR for a project between PM SD 14.8 and SD 16.3 in the Mira Mesa area. in San Diego County. The proposed project would construct roadway improvements including a Direct Access Ramp (DAR) on Route 15 near San Diego in San Diego County. The project is fully funded from the 2006 State Transportation Improvement Program, Congestion Mitigation Air Quality Program, and San Diego’s Transnet Program. The total estimated project cost is $56 million. Construction is estimated to begin in Fiscal Year 2010-11. There were four alternatives being considered in addition to "No Build":
Mira Mesa Boulevard Improvements (~ SD M15.94)
In June 2009, the CTC approved for future consideration of funding a project that will construct a direct access ramp on Route 15 from just south of Carroll Canyon Road Overcrossing to just north of Mira Mesa Boulevard Undercrossing. The project is programmed in the 2008 State Transportation Improvement Program and includes Congestion Mitigation Air Quality funds, as well as local transportation funds. The estimated cost of the project is $75 million, capital and support. Construction is estimated to begin in Fiscal Year 2011-12.
In December 2011, the CTC approved $40.2 million for an access ramp from Mira Mesa Boulevard directly onto I-15 express lanes for car pools, transit buses and FasTrak users.
In October 2015, the CTC authorized relinquishment of right of way in the city of San Diego (City) at Hillery Drive, consisting of a reconstructed city street. The City, by freeway agreement dated May 11, 2010, agreed to accept title upon relinquishment by the State. The 90-day notice period expired August 17, 2015.
There are plans to construct new Direct Access Ramps (DAR), also known as
drop ramps, at Del Lago Boulevard (~ SD M27.279) and Hale Avenue (~ SD R30.981)
to I-15 in the City of Escondido. Access to I-15 at Del Lago Boulevard and Hale
Avenue has been identified by the City of Escondido to facilitate the
implementation of the I-15 Managed Lane Project and is consistent with the
region’s desire to accommodate “smart growth.” This project
is tentatively scheduled for construction in 2008 to 2010.
(Source: CTC November 2005 Agenda)
The 2018 STIP, approved at the CTC March 2018 meeting, appears to allocate Advance Project Development Element (APDE) funding of $7M in Environmental and Planning funding for FY18-19 for PPNO 1139 Route 15/Route 78 HOV Connectors (~ SD R31.392).
In January 2014, the CTC authorized relinquishment of right of way in the county of San Diego along Route 15 on Dulin Road, consisting of a reconstructed city street (~ SD R45.939). The County, by freeway agreement dated May 19, 1971, and by letter dated September 24, 2013, agreed to accept title upon relinquishment by the State.
In December 2016, it was reported that the CTC approved a project on I-15
from the San Diego County line to the Temecula River that will replace the two
outside lanes in both directions. The cost will be $31,010,000, starting in the
fall 2020 with completion in spring 2022 (~ SD 54.258/RIV 0.0 to RIV
(Source: Valley News, 12/2/2016)
In April 2018, it was reported that The Nature Conservancy has purchased a
73-acre property adjacent to the eastern side of I-15 just north of the
Riverside County line (approx. 015 RIV R0.247). On the other side of the
freeway is an ecological preserve. The goal is to build a tunnel beneath or a
bridge across the heavily traveled freeway to connect the Santa Ana and Palomar
mountains. The wildlife crossing would be built primarily for the benefit of
the fewer than 30 lions that live in the Santa Ana range, which extends for 61
miles along the border of Orange and Riverside counties. The Nature Conservancy
paid $1.69 million for the land, which it bought from several investors. There
are plans to buy other land in the area to widen the wildlife linkage. On the
west side of the freeway is the Santa Margarita Ecological Reserve, which is
managed by San Diego State. In 2015, the Nature Conservancy convened wildlife
connectivity experts from across the United States to evaluate 11 potential
wildlife crossing points along I-15 south of Temecula. The Rainbow Canyon
property ranked as the highest-priority location for a crossing because of its
potential to house the most functional crossing for the widest array of
wildlife and plant species, according to a study the group released. The
conservancy will work with multiple partners to determine whether a tunnel, a
bridge or perhaps even both will work best for the site. Funding for the
crossing, which will cost many millions of dollars, is yet to be found.
(Source: LA Times, 4/28/2018)
Temecula Parkway (~ RIV 3.487)
2016, it was reported that the city of Temecula has pushed back the expected
start of construction on a new Temecula Parkway interchange to late 2016
because of issues involving the relocation of utilities in the region. The city
purchased the AM-PM gas station to the west of the existing interchange in 2013
to help facilitate the relocation work – which involves mapping out new
routes for water, power, sewer and gas lines – and hoped to have the $45
million project put out to bid by 2014. The work proved more vexing than
anticipated, but late last year the city said development work could start in
spring 2016. That timeline proved overly optimistic. As of Spring 2016,
Temecula was still updating plans to reflect the proposed alignments of the
various utilities in the region that would be impacted by construction. When
the updates are complete, the city will seek authorization from both the state
Department of Transportation, or Caltrans, and the Federal Highway
Administration. The new configuration will divide traffic into two separate
lines, one that will feed Old Town to the north and another that will curl
around and feed Pechanga Resort and Casino and communities to the east of the
freeway. Currently, the two streams of motorists often clump together on a
single off-ramp regulated by a traffic signal, which can’t efficiently
handle large crowds on the weekend or during a weekday commute. Most of the
money for the project is in place: more than a million in federal dollars, $14
million from the Indian Gaming Special Distribution Fund, more than $1 million
in county money and millions more from a regional transportation account that
is fed by development fees. Officials say it will take about 18 months to
(Source: Press-Enterprise, 4/5/2016)
In July 2017, it was reported that construction work will force the closure this week of northbound lanes on I-15 in Temecula and on-ramps and off-ramps at the Temecula Parkway interchange, which is undergoing a dramatic transformation to smooth traffic issues in the southern part of the city. The bulk of the work, which involves roadway excavation for a retaining wall, would occur through Aug. 3, according to a city release.
In June 2018, it was reported that the southbound
15 Freeway on-ramp at Temecula Parkway is complete. Drivers heading toward San
Diego will begin using the new on-ramp near the corner of Temecula Parkway and
Old Town Front Street on Thursday, June 21. The previous on-ramp will be
closed. The new on-ramp is part of the $52 million project to improve the
Temecula Parkway interchange. The project is set to be finished by the end of
(Source: Press Enterprise, 6/20/2018)
In November 2018, Caltrans District 8 tweeted about the dedication ceremony for the improved interchanges at Temecula Parkway and I-15.
In November 2011, the first workshop for the "Historic Highway 395 Corridor Study" project, also known as the Jefferson Avenue Corridor project, was held in Murrieta. The 16-mile arterial corridor is proposed to parallel the west side of I-15 where old US 395 used to travel. It would extend from Rancho California Road (~ RIV 4.989) along Jefferson Avenue through the cities of Temecula and Murrieta, continuing along Palomar Street and Mission Trail through the cities of Wildomar and Lake Elsinore, and continuing along East Lakeshore Drive to Main Street in Lake Elsinore. Additional information may be found at http://www.highway395corridorstudy.org/.
Winchester Road Interchange (~ RIV 6.63)
French Valley Parkway Interchange (RIV 6.6/7.6)
In 2007, the CTC did not recommend funding two requests from the Corridor Movement Improvement Account (CMIA): widening I-15 between Bundy Canyon Rd and I-215 ($109,801K) and constructing a new interchange at French Valley Pkwy ($31,545K).
In March 2011, the CTC approved a public road connection at French Valley Parkway on I-15 in the city of Temecula in Riverside County near the city of Temecula, at Post Mile (PM) 7.3. The construction of the French Valley Parkway Interchange would help reduce travel delays by providing increased opportunities for access to and from the mainline facility, thereby alleviating congestion on the adjacent Winchester ramps and traffic that backs up onto the I-15 mainline. However, with the construction of a new interchange and the limited distance between Winchester Road and the I-15/I-215 junction, standard spacing between interchanges is not possible. Without the addition of a collector/distributor (C/D) system, the new interchange would contribute to an increase in weaving movements. To alleviate increased and conflicting weaving movements, a C/D system was incorporated into the project design. To ensure the project meets the Federal Highway Administration (FHWA) criteria for logical termini and independent utility, the effect of the project on the adjacent interchanges and freeway-to-freeway junction was evaluated. The goal was to ensure that the project would not result in adverse operational effects on the mainline or ramps and that the improvements were sufficient to accommodate and safely integrate the traffic volumes being introduced to the mainline facility. Therefore, the improvements were extended to south of the Winchester Road Interchange and north of the I-15/I-215 junction.
A September 2012 article provided more information on the French Valley Parkway. It reported on the purchase of land in late September by the City of Temecula: five separate parcels purchased from Murrieta. The parcels were for the French Valley Parkway project. The total bill for the land is $1.09 million, which includes roughly $15,000 in escrow fees.The $200-million French Valley Parkway interchange project kicked off in June 2012. Split in two phases, the project will add a new exit-only freeway lane at Winchester Road and a westbound off-ramp on southbound I-15, which will take drivers from the freeway to Jefferson Avenue at the Murrieta/Temecula border. The work is expected to take between 12 and 18 months and will cost Temecula $13.8 million, with the bulk of the funds coming from fees developers pay toward capital improvement projects. The second phase will include the construction of the actual parkway stretching over I-15 to Date Street on the east side. Included will be on- and off-ramps, plus new lanes to the outside of the freeway in both directions. The is no start date for the second phase, though the work will take up to 30 months to complete. Murrieta is routing the money from the land purchase toward a project to build a bridge and four-lane road from Ynez Road in Temecula to Jackson Avenue in Murrieta, offering drivers an alternative to the freeway. The thoroughfare will also connect to the later phase of the French Valley Parkway project.
In March 2018, it was reported that the CTC awarded
$47.6 million to the I-15/ French Valley Parkway interchange in Temecula for
construction in FY20-21. PPNO 0021K, In the city of Temecula. Construct a new
French Valley Parkway/Route 15 Overcrossing & Interchnage from just south
of the Winchester Rd IC to just north of the Route 15/Route215 Jct.
(Source: Press Enterprise, 3/23/2018; 2018 STIP, approved at the CTC March 2018 meeting)
In January 2013, the CTC authorized $3,500,000 to the RCTC for the I-15/Los Alamos Road Overcrossing Replacement (~ RIV 10.026). This project, in the City of Murrieta, at the intersection of I-15 and the Los Alamos Road overcrossing will replace the existing 2-lane overcrossing with a 4-lane structure.
California Oaks Road Interchange (~ RIV 10.591)
In February 2010, the CTC approved for future consideration of funding a project on I-15 in Riverside County to reconfigure the existing California Oaks Road interchange, and construct roadway improvements in the city of Murrieta. (PPNO 9991). Specifically the project will construct roadway improvements that include modifications to an existing diamond interchange on I-15 at California Oaks Road in the city of Murrieta. A Mitigated Negative Declaration (MND) has been completed, because the project will involve construction activities resulting in both visual effects and biological resource impacts in the form of disturbance of burrowing owl habitat.. The project is programmed in the 2008 State Transportation Improvement Program. The total estimated project cost is $36,208,000 for capital and support. Construction is estimated to begin in Fiscal Year 2009-10.
Railroad Canyon Interchange (08-Riv-15, PM 18.3/21.0)
In March 2018, it was reported that the CTC awarded
$2.9 million to the I-15/Railroad Canyon Road interchange in Lake Elsinore
(Source: Press Enterprise, 3/23/2018; 2018 STIP, approved at the CTC March 2018 meeting)
In May 2019, the CTC approved for future
consideration of funding 08-Riv-15, PM 18.3/21.0: I-15 in Riverside County.
Construct roadway and interchange improvements on a portion of I-15 in the city
of Lake Elsinore. (PPNO 3004U). This project is located on I-15 at the Railroad
Canyon Road interchange in Lake Elsinore, Riverside County. The project
proposes improvements to the Railroad Canyon Road interchange and to construct
a new interchange north of the existing I-15/Franklin Street overcrossing
(Phases 1 and 2). The proposed project addresses the local street and freeway
ramp congestion issues. The project proposes to accommodate the projected 2040
traffic flow and movement during morning and evening peak traffic on I-15 and
maintain an acceptable level of service at this interchange. The project is not
fully funded and currently programmed in the 2018 State Transportation
Improvement Program (STIP) for $2.9 million, local funds for $27.1 million, SB
1 funds for an estimated $15.0 million and $238,000 in Federal Discretionary
funds. The project is estimated to begin in Fiscal Year 2019-20 for Phase 1.
(Source: May 2019 CTC Minutes, Agenda Item 2.2c.(1))
In December 2019, the CTC had on its agenda a
resolution to approve an allocation of $17,920,000 for the locally-administered
Multi-Funded STIP/SB 1 Local Partnership Program (LPP) (Competitive)
I-15/Railroad Canyon Interchange (PPNO 3004U) project (08-Riv-15 17.6/19.6 PPNO
3004U Proj ID 0818000047 EA 0A441). On I-15 in the city of Lake Elsinore in
Riverside County. The project will widen the Railroad Canyon Road under the
freeway to eight lanes with dual left turn lanes to the southbound on-ramp,
reconstruct the northbound ramps to a hook configuration to Grape Street,
eliminate the existing northbound exit ramp and Railroad Canyon Road, construct
auxiliary and deceleration lanes on I-15, and widen the Railroad Canyon
southbound exit ramp.
(Source: December 2019 CTC Agenda, Agenda Item 2.5s.(4))
I-15 Toll Lanes (Riverside County - Route 74 to Cajalco Road) (~ RIV 22.242 to RIV 36.791)
In March 2018, it was
reported that the CTC awarded $50 million in state funds to launch
environmental studies that will set the stage for building tolled express lanes
on I-15 between Cajalco Road in Corona and Route 74 in Lake Elsinore, a news
release reports. Those studies are expected to take five years to complete. The
grant is contingent on the recent state gas-tax increase remaining in place,
the news release stated. The project would extend lanes that are under
construction now in a 15-mile segment between Cajalco Road and Route 60.
However, the CTC delayed these studies until FY22-23.
(Source: Press Enterprise, 3/23/2018; 2018 STIP, approved at the CTC March 2018 meeting)
In November 2018, it was reported that, with the
approval of the SB1 funding at the November 2018 election, transportation
officials were laying the groundwork to extend the express lanes under
construction on I-15, between Route 60 and Cajalco Road in Corona (expected to
open by mid-2020). The plan is to extend those lanes — two in each
direction — 14 miles farther south to Route 74 in Lake Elsinore. On
Wednesday, Nov. 7, the Riverside County Transportation Commission announced
it’s preparing to do engineering and environmental studies. The timing
was no accident. The notice came one day after California voters defeated
Proposition 6, which would have repealed last year’s state gas-tax
increase — a new source of transportation funding. The commission made
construction of the lanes a goal in 2006, when it adopted a long-term vision.
The development also boosts efforts of a southwest Riverside County task force
that formed in November 2017 to explore traffic solutions and lobby for toll
lanes south to the San Diego-Riverside county line. Commissioners from
southwest cities will push to make that a goal when the panel meets early in
early 2019. As for the environmental studies, the agency anticipates those will
take five years. John Standiford, the commission’s deputy executive
director, said that’s because the 14-mile corridor crosses many streams
and will require widening 14 bridges. Construction could start in 2025 and the
lanes could open in 2028. Commuters may get some relief from the widening from
two to four lanes of Temescal Canyon Road, which runs parallel to I-15. On
Tuesday, the Riverside County Board of Supervisors approved a $13.6 million
contract to widen the section between Dawson Canyon Road and Dos Lagos
(Source: Press Enterprise, 11/9/2018)
In January 2019, the CTC was informed Caltrans will
be requesting the CTC approve a STIP amendment to authorize the project to
proceed as an Assembly Bill (AB) 3090 replacement arrangement at the next
scheduled Commission meeting following the notice period. The Riverside County
Transportation Commission (RCTC) and the City of Lake Elsinore propose to amend
the 2018 STIP to program an AB 3090 replacement project (PPNO 3009Y) to advance
the start of the Project Approval and Environmental Document (Environmental)
phase of the Interstate 15 (I-15) Express Lanes – Southern Extension
project (PPNO 3009X) by using local measure funds. The I-15 Express Lanes
– Southern Extension project (PPNO 3009X) will construct approximately
14.5 miles of express lanes from Cajaico Road in the city of Corona to Route 74
in the city of Elsinore. Currently $50,000,000 in Regional Improvement Program
(RIP) funding is programmed in fiscal year 2022-23 to the Environmental phase
of the project. During the 2018 STIP cycle, RCTC had requested these RIP funds
to be programmed in 2018-19. However, due to constraints on the available STIP
capacity in the 2018 STIP cycle, the Commission delayed the programming of
these funds to 2022-23. This is a high priority project for the region. As
such, RCTC is proposing to advance the start of the Environmental phase by
using its Local Measure A local funds. This request follows AB 3090 Guidelines,
which allows a local agency to use its own funds to early deliver a project
component programmed in the current STIP for a future year delivery.
(Source: January 2019 CTC Minutes Agenda Item 2.1b.(2))
In March 2019, the CTC approved Riverside County
Transportation Commission (RCTC) proposal to amend the 2018 STIP to program an
AB 3090 replacement project (PPNO 3009Y) to advance the start of the Project
Approval and Environmental Document (PA&ED) phase of the Interstate 15
(I-15) Express Lanes – Southern Extension project (PPNO 3009X) by using
(Source: March 2019 CTC Minutes Agenda Item 2.1a.(2))
Caljaco Road Interchange (~ RIV 36.791)
In August 2018, a
Construction Alert was posted regarding an ongoing project to construct a new
Cajalco Road Bridge. The City of Corona, in partnership with the California
Department of Transportation (Caltrans), District 8, is reconstructing the
interchange located on I-15 at Cajalco Road from Temescal Canyon Road to
Bedford Canyon Road. The $45 million dollar investment includes the widening of
Cajalco Road from a two-lane bridge to a six-lane overcrossing bridge on a new
alignment north of the existing bridge. In addition, the bridge will include a
striped median, outside shoulders and a sidewalk on the southern side. The
existing northbound and southbound ramp intersections will be reconfigured and
all existing ramps will be realigned. The existing northbound on-ramp will be
modified to serve the westbound Cajalco Road traffic and a northbound loop
on-ramp will be constructed to serve the eastbound Cajalco Road traffic. The
improvements will increase the capacity of the bridge and ramps in order to
reduce congestion and accommodate projected growth in the area. Construction
began in Early Fall 2017, and expected to be completed in Late Fall 2019. The
Estimated construction cost is $45 Million. It was noted that the final
vertical clearance for the northbound I-15 off-ramp bridge over the Bedford
Wash will be about 8 feet on the east side and 10.5 feet on the west side. The
new bridge will be constructed on the N side of the existing bridge to permit
access during construction.
(Source: Caljaco Bridge Construction Website, 11/3/2018)
I-15 Toll Lanes (Riverside County - Cajalco Road to Route 60) (~ RIV 36.791 to RIV 51.266)
There are plans to add HOT lanes to I-15 once the
HOT construction on Route 91 completes. The Riverside County Transportation
Commission has decided to build four toll lanes -- two in each direction -- on
I-15. Commissioners gave the $415 million follow-up project the green light in
February 2013 at an annual desert retreat. The I-15 toll lanes would run from
Cajalco Road on the south to Route 60 on the north. Work on the I-15 toll lanes
could begin in 2018 and be completed in 2020.
(UT San Diego, 2/8/2013)
In October 2016, it was reported that the Riverside
County Transportation Commission recently marked two big milestones with the
long-planned project to add two toll lanes in each direction on a 14.6-mile
stretch of I-15 from Cajalco Road in Corona to Route 60 at the San Bernardino
County line. First, the agency approved a 50-year agreement with Caltrans for
the right to operate toll lanes on the freeway. Secondly, in July 2016, it
approved an environmental document that clears the way to move forward with
construction. The commission has also begun searching for a toll operations
office where staff will manage the corridor and provide customer service. A
contract for the $450 million project is expected to be awarded by summer 2017
with construction to begin soon after. The agency plans to use a design-build
process which allows officials to contract with one firm for the whole project
and save time. The project will be integrated with the Route 91 Express Lanes,
so that, when completed, commuters taking the toll lanes northbound on I-15 can
continue seamlessly on a connector to the Route 91 toll lanes that go into
Orange County. Riverside County also has future plans to extend the toll lanes
farther south to Route 74 in Lake Elsinore although that project is several
(Source: Press Enterprise, 10/3/2016)
Additionally, in October 2016, the CTC approved for future consideration of funding a project in Riverside County on a portion of I-15 in the cities of Norco, Eastvale, and Jurupa Valley that will construct two tolled express lanes. The project is fully funded with local funds. The project is included in the Design-Build program. The total estimated cost is $450,000,000 for capital and support. Construction is estimated to begin in Fiscal Year 2018-19.
In April 2017, it was reported that construction is
set to start early in 2018 on a 14.6-mile toll lane on I-15, from the Temescal
Valley, south of Corona, north to Jurupa Valley. The I-15 lanes, which will run
from Cajalco Road to just south of Route 60, are a natural follow-up to work on
the Route 91, which opened March 20 after three years of construction,
Riverside County Transportation Commission officials said. The $450 million
project will add two toll lanes in each direction to the freeway, which now has
three lanes each way from Cajalco Road to Route 60. The new lanes will be built
on the existing median. In early April 2017, the commission awarded a contract
to Skanska-Ames. The agency plans to speed up construction by having the same
team handle the project’s design and construction. The firm should be
ready to begin construction by early 2018 with the new lanes completed by 2020,
said John Standiford, the commission’s deputy executive director.
(Source: Press Enterprise, 4/19/2017)
In July 2017, it was reported that plans to build
toll lanes on I-15 from south of Corona to Jurupa Valley have received a major
boost with the approval of a $152 million federal loan. The money from the
United States Department of Transportation approved this month was the final
piece of financing and clears the way for the Riverside County Transportation
Commission to start construction of the 15-mile project early next year. The
$471 million project will add two toll lanes in each direction to the freeway,
which now has three lanes each way from Cajalco Road north to Route 60. The new
lanes are expected to open in 2020. The commission’s application for the
low-interest loan through the Transportation Infrastructure Finance and
Innovation Act was a competitive, months-long, process. Under federal law, the
program can only finance a third of a project’s cost. The rest will be
financed through bonds and borrowing from the county’s Measure A sales
tax. Future toll proceeds will repay the loans and pay for maintenance and
operation of the toll lanes. Under federal law, the program can only finance a
third of a project’s cost. The rest will be financed through bonds and
borrowing from the county’s Measure A sales tax. Future toll proceeds
will repay the loans and pay for maintenance and operation of the toll
(Source: Press Enterprise, 7/30/2017)
In May 2018, it was reported that the Riverside
County Transportation Commission approved in a near-unanimous vote lengthening
by one mile the northbound I-15 toll lanes — which begin at Ontario
Avenue now — and creating a continuous lane for entering and exiting the
Route 91 toll lanes at the Riverside-Orange county line (these would now start
around Foothill Parkway).
(Source: Press Enterprise, 5/9/2018)
In February 2019, the RCTC provided an update on the work on the 15 Express Lanes. According to the RCTC, work is now about one-third complete. The new lanes will span 15 miles – from Cajalco Road to Route 60 – and remain on schedule to open in 2020. A specific opening date has not been determined at this time. Along the corridor, paving, bridge widening, and soundwall construction are continuing. Major milestones include:
The project team continues to coordinate with the
neighboring Limonite Avenue Interchange Project, led by the County of
Riverside, and the Cajalco Road Interchange Project, led by the City of Corona.
Teams are working closely and to ensure that all three projects to stay on
schedule. A robust construction schedule is planned for 2019, with more roadway
paving, continued widening of bridges, and installing the tolling system
infrastructure. Once the lanes are closer to completion, information will be
available about the opening date, toll schedules, and account options
(Source: RCTC, 2/21/2019)
In June 2019, it was reported that paving has been
completed north of the Santa Ana River and is well underway to the south. Sound
walls have been built in several places. In June, crews were using
30-foot-tall, 56-foot-wide, cranes to set forms in place to pour
steel-reinforced concrete pier walls to anchor a new bridge over the Santa Ana
River, in between the northbound and southbound lanes; they would then set
170-foot-long concrete girders on top of the pier walls to support the new
0.35-mile-long bridge over the Santa Ana River. Launched in April 2018, the
express-lanes project is on schedule and expected to open in the second half of
2020, said John Standiford, deputy executive director for the road-building
agency. Access will be provided at Weirick Road, Cajalco Road, Ontario Avenue,
Magnolia Avenue, Hidden Valley Parkway, Second Street/Sixth Street, Limonite
Avenue, Cantu-Galleano Ranch Road and just south of the 60 Freeway, agency
plans show. Unlike the San Diego area, where there are five “direct
access ramps” that drop commuters and buses right into the express lanes
from side streets, drivers will have to merge into the special lanes through
periodic, signed openings from all-purpose lanes on I-15. Additionally, instead
of setting tolls based on time of day as is done on Route 91, the county
transportation commission intends to adjust I-15 HOT tolls every 15 minutes or
so based on the traffic volume.
(Source: Press Enterprise, 6/25/2019)
Limonite Avenue Interchange (RIV 46.7/49.7)
In August 2017, the CTC approved for future consideration of funding 08-Riv-15, PM 46.7/49.7 I-15/Limonite Avenue Interchange Improvements Project: This project in Riverside County will widen the interchange and the on/off ramps at the I-15/Limonite Avenue interchange in the cities of Eastvale and Jurupa Valley. The project is not fully funded. The estimated project cost is $59.5 million. $11 million funding is proposed from local measure funds and $48.5 million to be determined. Construction is estimated to begin in 2018. A copy of the MND has been provided to Commission staff. The project will result in less than significant impacts to the environment after mitigation. The following resource area may be impacted by the project: paleontological resources. Avoidance and minimization measures will reduce any potential effects on the environment. These measures include, but are not limited to, a paleontological monitor shall be on-site during construction, and a qualified paleontologist shall attend preconstruction meetings to consult with the grading and excavation contractors. As a result, an MND was completed for this project.
In October 2017, it was reported that the passage
of SB1 should speed up this project. Projects funded by SB1 include $48 million
for a rebuilt I-15/Limonite Avenue interchange serving Eastvale and Jurupa
Valley and $180 million for a connector ramp between the new Route 91 express
lanes and northbound I-15 in Corona.
(Source: Press Enterprise, 10/13/2017)
In March 2019, the CTC approved for future
consideration of funding a project is located on I-15 in the cities of Eastvale
and Jurupa Valley in Riverside County and the city of Jurupa Valley in San
Bernardino County (08-Riv-15, PM 49.8/52.3, 08-SBd-15, PM 0.0/12.2). The
project proposes to add two Express Lanes in each direction on I-15 between
Route 60 and Route 210, and add one Express Lane in each direction on I-15
between Cantu-Galleano Ranch Road and Route 60 in Riverside County and between
Route 210 and Duncan Canyon Road in San Bernardino County. The proposed project
will also add auxiliary lanes and reconstruct and/or modify existing onramps.
The project proposes to address the increase in traffic demand and insufficient
road capacity due to lack of available travel mobility options. This project is
currently programmed in the San Bernardino County Transportation Authority
Freeway Program. This project proposes to be funded by Local Measure I funds
and Toll Revenue Bonds. Construction is estimated to begin in 2021.
(Source: March 2019 CTC Minutes, Agenda Item 2.2c.(1))
Near Rancho Cucamonga and Ontario, there are a series of signs that read things like "BLUE AND ORANGE PASS USE I-210" then "TAN AND GREEN PASS USE I-10" and "RED PASS USE 4th ST EXIT." These refer to parking directions for the California Speedway. (~ SBD 3.099)
In August 2011, the CTC approved $108,745,000 in SHOPP funding for repairs in Rancho Cucamonga, Fontana and Rialto from 7th Street to Sierra Avenue (~ SBD 3.926 to SBD 12.925) that will rehabilitate 41 lane miles of pavement, replace barriers on five bridges, remove and replace approach and departure slabs on 11 bridges and seal decks on three bridges to improve safety and ride quality.
Base Line Road Interchange (~ SBD 6.818)
In December 2011, the CTC approved for future consideration of funding a project in San Bernardino County that will improve the I-15/Base Line Road Interchange in Rancho Cucamonga, including widening Base Line Road from four to six lanes, widening East Avenue from two to four lanes, adding right and left turn lanes on Base Line Road and on East Avenue, realigning and widening the southbound and northbound diamond ramps from one to two lanes, adding a southbound loop on-ramp, and adding I-15 acceleration/deceleration lanes. The project is programmed in the Proposition 1B State-Local Partnership Program (SLPP) and includes local funds. The total estimated project cost is $43,100,000 for capital and support. Construction is estimated to begin in Fiscal Year 2011- 12. The scope, as described for the preferred alternative, is consistent with the project scope programmed by the Commission in the SLPP. A copy of the MND has been provided to Commission staff. The project will mitigate potential impacts to wetlands and other waters to a less than significant level. Potential impacts to wetlands will be mitigated through the purchase of mitigation credits from an off-site mitigation bank or participation in an in-lieu fee program.
Duncan Canyon Road Overcrossing (~ SBD 11.049)
In March 2012, the CTC approved for future consideration of funding a project that will construct a new interchange on I-15 at the existing Duncan Canyon Road overcrossing in the City of Fontana. The project is programmed in the State-Local Partnership Program (SLPP). The project is fully funded with SLPP and local funds. Construction is estimated to begin in Fiscal Year 2011-12. The total estimated project cost is $31,752,000 for capital and support. The scope, as described for the preferred alternative, is consistent with the project scope programmed by the Commission in the SLPP.
In June 2012, the CTC approved a new interchange on I-15 within the City of Fontana. The interchange is to be located at the existing Duncan Canyon Road Overcrossing. The new interchange is between the existing Summit Avenue Interchange (PM 9.60) to the south and Sierra Avenue Interchange (PM 12.84) to the north. The Duncan Canyon Road Interchange has been initiated by the City to address the need for additional access to I-15. The project is necessitated in response to the traffic volume increases which will result from the rapid growth in both population and industrial development projected over the next 25 years. This project proposes providing a freeway access ramp at the four quadrants of the interchange. The exit ramp termini would be designed for three lanes to ensure a satisfactory Level of Service. The northbound entrance ramp would have a single mixed flow lane and an HOV lane and the southbound entrance ramp would have two mixed flow lanes and an HOV lane. The entrance ramps would be metered. Deceleration and acceleration lanes would be provided on the northbound exit ramp and southbound entrance ramp respectively. Duncan Canyon Road, including the existing overcrossing structure, is proposed to be widened to the north to match the standard cross section in the City's General Plan. This standard cross section for Duncan Canyon Road is classified by the City as a modified primary highway. The existing twolane Duncan Canyon Road to the west of the overcrossing would be widened to four lanes which match recent improvements. At the overcrossing structure, aside from the proposed four through lanes, there would be two dedicated left turn lanes for westbound Duncan Canyon Road traffic turning onto the southbound I-15 entrance ramp. A single left turn lane will be used for eastbound Duncan Canyon Road to the southbound I-15 entrance ramp. A six-foot sidewalk is proposed along the north and south sides of the overcrossing along with an eight-foot Class II bike lane/shoulder. In December 2012, the CTC updated the funding plan for this project.
In December 2016, it was reported that Caltrans
will install two box culverts under I-15 as part of the Duncan Canyon Road
Interchange Project. The master planned storm drain facility was combined with
the Duncan Canyon Road Interchange Project to minimize impacts to motorists on
the freeway mainline. The $3 million project was awarded to SEMA Construction,
Inc. in late September 2016.
(Source: Caltrans News Release, 12/16/2016)
Devore Interchange Project (~ SBD 14.773/14.982)
According to Chris Powell, there are also plans to widen the freeway between I-210 and the Mojave River in Apple Valley. This won't happen for another 10-12 years, but in the plans there are also plans to redesign the I-15/I-215 interchange in Devore. The redesign would make it so that the I-15 becomes the mainline instead of the I-215 like it does now. In other words the I-215 would merge with the I-15 in the slow lane rather then having the I-15 merge with the I-215 in the slow lane like it does now. There were five alternatives: a no build alternative, a TSM/TDM alternative, adding HOV lanes, dedicated truck lanes from the 210 to the Mojave River, and a managed lanes alternative that would put reversible lanes in the median of the I-15 for rush hour traffic going both directions. Out of the five there were two alternatives that are going to be studied further. One of the ideas is a mix of the 3rd and 5th alternative that would put reverisible lanes from north of US 395 to I-210, which would include also adding mixed flow lanes from I-210 to US 395. The other alternative is the dedicated truck lanes that would run in the median of I-15. Also this alternative has two different possibilities that are going to be looked at: (1) to have just exclusive truck lanes with no tolls for the trucks, or (2) to have a toll lane for LCV's (which would require extending the lanes into Nevada to work).
In June 2012, the CTC approved for future consideration of funding a project that will reconstruct the I-15/I-215 Interchange adjacent to the unincorporated Community of Devore in southwestern San Bernardino County. The project will include the widening of I-15, constructing truck bypass lanes through the I-15/I-215 Interchange, reconstructing adjacent local interchanges, and reconnecting Cajon Boulevard between Devore Road and Kenwood Avenue. The project is programmed in the 2012 State Transportation Improvement Program (STIP) and 2010 State Highway Operation and Protection Program (SHOPP). Total estimated project cost is $324,163,000 for capital and support. The scope, as described for the preferred alternative, is consistent with the project scope programmed in the 2012 STIP and 2010 SHOPP. The project has been approved by the Commission to be included in the Design Build Demonstration Program. The project will receive an allocation in Fiscal Year 12-13, and will utilize the designbuild method of procurement consistent with the applicable provisions under Public Contract Code, Section 6800.
In August 2012, the CTC approved $137,608,000 in SHOPP funding for projects on I-15 and I-215, near Devore Heights, on Route 15 from south of Glen Helen Parkway (~ SBD 14.773) to north of Kenwood Avenue (~ SBD R14.982) and on Route 215 from 1.8 mi south of Route 15 to Route 15. Outcome/Output: Reconfigure connectors from Route 15 to Route 215 to reduce traffic weave movements and improve the operational performance for the interchange.
In December 2012, the CTC approved up to
$137,608,000 for the multi-funded I-15
Widening and Devore Interchange Reconstruction project (PPNO 0170M) in San
Bernardino County, on the State Highway System. The project will reconfigure
the area where I-15 and I-215 split, add north and southbound lanes and truck
In August 2015, updates on the Devore Interchange Project (site page: http://www.devoreinterchangeproject.com/) were provided. The project broke ground in the summer of 2013, with expected completion in 2016. The project limits on I-15 are from 2.3 miles south to 2.0 miles north of the I-15/I-215 interchange and on I-215 from 1.0 mile south to the I-15/I-215 interchange. The total estimated cost of the project is $324 million and is being funded through a mix of federal (20%), state (56%) and local funds (24%). The highlights of the project include:
In May 2016, it was reported that, after 20 years
of planning and three years of construction, transportation officials
celebrated the completion of the Devore Interchange improvement project, where
I-215 and I-15 meet. The improvements — new lanes and bridges — are
anticipated to shave as much as 30 minutes to an hour off commute time for
residents driving through the pass. The project also promises to spark major
economic growth for the High Desert with easier access for people and commerce
moving though the pass. As one of three major routes in and out of Southern
California, the Devore Interchange had become one of the worst road bottlenecks
in the nation with traffic queues backing up as far as five miles and hour-long
waits for some. The $324 million Devore Interchange Project, officials said,
improves mobility and maximizes operations through the corridor by adding a new
lane in each direction, building a new connector, adding 2 miles of truck
bypass lanes in each direction, and adding 17 new bridges. The project was
delivered 18 months ahead of schedule. Officials also celebrated completion of
the Cajon Pass Rehabilitation Project, which saw the reconstruction of 50
lane-miles of outer-lane pavement that had deteriorated since being laid down
in the early 1970s. The Devore project significantly improves safety for all
drivers moving throughout the area, with the addition of truck bypass lanes,
and easier connections between the freeways.
(Source: San Bernardino Sun, 5/20/2016)
Hesperia: Ranchero Road Improvements (~ SBD 30.395)
In May 2010, the CTC approved for future consideration of funding a project in San Bernardino County that will construct a new interchange at the intersection of Route 15 and Ranchero Road (~ SBD 30.395) in the city of Hesperia. The project is programmed in the 2008 State Transportation Improvement Program and includes local funds. Total estimated project cost is $98,200,000 for capital and support. Construction is estimated to begin in Fiscal Year 2010-11. The project will involve construction activities in the habitat of the Cooper’s hawk, a State listed species of special concern. In addition, the project has the potential for growth inducement and impacts to visual resources.
In March 2011, the CTC approved a new public road connection at Ranchero Road to I-15 in the city of Hesperia in San Bernardino County. This is approximately 1.8 miles north of the existing Oak Hill Road interchange. The proposed project is needed to provide access to future development along Ranchero Road and reduce congestion at the Main Street interchange, the Joshua Street interchange, and the Oak Hill Road interchange by adding a new interchange at Ranchero Road. In addition to reducing congestion, the project is expected to enhance traffic operations and provide a Level of Service that is consistent with the goals of the City’s Congestion Management Plan. In May 2012, the CTC approved $33.1 million to rebuild the Ranchero Road intersection with I-15 in Hesperia.
In December 2012, the CTC relinquished right of way in the city of Hesperia along Route 15 on Main Street (~ SBD 34.029) and Mariposa Road (~ SBD 30.874 to SBD 32.612), consisting of collateral facilities.
Mesa Road/Nisquali Road Interchange (~ SBD 38.783)
In January 2012, the CTC approved reducing the original CMIA allocation for construction for the Route 15/La Mesa Road/Nisquali Road Interchange project (PPNO 0172T) in San Bernardino County by $5,118,000, from $21,324,000 to $16,206,000. The contract was awarded on December 7, 2011. This project is in Victorville, on Route 15 at La Mesa Road/Nisquali Road between Bear Valley Road and Palmdale Road (Route 18); it will construct an interchange at La Mesa/Nisquali Road and realign frontage roads.
Victorville Interchange Improvements/Widening: Mojave Drive (~ SBD 41.98) to Stoddard Wells (~ SBD 48.434)
There are also plans to add northbound and southbound mixed flow lanes between Victorville and Barstow at Mojave Drive (~ SBD 41.98) (CTC December 2001 Agenda items 2.5b(1) Projects 2 and 3).
In 2007, two projects were submitted for funding from the Corridor Mobility Improvement Account; neither were recommended for funding. These projects were widening of the route between Victorville to Barstow ($46,432K requested, total costs $136,481K) and construction of 2 new interchanges in Victorville ($44,352K requested, total cost $134,096K).
In July 2010, the CTC approved for future consideration of funding a project that will construct roadway improvements including intersection improvements at three locations on Route 15 in the city of Victorville. The project is programmed in the 2010 State Transportation Improvement Program and includes federal and local funds. Construction is estimated to begin in Fiscal Year 2012-13. Total estimated project cost is $146,676,000 for capital and support.
The scope of work for this project (EA 35556)
includes the reconstruction of existing "D", "E" Street and Stoddard Wall Road
interchange, widen Victorville Separation Overhead, construct new North bound
(N/B) Collector Distributor Bridge over "D" and "E" Street, Burlington Northern
Santa Fe (BNSF) Railroad, widen Mojave River Bridge & construct new West
Frontage Road Bridge over Mojave River, upgrade 4.1 miles of the mainline to
current roadway standards, realign East Frontage Road, construct new West
Frontage Road & add an auxiliary lane & deceleration lane. The scope of
work for this project proposes various gateway enhancements in the City of
Victorville with the incorporation of a rock blanket and creative aesthetic
(Source: Caltrans District 8 Project Page, Jul 2018)
In December 2014, the CTC authorized $79,507,000 for Route 15 Widening Phase 2. This is a project in Victorville, between Mojave Drive and 1 mile north of the Stoddard Wells Road overcrossing that will reconstruct three interchanges, widen one bridge and upgrade 4 miles of mainline to current roadway standards.
In March 2016, it was reported that Caltrans
officials have begun a #71 million project to reconstruct the interchanges at D
Street (~ SBD 43.495), E Street (~ SBD 43.526), and Stoddard Wells (~ SBD
47.434); and to widen the Mojave River Bridge (SBD 043.86) on I-15 in
Victorville. The work has begun clearing brush, placing construction signs and
securing the area of any environmental issues, including relocating endangered
bird nesting and bats. Caltrans has worked with the city of Victorville and
Apple Valley, including emergency responders to ensure the safety and success
of the project.
(Source: Victor Valley News, 3/26/2016)
In September 2010, the CTC approved relinquishment of right of way in the city of Victorville along Route 15 from the city limits with Apple Valley to 0.1 mile southerly, consisting of frontage road and adjacent drainage easement (~ SBD 45.066 to SBD 45.166) .
In February 2009, the CTC approved relinquishment of right of way in the town of Apple Valley along Route 15 on East Frontage Road from the town limit line to Stoddard Wells Road (~ SBD 47.434 to SBD 48.287), consisting of a frontage road and adjacent drainage facilities.
Barstow (I-40) to the Nevada State Line
In July 2017, it was reported that a little teaming and scheming is brewing
between Las Vegas Mayor Carolyn Goodman and Los Angeles Mayor Eric Garcetti.
The mayoral duo recently met to discuss an array of mutual topics, including a
desire to widen the two-lane stretch of I-15 between Barstow and Primm, NV (on
the state border)— a feat Goodman and her predecessors have long sought
as a way to reduce traffic congestion for Southern Californians driving to Las
Vegas. In order to get those federal and state dollars to pay for such a costly
project, Goodman said the conversation needs to shift away from tourism and
focus more on interstate trade. Of the 42.9 million visitors to Las Vegas in
2016, about 27 percent came from Southern California — the majority of
whom drove along Interstate 15, according to the Las Vegas Convention and
Visitors Bureau. The gridlock is compounded by big rigs delivering electronics,
clothes and other goods shipped through Southern California’s ports in
Los Angeles, Long Beach and San Diego on to the rest of the country. The
average travel time between San Bernardino and Las Vegas is 3.5 hours, while
the southbound trip can last up to 7 hours on Sunday afternoons due to
bottlenecks near Primm and Barstow, according to an updated master plan
released earlier this year by Caltrans. The Caltrans report also noted that the
cost of congestion on the entire stretch of I-15 equates to $6.2 billion
annually, with more than half attributed to choke points between Los Angeles
and Las Vegas. Yet, widening I-15 between Barstow and Primm isn’t on the
agency’s list of planned projects into the near future. Goodman said she
is enlisting help from Rudy Malfabon, director of the Nevada Department of
Transportation. Malfabon said he had previously discussed the topic with
Caltrans and confirmed that the agency doesn’t have any immediate plans
to widen I-15.
(Source: Las Vegas Review Journal, 7/9/2017)
In August 2011, the CTC approved $9,765,000 in SHOPP funding for repairs in and near Barstow, from Route 58 to Main Street, that will resurface pavement on 21.2 lane miles to improve safety and ride quality. (~ SBD 70.169 to SBD 74.93)
In August 2015, the CTC authorized relinquishment of 08-SBd-58-PM R33.4 (Route 58) and 08-SBd-15-PM 71.5/72.0 (I-15): Relinquishes right of way in the city of Barstow along Route 15 on Main Street (formerly Route 31, formerly Route 66) and at “L” Street, consisting of superseded highway and collateral facilities. There's a little bit of Route 58 in there as well, near Main Street. The City, by freeway agreement dated November 19, 1990, agreed to accept title upon relinquishment by the State, and by Resolution No. 4868-2017, agreed to waive the 90-day requirement and accept the relinquishment.
Southbound Truck Climbing Lanes (~ SBD 77.512/R80.996, ~ SBD R115.262/R118.995)
Portions of this route are currently undergoing a Nevada Dept. of Transportation (NDOT) funded widening. There is also a CalTrans project to add a southbound truck climbing lane at two locations in San Bernardino County (CTC January 2001 Agenda, item 2.1c.(1) item 60). Additionally, in April 2002, the CTC (Agenda Item 2.5b.(1)) considered STIP Project #7, which would add a NB truck climbing lane near Cajon Pass from 0.1 km S of Route 138 to 0.1 km S of Oak Hill Road. This was still on the agenda in 2006: Project #60 is to construct the two separate truck-climbing lanes on Route 15 in San Bernardino County. This project has been segmented into two sub-projects for implementation. The original plan was to fully fund Project #60.1 (lanes just N of Barstow) solely with TCRP funds and Project #60.2 (lanes S of Baker) solely with STIP-IIP funds. However, due to the previous temporary suspension of allocating new TCRP funds, Project #60.1 is currently under construction utilizing a portion of the TCRP funds ($860,000) combined with SHOPP funds. As a result, $9,140,000 in TCRP funds are now available for Project #60.2. Project #60.2 is ready to be advertised for construction in March 2006. All project development costs have been completed using STIP-IIP funds. With Construction Support being funded with STIP-IIP funds, the Department proposes to fund Construction Capital with the now available TCRP funds.
There are plans to add a southbound truck climbing lane at two locations in San Bernardino County. This is TCRP Project #60. This project will be delayed, the August 2004 CTC agenda has a request for an amendment to deprogram $95,000 in TCR funds, update funding plan and project schedule previously approved.
In March 2006, the TCR Program – Application Approval Project #60.2 noted: The overall project is to construct truck-climbing lanes in two locations on I-15 in the southbound direction. This project has been segmented into two sub-projects for implementation:
The March 2006 STIP Amendment noted: Project #60 is to construct the two separate truck-climbing lanes on Route 15 in San Bernardino County. This project has been segmented into two sub-projects for implementation. The original plan was to fully fund Project #60.1 solely with TCRP funds and Project #60.2 solely with STIP-IIP funds. However, due to the previous temporary suspension of allocating new TCRP funds, Project #60.1 is currently under construction utilizing a portion of the TCRP funds ($860,000) combined with SHOPP funds. As a result, $9,140,000 in TCRP funds are now available for Project #60.2. Project #60.2 is ready to be advertised for construction. All project development costs have been completed using STIP-IIP funds. With Construction Support being funded with STIP-IIP funds, the Department proposes to fund Construction Capital with the now available TCRP funds.
Yermo Agricultural Inspection Station (SBD R87.259)
In September 2018, it was reported that Caltrans
completed work on Phase II at the Joint Port of Entry (JPOE) on southbound I-15
just south of the California/Nevada state line and now is in the process of
dismantling the old Agricultural Inspection Station on southbound I-15 in
Yermo. The $43 million project constructed a new Agriculture Inspection Station
facility just south of Primm, Nevada (~ SBD 179.561), that serves only
passenger cars and trucks. Big rigs use a separate facility that requires them
to exit I-15 before the new Agricultural Inspection Station. The project was
completed by Granite Construction Company. The new alignment of I-15 at the
Nevada State Line allows big rigs to enter Phase I of the JPOE to access the
California Highway Patrol Commercial Vehicle Enforcement Facility and now four
lanes of passenger vehicle traffic continue through the new Agricultural
Inspection Station for inspection. The previous inspection station near Yermo,
often caused traffic backups as cars and trucks would share 2 lanes until just
before arriving at the station. It also was avoidable by using local roads.
State officials were very concerned about big rigs using local roads to avoid
traffic delays. The new station doesn't eliminate all backups on that part of
I-15. The freeway does go from 3 lanes to 2 when it reaches Primm, but opens up
to 3 lanes well before the station, with up to 6 lanes available for drivers to
pass through. Once drivers have been given permission to continue, there is a
3rd lane for trucks and slow-moving traffic help ease congestion up the hill
toward Nipton Rd. The Yermo facility was built in 1963.
(Source: Daily Press, 9/7/2018; NBC 4 LA 10/13/2018)
In December 2018, it was reported that the new agricultural inspection statement in Primm had been opened, and the Yermo station was closed. This includes a diversion from the old I-15 alignment.
In January 2018, it was reported that paper signs placed over the existing
sign that listed emergency contact information and phone numbers on the
"Welcome to California" signs at the border had been removed. The signs, first
noticed by a handful of Twitter users, read "Official Sanctuary State," and
"Felons, Illegals, and MS13 Welcome! Democrats Need The Votes!" California
became a sanctuary state on January 1, 2018, following a bill signed by
Governor Jerry Brown in October. The bill prevents state law enforcement
officers from inquiring about a person's immigration status, from arresting
persons because of civil immigration warrants, or from participating in a joint
task force with federal officials to enforce immigration laws. The intent is to
not discourage undocumented immigrants from working with law enforcement due to
fear that their cooperation would get them deported. One sign was found and
promptly removed Monday on Interstate 15 near Mountain Pass (~ SBD 170.503),
just west of the California-Nevada border. Another was removed from I-40 in the
Needles area near the California-Nevada border. Caltrans has also received
unconfirmed reports of up to three more fake signs — two of which are
reported to be near the Oregon border — but they have not yet been able
to verify the existence of those. The Twitter photo included a white paddle
indicating at least one sign was on Route 95 near Palm Gardens (the paddle
shows "CL", likely referring to Clark County, and the point where US 95
transitions from California to Nevada).
(Source: SFGate, 1/2/2018; Snopes, 1/2/2018)
In the Mountain Pass area (~ SBD 170.503), rather than let traffic back up in the two southbound lanes that remained open, the NB lanes have been restriped to eliminate the shoulder, and Jersey Barriers have been installed in order to squeeze in a SB lane in addition to the two NB lanes on the NB side of the freeway. Two of the three SB lanes remain open on the SB side. SB cars leaving Nevada have the choice to use the Autos Only Express Lane, or share the two regular lanes with (slow) trucks.
In May 2015, the CTC approved for future consideration of funding a project that will will repair or replace the existing bridges at Cenda Ditch (SBD 172.11L) and Wheaton Wash (SBD 173.84L) on I-15 near the Nevada state line. The project is programmed in the 2014 State Highway Operation and Protection Program. The estimated cost is $16,864,000 for capital and support. Construction is estimated to begin in Fiscal Year 2015-16. The scope, as described for the preferred alternative, is consistent with the project scope programmed by the Commission in the 2014 State Highway Operation and Protection Program.
There is a 2-land reversable HOV lane, about 7.5 miles, between the Route 163 interchange and North City Parkway. These lanes opened in October 1988, require two or more occupants, and operate 6:00am-9:00am (SB), 3:00pm-6:30pm (NB). (~ SD M11.831 to SD 27.61)
Assembly Bill 713, Chapter 962 in 1993 authorized congestion pricing for the lanes in San Diego County, allowing the lanes to be used as toll lanes for single-passenger vehicles. The program was continued by Senate Bill 252, Chapter 481, on 9/27/1999. This program allows fee-based travel of the HOV lane by single-occupant vehicles during peak periods as long as a predefined level of service is maintained. The program was continued indefinately by Senate Bill 313, Chapter 275, 9/10/2001 and Assembly Bill 574, Chapter 498, 10/11/2007. Individual drivers use a FasTrak transponder, and must open an account with the San Diego Association of Governments, which administers the program. The California Highway Patrol enforces the tolls, inspecting cars to see if transponders are visibly displayed. Drivers can be cited if the removable equipment isn't in the right place. Tolls are 50 cents when the lanes are nearly empty. During peak commute periods, they are likely to be between $2.50 and $4, topping out between 7 and 8 AM for the southbound commute and 4:30 to 5:30 PM northbound. Occasionally, tolls have reached as high as $8. According to SANDAG in October 2003, the managed lanes carry about 22,000 vehicles daily, more than three times the volume seen when they first opened. Roughly three-quarters are high-occupancy vehicles. The rest are FasTrak users.
There is currently work to extend the lanes north from Rancho Peñasquitos (~ SD 18.178). This segment will have the first direct-access ramps in the corridor, serving a Bus Rapid Transit project that is being developed to attract commuters who don't normally use public transportation. An additional extension north comes later, and the existing segment will be reconfigured, ultimately creating a 20-mile, four-lane corridor with multiple on-and off-ramps.
HOV lanes are planned as follows:
This portion of this route that was part of US 395 is part of "Historic US Highway 395", designated by Assembly Concurrent Resolution 98, Chapter 79, 7/8/2008.
The segment of this route between I-805 and Route 91 is officially named the "Escondido" Freeway. The segment between I-805 (~ SD M4.039) and Route 91 (~ RIV 41.286) was named by the State Highway Commission in 1957. The segment between I-8 (~ SD R6.342) and Route 215 (~ RIV 8.334) also received this name officially from Assembly Concurrent Resolution No. 34, Chapter 67, in 1979. The name arises from the fact the route goes through the City of Escondido.
In San Diego County, I-15 is called the "Cabrillo" Freeway (between Route 163 (~ SD M11.41) and the SD/RIV county line (SD 54.258/RIV 0.0)); the Cabrillo Freeway name continues SB along Route 163. Juan Rodríquez Cabrillo was the leader of one of the first European expeditions to California. In 1542, Cabrillo led the first European expedition to explore what is now the west coast of the United States. Cabrillo was commissioned by Pedro de Alvarado, Governor of Guatemala, for a voyage up the California coast under the flag of Spain. Cabrillo hoped to find the fabulously wealthy cities known as Cibola, believed to be somewhere on the Pacific coast beyond New Spain, and a route connecting the North Pacific to the North Atlantic. Cabrillo reached "a very good enclosed port" which is now San Diego bay, on September 28, 1542, naming it "San Miguel". He probably anchored his flagship, the San Salvador at Ballast Point on Point Loma's east shore. Six days later, he departed San Diego sailing northward and exploring the uncharted coast line of California. The expedition reached San Pedro on October 6, Santa Monica on the 9th, San Buenaventura on the 10th, Santa Barbara on the 13th and Pt. Concepcion on the 17th. Because of adverse winds Cabrillo turned back, harboring at San Miguel Island, and did not progress beyond Santa Maria until November 11. With a favorable wind later that day they reach the "Sierra de San Martin," probably Cape San Martin and the Santa Lucia Mountains in southern Monterey County. Struck by a storm and blown out to sea, the two vessels are separated and do not rejoin until the 15th, probably near Año Nuevo north of Santa Cruz. The next day they drifted southward, discovering "Bahía de los Pinos" and "Cabo de Pinos." These are most likely Monterey Bay and Point Pinos. On the 18th they turned south, passing snow-capped mountains (the Santa Lucias), and on November 23 returned to their harbor at San Miguel Island, where they remained for nearly three months. Cabrillo died January 3, 1543, on San Miguel Island, and may have been buried on Catalina Island. He died from complications of a broken leg incurred from a fall during a brief skirmish with natives. It was named by Assembly Bill 1769, Chapter 569, in 1959.
Route 15 between Route
163 and Miramar Road in the County of San Diego (~ SD M11.695 to SD M14.286) is
named the "Semper Fi Highway". It was named in recognition of the
service provided by the Marine Corps Air Station Miramar to Americans. The
Marine Corps Air Station Miramar in southern California, which has military
roots dating back to 1917, is home to three commands that include the 3rd
Marine Aircraft Wing, the Marine Corps Air Bases Western Area, and the Marine
Aircraft Group 46, each serving their own specific function with their own
subordinate units. The Marine Corps Air Station Miramar and the 3rd Marine
Aircraft Wing are dedicated to supporting West Coast Marine aviation missions,
Marine Aircraft Group 46, and other Naval aviation support units as designated
by the Commandant of the Marine Corps in coordination with the Chief of Naval
Operations. The Marine Corps Air Station Miramar employs approximately 12,500
Marines, Sailors, and Civilians. Named by Assembly Concurrent Resolution 121,
Chapter 40, May 3, 2004.
(Image source: Foursquare)
The portion of
I-15 between Miramar Road (milepost marker 14.285) and Mercy Road (milepost
marker 17.311), in the County of San Diego, is named the "Tuskegee Airmen
Highway". Named in honor of the Tuskegee Airmen. The United States Army
Air Corps formed the 332nd Fighter Group and the 477th Medium Bombardment Group
at Tuskegee Institute to train African American fighter pilots who, until that
time, had not been accepted into pilot training programs in the military. The
Tuskegee Airmen were sent to the European Theatre in 1943 and served in combat
in North Africa, Sicily, and Europe. At the end of World War II, the Tuskegee
Airmen were credited with destroying 261 enemy aircraft, damaging 148 enemy
aircraft, destroying or damaging 940 units of enemy ground transportation,
flying 15,553 combat sorties in 1,578 missions over North Africa, Sicily, and
Europe, and conducting more than 200 bomber escort missions. The Tuskegee
Airmen unit, including its officers and enlisted personnel, received three
Presidential Unit Citations, 150 Distinguished Flying Cross and Legion of Merit
awards, the Red Star of Yugoslavia, nine Purple Hearts, 14 Bronze Stars, and
more than 700 Air Medals and Oak Leaf Cluster awards. Sixty-six of the Tuskegee
Airmen were killed in combat, and another 33 were shot down and held as
prisoners of war. The unqualified success of the Tuskegee Airmen helped lead to
the eventual integration of the United States Armed Forces. The record of the
Tuskegee Airmen in World War II was accomplished by individuals who bravely
accepted the challenge and proudly displayed their skill and patriotism in
spite of great adversity at home and abroad. The Tuskegee Airmen, Inc. is an
education and community service organization dedicated to maintaining the
traditions of the Tuskegee Airmen and preserving the legacy of the first
generation of African American military aviators of World War II with 42
chapters throughout the United States, and has consistently provided
inspiration, motivation, mentoring, and role models for elementary, middle, and
high school students in this country. Named by Senate Concurrent Resolution 90,
Resolution Chapter 104, on August 31, 2012. This stretch was dedicated
and signed in February 2013. In attendance at the dedication were several
Tuskegee airmen who now live in San Diego.
(Image source: Sen. Joel Anderson)
The portion of I-15 from
Scripps Poway Parkway/Mercy Road to Camino Del Norte in the County of San Diego
(~ SD M17.349 to SD 21.924) is named the "Tony Gwynn Memorial
Freeway". It was named in memory of Tony Gwynn, perhaps the greatest San
Diego Padre of them all and one of the greatest hitters in the history of Major
League Baseball. Gwynn was the first ever unanimous selection to the Padres
Hall of Fame upon his retirement in 2001 and was inducted into the National
Baseball Hall of Fame in July 2007. Gwynn was named the head baseball coach at
San Diego State in September 2001, succeeding the head coach for whom he played
for three years during his collegiate baseball career. In 20 seasons
(1982-2001), the man who will be forever known as “Mr. Padre” won a
National League record-tying eight batting titles and was selected to 16
All-Star teams. The San Diego Padres retired his number 19 jersey in September
2004. A native of Long Beach, Gwynn attended Long Beach Poly High School before
arriving at San Diego State in 1977 as a highly recruited basketball point
guard. After not playing baseball during his freshman year in order to
concentrate on basketball, Gwynn was given the chance to play baseball in 1979.
Gwynn became a two-time All-American outfielder and led the Aztecs in hitting
in each of his final two seasons. Gwynn was also a point guard for the Aztec
men’s basketball team for four seasons and was named to the All-Western
Athletic Conference team twice. On June 10, 1981, Gwynn was drafted by both the
San Diego Padres in the third round of the Major League Baseball draft, and by
the San Diego Clippers in the 10th round of the National Basketball Association
draft. After signing with the San Diego Padres, Gwynn made his major league
debut on July 19, 1982. He retired with a .338 career batting average and 3,141
hits in 2,400 games. The San Diego Padres career leader in virtually every
offensive category, Gwynn retired at 17th on the all-time hit list, 17th on the
all-time doubles list, and eighth on the all-time singles list, and his .338
career batting average is 22nd of all-time. Gwynn played on the first three San
Diego Padres Division Championship clubs (1984, 1996, and 1998) and batted .371
in the club’s two World Series appearances. Gwynn’s list of honors
off the field is just as impressive, as he received the Roberto Clemente Man of
the Year Award in 1999 and was awarded the 1999 Lou Gehrig Memorial Award. In
1995, Gwynn was presented the Branch Rickey Award as the top community activist
in Major League Baseball, as well as the inaugural San Diego Padres
Chairman’s Award. Gwynn also was inducted into the World Sports
Humanitarian Hall of Fame in 1999. Gwynn was also extremely committed to
community service in the San Diego area. With his wife, Dr. Alicia Gwynn, Gwynn
established the Tony and Alicia Gwynn Foundation, which provides programs and
services to underserved children in the areas of STEAM (science, technology,
engineering, arts, and math). Only the 17th player in history to spend his
entire career of 20 or more seasons with one club, Gwynn’s unwavering
loyalty to the San Diego Padres and his undying devotion to the San Diego
community further cemented his standing as “Mr. Padre” and one of
the greatest ambassadors the game of baseball has ever known. Named by Assembly
Concurrent Resolution 63, Res. Chapter 168, Statutes of 2015 on September 10,
(Image source: KPBS, NY Times)
The portion of I-15
between Via Rancho Parkway Overcrossing (SD M26.970) and Route 78 (SD R31.5) in
the County of San Diego is named the “CAL FIRE Firefighter Cory
Iverson Memorial Highway”. It was named in memory of Department of
Forestry and Fire Protection (CAL FIRE) Fire Apparatus Engineer Cory Iverson
passed away in the line of duty on December 14, 2017, at 32 years of age, while
battling the Thomas Fire in the County of Ventura. Cory Iverson was born in
Escondido in January 1985, where he was also raised. After graduating from high
school, Cory worked various jobs before discovering his passion for
firefighting and making it his career. Cory Iverson was an eight-year veteran
of CAL FIRE following the footsteps of his uncle, Stephen Thomas, a retired CAL
FIRE Fire Captain. Cory looked up to his uncle and respected him greatly,
knowing firefighting was also the career for him. Cory Iverson received many
career awards, one being the 2010 CAL FIRE Firefighter of the Year. On December
14, 2017, Cory Iverson was engaged in the placement of a hose lay supporting a
dozer line. While attempting to suppress spot fires below the dozer line, Cory
became trapped by fire and suffered fatal injuries. We honor Cory Iverson for
his dedication to public service and for his ultimate sacrifice in the line of
duty. Cory Iverson exemplified the professionalism, work ethic, dedication, and
self-sacrifice for which CAL FIRE firefighters are known. Cory touched the
lives of many and is sorely missed by all who knew him. Cory will never be
forgotten. Named by Assembly Concurrent Resolution (ACR) 205, Res. Chapter 152,
(Image source: CalFIRE (SD County) Tweet via Patch; VC Star, 1/14/2018)
The section of I-15
between Route 78 and the City of Temecula (~ SD R31.72 to RIV R1.879) is
designated the "Avocado" Highway. This is in recognition of the fact
that nearly 50 percent of the avocados consumed in the US are grown in San
Diego County. California Avocados are grown by nearly 4,000 farmers on
approximately 52,000 acres. A single California Avocado tree can produce about
500 avocados (or 200 pounds of fruit) a year. However, the average tree usually
produces approximately 150 avocados. Avocados mostly grow on the coastal strip
between San Luis Obispo and the Mexican border. These areas are ideal due to
the rich soils and mild climates. Approximately 35 percent of California
Avocados are grown in San Diego County and 33 percent in Ventura The avocado is
a Native American plant with a long, distinguished history. Today, the most
popular variety is the Hass. The mother tree of all Hass avocados was born in a
backyard in La Habra Heights, California. Named by Senate Concurrent Resolution
9, Chapter 62, in 1997.
(Image source: Pinterest; Additional information from the California Avocado Commission)
The portion of Route 15
between Gopher Canyon Road (SD 40.84) and the Old Highway 395 overcrossing (SD
43.28) in the County of San Diego is named the "CHP Officer Dan N. Benavides
Memorial Highway". It was named in memory of CHP Officer Daniel Nava
Benavides, who was born on November 27, 1970, in Monterrey, Mexico. His mother,
Consuelo, a resident of San Jose, California, went to Mexico to be with family
for the birth and shortly there after returned to San Jose. Officer Benavides
graduated from Andrew Hill High School in San Jose in 1989 and attended Cuesta
College in San Luis Obispo. In 1997, Officer Benavides, badge number 15193,
graduated from the California Highway Patrol Academy as a pilot officer and was
assigned to the Monterey area. After 33 months of service in the Monterey area,
Officer Benavides served in San Jose from 1999 to 2000, in San Diego from 2000
to 2003, in Oceanside from 2003 to 2005, and in the Border Division Thermal Air
Operations Unit from 2005 to 2010. On May 7, 2010, Officer Benavides began his
shift at 7:30 a.m. working speed enforcement for the air operations unit.
Approximately two hours later, Officer Benavides was in route to Route 8 to
work speed enforcement in the El Centro area, when his Cessna 206 airplane
crashed in a remote area of the Anza-Borrego Desert in Borrego Springs,
California. Officer Benavides was a hard-working, dedicated officer who loved
his job and enjoyed the people he worked with. He was known for being a loyal
family man and a wonderful father and husband. His greatest joys were his wife
and daughter and spending time with friends and family. He had an incredible
sense of humor and a keen sense of knowledge of music and computers. In his
spare time, Officer Benavides enjoyed camping, scuba diving, barbequing, and
anything to do with sports. Named by Senate Concurrent Resolution 30,
Resolution Chapter 92, on September 15, 2011.
(Image sources: Flikr, CHP Memorial Page)
The segment of Route 15 from the San Diego County Line (RIV 0.0) to Bundy Canyon Road (~ RIV 16.292) near Lake Elsinore is named the "Temecula Valley Freeway". It was named by Assembly Concurrent Resolution 125, Chapter 78, in 1990. This naming supersedes portions of the Escondido and Coronado Freeways.
The 4.3 mile portion of
I-15 from the South Route 79 Exit at Route 79 to the I-215 interchange in
Temecula (~ RIV 3.542 to RIV 8.84) is named the "Deputy Kent Hintergardt
Memorial Highway" It was named in memory of Deputy Kent Alan Hintergardt,
born in Whittier on December 14, 1959. Deputy Hintergardt graduated from
California High School in Whittier, and earned an Associates Degree in Police
Science from Rio Hondo College. He Deputy Hintergardt worked as an Assistant
Manager for Vons grocery store for 10 years prior to joining the Los Angeles
County Sheriff's Department on March 22, 1989, and graduated from the Los
Angeles County Sheriff's Academy on August 31, 1989. Deputy Hintergardt's first
assignment was in the Los Angeles County Central Jail until he joined the
Riverside County Sheriff's Department on February 7, 1991, and was assigned to
the Lake Elsinore Station. Deputy Hintergardt was reassigned to the Southwest
Station and eventually was assigned to the City of Temecula, where he served
the last few months before his untimely death, when he was shot and killed in
the line of duty on Mother's Day, May 9, 1993, in Temecula, when he responded
to a domestic violence call. Named by Assembly Concurrent Resolution (ACR) 33,
Resolution Chapter 89, on 9/1/2009.
(Image source: Find a Grave)
Between the southerly I-15/I-215 junction and Route 91 (~ RIV 8.84 to RIV 41.388), I-15 is named the "Corona Freeway". It was named by the State Highway Commission in 1958, and follows former LRN 77. It was named because the route traverses the community of Corona (Latin: Circle), which was named in 1896 because of the circular drive around the city; this was the scene of spectacular auto races 1913-1916.
The interchange at I-15
and Route 91 (~ RIV 41.388) within the City of Corona in the County of
Riverside is named the Officer Shannon Distel Memorial Interchange. It
was named in memory of CHP Officer Shannon Distel of the California Highway
Patrol, who was killed in the line of duty on August 27, 2003. Officer Distel
was patrolling on surface streets at 4:15 pm on August 27, 2003, when his
motorcycle collided with a pickup truck pulling a trailer. This naming is in
recognition of the hazardous work, serious responsibilities, and strong
commitment that Officer Distel willingly accepted during his six years as a law
enforcement officer. Named by Assembly Concurrent Resolution 163, August 19,
2004, Chapter 151.
(Image source: California Assn of Highway Patrolmen)
The portion of Route 15
from Second Street in Norco to Limonite Avenue in Eastvale (~ RIV 43.664 to RIV
48.214) is named the Sergeant Gilbert Cortez and K-9 Mattie Memorial
Highway. It was nameed in memory of Sergeant Gilbert Cortez and his K-9
partner, Mattie. Cortez was born in 1966 and raised in the City of Corona. On
September 17, 1990, Mr. Cortez began his career with the California Department
of Corrections and Rehabilitation. Mr. Cortez was first assigned to the
California Institution for Men in Chino and then transferred to Calipatria
State Prison on October 29, 1992, where he became part of the Investigative
Services Unit. While at Calipatria State Prison, Mr. Cortez was promoted to the
rank of sergeant. Sergeant Cortez then transferred to the California
Rehabilitation Center on October 29, 2001, to return to his hometown of Corona.
Sergeant Cortez held various positions at the California Rehabilitation Center
and was able to join the Investigative Services Unit once again as an
investigator. In 2011, Sergeant Cortez became a part of the Southern Regional
K-9 Unit, partnering with K-9 Mattie, who was certified to search for
contraband and narcotics. Mattie was a Belgian Malinois who was donated by a
private citizen in the San Diego area; it is not stated when Mattie was born.
Sergeant Cortez and K-9 Mattie were killed in an automobile accident on Route
79 near San Felipe Road in the County of San Diego on March 25, 2013. K-9
Mattie died at the scene of the accident, while Sergeant Cortez succumbed to
his injuries at a local fire station before an emergency services helicopter
could transport him to a trauma center. At the time of the accident, Sergeant
Cortez was part of a convoy of state corrections K-9 officers that was en route
to inspect the La Cima Conservation Fire Camp, an inmate-staffed firefighting
outpost in a rural part of the County of San Diego. Sergeant Cortez is survived
by his wife, two children, and parents. Named by Senate Concurrent Resolution
65 on 2/6/2014, Resolution Chapter 7.
(Image source: Officer Down Memorial Page)
Route 15 from Limonite Avenue exit to the the northerly I-15/I-215 junction (~ RIV 48.214 to SBD 16.101) is named the "Ontario Freeway". It was named by Assembly Concurrent Resolution 10, Chapter 136, in 1989. This is because this segment goes through the City of Ontario. Ontario was named in 1882 by George B. Chaffey, who came from Ontario, Canada.
Unofficially, Route 15 from Route 60 to the northern I-15/I-215 junction (~ RIV 51.592 to SBD 16.058) is called the "Devore Freeway". This is because this segment goes through the community of Devore.
The portion of I-15
between I-10 and Route 210, in the City of Rancho Cucamonga and the County of
San Bernardino (~ SBD 2.526 to SBD 8.068) , is named the “CHP Officer
John Bailey Memorial Freeway”. This segment was named in memory of
CHP Officer John Bailey, born on June 17, 1969, in Ann Arbor, Michigan. He
graduated from Catoctin High School in Thurmont, Maryland, in 1987. Prior to
beginning his career with the Department of the California Highway Patrol, CHP
Officer Bailey enlisted in the United States Army while a senior in high
school. He honorably served his country in the United States Army and then in
the California Air National Guard. CHP Officer Bailey served in various
missions during his military career, the most recent during Operation Iraqi
Freedom, for one year in Tikrit, Iraq. CHP Officer Bailey was a Sergeant First
Class and was classified as active duty at the time of his death. CHP Officer
Bailey, badge number 14664, joined the Department of the California Highway
Patrol on November 6, 1995. On May 10, 1996, after successfully completing
academy training, he reported to the Barstow area as an officer. Officer Bailey
made significant contributions to traffic safety and assisting the motoring
public while assigned to the Barstow and Rancho Cucamonga area offices. Officer
John Bailey was killed in the line of duty during the evening hours of February
25, 2006. He was on a traffic stop on I-15 near US 395 in the City of Hesperia,
when a drunk driver collided into his patrol motorcycle; he tragically
succumbed to his injuries as a result of the collision. Named by Senate
Concurrent Resolution (SCR) 119, Resolution Chapter 113, on 8/18/2008.
(Image source: Flikr; Find a Grave)
The I-15/Route 210
interchange (~ SBD 8.068) is named the "William E. Leonard
Interchange". William E. Leonard served as Chairman for both the
California Highway Commission and the California Transportation Commission
(1973-1974). In 1946, William E. Leonard joined Leonard Realty and Building
Co., a firm established by his grandfather in 1905. By the early 1960s, he was
a leading developer and a founding director of Inland Action, Inc., a group of
business, government and education leaders whose positive effect continues in
the region to this day. Over the years, Mr. Leonard's civic influence has
included chairing the California Highway Commission (1973-77) and the
California Transportation Commission (1985-93). He was active with the National
Orange Show, serving as its president in 1966. He was also a member of the
State Athletic Commission and the University of California at Riverside
Foundation. He also chaired the San Bernardino Valley College Foundation Board
and served as a trustee of the St. Bernardine's Hospital Foundation, in
addition to work on many other local boards and charities. An investment and
business consultant in recent years, he has been active with the Inland Valley
Development Authority's work to convert the former Norton Air Force Base to a
technology park and other private uses. A veteran of World War II, he served in
the U.S. Army in the Pacific Theater, achieving the rank of First Lieutenant.
He later received his bachelor's degree in business administration from the
University of California, Berkeley. California State University, San
Bernardino, honored him and his wife in 2006 by naming the university's new
federally funded center the "William and Barbara Leonard University
Transportation Center. Named by Senate Concurrent Resolution 104, Resolution
Chapter 171, in 1998.
(Image / biographic information source: Find a Grave; CSUSB Honorary Degree page)
The portion of I-15 from
its junction with Route 210 to Sierra Avenue in the County of San Bernardino,
California (~ SBD 8.068 to SBD 12.915) , is named the "Sheriff’s
Deputies Ronald Wayne Ives and Daniel Jess Lobo, Jr., Memorial Highway".
It was named in memory of Ronald Wayne Ives and Daniel Jess Lobo Jr. Ronald
Wayne Ives was born in Norwalk, California, in 1961. He grew up in the Cities
of Buena Park and Lakewood, and graduated from Chaffey High School in the City
of Ontario, California. He became a deputy sheriff for the San Bernardino
County Sheriff’s Department on January 2, 1996, after graduating from the
Sheriff’s Training Academy. Deputy Sheriff Ives was originally assigned
to the West Valley Detention Center before being promoted and assigned to
Patrol at the Rancho Cucamonga Sheriff’s Station in 1999. In 2002, Deputy
Sheriff Ives rode his bicycle from the City of Rancho Cucamonga to New York
City. The ride raised money for the survivors of public safety personnel who
died in the September 11, 2001, attacks. The Rancho Cucamonga Police Department
honors this act annually during the “Ron Ives Bicycle Rodeo”. On
September 1, 2004, Deputy Sheriff Ives was killed while on patrol in the Rancho
Cucamonga area when an SUV ran a red light and struck his motorcycle at
approximately 50 miles per hour; Ives was transported to Arrowhead Regional
Medical Center where he succumbed to his injuries approximately one hour later.
Deputy Sheriff Ives served with the San Bernardino County Sheriff’s
Department for eight years. Daniel Jess Lobo, Jr., was born in Pomona,
California, in 1970. He grew up in the Cities of Pomona and Montclair, and
graduated from Montclair High School. Daniel Jess Lobo, Jr., became a deputy
sheriff for the San Bernardino County Sheriff’s Department on July 4,
1994, after graduating from the Sheriff’s Training Academy. He was
originally assigned to the West Valley Detention Center before being promoted
and assigned to Patrol at the Rancho Cucamonga Sheriff’s Station in 1998.
On October 11, 2005, Deputy Sheriff Lobo was killed in a vehicle accident with
his motorcycle while responding to the scene of another crash in the City of
Rancho Cucamonga. Deputy Sheriff Lobo was traveling behind another motor
officer and a squad car when a vehicle pulled out of a parking lot into their
path. All of the responding units had their emergency equipment activated. The
other motor officer and the squad car were able to swerve out of the
car’s path, but Deputy Sheriff Lobo’s motorcycle struck the rear of
the car. He was thrown approximately 50 feet as the result of the impact. He
was flown to Arrowhead Regional Medical Center where he succumbed to his
injuries approximately one hour later. Deputy Sheriff Lobo served with the San
Bernardino County Sheriff’s Department for 11 years. Named by Assembly
Concurrent Resolution (ACR) 123, Res. Chapter 119, Statutes of 2016 on August
(Image sources: SBD Sheriff Office; Assemblyman Marc Steinorth)
The northbound and
southbound portions of Route 15, between Sierra Avenue and Kenwood Avenue, San
Bernardino County (~ SBD 12.915 to SBD R14.96), are named the "CHP Officer
Reuben F. Rios, Sr., Memorial Freeway". California Highway Patrol Officer
Reuben F. Rios, Sr. died while protecting and serving the people of California
on October 26, 1996. He was directing traffic departing the Blockbuster
Pavillion, a concert venue in Glen Helen by Route 15, when an intoxicated
motorist accelerated for a lane change and struck Officer Rios. He was thrown
onto the hood of the vehicle, then into the windshield, and fell to the
pavement with major head trauma and internal injuries. Fellow officers
immediately rushed to Officer Rios' aid and he was transported by ambulance to
the hospital, but was pronounced dead upon his arrival. The person responsible
for Officer Rios' death, was arrested, sentenced, and convicted of vehicular
manslaughter with gross negligence supported by previous drunk driving
convictions. Officer Reuben F. Rios, Sr. had been named Officer of the Year in
1996, and had been honored by the Latino Peace Officers Association, the San
Bernardino Chamber of Commerce, the VFW, and others. His son, Reuben, Jr.,
graduated from the CHP Academy in April 1998. Named by Assembly Concurrent
Resolution 110, Chapter 93, July 12, 2000.
(Image source: Google Street View; California Assn of Highway Patrolmen)
The portion of I-15 from the northern I-215 junction to the Nevada state line (~ SBD 16.058 to SBD 186.238) is also named the "Mojave Freeway", as it traverses the Mojave Desert. It was named by Assembly Concurrent Resolution No. 47, Chapter 117, in 1987. Mojave is a word derived from the language of the populous and warlike Yuman tribe, and refers both to the name of the desert the route traverses, as well as a city off of Route 58.
The segment of I-15
between its junction with Route 138 and Oak Hill Road (~ SBD R21.424 to SBD
R28.62), in the County of San Bernardino, is named the “CHP Officer
Larry L. Wetterling and San Bernardino County Sheriff's Lieutenant Alfred E.
Stewart Memorial Highway”. This segment was named in honor of
California Highway Patrol (CHP) Officer Larry L. Wetterling and San Bernardino
County Sheriff's Lieutenant Alfred E. Stewart, who were killed in the line of
duty on March 9, 1973. On that date, CHP Officer Wetterling stopped to assist a
driver along the southbound side of I-15. The driver, who was a recently
paroled convict, killed Officer Wetterling and stole his patrol car. Having
been notified that there was a paroled convict out on a killing rampage,
Lieutenant Stewart answered the call and found the criminal but, unfortunately,
Lieutenant Stewart was also killed. CHP Officer Larry L. Wetterling was born in
Monmouth, IL on March 9, 1942 and had a childhood dream to serve as a
California Highway Patrol Officer. He graduated from San Bernardino High School
in 1960 and attended San Bernardino Valley College. He graduated from the
California Highway Patrol Academy in Sacramento on March 1, 1968, and his first
assignment was in the Riverside area until he transferred to the San Bernardino
area on March 12, 1970. Sheriff's Lieutenant Alfred E. Stewart was born in
Jersey City, NJ on May 24, 1933. He was the oldest of eight children. He
attended Henry Snyder High School. He left school at 16 years of age and joined
the United States Marine Corps and served in the Korean War. Stewart was
wounded in both legs in 1950 and he received an honorable discharge from the
Marine Corps on January 4, 1954. He worked for Columbia Southern Chemical
Corporation. While there, he held various union offices, including that of
Union Local President and attended the Industrial Labor School for Union
Officials at Saint Peter's Prep, in Jersey City. He received an honorable
discharge from the Marine Reserve as Staff Sergeant in 1965 after 14 years of
service. He joined the North Bergen Police Force in North Bergen, NJ in 1960.
He became a detective and was a member of the Vice Squad. In the Police
Detective Bureau, he worked in criminal investigation and arrests. Lieutenant
Stewart and his family moved to California in 1964, and he was hired by the San
Bernardino County Sheriff's Department, where he was one of the founding
members of the California Narcotics Officer's Association, serving as the
eighth president in 1972. In 1973, the California Narcotics Officer's
Association created the Alfred E. Stewart Memorial Award to memorialize
Lieutenant Stewart by honoring individual achievement of working narcotic
officers. Named by Assembly Concurrant Resolution (ACR) 127, 8/30/2010,
Resolution Chapter 110.
(Image source: Find a Grave, Calif. Narcotic Officers Assn)
The portion of I-15
(formerly known as Route 66) in the City of Victorville between the US 395
interchange and the exit of D Street (~ SBD 31.971 to SBD 96.544) is named the
“CHP Officer Richard D. Duvall Memorial Highway”. This
segment was named in memory of California Highway Patrol (CHP) Officer Richard
D. Duvall, who died on February 23, 1960, on a remote stretch of what was then
US 66. Officer Duvall was shot and killed during a routine traffic stop by an
escaped convict from the California State Prison at San Quentin who,
unbeknownst to Officer Duvall, had also just fled the scene of a robbery. Born
on June 19, 1933, in San Leandro, Duvall was a football star in high school and
served two years in the United States Marine Corps. He attended Armstrong
College of Business, and then attended the CHP Academy and took his first
assignment at the Victorville substation. Officer Duvall served with the CHP in
Victorville for two years prior to his tragic death. Officer Duvall's death is
a reminder of the dangers that our men and women in uniform face on a daily
basis, and his sacrifice for the people of the State of California should not
be forgotten. Named by Senate Concurrent Resolution (SCR) 69, Resolution
Chapter 65, on 8/4/2010.
(Image source: CHP Memorial Page)
The portion of I-15
between Wild Rash Road and Hodge Road from Wild Wash Road (SD 55.957) to Hodge
Road (SD 60.159) in the County of San Bernardino is officially designated the
"CHP Officer Justin W. McGrory Memorial Highway" It was named in memory
of CHP Officer Justin Wayne McGrory. McGrory was born June 4, 1982, in
Beaufort, South Carolina. He graduated from Silverado High School in
Victorville, California, in 2000 and attended American River College in
Sacramento, California. Prior to joining the California Highway Patrol (CHP),
CHP Officer McGrory served in the United States Air Force in Little Rock,
Arkansas. Upon discharge, he joined the Air Force Reserves at Travis Air Force
Base in Fairfield, California, and was activated for a four-month tour of duty
in Afghanistan in 2006. In 2007, CHP Officer McGrory, badge number 18606,
graduated from the CHP Academy and was assigned to the Baldwin Park Area
Office. After 18 months, McGrory was voluntarily transferred to the Barstow
Area where he spent the remainder of his career. CHP Officer McGrory had only
been a CHP Officer for a few years and did not have any collateral duties;
however, because of his exceptional skills as a CHP Officer, he was scheduled
to attend a field training evaluation program class to become a field training
officer to train new cadets. On June 27, 2010, at approximately 3:38 a.m., CHP
Officer McGrory was issuing a field sobriety test on the shoulder of the I-15
freeway when a red Pontiac G6 veered onto the shoulder and struck him. CHP
Officer McGrory's partner broadcast an 11-99 (officer down) and immediately
began CPR. Two other CHP officers and a sergeant arrived on the scene minutes
later and assisted with CPR. CHP Officer McGrory was airlifted to Saint Mary's
Regional Medical Center in Apple Valley, California, but unfortunately
succumbed to his injuries at approximately 4:55 a.m. He was admired for his
sense of humor, his ability to "write a citation without managing to ruin the
violator's day," devotion to his family and career, confidence, charm, poise,
and for being an all around great man. Named by Assembly Concurrent Resolution
37, Resolution Chapter 49, on July 11, 2011.
(Image source: Find a Grave)
The portion of this route from Barstow to the Nevada state line (i.e., former US 91/466) (~ SBD 70.977 to SBD 186.238) was once named the "Barstow-Jean Highway" (Resolution Chapter 369, 1925). This name comes from the principle cites at the time of naming: Barstow CA and Jean NV (Stateline was nothing back in 1925, which was before the legalization of gambling).
Prior to the 1987 definition, this segment was named the "Barstow Freeway" (State Highway Commission, November 1958). This was named for the city of Barstow. Barstow refers to the city of Barstow, which was named in 1886 by the Santa Fe Railroad for its president, William Barstow Strong.
Bridge 57-919, in San
Diego county at Claremont Mesa Blvd. (~ SD R9.988), is/was named the
"Richard T. Silberman Bridge" (the current status is unclear). It was
built in 1985, and named by Assembly Concurrent Resolution 67, Chapter 107, in
1987. Richard Silberman was once a state Director of Finance, a Secretary of
Business, Transportation and Housing and the Governor’s Chief of Staff.
Silberman helped Jerry Brown get elected governor. Silberman was once one of
San Diego’s biggest movers and shakers. He bought and sold banks, chaired
the downtown redevelopment agency and helped found Old Town’s Bazaar del
Mundo. He was one of the founding partners in Jack-in the Box, and was
associated with Ralston Purina in executive capacities after their acquisition
of Foodmaker. He was also associated with the California First Bank
(subsequently acquired by the Bank of Tokyo) as President. In 1989 (after the
bridge was named), Silberman (who was at one time married to ex-San Diego Mayer
Susan Golding) was busted
in an FBI sting for laundering $300,000 in what he believed was Colombian
drug money. He was convicted a year later and sentenced to 46 months in prison.
sordid story can be found here. Since his release from federal prison three
years ago, he divorced Golding and moved to San Francisco. He has been involved
in consulting for the Mountain Mike’s Pizza chain. But while in prison,
he and Golding quietly divorced. He is currently president of Operating
Advisors Inc., where he provides strategic planning, financial and acquisition
advisory services. This is a prime example of why you need to be careful whom
you name bridges after. According to Google Street View, there appears to be no
sign on the bridge. Acccording to
the LA Times, souvenir hunters took the signs soon after Silberman’s
criminal problems, and Caltrans figures new signs would only suffer a similar
fate. Note that the sign played a tiny role in the drug-money laundering case
that landed him in jail. When the FBI agents wiretapping Chris Petti first
started hearing the name Silberman, they assumed he was a money-launderer or
minor crime figure out of Los Angeles (not a big-time politico from San Diego).
However, an FBI secretary who had been typing up the wiretap transcripts
happened to notice the bridge sign on her way to work. She asked her bosses: Do
you think the Silberman on the wiretaps and the Silberman on the bridge could
possibly be the same guy? The agents did some checking. Bingo. Suddenly the
case got more important.
(Image source: San Diego Reader)
Bridge 57-106, the Penasquitos Creek Bridge (SD M017.82) is officially named the "Cara Knott Memorial Bridge". It was built in 1964, and named by Assembly Concurrent Resolution No. 13, Chapter 75, in 1995. Cara Knott was a 20-year-old San Diego State University student. On the night of Dec. 27, 1986, she was pulled over by a veteran CHP officer in San Diego, forced to drive down a secluded road and was murdered by the CHP officer. Her parents later sought help from the CHP when their daughter was late in returning to their El Cajon home from visiting her sick boyfriend in Escondido. Her father was there when her body was found below what is now called the Cara Knott Memorial Bridge. In an odd coincidence, Sam Knott, who became a victims' rights crusader after his daughter Cara's murder, died in December 2000 near the spot where she was beaten and strangled by a California Highway Patrol officer Craig Peyer. Knott had been picking up trash in the area where his daughter was killed. He turned that site near I-15 off Mercy Road and north of Scripps Poway Parkway into a memorial dedicated to victims of violence. This is just N of where Route 163 and I-15 intersect.
On February 20, 2019, Cynthia Knott noted that the
signs had been updated to include Cara's full name (vs "Knott Memorial
Bridge", the original name). She wrote: "THANK YOU #CalTransDistrict11,
Gustavo Dallarda, Marcelo Peinado, Shahin Sepassi, and the entire CalTrans team
for making this right and changing the signs to reflect Cara’s name.
Joyce Knott, Cynthia Knott, Cheryl Knott, John Knott, Oreet Herbst, Sam Weick,
Buddy Weick, and the entire extended Knott Family thanks you. My daddy, Sam
Knott, would be SO touched and grateful for this act of kindness. My mama,
Joyce Knott, noted the signs were erected around Cara’s Birthday -
February 11th. You have no idea how much this means to us all. THANK YOU! "
Cynthia provides links to some articles on the original case: "An
Emotional Judge Gives Peyer 25 Years for Killing Cara Knott" (LA Times,
The Monster" (SD Magazine, 3/2008); "Killer
in 1986 Knott case denied parole" (SD Union Tribune, 1/11/2012). These
articles noted the perpetrator was and remains the first and only California
Highway Patrolman convicted of murder on duty. His crime shook the very
foundation of public faith in law enforcement, and its impact remains a
permanent scar on the public psyche. During his first failed bid for parole in
January 2004, the female prison guard who escorted him into the hearing was
shocked to realize he was the man her mother warned her about when she was just
starting to drive. The details of his crime may fade, but the killer is one of
California’s most notorious boogeymen. Fighting the perpetrator slowly
killed Cara’s father, her eldest sister, Cynthia, told the parole board.
He robbed their family of all joy. The strain drainied her mother, Joyce, who
suffered a heart episode that prevented her from joining her family at the
second parole hearing. “I am the voice of my father,” Cynthia Knott
told the board. “I am the voice of my mother.” He was denied parole
again in 2012. Sam Knott worked for years to establish the Cara Knott Memorial
Oak Garden — now called the San Diego
Crime Victims Oak Garden — in the Los Peñasquitos Canyon Preserve,
turning the scene of his daughter’s slaying into something far more
(Source: Cynthia Knott, Facebook poage, 2/20/2019; "Remembering The Monster" (SD Magazine, 3/2008))
The I-15 bridge over Lake
Hodges in San Diego County (SD M026.20) is named the "Chelsea King Memorial
Bridge". Named in memory of Chelsea King, a 17-year-old Poway High School
student, who disappeared after going for a run in Rancho Bernardo Park in San
Diego County on February 25, 2010. After a search by law enforcement and
thousands of citizen search volunteers, Chelsea King’s body was found
near Lake Hodges, and it was determined her life had been tragically taken by a
violent sex offender. A man who was convicted of violently molesting a
13-year-old in 2000, but was freed after only five years in prison, has pled
guilty to the crime. Chelsea King will always be remembered by her community
for her compassionate heart and positive spirit, whether for helping plan a
prom for developmentally disabled youth, packing relief boxes for those in need
in Africa, or serving as a peer counselor at her school. Chelsea King was an
avid cross country runner, a gifted student, and a loving daughter and sister,
whose life was untimely and tragically ended.Named by Assembly Concurrent
Resolution 165, Resolution Chapter 134, on September 18, 2012.
(Image source: SD Union Tribune; SD Union Tribune)
Bridge 57-870, at the W. Lilac Road overcrossing in San Diego county (SD R044.24), is named the "Walter F. Maxwell Memorial Bridge". It was built in 1978, and was named by Senate Concurrent Resolution 14, Chapter 68, in 1981. Walter F. Maxwell, (1909-1980), civil engineer, built over 750 bridges and overpasses in southern California.
Here is the history of this span: Nearly 700-feet long and rising 122 feet above the I-15 north of Escondido, the West Lilac Road Overcrossing provides a dramatic connection between the communities surrounding Valley Center and Bonsall. It may be one the best known bridges in the county, but it often provokes the question: Why was a structure of this magnitude built in such a sparsely populated, semi-rural location? The answer is: Jacob Dekama.Engineer Jon Mehtlan explains, “A more typical slab bridge built a half mile north or south could have accomplished the same task for much less money. But then-Director of Caltrans District 11, Jacob Dekema, liked to do something iconic every once in a while. Dekema, often referred to as the father of San Diego’s highway system, brought great vision and direction to the region. And in the 1970s highway funding was available to support the resulting projects. During the construction of West Lilac Road Bridge, Mehtlan was an Assistant Bridge Engineer at Caltrans doing fieldwork under Structure Representative John Day.He recalls that the West Lilac Road overcrossing was a complicated undertaking. A product of the Caltrans Bridge Department, it was designed by engineers Fred G. Michaels and John Suwada (with architecture consulting by William Wells) in 1973. Mehtlan recalls that the project sat on the shelf for a few years, during which time Michaels and Suwada left Caltrans, taking their notes with them. This left the field engineers to their own devices and many engineering calculations were worked out onsite. Nothing on the bridge was symmetrical; the arch, the sloping girders all varied lineally from one end to the other, so calculations had to be made inch-by-inch the entire length of the bridge, all before the computer age. While the location of the bridge enhances its visual impact, the terrain presented its own challenges, requiring three times the effort to manage lines and grade. One contractor employee found the project so frustrating that he left the business entirely. Prior to construction of the bridge, the hill existed with a cut for the new I-15 travel lanes. Then 11 million cubic yards of rock had to be excavated to prepare the slopes for the installation of the bridge. Because the bridge was cast in place, the falsework had to be installed according to very precise field calculations that took weeks to do.
The bridge has three spans. One, the arch, is
conventionally reinforced with interior rebar. The two approach spans, however,
were post-tensioned.When the cables in the superstructure were pulled tight on
the day before Thanksgiving, the bridge’s weight was transferred onto the
arch, which was still being supported by falsework. Field calculations
indicated that transferring this load would cause the falsework at the center
of the arch to move an acceptable 1-3/8 inches. When the crew returned from the
four-day holiday, however, they found that the falsework had become so tightly
compacted and mangled that it had to be removed with cutting torches. In all,
the project took nearly two years and $1.5 million to complete. It opened in
(Source: FB Post by Kim Sturmer, 3/28/2019; SD History Center)
Bridge 54-0909 on I-15,
the I-15/I-10 separation in San Bernardino County near Ontario (SBD 009.94), is
named the "Daniel D. Mikesell Interchange". It was built in 1975, and
was named in Senate Concurrent Resolution 64, Chapter 84, in 1980. Daniel D.
Mikesell was born on March 1910 in Shawnee, Oklahoma. He attended UCLA and
married Gabrielle Lucas, a former Miss Ontario in 1936. He joined the San
Bernardino County Board of Supervisors in 1954 and served until he was elected
Mayor of Ontario in 1960. Re-elected to the Board of Supervisors in 1962, he
remained there until his retirement in 1974. He died on November 12, 2007 in
Ontario. Known as a consummate politician, he was considered an authority on
aviation and transportation. He was instrumental in the transfer of the Ontario
Airport to the County of Los Angeles and the I-10/I-15 freeway interchange is
named in his honor for his decades-long effort to construct the link between
Ontario and Fontana. In particular, Mikesell exerted exceptional effort
beginning in 1955 to have the Devore Cutoff included in the California Freeway
and Expressway System.
(Image source: UCR California Digital Newspaper Collection, SB Sun, 5/24/1974, Page 17)
As I-15 crosses the desert, one of the exits is for Zzyzx Road (~ SBD R130.593). The history behind this road and the area is fascinating. The road leads to Zzyzx Springs, which was started in 1944 on illegally appropriate government land by Curtis Howe Springer who erected a 60-room hotel, a church, a health spa with mineral baths in the shape of a cross, a castle, a radio station and several other buildings. For thirty years Springer broadcast a daily religious and health program from a radio studio at Zzyzx Springs. In 1974, federal marshals finally arrested Springer for alleged violations of food and drug laws and unauthorized use of federal land. Since 1976 Zzyzx Springs, now simply known as Zzyzx, has functioned as the Desert Studies Center, a teaching and research station administered by the California State University system. The name Zzyzx was made up by Springer. Here's another article on Zzyzx.
This route also has the following Safety Roadside Rest Areas and Scenic Overlooks:
Note: In January 2013, the CTC authorized $11,273,000 to upgrade the aging and heavily used northbound and southbound Kane Rest Area. This work will reconstruct, expand, and modernize comfort stations, walkways, parking, and utilities.
In August 2018, the CTC authorized $1,100,000
in emergency SHOPP funding for San Bernardino 08-SBd-15 160.8/161.1: Route
15 Near Baker, at Valley Wells Safety Roadside Rest Area (SRRA). Four years
of drought have lead to a reduction in groundwater and water quality at the
Valley Wells SRRA, forcing this heavily used facility to be closed to
public use. An adjacent SRRA is also closed for similar reasons resulting
in a very large section of isolated Route 15 without these types of
services for the traveling public. This project will abandon the existing
failing well, drill a new well, and connect to the existing system,
allowing the facility to be reopened.
(Source: August 2018 CTC Agenda Item 2.5f.(2) Item 19)
Initial G-11 Allocation 07/05/18: $1,100,000
(Additional $10,000 was allocated for right of way purposes.)
This route is part of the De Anza National Historic Trail.
The portion of this route from the northern I-15/I-215
junction to the Nevada state line (former US 91) is part of the "Arrowhead
Trail (Ocean to Ocean Trail)". It was named by Resolution Chapter 369 in
The original surface routing replaced by I-15 (i.e., old US 66) was
part of the "National Old Trails Road".
The original surface routing replaced by I-15 (i.e., old US 66)
was part of the "New Santa Fe Trail".
The original surface routing replaced by I-15 (i.e.,
old US 66) appears to have been part of the "National Park to Park
Highway", and the "Pikes Peak Ocean to Ocean Highway".
All of original US 395 (i.e., the portion of I-15 from US 395 to the northern I-15/I-215 junction, and the portion of I-15 from the southern I-15/I-215 junction to Route 163) was part of the "Three Flags Highway".
The portion from Route 10 to the Nevada State line was approved as chargeable Interstate on 7/7/1947; Route 8 to Route 10 was approved as chargeable interstate in December 1968 using the Route 215 routing; this was changed to a western routing in February 1972, and there was a correction around Lake Elsinore in July 1978. The designation I-15 was proposed in 1957, and suprisingly, the California Department of Highways never proposed anything else.
The following segments are designated as Classified Landscaped Freeway:
|County||Route||Starting PM||Ending PM|
As of March 2008, the California Transportation Committee unanimously approved the designation of former US 395 as a historic route from San Diego to the Oregon border. It is still pending approval by the legislature and the governor. However, anticipating approval, San Diego County Supervisor Bill Horn approved $4,000 for the 31 signs that now mark old 395 in his district -- from Vista to the Bonsall Bridge, through downtown Fallbrook, to Rainbow.
On July 8, 2008, Resolution Chapter 79 officially designated specified sections of former US Highway Route 395 as Historic US Highway 395. The resolution noted that former US 395 was a scenic stretch of highway that ran through historic areas of the County of Riverside and provided the only direct route from San Diego to the Lake Tahoe region and northern Nevada, before heading back into California on its way north to Oregon and all the way into Canada. While former US 395 remains largely intact through the Counties of Inyo, Mono, Sierra, Lassen, and Modoc, only sections of former US 395 still exist in portions of the County of San Diego and the high desert area of the County of San Bernardino; most of the former highway route has been replaced by I-15 and I-215 in the Counties of San Diego, Riverside, and San Bernardino. US 395, which remains as I-15 and I-215, was the major and most significant connection between San Diego, the Inland Empire, and the eastern Sierra Nevada region. US 395 was known as the Cabrillo Parkway (and later the Cabrillo Freeway) in San Diego, now Route 163, it was the first freeway to be constructed in San Diego and opened to traffic in 1948. Part of the original routing of former US 395 in northern San Diego County includes the old Bonsall Bridge, one of the earliest automotive crossings over the San Luis Rey River, later becoming part of Route 76. The portion of former US 395 between Temecula and Lake Elsinore was part of the Butterfield Overland Mail route, the first major overland delivery service to southern California, established September 16, 1858. After its realignment eastward, former US 395 became the first major expressway and freeway system in the southern portion of the County of Riverside in the early 1950s, servicing the Cities of Temecula, Murrieta, Menifee, Sun City, and Perris. Today this is I-215. The portion of former US 395 between the Cities of San Bernardino and Hesperia, near modern US 395, traverses the Cajon Pass with old US 66 and old US 91, most famously used by the Mormons in 1851 in their crossing into the valley where they subsequently founded the modern Cities of San Bernardino and Riverside. The heritage in the regions through which former US 395 passed was greatly diminished when the former highway was replaced by suburban streets and I-15 and I-215.The Legislature hereby recognizes the remaining segments of US 395 for their historical significance and importance in the development of California, and designates those segments as Historic State Highway Route 395. Named by Assembly Concurrent Resolution (ACR) 98, Resolution Chapter 79, on 7/3/2008.
Overall statistics for Route 15:
In 1934, Route 15 was signed along the route from Long Beach to Jct. US 99 near Monterey Park via Atlantic Blvd. This was renumbered as Route 7 in 1964, and was later renumbered again as I-710. It was LRN 167 (defined in 1933 and extended in 1947). Until the construction of the freeway, Route 15 ran between Pacific Coast Highway and US 99 along Atlantic Blvd. By 1957, Route 15 ("Long Beach Freeway") had been constructed between Anaheim Ave and Atlantic Ave. In 1964, the freeway routing was renumbered as Route 7, and was later renumbered as I-710. See Route 710 and Route 7 for additional details. Note that the portion N of I-10 was not part of 1934 Route 15.
[SHC 253.1] Entire route. Defined as part of the Freeway and Expressway system in 1959.
[SHC 164.11] Entire route.
The route that would become LRN 15 was first defined in the 1909 First Highway Bond act as running “From Williams to Colusa”. In the 1919 Third Bond Issue, the route was extended further, from Ukiah to Emigrant Gap. By 1935, the route was codified into the highway code as:
The bridge across the Sacramento River in the vicinity of the town of Meridian, Sutter County, and connecting the counties of Sutter and Colusa, of such portion thereof as is used for highway purposes for the extent provided in this section, is a part of [LRN 15] and is under the supervision and control of the department for maintenance purposes. The State assumes only that obligation of maintenance of this bridge, or highway portion thereof, imposed upon or assumed by the counties of Sutter and Colusa under any contract or agreement existing on August 21, 1933, with any railroad company for the joint use or maintenance thereof. At any time in its discretion the department may relinquish any interest of the State in this bridge to the counties of Sutter and Colusa, and thereupon the supervision and control of this bridge shall revert to and be vested in those counties.
The portion from Williams to Colusa was considered a primary route.
In 1953, Chapter 1408 changed the origin of this route to “[LRN 56] near Fort Bragg”, and added non-substantive language about Section 600. In 1955, Chapter 1488 removed the language relating to Section 600. In 1957, Chapter 36 relaxed the description, by indicating "via Willits, Williams, and Colusa.". In 1961, Chapter 1146 in 1961 deleted the paragraph about the bridge between Sutter and Colusa counties. This left the description as “From [LRN 56] near Fort Bragg to [LRN 37] near Emigrant Gap via Willits, Williams, and Colusa.”
from US 101 (LRN 1) near Calpella to Route 45 (LRN 88) near Colusa, passing through Upper Lakes (jct Route 29 (LRN 89)), Clearlake (jct Route 53 (LRN 49)), a jct with Route 16 (LRN 50), and Williams (jct US 99W (LRN 7)).
Route 20 to Route 5 near Woodland via Rumsey and Woodland.
This segment is as defined in 1963.
In 1934, Route 16 was signed from Jct. Route 20 near Wilbur Springs to Jackson via Sacramento. It was LRN 50. It ran between Route 20 (LRN 15) and US 99W (LRN 7). Circa 1935, Route 16 was under construction between Route 20 and Rumsey. The portion between Route 20 and Rumsey was added in the third bond issue in 1919; the portion between Rumsey and Woodland was added in 1933.
The specific Yolo County chronology is as follows:
Nathan Edgars looked at traffic counts, and came up with the following:
Route 80: Tower Bridge, over Capitol/N to 29th-30th, then a break to Broadway at 29th-30th and up 29th-30th
Route 99: from the south to Broadway, then west on Broadway, then a break to the east end of the I Street Bridge and up Jibboom Street
Route 16 cut back to I-5 at the east end of the I Street Bridge
The Gribblenation Blog, "Highways in and around Old Sacramento; US 40, US 99W, CA 16, CA 24, CA 70, CA 99, CA 275, and more" provides a detailed history of the various highways (US 40, US 99, Route 16, Route 24, Route 70, Route 99, Route 275, Route 51, I-5, and I-80 in the Old Sac area.
In October 2018, it was
reported that the City of Sacramento and Caltrans have initiated a project that
will replace the historic I-Street Bridge (for vehicular traffic) and the
Jibboom Street approach to the bridge for a new vehicular continuation of
Railyards Blvd. to C Street. The I Street Bridge is 100 years old (and is a
former routing of Route 16, Route 24, US 40, and US 99) and the lanes are too
narrow to serve buses, there are no bicycle lanes, and sidewalks are too narrow
to meet accessibility standards. The I Street Bridge and the four associated
approach structures are on the eligible bridge list for federal funds for
replacement and/or rehabilitation through the Highway Bridge Program (HBP). The
I Street Bridge has been classified as functionally obsolete, and the existing
approach structures have been classified as structurally deficient. The I
Street Bridge Replacement project will include construction of a new bridge
upstream of the existing I Street Bridge. The new bridge will cross the
Sacramento River between the Sacramento Railyards and the West Sacramento
Washington planned developments and provide a new bicycle, pedestrian, and
automobile crossing. The existing I Street Bridge would continue to be used by
the railroad. The approach viaducts to the existing I Street Bridge will be
demolished, which should result in better access to the water front in both
(Source: City of Sacramento, I-Street Bridge Replacement)
Over on AAroads, Sparker noted the following about the I-Street routing: The original LRN 232 (after 1958 signed as Route 24) diverged from LRN 50/Route 16 at the intersection of the I Street extension bridge immediately east of the Sacramento River swing-span (shared with UP/former SP tracks on the lower/ground level deck) and Jibboom Street (both are elevated over the RR tracks). It headed north on Jibboom over a through-truss bridge crossing the American River; the street ended at Garden Highway -- atop the river levee --, at which point LRN 232/Route 24 turned west. About a mile west of there, the state highway diverged from Garden Highway along a broad arc descending north from the levee onto El Centro Avenue, which it utilized north into Sutter County. LRN 232 and Route 24 terminated at LRN 3/US 99E at a diamond interchange in Olivehurst.
Capay Widening (~ YOL 18.775 to YOL 31.846)
According to the Sacramento Bee, Caltrans plans to raise a section of Route 16 near Madison (~ YOL 31.0), west of Woodland. It's part of a $48 million improvement project to Route 16 between the Capay Valley (~ YOL 25.571) and I-505 (~ YOL 31.846). The project, to begin in 2008, includes a handful of safety measures, including widening the shoulders and adding a 20-foot "recovery zone" beyond the shoulders. Caltrans' Jan Mendoza said the agency also plans to add some turn lanes to cut down on the number of rear-ender collisions and to smooth out some sharp curves.
In February 2010, the CTC approved for future consideration of funding a project in Yolo County that would reconstruct a portion of Route 16 from County Road 78 near the town of Brooks (~ YOL 18.775) to the South Fork Willow Slough Bridge near the town of Madison (~ YOL 31.0). Reconstruction will bring this portion of Route 16 to current design standards resulting in improved safety. The project is fully funded in the 2008 State Highway Operation and Protection Program. The total estimated project cost is $77,392,000 for capital and support. Construction is estimated to begin in Fiscal Year 2011-12. The project required a Final Environmental Impact Report (FEIR), for it will involve construction activities resulting in potential impacts to cultural and biological impacts, including removal of 317 native trees and as many as 1763 orchard trees. To address this removal, there is a revegitation plan. The removal of 21 elderberry bushes also impacts the Valley Elderberry Longhorn Beetle, and it would permanantly impact about 38 acres of Swainson's Hawk foraging habitat (Caltrans is planning to replant bushes and buy credits to offset these). There is also community opposition to the project.
In August 2011, a Sacramento judge requested that
Caltrans rework the Capay project. Caltrans contends the narrow, twisting road
is a danger and needs major upgrades to prevent accidents and ease emergency
response. The department also wants to raise low-lying sections of roadway
prone to flooding. The changes would affect an approximately 12-mile stretch of
highway between I-505, near Madison, and the casino, near Brooks. Residents and
farmers argue the project would destroy farmland and damage the valley's rural
character. They say accidents have decreased in recent years and insist
small-scale changes will help. They filed a lawsuit in January 2010 challenging
Caltrans' December 2009 final environmental impact report on the Route 16
project. Sacramento Superior Court Judge Michael Kenny sided partly with the
residents in a 42-page ruling issued in late July 2011. Kenny wrote that
Caltrans had failed to provide sufficient accident data, including a breakdown
of collisions by location, to show a need for the project. He also said the
department had failed to adequately weigh options, such as the "spot
improvements" and narrower shoulders favored by some residents. He directed
Caltrans to rescind the project. Caltrans will likely draft a revised report,
and obtain more public comment.
(Source: Sacramento Bee)
In August 2015, the CTC approved for future consideration of funding a project in Yolo County that will widen and pave the shoulders, provide recovery zones, install rumble strips, add a left turn pocket, and straighten curves on a portion of Route 16 near the communities of Madison and Esparto. The project is programmed in the 2014 State Highway Operation and Protection Program. The total estimated cost is $36,160,000 for capital and support. Construction is estimated to begin in Fiscal Year 2016-17. The scope, as described for the preferred alternative, is consistent with the project scope programmed by the Commission in the 2014 State Highway Operation and Protection Program.
In March 2016, the CTC approved $1.61M in SHOPP funding a project on Route 16 near Capay, from 0.3 mile west of County Road 82B to County Road 82B (~ YOL 23.218 to YOL 23.518). Outcome/Output: Increase curve radius, widen shoulders, install rumble strips, flatten vertical curve, and modify drainage systems to improve safety and reduce the number and severity of collisions. Future Consideration of Funding approved under Resolution E-15-43; August 2015.
In March 2018, the CTC approved $25,250,000 in
SHOPP funding for Yolo 03-Yol-16 20.5/31.8 Route 16 Near Esparto, from 0.4 mile
west to 0.4 mile east of County Road 79; also from 0.1 mile east of Plainfield
Street to 0.1 mile east of County Road 90. Outcome/Output: Widen shoulders,
improve curve, provide left-turn channelization, add signals, construct
roundabout, and add two-way left-turn lanes to improve safety. This project
will reduce the number and severity of collisions. The project was also
included in the final adopted 2018 SHOPP in March 2018: PPNO 8655A. 03-Yolo-16
20.5/31.6. Route 16 Near Cadenasso, from 0.4 mile west of County Road 79 to 0.4
mile east of County Road 79; also from Esparto to 0.2 mile west of Route 505.
Shoulder widening, curve correction, left-turn channelization, signalization
and two-way left turn lanes. Begin Con: 5/16/2018. Total Project Cost:
(Source: CTC Agenda, March 2018 Agenda Item 2.5f; final adopted 2018 SHOPP)
In November 2019, it was reported that a
ribbon-cutting ceremony was held for the Route 16 safety improvement project
that first broke ground in the summer of 2018. The project is meant to make it
easier for drivers coming off I-505 who are headed west toward the Capay Valley
and who have previously found themselves in a two-mile traffic jam starting at
Guy’s Corner — a four-way stop that leads to Esparto and Madison.
The new route is widened and a roundabout replaces the four-way stop. Safety
improvements between Esparto and I-505 included an eight-foot shoulder
widening, curve corrections, two-way left-turn lanes, and left-turn pockets,
traffic signals, and a constructed roundabout at the intersection of Route 16
and County Road 89 in Madison. The work is part of a $37.1 million construction
project aimed at improving safety on a one-mile segment in the Cadenasso area
between Brooks and Capay and a 3.5-mile-stretch between Esparto and the I-505
junction. The project is one of three for Route 16, the second one being a
smoothing out of the entryway to downtown Esparto, where drivers have had to
make a sharp right turn traveling into the community when headed west on Route
16. The third project is a similar straightening west of Capay where the road
suddenly veers near County Road 85.
(Source: Daily Democrat, 11/20/2019)
The portion of Route 16 in Colusa County (~ COL 0.0 to COL 7.152) is designated as part of the National Purple Heart Trail in order to honor the men and women who have been wounded or killed in combat while serving in the United States Armed Forces. Designed by Assembly Concurrent Resolution (ACR) 191, Res. Chapter 163, Statutes of 2016, on September 1, 2016.
The portion of this route from Route 20 to Rumsey (~ COL 0.0 to YOL 7.483) was named the "Yolo and Lake Highway" by Resolution Chapter 283 in 1915.
The section of Route 16
in Yolo County between I-505 and County Road 98 (~ YOL 32.302 to YOL R40.572)
is named the "CHP Officer Andrew "Andy" Stevens Memorial Highway". It
was named in memory of California Highway Patrol (CHP) Officer Andrew "Andy"
Todd Stevens, born in February 1968 in Sacramento, California. Andy Stevens
attended Kohler Elementary School in North Highlands. He then attended
Carmichael Baptist Academy where he graduated from high school in 1986.
Following high school, he attended American River College and Sacramento City
College where he studied criminal justice. Law enforcement was his career of
choice. In May 1994, Andy Stevens was selected for the position of Cadet at the
CHP Academy. Upon graduation, CHP Officer Stevens was assigned to road patrol
in Baldwin Park. Later, he worked in San Jose, Golden Gate Communications
Center, Golden Gate Division, and the Woodland area. In May 2002, he found his
true calling and was assigned as a Commercial Officer in Valley Division,
serving the Sacramento area. While working in Woodland, CHP Officer Stevens met
an Emergency Medical Technician named Michelle, who was working for American
Medical Response Ambulance Company. They were married on October 20, 2002, at
Lake Tahoe. CHP Officer Stevens' life was packed with achievements. He was the
Director of the Auburn Chapter of the Harley Owners Group and was instrumental
in organizing and coordinating numerous charitable events. He was in his second
year of organizing the Annual Toy Run in Auburn, which raises toys for over
1,000 disadvantaged children in the community. CHP Officer Stevens was killed
on November 17, 2005, in a felonious assault while working road patrol near
Route 16 in rural Yolo County. CHP Officer Stevens had initiated a traffic stop
for a Vehicle Code violation and approached the violator's vehicle when he was
suddenly and ruthlessly shot by the driver. The driver fled the scene and was
apprehended less than 12 hours later. CHP Officer Stevens was laid to rest in
Sacramento County after a ceremony attended by thousands of mourners, including
his fellow officers, friends, and family. Named by Assembly Concurrent
Resolution (ACR) 141, Resolution Chapter 137, on 9/5/2008.
(Image source: Find a grave)
[SHC 263.3] From Route 20 to Capay.
From Route 50 near Perkins to Route 49 near Drytown.
The vehicle code explicitly permits (21115.5) a golf cart or a low-speed vehicle to cross Route 16 at Murieta Drive and at Murieta South Parkway if the crossing is controlled by an official traffic control device and is at an angle of approximately 90 degrees to the direction of the highway. The Rancho Murieta Community Services District is permitted to take any reasonable measures within its jurisdiction that are necessary to ensure that golf carts and low-speed vehicles may cross safely and that highway traffic is not unreasonably impeded thereby. This is permitted only until January 1, 2007. (Permitted until 1/1/2006 by SB 612, Chapter 16, 6/24/2003; extended by AB 188, 6/30/2006, Chapter 26).
In 1984, the original segment (b) was deleted by Chapter 409. The deleted segment was Level Road and Sacramento Avenue, and ran past the Yolo County offices. That segment was still LRN 50 (defined in 1933), and continued into downtown Sacramento. It was cosigned with Route 24. There was also a small portion between Route 160 and Route 99 near Sacramento via Broadway. This was defined in 1910 as part of LRN 4, and appears to have been removed from the system by 1975, although it was formally removed in 1984.
In 1971, Route 16 was routed in Sacramento from Howe Avenue from the future US 50 freeway centerline to Folsom Boulevard, and Folsom Boulevard from Howe Avenue to Jackson Road (which had been primarily signed as US 50), were adopted as part of Route 16 in order to sustain a signed route connection from US 50 to Jackson Highway. Reasons to believe the adoption was successful include that the postmile range T1.658 to 2.530 was successfully assigned.
In 2014, segment (2) was modified to authorize relinquishment in the City of Sacramento. Authorized by AB 1957, Chapter 335, 9/15/2014.
In 2015, AB 652, Chapter 630, 10/08/15, revised the relinquishment authorization to apply to a specified portion of Route 16 that is located within the unincorporated area of the county, between the general easterly city limits of the City of Sacramento and near Grant Line Road, and imposed additional conditions on the relinquishment:
(c) Upon a determination by the commission that it
is in the best interests of the state to do so, the commission may, upon terms
and conditions approved by it, relinquish to the County of Sacramento the
portion of Route 16 that is located within the unincorporated area of that
east of the City of Sacramento
boundary and west of Watt Avenue, if the county agrees to accept it.
Chapter 630 (2015) also added the following conditions to item (c):
(G) The County of Sacramento shall ensure the continuity of traffic flow on the relinquished portion of Route 16 within its jurisdiction, including, but not limited to, any traffic signal progression.
(H) Any relinquishment agreement shall require that the County of Sacramento administer the operation and maintenance of the roadway in a manner that is consistent with professional traffic engineering standards.
(I) Any relinquishment agreement shall require the County of Sacramento to ensure that appropriate traffic studies or analyses will be performed to substantiate decisions affecting traffic on the roadway.
Chapter 630 (2015) also authorized the commission to relinquish to the City of Rancho Cordova a specified portion of Route 16:
(d) Upon a determination by the commission that it is in the best interests of the state to do so, the commission may, upon terms and conditions approved by it, relinquish to the City of Rancho Cordova the portion of Route 16 that is within the city limits of the city between Sunrise Boulevard, approximately post mile 11.5, and Grant Line Road, approximately post mile 12.5, if the city agrees to accept it. The following conditions shall apply upon relinquishment:
(1) The relinquishment shall become effective on the date following the county recorder’s recordation of the relinquishment resolution containing the commission’s approval of the terms and conditions of the relinquishment.
(2) On and after the effective date of the relinquishment, the relinquished portion of Route 16 shall cease to be a state highway.
(3) The portion of Route 16 relinquished under this subdivision shall be ineligible for future adoption under Section 81.
(4) For the portion of Route 16 relinquished under this subdivision, the City of Rancho Cordova shall apply for approval of a business route designation for the relinquished portion of the highway in accordance with Chapter 20, Topic 21, of the Highway Design Manual.
In March 2016, the CTC authorized relinquishment of right of way in the city of Sacramento on Route 16 (Howe Avenue, Folsom Boulevard, and Jackson Road) from Route 50 to the general easterly city limits, under terms and conditions as stated in the relinquishment agreement dated February 10, 2016, determined to be in the best interest of the State. Authorized by Chapter 630, Statutes of 2015, which amended Section 316 of the Streets and Highways Code. Additionally, the CTC also authorized relinquishment of right of way in the county of Sacramento on Route 16 (Jackson Road) from the general easterly city limits of the city of Sacramento to South Watt Avenue, under terms and conditions as stated in the relinquishment agreement dated February 11, 2016, determined to be in the best interest of the State. Authorized by Chapter 630, Statutes of 2015, which amended Section 316 of the Streets and Highways Code.
In downtown Sacramento, Route 16 (LRN 50) came in around I Street, and then down 3rd/5th Streets to N Street. As of 2007, there was still a Route 16 postmile on the I Street bridge at the Yolo-Sacramento county line, facing eastbound into Sacramento. Route 16 the ran across N Street to 15th Street signed as Route 16. Route 16 continued along Capitol Avenue as LRN 11, joining US 50 at 29th/30th Street. It continued as LRN 11, signed as US 50, along Folsom Blvd to Perkins, where it diverged from US 50.
Actually, the N Street/Capitol Avenue (originally M Street in the 1940s)
routing had been the following highways, in progression: US 40/US 99W and Route
16 in 1942, and just Route 16 by 1963. Sometime in the mid-1960s, Route 16 ran
co-signed with US 99W and US 40 via P and Q Streets and returned to Capitol
Avenue via 15th and 16th Streets (former US 40, current Route 160)—whether they
were cosigned is unknown. After the construction of the WX Freeway (the
unsigned I-305 segment), signage for Route 16 was removed from downtown
Sacramento and may have followed I-5 south of the I Street Bridge and
east via the Topple Alley ramp on current Business Route 80 to Perkins, which is now
indistinguishable from the rest of Sacramento (but still retains mention in the
legislative definition of Route 16). According to a late-1960s map of the
Sacramento Valley present in UC Davis's Storer Hall, Route 16 was co-signed
with I-5 from future Exit 537 (Main Street, former Route 16) to future exit 531
(County Road 22), where Route 16 then split off to follow the Sacramento River
into West Sacramento and Bryte. Thus, County Road 22 was de-designated as part
of Route 16 after the construction of I-5 in the area; but the route to I
Street would not be removed immediately after I-5's arrival. From 1981 (when
I-80 was moved off the WX and 29/30 routings that make up the Capital City
Freeway/Business Route 80), Route 16's implied multiplex east of Topple Alley would be with
US 50/Route 99/Business Route 80/I-305.
[Thanks to Chris Sampang for this information.]
At this point, the current routing resumed. It was signed as Route 16, but was LRN 54, between the junction with US 50 (LRN 11) and Route 49 (LRN 65) near Drytown. The portion of LRN 54 between US 50 and the county line near Michigan Bar was defined in 1933; the remainder of the route between the county line and Route 49 near Drytown was defined in 1919.
It appears that a proposal existed through the 1970s in which Route 16 would be taken off of the surface roads west of Watt Avenue (Jackson Road, Folsom Boulevard (former US 50) and Power Inn Road) and given its own short freeway bypass connecting the Manlove district (where Watt Avenue and the El Dorado Freeway meet up) with the current junction of Watt and Jackson Road. This seems to approximate the county-constructed expressway on the Watt Avenue corridor.
In August 2008, the CTC authorized relinquishment of right of way along Route 16 in the county of Sacramento near Sloughhouse, from 100 feet west of Sunrise Boulevard to 300 feet east of Murieta Parkway (~ SAC R11.492 to SAC 19.471), consisting of reconstructed county road connections.
In July 2017, it was reported that Sacramento County has asked Caltrans to
give it control of 8 miles of Jackson Highways (Route 16) — currently a
two-lane road — so the county can turn it into an urban arterial street
that would function as the spine for up to 30,000 new homes in the coming
decades, allowing the metropolitan area to march east as far as Grant Line Road
(~ SAC 12.498). Amador County officials are crying foul, saying the highway
will be just another major suburban road, jammed with stop-and-go traffic.
That, they say, will make it harder for tourists to get to Amador’s wine
region and historic towns like Sutter Creek, and harder for foothill country
residents to get to valley jobs and medical appointments. Amador wants Caltrans
and Sacramento to offer some neighborly consideration, such as minimizing
traffic signals along the way. Caltrans, which has said it is willing to
“relinquish” the highway west of Grant Line to the locals, is
declining to place restrictions on Sacramento’s future management of the
road. Gedney said the situation could lead to a lawsuit. The drive from
historic Jackson to Sacramento, now an hour, could stretch to an hour and a
half, and there really is no other route that isn’t a detour for Amador
residents, officials there say. Sacramento County officials say they plan to
increase the road to six lanes, reduce speeds from 55 mph to 45 mph, and
increase the number of intersections with traffic signals from six to about 17.
Those traffic signals would be sequenced to make traffic movement smoother.
Express buses could share outside lanes with cars. Bike lanes or nearby bike
paths will be added. The city of Rancho Cordova will control a slice of the
road along its boundary. There are no plans to alter the highway east of Grant
Line Road, which is outside of Sacramento’s designated urban growth
boundary and will remain under Caltrans control. The state previously
relinquished a 2-mile section of the highway west of South Watt Avenue to the
city of Sacramento for development. By relinquishing the road, Caltrans will
free itself of operations and maintenance costs, and future costs involved in
making changes to the road. It is not unusual for Caltrans to give up ownership
of older highways as they are absorbed into growing metropolitan areas.
Caltrans relinquished the Freeport Boulevard section of Route 160 to the city
of Sacramento and also turned over Route 275 to West Sacramento. Officials with
Caltrans said they had planned to turn the highway over to local control this
year, but last week announced a delay until late 2019. State officials said
studies pertaining to cultural resources will take longer than was
(Source: Sacramento Bee, 7/7/2017)
In May 2008, the CTC considered relinquishment of right of way in the city of Rancho Cordova, at Grant Line Road (~ SAC 12.498), consisting of a reconstructed city street.
In December 2009, the CTC relinquished right of way in the county of Sacramento along Route 16 at Michigan Bar Road and Ione Road (~ SAC R22.568), consisting of reconstructed county road connections. The CTC also vacated right of way in the county of Sacramento along Route 16 from 0.1 mile west of Michigan Bar Road to the Amador County line, consisting of highway right of way no longer needed for State highway purposes.
In August 2008, the CTC vacated right of way along Route 16 in the county of Sacramento near Sloughhouse, between 0.1 miles west and 0.2 miles east of the intersection with Latrobe Road (~ AMA R6.398), consisting of highway right of way no longer needed for State highway purposes.
The portion of this route
from Dillard Road in Sacramento County and the Amador County line (~ SAC
R16.014 to SAC 23.81) is named the "Stanley L. Van Vleck Memorial
Highway". Stanley L. Van Vleck was born in 1920 near Placerville,
California. A third-generation Californian, he grew up on his family's
homestead that was established about 1850. He later moved to a rance in
Sloughhouse, California. He had a long and distinguished career as a rancher in
the Sacramento region, and served in many leadership positions in agricultural
organizations at the local, state, and national level, including the California
Cattlemen's Association, the California Farm Bureau, the National Flying
Farmers, and the National Cattlemen's Association. He also allowed the Federal
Bureau of Investigation, the California Air National Guard, the California
Department of Forestry, the Sacramento County Sheriff's Department, the
Sacramento City Police Department, and the Sacramento Life Flight Unit to train
on his ranch. He spearheaded the creation of the Cosumnes River School District
and served as the President of that district's governing board for many years.
He also shared his ranch with the entire community by allowing tens of
thousands of Boy Scouts, 4-H'ers, Future Farmers of America, local students,
California Operating Engineers, recreationists, and families a chance to
experience agriculture and open space on his ranch. He lost his life in an
accident while working at his beloved Sloughhouse ranch on September 7, 2000.
One article noted: For at least 40 years, the soft-spoken Van Vleck - a 1937
graduate of Elk Grove High School at age 16 - allowed Boy Scouts free access to
200 acres of his property to conduct activities. Since 1991, Van Vleck let the
Andersons' Boy Scout troops use the property for its spring Camporee. He put a
water well in solely for the Boy Scouts' use, according to Steve Anderson. Van
Vleck also shared his land with 4-H clubs, Future Farmers of America,
California Operating Engineers, Girl Scout troops, local students and families
who wanted a chance to experience open space. He hosted training for the FBI,
the Sacramento sheriff's and police departments, the California Air National
Guard and the Department of Forestry. He also allowed the property to be used
for a 2,000-person Civil War re-enactment and other activities. In the 1940s,
Van Vleck spearheaded the creation of the Cosumnes River School District - even
though he was not yet married and had no children at the time. He was the
district's school board president for many years. Knowing that many young
children were not attending school, he convinced parents to volunteer to help
build an elementary school - Cosumnes River Elementary. It became part of the
Elk Grove Unified School District in 1959. Named by Assembly Concurrent
Resolution 4, Resolution Chapter 61, filed June 7, 2001.
(Addtional bio information: Van Vleck Ranch; Image sources: RanchoMurieta, RanchoMurieta)
[SHC 164.11] Between the east urban limits of Sacramento and Route 49.
Overall statistics for Route 16:
Route 16 was numbered as part of the initial state signage of routes in 1934.
The routing that would become LRN 16 was defined in the 1909 First Bond Act as running from Hopland to Lakeport. It remained unchanged, and was codified into the 1935 codes as:
[LRN 16] is from Hopland to Lakeport
It was considered a primary route in its entirety.
In 1939, Chapter 473 changed the reference from "Hopland" to "[LRN 1]". In 1961, Chapter 1146 relaxed the description by changing the terminus to "[LRN 89] near Lakeport", making the final wording "From [LRN 1] (US 101) to [LRN 89] (Route 29) near Lakeport."
This segment was believed to be unsigned in 1963; it is presently signed as Route 175.
Return to State Highway Routes